Nationalism and the propaganda movement (2)

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The start of Philippine Nationalism and the Propaganda Movement

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Nationalism and the propaganda movement (2)

  1. 1. NATIONALISM AND THEPROPAGANDA MOVEMENT
  2. 2. NATIONALISM  Patriotism to an excessive degree  Aspirations for national independence in a country under foreign domination.  Love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
  3. 3. NATIONALISM Problem is… • the elites identified themselves more with the Spaniards, and later with the Americans than with their countrymen
  4. 4. BIRTH OF NATIONALISM Education   Ilustrados: Filipinos who are learned / enlightened by education  Jesuit-run schools  Ateneo Municipal  Escuela Normal de Maestros
  5. 5. BIRTH OF NATIONALISM Economics  Opening of the country to World Trade in 1834  Seaports: Sual (Pangasinan) Iloilo and Zamboanga 1855 Cebu (1860) Legaspi and Leyte (1873)
  6. 6. BIRTH OF NATIONALISMSECULARIZATION MOVEMENT  Feb. 1872  Secular priests were appointed as the administrators of new parishes
  7. 7. SECULARIZATION This movement demanded the handling REGULAR CLERGY over the parishes from Spanish Friars the regular clergy (Dominicans, Parishes Parishes Parishes Franciscans, Recollects etc. who were Spanish friars), to secular SECULAR PRIESTS SECULAR PRIESTS SECULAR PRIESTS priests, most of whomFilipino Priests Filipino Priests Filipino Priests were Filipinos.
  8. 8. Cavite MutinyStarted when Filipinosworking in Cavitewere heavily taxed.Led by Ferdinand LaMadrid
  9. 9. The three secular priests were implicated in the Cavite Mutiny. They were ordered by Governor-General Rafael Izquierdo to be executed.
  10. 10. a. Jose Burgos (35) – Spaniard born in the Philippines, parish priest of the Manila Cathedral. Friend of Paciano Rizalb. Jacinto Zamora (36) – Spaniard born in the Philippines and a parish priest of Marikina, played cardsc. Mariano Gomez (73) – parish priest of Bacoor, Cavite, Chinese half-breed
  11. 11. They were executed inBagumbayan (Luneta)through Garrote.
  12. 12. Paciano Rizalwitnessed theevent andmentioned itto his brotherJose.
  13. 13. THEPROPAGANDAMOVEMENT 1872 to 1892
  14. 14. AIMS OF THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENTThey called for the assimilation of thePhilippines as a province of Spain>so that the same laws will be applied inthe Philippines>the inhabitants of the Philippines willexperience the same civil liberties andrights as that of a Spanish citizen
  15. 15. 1. It aimed for legal equalityA between Spaniards and FilipinosI 2. Philippine representation in the Spanish CortesM (parliament) 3. Free speech and associationS 4. And an end to the annual obligation of forced labor
  16. 16. How?ThroughWritings
  17. 17. Graciano LopezJaenawho left thePhilippines for Spainin 1880 afterpublishing a satiricalnovel, Fray Botod(Father Fatso)
  18. 18. In1889 he started thenewspaper,La Solidaridad (Solidarity),that circulated both in Spainand the Philippines and wasthe medium of thePropaganda Movement.
  19. 19. Marcelo del Pilarwho was active inthe anti-friarmovement.He fled to Spain in1888 and becameEditor of LaSolidaridad.
  20. 20. Jose RizalHis more popular workswere his two novels NoliMe Tangere (Touch MeNot) andEl Filibusterismo(The Subversive)published in 1886 and1891
  21. 21. The novels portrayed theauthoritarian and abusivecharacter of Spanish rule inthe colony . Despite their ban, the books were smuggled into the Philippines and widely read.
  22. 22. But then, thePROPAGANDAMOVEMENT WASA FAILURE.
  23. 23. Why did the Propaganda Movement fail?1. The Spanish government did not agree to any of its demands.2. The friars were busy collecting money and making themselves rich3. Many of the members wanted true change but were cautious of their wealth.4. There was a quarrel between Rizal and Del Pilar5. No strong leader aside from Rizal
  24. 24. Rizal came home and onJuly 3, 1892 he established the LA LIGA FILIPINA 3 days later, July 6, 1892, Rizal was arrested on orders of G.G. Despujol and exiled on July 7 to DAPITAN, Zamboanga.
  25. 25. THE LA LIGA FILIPINAWAS ANOTHER FAILURE 

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