Transcript of "Birth and death of the katipunan (slideshare)"
BIRTH OF THE KATIPUNAN WHO STARTED IT ALL??
• Bonifacio then• founded the• “Kataas-taasang• Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan” (KKK) on July 7, 1892 in a house ofDeodato Arellano on Azcarraga street (nowClaro M. Recto), in Tondo Manila. As a symbolof the member’s loyalty, they performed thesolemn rite of sanduguan (blood compact),wherein each one signed his name with his ownblood..
TAGALOG: Katastaasang Kagalang- galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan” ENGLISH: Supreme and Venerable Society of the Children of the Nation SPANISH: Suprema y Venerable Asociación de los Hijos del Pueblo
FOUNDING MEMBERS ANDRES BONIFACIO TEODORO PLATA (brother-in-law of Andy Bonifacio) LADISLAO DIWA VALENTIN DIAZ DEODATO ARELLANO
AIMS OF THE KATIPUNAN to develop a strong alliance with each and every Katipunero to unite Filipinos into one solid nation to win Philippine independence by means of an armed conflict (or revolution) to establish a republic after independence
FLAGS OF THE KATIPUNANThree flags were used by the Katipunanthat was originally sewn byGregoria de Jesus (Andys wife) and BenitaRodriguez.Common features: Letter K and bloodred background
Andrés Bonifacio’s personal flagwhich depicts a white sun with an indefinitenumber of rays on a field of red. Below the sunare 3 white Ks lined horizontally.This flag was used in Cry of Pugadlawin onAugust 23, 1896 when they tore their cedulas.
The MAGDIWANG COUNCIL of Andres Bonifacio had a sun with 16 rays and red background.
The MAGDALO COUNCIL of Emilio Aguinaldo had a sun with 8 rays to represent the first 8 provinces that pledged to fight with Aguinaldo and a baybayin symbol for Ka.
The flag of the Revolutionary Government of Aguinaldo: it had the “The Sun of Liberty” Approved on March 17, 1897 in Naic, Cavite
The flag of General Mariano Llanerawas famously called: "BUNGO NI LLANERA” (LLANERAS SKULL)
General Pio del Pilars flag was called “ANG BANDILA NG MATAGUMPAY” or“ THE FLAG OF THE VICTORIOUS”.
The flag of General Gregorio del Pilars flag was patterned after Cuba. First flag to use 3 colors. This flag was used in Tirad Pass.
PROPAGANDA KATIPUNAN AIM ASSIMILATION INDEPENDENCELEADERS Jose Rizal, Marcelo Andres Bonifacio, del Pilar, Graciano Emilio Aguinaldo Lopez Jeana, etc. etc.MEMBERS From the upper & middle Mostly lower class but classes, ilustrados, men there were middle class ORIGIN 1860-1890s July 7, 1892 NEWS La Solidaridad KalayaanPAPER END FAILED EXPOSEDRESULT
Biography Emilio Jacinto, was born in Trozo, Manila. His parents were Mariano Jacinto, a bookkeeper, and Josefa Dizon. Very poor (black rugs and hemline from his mother’s skirt for his belt). This made him a target of other’s children’s jokes.
BiographyBut he received a good education.Jose Dizon, his uncle, enrolled him at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran, where he obtained the Bachelor of Arts degree.Although poor in appearance, he was gifted with brains and good character.
Biography 1894 at the age of 19, he joined the Katipunan where Bonifacio befriended him. December 31, 1895 = Katipunan Elections Jacinto was elected fiscal or number two man in the Supreme Council.
BiographyIn the first battle on August 1896…The two separatedJacinto went to LagunaBonifacio stayed in the Manila suburbs.
BiographyIn February, 1897, Jacinto fought theSpanish cazadores (riflemen) inMagdalena, Laguna.He was wounded in the thigh, and wastaken as a prisoner to the church of SantaCruz where a Spanish surgeon kindlytreated his big wound.
BiographyHe established the secret headquartersin the hills of Majayjay.There, he contracted malignant malariaand died on April 16, 1899. He wasbarely 24.
He wrote articles like : 1. Kartilya ng Katipunan (Primer of Katipunan) 2. Liwanag at Dilim (Light and Darkness) 3. Pahayag (Manifesto)
Bonifacio ordered his men toprepare for battle.He directed them to store enoughfood and other supplies.BUT THEY WERE DISCOVERED… …ON AUGUST 19, 1896
Teodoro PatinoHonoria PatinoSor Teresa de JesusFather Mariano Gil
Cry of PugadlawinAugust 26, 1896-Katipuneros tore their cedulas andshouted “Mabuhay ang Pilipinas!”
Was under Baldomero Magdiwang Was under Aguinaldo (cousin of Mariano Alvarez (the Emilio Aguinaldo) uncle of Andres Felt that it was time to Bonifacio’s wife.) replace the Katipunan Did not want to replace and form another kind of the Katipunan. government Based in Noveleta, Cavite. Based in Kawit, Cavite
THE TEJEROS CONVENTION The Tejeros Convention was called to decide whether to establish a new government to replace the Katipunan or not. (Aguinaldo was absent) -Bonifacio agreed to establish a new government. -Accept and respect whoever will be elected SO… WHO WON?
PRESIDENT: EMILIO AGUINALDO SECRETARY OF STATE: MARIANO TRIAS SECRETARY OF WAR: ARTEMIO RICARTE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE: EMILIANO RIEGO DE DIOS SECRETARY OF INTERIOR: ANDRES BONIFACIO SECRETARY OF FINANCE: ENRIQUE PACHECO
Daniel Tirona opposed the position of Andres Bonifacio. (Secretary of Interior should be a lawyer) Tirona said Bonifacio is not from Cavite, he’s not educated. Bonifacio was hurt and asked Tirona to take back what he said. Tirona never did.
Bonifacio left with his followers for Naic and established his own government.
THE DEATH OF ANDRES BONIFACIOAguinaldo ordered the arrest of the Bonifacio brothers. Executed on May 10, 1897 on Mt. BuntisThe Katipunan and its founder were now dead…