Filipino revolts


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This is the lesson on a few of the over 200 revolts that happened in the Philippines during the Spanish Colonial Government.

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Filipino revolts

  2. 2. Personal and religious Resistance toRevolts are Spanish-categorized imposed into 3 economic and religious institutions Land problems
  3. 3. LAND PROBLEMS:Many people lost their ancestral lands when the friars grabbed their land.These uprisings broke in the provinces of Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite and Laguna between 1745-1746.
  4. 4. SPANISH OPPRESSION /UNJUST TAXATION /FORCED LABORLike the Sumuroy and Maniago Revolts
  5. 5. RELIGIOUS REVOLTSTamblot and Hermano Pule Revolts
  6. 6. The kings of Manila (Sulayman) and Tondo (Lakandula) made a pact of peace with Legazpi. They remained loyal to Spain even though they lost their kingdoms.Legazpi kept his promise of treating their people well.LAKANDULA AND SULAYMANREVOLT (1574)
  7. 7. AfterLegazpis death, his successor Guido Lavezares confiscated their lands and abused and oppressed their people.Captain Salcedo, grandson of Legazpi persuaded the kings to stop their uprising against Lavezares.Lavezares restored peace and friendship.LAKANDULA AND SULAYMANREVOLT (1574)
  8. 8. Tamblot, a Filipino BABAYLAN (or priest) from Bohol, convinced the people to return to their faith.2,000 Boholanos joined him and began the uprising.TAMBLOTS REVOLT (1621-1622)
  9. 9. The officials of Bohol were in Cebu for a feast of the beatification of St. Xavier.They heard about the revolt and rushed to Bohol with 50 Spaniards and 1,000 Cebuano soldiers.Tamblot and his followers were defeated.TAMBLOTS REVOLT (1621-1622)
  10. 10. HERMANO PULE (1840)
  11. 11. Born Apolinario de la Cruz, Hermano Pule founded the Cofradia de San Jose (Confraternity of Saint Joseph).He went to Manila to enter the religious order but was not allowed.HERMANO PULE (1840)
  12. 12. The government disallowed the organization to continue and ordered it to be dissolved.HERMANO PULE (1840)
  13. 13. Maniago was from Mexico, Pampanga.He had 3 reasons for leading his people to revolt:1) the love for freedom2) the frequent recruitment of men to cut timber in the mountains for Galleon- building.3) the oppressive Bandala SystemFRANCISCO MANIAGO (1660)
  14. 14. They began by burning their houses and swore to fight for freedom.They closed the rivers to stop commerce with Manila.They sent letters to the people of Pangasinan and Ilocos to tell the people to fight.FRANCISCO MANIAGO (1660)
  15. 15. 1) general pardon to all the rebels2) payment of P14,000 as initial installment of the governments debt (already at P200,000)3) cutting of timber would continue but the people would be given time to stay go home to their families.Maniago’s Demands
  16. 16. TheManiago revoltsucceeded.
  17. 17. SUMUROY REVOLT (1649-1650)
  18. 18. A native of Palapag, Samar, Sumuroy encouraged the poeple to revolt.He learned of the POLO that Visayan men would be sent to Cavite and work in the shipyards to build galleons.That meant that the men would leave their homes and families.SUMUROY REVOLT (1649-1650)
  19. 19. On June 1, 1649, the uprising began. They killed the parish priest.Gov. Fajardo of Zamboanga heard of this so he sent his best Spanish-Filipino forces to Samar. The battle lasted for a year and Sumuroy won several fights.SUMUROY REVOLT (1649-1650)
  20. 20. But a surprise attack of the Spanish- Filipino forces ended the revolt.Sumuroy was captured and later executed.SUMUROY REVOLT (1649-1650)
  21. 21. DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  22. 22. DiegoSilang was a trusted mail carrier and was well-known in Manila and Ilocos.When the British captured Manila in 1762. Diego realized the Spanish government was weakened and he decided to plan a revolt.DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  23. 23. Diego requested to abolish the tribute.He organized the Ilocanos to fight with the British forces. Diego was arrested. He called the Ilocanos to action.DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  24. 24. When he was released, he removed the alcalde-mayor and the rest of the abusive Spaniards in Vigan, Ilocos Norte.He established Vigan as the capital of his independent government.DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  25. 25. Spanish forces were getting weak so they offered money to whoever can kill him.Miguel Vicos and Pedro Becbec, who were close friends of Diego carried out the assassination at the Casa Real in Vigan.DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  26. 26. Vicos shot him in the back.His last words were: “Matayakon, Gabriela” ("I am dying, Gabriela")DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  27. 27. Gabrielatook over the revolt started by Diego but was later captured.She and her men were hanged.Gabriela was hanged last.DIEGO SILANG REVOLT(1762-1763)
  28. 28. FRANCISCO DAGOHOY (1744-1829)
  29. 29. Fr.Gaspar Morales, a Jesuit priest ordered Sagarino (Dagohoys brother) who was a policeman, to capture a man who had abandoned his Christian religion.The man resisted and in the duel, Sagarino got killed.FRANCISCO DAGOHOY (1744-1829)
  30. 30. Fr.Morales refused to give Sagarino a Christian burial.Dagohoy was banned from the church.He led the people in an uprising.Fr. Lamberti and Fr. Morales were killed.FRANCISCO DAGOHOY (1744-1829)
  31. 31. Dagohoy established a free government in the mountains with 20,000 followers.In 1829, the rebellion stopped and the rebels were pardoned.FRANCISCO DAGOHOY (1744-1829)
  32. 32. Dagohoy will be remembered as the leader of the longest Filipino revolt which lasted for 85 years.FRANCISCO DAGOHOY (1744-1829)
  33. 33. The Muslims in Mindanao (Zamboanga and Sulu) revolted against the Spaniards. They were never conquered.Most united groups were the Muslims.They were bound by Islam.Continuous military expeditions failed to subdue them. They fought back by raiding the coastal towns under Spain.MORO RESISTANCE
  34. 34. Why did all these revolts FAIL?
  35. 35. Absence of national leader Lukewarm spirit of nationalism among Filipinos Inadequate training and preparation for warfare
  36. 36. “divide et impera” The Filipino Revolts are prime examples of “divide et impera” or DIVIDE AND CONQUER.The Spaniards divided the country into smaller states so that it will be easierto manage, rule and conquer when an uprising occurs.
  37. 37. *THE END*