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Asian Influences on the Philippines (slide share)

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This is the Powerpoint Presentation on the lesson about Asian Influences on the Philippines before the arrival of Spain. …

This is the Powerpoint Presentation on the lesson about Asian Influences on the Philippines before the arrival of Spain.
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  • 1. ASIAN INFLUENCESon the PHILIPPINES
  • 2. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPThe Filipino-Chinese Tradestarted during theTang Dynasty(618-907)
  • 3. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPIt peaked during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)The Philippines was a very important centerof Chinese Trade.They reached thedifferent parts of thecountry using theJUNK.- 400 up to 500 passengers- visited the Babuyan Islands, Ilocos, Laguna, Cebu, Bohol and Cagayan de Oro
  • 4. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  • 5. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP Announcing the arrival: SOUND A BIG DRUM On the deck of the junk were the different things being sold. Silk cloth, gongs, porcelain, umbrellas, gold thread, etc.
  • 6. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPNatives exchanged honey, furniture,rattan (yantok), cotton, pearls, fruits,wood, gold, etc.Travel to the Philippines took about20 days.Trading lasted only about 4 to 5 daysper area.
  • 7. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES:1. Use of jars for burials of bones.- they could bring the remnants of their relatives anywhere
  • 8. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  • 9. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES2. Food-food like TOFU, HOPIA, LOMI,-BACHOY, GOTO, SIOPAO,-LUMPIA, SIOMAI, ETC.- Chinese ingredients:- BIHON, KINCHAY, PETCHAY,- TOGE, MISWA, ETC.- Filipinos also learned how to plant these vegetables.
  • 10. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES3. Use of Filipino words borrowed from China- Most of these words are from the Amoy dialectA CHI ATEKO A KUYATAU KUA TOKWABI KO BIKOHI KAU HIKAWBAK KHIAQ BAKYA(see pages 187-188)
  • 11. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES4. Established the first convenience store:THE SARI-SARI STORE- sold everything foryour convenience
  • 12. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES5. Wearing of the“kamisa de chino”, loose pants and long-sleeved shirt
  • 13. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES6. Games and toys:TopsCardsSungkaFlying kitesGambling:Mah-jong
  • 14. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  • 15. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONSArranged Marriage
  • 16. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONSRespect for Elders
  • 17. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONSWearing of WHITE for mourning
  • 18. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPINFLUENCES7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONSUse of FIREWORKS during celebrations
  • 19. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIPTHE MOST LASTING INFLUENCE OF CHINA: COMMERCE AND TRADE
  • 20. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIPFirst relations started around 800 A.D.This relationship was based purely oncommerce.Proof of this relationship are differentImages made of CLAY, GOLD and BRASS.- 21 carat golf image found in Agusan - Golden Tara
  • 21. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP- metallic image of Ganesh, the elephant god
  • 22. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP- medallion of Padmapani (Padma)
  • 23. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP1. Filipino customs similar of Hindus.- burial practice of dead sitting on a chair (Ifugao)2. Sanskrit words found in Visayan and Maguindanao languages SANSKRIT TAGALOG tara tala (to record) lekkha likha (to create) ahi ahas (snake) swamin asawa (spouse) guru guro (teacher) aya yaya (nurse)
  • 24. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP3. Form of WRITING: ALIBATAThis is a system writing was done on Palm leaves
  • 25. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIPINDIAN CLOTHING:PUTONG- local headwearSARONG-long cloth worn by women
  • 26. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIPINDIANPlants and Treesmangalangkapatolaampalaya
  • 27. FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP1. The Japaneseintroduced:DUCK FARMING/RAISING
  • 28. FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP1. The Japanese introduced: FISH BREEDING
  • 29. FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP1. Other Japanese influences:a. Removing of slippersbefore entering the house…b. Bonsai plantingc. Manufacturingfarm tools andwar weapons
  • 30. FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIPOther Japaneseinfluences:OrigamiMartial Arts:JUDOTanning of deer skin
  • 31. FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP1. MALAY INFLUENCES:a. Spices like CURRY
  • 32. FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP1. MALAY INFLUENCES:b. Fish Sauce: PATIS
  • 33. FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP1. MALAY INFLUENCES:c. Coconut Milk: GATA
  • 34. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINESArabs improved on the relationships between the Philippinesand other Asian countries-ARABIA was the center of the Arab Empire- It was the center of commerce from India, China and Africa- ARABIA was the center of Islamic religion
  • 35. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINESUsual trade items:textile, wool, calico (a kind of cloth)metal tools, gold bullionsjewelry and other precious gems
  • 36. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…Spaniards : ChristianityArabs : IslamMohammad was born in 570 AD-was orphaned at an early age-Uncle Abu Talib took care of him
  • 37. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…Mohammad was born in 570 AD in MECCA (Saudi Arabia)-at age 40 he received his 1st message from God through Angel Gabriel (JIBRIL)MESSAGE: STOP ATHEISM AND POLYGAMY GABRIEL GAVE MOHAMMAD THE TEACHINGS OF THE QU’RAN
  • 38. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…Mohammad was born in 570 AD in MECCA (Saudi Arabia)-at age 40 he received his 1st message from God through Angel Gabriel (JIBRIL)MESSAGE: STOP ATHEISM AND POLYGAMY GABRIEL GAVE MOHAMMAD THE TEACHINGS OF THE QU’RAN
  • 39. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…Started in 622 A.D. when Mohammad escaped from Mecca toYathribThis escape is called the HEJIRA
  • 40. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  • 41. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…Mohammad died at the age of 62 Mid 13th century, several parts of Southeast Asia embraced Islam ex. Sumatra and Java
  • 42. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…The leader of Malacca, ISHKANDAR SHAHwas converted to IslamMalacca became the center of Islamic learning.
  • 43. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILATARSILAa written documentn the leaders anddescendants of afamous Muslim,ex. Mohammad
  • 44. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILATUHAN MASHAIKA – introduced Islam to the countryIn Sulu, there is a tarsila about MAKHDUM KARIM, aleader in Tawi-Tawi.In Sulu, the first Arab Community started in the 15thcentury under SHARIF ABU-BAKR.
  • 45. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…SHARIF ABU BAKR- missionary who married the daughter of Rajah Baguinda.- converted the whole community of Sulu into Islam- introduced the SHARIA (SACRED ORDERS)- declared himself SULTAN- recognized as the 1st Sultan of Sulu- established the 1st MADRASAHS (schools that teach the Quran)- introduced Arabian literature
  • 46. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…SHARIF MOHAMMAD KABUNGSUWAN- arrived in 1457 and also proclaimed himself sultan- soon most parts of Mindanao also accepted Islam all the wayup to Luzon
  • 47. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…TEACHINGS OF ISLAM (Foundations of Islam)A devoted Muslim has to fulfil certain obligations: 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM1. SHAHADAH – DECLARATION OF FAITHFaith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of theprophethood of Muhammad;"Ashadu anla ilaha ila allah, washadu anna Muhammedanrasolallah."The only purpose in life is to serve and obey GOD.
  • 48. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…5 PILLARS OF ISLAM2. SALAHEstablishment of the daily prayers;5 times a day pray, they pray the SALAHGod is Great. 4xI testify that there is none worthy of worship except God. 2xI testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God. 2xCome to prayer! 2xCome to success! 2xGod is Great! 2xThere is none worthy of worship except God.
  • 49. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…5 PILLARS OF ISLAM3. ZAKAHConcern for the poorAlmsgiving to the needy
  • 50. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…5 PILLARS OF ISLAM4. SAWMSelf-purification through FASTING-every year in the month of RAMADAN from sun up to sun down, NO DRINKING NO EATINGFinal Day of Fasting – HARIRAYA PUASA
  • 51. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…5 PILLARS OF ISLAM5. HAJJThe PILGRIMAGE to Makkah (Mecca) for those who are ableOne who has seen Mecca is CALLED: HADJI (SACRED PERSON)
  • 52. Mohammad was the only person who was able toUNITE THE FIGHTING TRIBES OF THE MUSLIM STATES.
  • 53. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINESTHE MOSQUEFrom the Arab word “MASJID” which means “a place ofworship”A ritual of prayers withmovements like standing,bowing, sitting and kneeling.
  • 54. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINESOKIR DESIGNSOld houses have Okir designson the beams of the houses
  • 55. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
  • 56. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINESThe Arabs were the first to introduce weapons used aexplosives.LANTAKA – a small Muslimcannon made of brass
  • 57. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
  • 58. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINESThe SARIMANOK design most common in Lanao (Mindanao) a very colorful bird
  • 59. COMPARE AND CONTRAST ASPECTS CHRISTIANITY ISLAMSUPREME BEING GOD ALLAHFOUNDER JESUS CHRIST MOHAMMADHOLY LAND JERUSALEM MECCAFOUNDATION OF FAITH TEN COMMANDMENTS FIVE PILLARSRELIGIOUS LEADER POPE IMAMPLACE OF WORSHIP CHURCH / CHAPEL MOSQUE/MASJIDRELIGIOUS CENTER VATICAN AL HARAM / MECCARELIGIOUS SYMBOLS CRUCIFIX / CROSS CRESCENT MOONFEAST DAYS EASTER EID AL-FITRPERIOD OF FASTING LENT RAMADAN
  • 60. END OF LESSON 