EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL BRANCH BRANCH BRANCH• President • Senate • Supreme Court• Vice-President • House of • RTC, MTC• Cabinet Representatives • Special Courts
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetPresident•Head of State and Head of Government•Chief Executive•Commander-In-Chief of the AFP•6 year term (only one term)•Can appoint and dismiss Cabinet members•Official Residence of the Pres: Malacanang Palace
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetThe Powers Of The President Of The Philippines• Implement laws of the country• Issue Executive Orders• Suggest bills to be passed by Congress• Veto any bill passed by Congress
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetThe Powers Of The President Of The Philippines• Nominate and appoint the heads of the Executive Department and officers of the Armed Forces of the Philippines• Monitor the foreign policies of the country• Enter into a contract for a foreign loan
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetThe Powers Of The President Of The Philippines• May grant pardon, amnesty or reduce the sentence of those convicted on the final judgment of the Supreme Court
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetThe Powers Of The President Of The Philippines• Pardon = Forgiveness given to an individual• Amnesty = Forgiveness given to a big group of individuals• Commutation = Reducing the penalty• Reprieve = Delay of punishment
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetThe Limitations of the Powers Of The President Of The Philippines• Cannot hold any other office or employment,practice any other profession•Cannot appoint her spouse and relatives to acabinet post
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetThe Limitations of the Powers Of The President Of The Philippines• President can be impeached if found toaccept bribes / Betray his countrymen, lose theconfidence given to her and perform other crimesagainst the people / violation of the constitution /graft and corruption /
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetTHE VICE PRESIDENTTo replace the President if he resigns, dies or is impeachedCan hold a Cabinet Position
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetTHE CABINET – To advise the President on matters relating to the duties of their respective offices.1. DepEd - EDUCATION – In charge of development of EDUCATION in the country. Manages all public and private schools.2. DoLE - LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT – takes care of the policies and programs pertaining to labor and employment. Settles disputes between labor and management
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetTHE CABINET3. DoH - HEALTH – protecting the health of the people especially against epidemics or diseases like cholera, measles, dengue, etc. Provides free medicines, medical services and info on health care4. DA - AGRICULTURE – development of agriculture in the country. Finds ways of farming and food production and to upgrade them
EXECUTIVE BRANCH• President• Vice- President• CabinetTHE CABINET5. DPWH - PUBLIC WORKS and HIGHWAYS – construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, dikes and other government infrastructure projects.6. DND NATIONAL DEFENSE – maintain peace and order in the country.
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH • Senate • House of RepresentativesTHE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH –1. It passes laws2. It defines and punishes crimes against the state3. It determines the taxes people should pay4. It BUDGETS the money to be spent for public purposes5. It can create and abolish courts, except the Supreme Court6. It is only Congress which HAS THE POWER TO DECLARE WAR
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH • Senate • House of RepresentativesTHE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH – SENATE1. The Senate, headed by the Senate President (Juan Ponce Enrile)2. Referred to as the "Upper House“3. Composed of 24 Senators for 6-years.
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH • Senate • House of RepresentativesTHE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH – HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES1. Composed of not more than 250 members2. The Speaker is its Chief Officer.3. Each province – IS represented in the Lower House of Congress.4. Elected for a term of three years, but they cannot serve for more than three consecutive terms.
JUDICIAL BRANCH • Supreme Court • RTC, MTC • Special CourtsTHE JUDICIAL BRANCH1. The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, as well as in lower courts.2. The inferior courts: the, Court of Appeals (CA), the Court of Tax Appeals; the Regional Trial Courts (RTC), the Metropolitan Trial Courts (MTC), the Sandiganbayan, and the Office of the Ombudsman.
JUDICIAL BRANCH • Supreme Court • RTC, MTC • Special CourtsTHE JUDICIAL BRANCHJudicial power includes: To hear and settle disputes • Private Person vs. Private Person • Private Person vs. Government • Government Agency vs. Government Agency
JUDICIAL BRANCH • Supreme Court • RTC, MTC • Special Courts Maria Lourdes SerenoTHE JUDICIAL BRANCH1. The SUPREME COURT is the highest COURT in the Philippines.2. Composed of the CHIEF JUSTICE and 14 ASSOCIATE JUSTICES
EXECUTIVE BRANCH President (1) Vice President (1)Cabinet Members (varies) Regional Governor (1) Governor (1) Vice Governor (1) Mayor (1) Vice Mayor (1) Barangay Captain(1)
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Congress (2 houses) Senate (24) House of Representatives (270)Head: Senate President Head: Speaker of the House Regional Legislative Assembly (24) Head: Speaker of the House Provincial Assembly (varies) Head: Vice Governor Municipal/ City Assembly (varies) Head: Vice Mayor Barangay Assembly (8) Head: Barangay Captain Youth Assembly (7) Head: SK Chairman
JUDICIARY BRANCH Supreme Court (15) Head: Chief Justice Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Regional Trial Courts Shari’a District CourtsMetropolitan Municipal Municipal Municipal Shari’aTrial Courts Trial Courts Trial Courts Circuit Trial Circuit in Cities Courts Courts