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  • The Shared pathways are fantastic But far to dangerous To many dogs exersised unleashed not enough Bells on cycles to many accidents waiting to happen A lot of education is need
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  • 1. Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 Draft
  • 2. Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 Draft Gosford Community Engagement Hub http://haveyoursaygosford.com.au/ bikeplan2011 Gosford City Council cycleways website http://www.gosford.nsw.gov.au/road_safety Sep 2011 Gosford City Council 49 Mann Street, Gosford, NSW, 2250. Phone: 4325 8222 Fax: 4323 2477 Email: goscity@gosford.nsw.gov.au Website: www.gosford.nsw.gov.au Information marco.argolo@gosford.nsw.gov.auI
  • 3. Overview 1  contentsIntroduction 3 Context 4 Background 5 Network Overview 8 Proposed Cycleway Link 9 the reason for planning 11Travel Patterns and Cycling Opportunities 13 Key transport Indicators 13 Journey to Work : travel & Parking 15 Bicycle Ownership & Journey to Work 18Network Principles 19 Network Challenges & Barriers to Cycling 19Prioritisation of works 21 Bicycle priority corridors 23 State and Local Government Strategies 25 Integration with Public transport & access to town Centres 27 Proximity to Main trip Generators 29 Summary of Strategic Objectives 32 Preliminary List of Proposed Works 33Related policies, plans and strategies 35 National and State Context 35 Local and regional Context 37Engineering considerations 39 Design Considerations: (a) Cycleway types 41 Design Considerations : (b) Signage & Markings & Information 43 Design Considerations: (c) Intersections 44 Design Considerations: (d) Environment 45 Design Considerations : (e) Sea Level rise 47 Implementation Considerations: End of trip facilities 47 Management Considerations: Maintenance 49Action Plan 51 Element 1 : Network Development & Maintenance 52 Element 2 : Safety 54 Element 3 : Cycling Promotion & Education 55 Element 4 : Planning 59 Element 5 : Integration with Public transport 61 Element 6 : funding 62Appendix A : Gosford Local Government Area Bicycle Maps 63 II
  • 4. overview  the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 is Gosford City’s commitment to support initiatives that encourage more people within the local government area to cycle and to promote cycling as an integral part of daily life. Spike Milligan Bridge, Woy Woy. the bridge won first place in its category in the Civil Contractors federation NSW Earth awards in 2007.1
  • 5. the plan provides strategic guidance in the delivery of a  overviewsafe, well connected and comfortable cycling environment,through a range of integrated and interdependent initiatives.these initiatives include recommended projects, programs andpolicies to encourage cycling for the next 10 years and beyond.This report is supported by comprehensive research and analysis of localcycling issues and opportunities.Input has been sought from the appropriate Council staff and key stakeholders during the preparation of this draftreport. further input will be sought from relevant community groups during the public exhibition period to ensurethat the greatest number of potential cyclists are encouraged to use the network.Particular priorities and targets of this plan include: Increase the mode share of bicycle trips made in In addition to its well known economical, social and the local government area to 5%1 by 2016 consistent environmental benefits, cycling is unique in that it is with the targets of the NSW State Plan 2010 2 able to combine affordable transport and recreation and 8% by 2031 with physical activity. One of the major contributors Increase the mode share o f bicycle trips as a mode to poor health in australia is physical inactivity. of travel to work from 0.4% in 20063 to 2.0% by 2016 and 5% by 2031 Increase the proportion of bicycle trips made to train stations: to 5% for Gosford and 8% for Woy Woy by 20314 Increase the proportion of parking - generally 3-5% bicycle parking provision rates5 for a range of land use types in new developments achieve good levels of safety, confidence and comfort for cyclists that ride in the city Promote the city as a destination for low-impact bicycle tourism.1 Source: Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 (Draft report) target: 5% mode share of bicycle trips of journeys ut to 5km in distance. See figure 2.1 Pg 132 Source: NSW State Plan annual Performance report 2010 (Better transport and Liveable Cities, Pg 5) target: 5% mode share of bicycle trips of journeys up to 10 Km in distance.3 Source: australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2006 (Method of travel to work) Derived from the Census question, ‘How did the person get to work on tuesday, 8 august 2006?’4 Source: railCorp and Bureau of transport Statistics, Gosford Station and Woy Woy Station 2009 ticket Barrier List Count “average weekday”, See table 4.1 Pg 295 Source: NSW Planning guidelines for walking and cycling DOP 2004 (table 1. Suggested bicycle parking provision rates for different land-use types, Pg 44-50) Source: rMIt, 1999; austroads, 2005 2
  • 6. Introduction With its proximity to central Sydney and its stunning natural setting, Gosford will become an outstanding place to live, work, study, and visit. Gosford City Centre Masterplan3
  • 7.  introductionContextRegional Context Local Contextthe Gosford and Wyong Local Government areas Gosford Local Government area comprises a networkmake up the Central Coast of New South Wales. of villages which sit around the inland waterways and the coastline of the region.With its strategic and transport relationship to Sydney,Gosford is situated approximately 80km north of the It is important that the villages of Gosford areSydney, a 75 minute train ride from the Sydney CBD, interconnected, where people of all ages, incomes and Newcastleand 80 kilometres south of Newcastle. cultural backgrounds feel they belong to a community that is vibrant, diverse, safe, healthy and sustainable. It is this community connectivity, sustainability and attractiveness that this plan seeks to support. Gosford Penrith Parramatta Sydney Liverpool WollongongGosford City Centre Masterplan Gosford City Centre Masterplan 4
  • 8. The Gosford City Vision for Cycling ”to promote cycling as an integral part of daily life by building a safe, attractive and well connected network, changing mindsets and offering a healthy, sustainable and affordable choice of travel.”5
  • 9. “Our economy will be  introduction Physical inactivity is a majordiverse and robust linked contributor to poor health inby sustainable transport and australia. approximately half the australian population iscommunication networks.” insufficiently active, which(Comunity Vision, Gosford 2025 significantly increases their riskCommunity Strategic Plan) of cardiovascular disease, type 2Cycling has an important role in Gosford’s vision Diabetes and obesity. a lack ofto provide a range of accessible, multi-model physical activity also increasestransportation options that are sustainable and the risk of breast and bowelresponsive to current and future community needs. cancer, depression and anxiety. Cycling: Getting Australia Moving CPF (2008)Gosford City Council recognises the value ofcycling and is committed to supporting initiativesthat encourage more people to cycle in the localgovernment area. the bicycle catchment of public transport can be more thanBackground 20 times the area withinthe purpose of this planning document is to stimulate walking distance.productive debate of Gosford’s main challenges and New South Wales Bike Plan (2010)opportunities. It is also aimed at promoting cycling as asustainable alternative mode of transport that is energyefficient, and respond to relevant local and global the direct cost of physical activityissues such as obesity, congestion, affordable living, to the australian Health budget inclimate change and energy. 2006/07 was $1.49 billionthe study area of the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 Source: Econtech (2007)covers the Gosford Local Government area (LGa). 6
  • 10. a previous plan for cycling in the region is the Gosford Cycleway Study prepared by GEOPLaN Planning in association with OVE arUP consultants. the study was prepared in 1986 and is now outdated in many areas. Consequently a new plan has become necessary. The aim and objectives of the 1986 study were:  a cycle system concentrating on the establishment of trunk routes linking the City Centre, the Peninsula and Coastal strip  ‘making cycling safer, more convenient and promoting use of the bicycle as a viable transport alternative. Since the release of the 1986 report, Council has maintained its c ommitment to the provision of bicycle related infrastructure. the current document that guides Council’s investment in cycling is the Gosford City Cycleways Map (fig 1.1). the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 has been designed as a living document that changes to meet the evolving needs of the City. It incorporates the aim and objectives of the 1986 study and provides a snapshot of current cycling patterns and opportunities along with the barriers and challenges to cycling. It also delivers a set of parameters to assist Council in the prioritisation of future works and presents engineering considerations related to the design, implementation and management of cycleway related infrastructure. the strategy’s action Plan sets out a series of actions that support the development of the proposed cycleway network and will help Council to achieve the targets identified by this plan. the six elements forming the action plan are:  Element 1 Network Development and Maintenance  Element 2 Safety  Element 3 Promotion/Education  Element 4 Planning  Element 5 Integration with Public transport  Element 6 funding the overarching elements that form this document’s action Plan are dependent upon one another and should be addressed in an integrated and coordinated way to deliver the required infrastructure, and effectively increase bicycle participation within the Gosford LGa.7
  • 11. Network Overview the approximate length of the cycleway network is:  introduction Off Road On Roadthe Gosford City bicycle network is extensive and plays Cycleways Cyclewaysan important role in connecting major destinations (Shared Paths/ (Bicycle lanes/ Bicycle Paths) road shoulders)within town centres, villages and the Gosford City As Built 44 km 22 kmCentre. the network also links the public transport Proposed 50 km 147 kmsystem, serves local activities, and provides accessbetween residential areas and nearby schools. Total: 263 kmMany local residential streets are already safe Council also promotes the sustainable use of designatedenvironments for cycling. additional investigations mountain bike tracks within natural bushland reserves.will be required on the existing routes to ensure they the existing Council managed bush reserves withcomply with safety standards and other requirements. appropriate mountain bike trails are Kincumba Mountain, rumbalara and Katandra reserves.a large existing and proposed on/off road regionalcycleway network has been identified and placed on for detailed information on Council’s cycleway routes,the Gosford City Cycleways Map (figure 1.1). please refer to detailed individual maps in Appendix 1.Gosford City Cycleways Map GOSFORD CITY CYCLEWAYS MAP 2 I  NIAGARA PARK  2 I LISAROW  Æ The Entrance To Wyong I Æ2 & Tweed Heads & Newcastle WEST GOSFORD Parry Dr NARARA  2 I Henry Pa GOSFORD cif ic eet SOMERSBY Hw Mann Str y MOUNT ELLIOT WYOMING HOLGATE  Æ Donnison St MATCHAM FORRESTERS BEACH  Æ FORRESTERS BEACH F G NORTH GOSFORD WEST GOSFORD   Æ 2 I  Æ GOSFORD The En trance Rd ERINA HEIGHTS WAMBERAL   Ocean View Dr ÆÆ SPRINGFIELD Terrigal Dr EAST GOSFORD  Æ KARIONG POINT CLARE ERINA Karalta Rd TERRIGAL - I Avoca Dr POINT FREDERICK  2 I  Æ  Æ TASCOTT  2 I Æ GREEN POINT r PICKETTS VALLEY rD NORTH AVOCA te y w Wa H ic en ne Sc s ba Bri Avoca Dr Avoca I 2 Dr Ca KOOLEWONG pe YATTALUNGA Thre AVOCA BEACH eP oin WOY WOY BAY KINCUMBER ts R SARATOGA d Cullens Rd KINCUMBER SOUTH 2 I   Æ DAVISTOWN COPACABANA PHEGANS BAY ST HUBERTS ISLAND HORSFIELD BAY WOY WOY MACMASTERS BEACH F G BENSVILLE EMPIRE BAY Dr y Ba e BLACKWALL DALEYS POINT pir Em BOOKER BAY ETTALONG BEACH BOUDDI KILLCARE UMINA BEACH WAGSTAFFE M KILLCARE HEIGHTS PRETTY BEACHPATONGA HARDYS BAY Palm Beach & BOX HEAD Sydney PEARL BEACH Legend0 0.5 1 2 3 Kilometres Cycleways Status  Bike Lockers - I Information Centres Note: This information should not be used for purposes other than indicative mapping. Off Road (Constructed) Bike Racks Æ F G Hospitals Off Road (Proposed) Waterways The Accuracy and Currency of the Information can not be guaranteed. This information should not be copied and is covered by international copyright law On Road (Constructed) 2 I Railway Stations Open Spaces Railway Lines July 2009 8 On Road (Proposed)
  • 12. Some of the bicycle facilities in Gosford LGa are truly first rate cycling infrastructure, providing a high “level of service” to commuter and recreational cyclists. Spike Milligan Bridge, Woy Woy9 (Source: rta)
  • 13. Proposed Cycleway Link, Gosford to Point Clare (Source: Gosford City Centre Master plan) facilities  first rate Waterfront Cycleway, DavistownWaterfront Gosford (Source: GCC) 10
  • 14. The Reason for Planning the objective of this plan is to provide guidance for the provision of a safe and connected cycleway network for the local government area and to encourage cycling as a convenient, sustainable and healthy way to travel to work and enjoy the region. the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 will be a guide for planning and investment in bicycle related facilities in the region. furthermore, the application of the plan will support regional economic and social development by encouraging low impact cycle tourism and better community interaction and health through the promotion of physical activity. Benefits of Cycling Regional Growth & Cycling has many benefits, it: Demographic Data  Can reduce traffic congestion the Central Coast Regional Strategy 2006–2031 sets  Has virtually no carbon footprint out a framework to guide sustainable growth  Can increase mobility for those who don’t within the region over the next 20 years. It have access to motor transport. provides a plan to accommodate the additional  Is affordable and accessible. 100,000 people expected to be living in the  Can be faster than walking, transit or motor region by 2031. the strategy supports creating vehicles for short trips the capacity for over 18,000 jobs in the Gosford  Is an energy efficient and renewable powered local government area, including 6,000 jobs in mode of transport Gosford CBD and 12,000 jobs in the remaining  Can improve health condition and reduce centres, suggesting a high increase in recreational health costs and commuter travelling over the next 20 years.  Can reduce road construction and maintenance costs (+10,000 residents) (+6000 residents)  Is a more efficient use of space  Can enhance social interchange and cohesion, and build social capital  Is an attractive transport option to rail links and other transport nodes Source: Gosford City Centre Masterplan11 Figure 3.18 - New Housing Figure 3.16 - Employment Distribution
  • 15. Studying the demography of the area reveals a broader  introductionunderstanding of the current and future levels of usage andinfrastructure requirements.the current estimated population for Gosford (as of However, the age groups between 18 and 59 areMarch 2010) is 166,626 persons. predicted as remaining the largest age demographic groups in Gosford LGa . Consequently, this group is aas shown in the Gosford forecast age Structure major potential user group of the cycleway network.the number of children aged beeteen 12 to 17 is this working age group is more likely to use thenearly 15,000. cycleways as commuters and is more likely to switchIn 2031, the number of people aged over 60 is expected their journeys to work from private cars to bicycles.to increase to 50,923, which will be over a quarter of the provision of bicycle infrastructure will be targetedthe population. to simultaneously accommodate the needs of allthis suggests that provision of off-road cycleways major potential user groups. accordingly, the mainwith safe and easy access should remain an important purpose of this strategy is to provide access to work,component of this strategy, accommodating the public transport, recreation, education, goods andneeds of people with mobility limitations, including services, and family and friends.the young and elderly. GosfordGosford Forecast Age Structure Forecast Age Structure 2006* 2016 2021 2031 40000 35000 30000Number of Persons 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 0 to 4 5 to 11 12 to 17 18 to 24 25 to 34 35 to 49 50 to 59 60 to 69 70 to 84 85 years years years years years years years years years years & over Age Group (years) * Actual ABS Census Data 12
  • 16. Travel Patterns and Cycling opportunites the Household travel Survey is the largest and most comprehensive source of information on the travel patterns of residents of the Sydney Greater Metropolitan area (GMa) which includes the Gosford Statistical Subdivision. Key Transport Indicators figure 2.1 indicates that a significant proportion of all trips (60%) made in the Sydney GMa are less than 5 km in distance and that the most dominant mode of transport for short trips (up to 5 km) is the private motor vehicle (60%).. Figure 2.1 – Sydney Trips by Distance and Transport Mode Source: 2008/09 Household travel Survey Summary report (tDC), table 4.4.4 Proportion of all trips by distance (Sydney GMA) Gosford City 2016 Target for bicycles 5-10km 17% (Bicycles 5% of trips up to 5km) 10-20km 13% Up to 5km 60% Public More than Transport 20km Bicycles Public 8% 10% 0% Transport Vehicles 23% 60% Other 1% Walk only 30% Walk only 0% Vehicles 76% Bicycles Other 1% 1% Proportion of trips Proportion of trips (Up to 5km) by mode (More than 20km) by mode13
  • 17.  travel patterns & cycling opportunitiesan analysis of car trips by purpose is provided in figure the above data indicates that a significant proportion2.2 which shows that motorised travel for commuting of all trips currently made by private vehicles could beand education has a significant effect on am/pm peak comfortably made by bicycle. the data also suggestshour traffic. that increased commuter cycling, including bicycle trips to transport and schools, could help reduce theIn addition, recent data from austroads shows that level of traffic congestion during peak periods.close to 40% of all private car trips made in australia Source: rMIt, 1999; austroads, 2005are less than 3 km in distance.figure 2.2 – Sydney motorised trips for selected purposes by time of day, average weekday, 2008/09.Source: 2008/09 Household travel Survey Summary report (tDC), page 17 Commute WRB Education/Childcare Drop-off/Pick-up Discretionary 8:00am 12:00noon 3:30pm 5:30pm 250,000 Commute 200,000Number of travellers 150,000 100,000 Education / Childcare 50,000 0 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm 11pm 12pm 1am 2am 3am 4am 5am 6am 7am 8am 9am 12am 12am 10am 11am Motorised travel only 14
  • 18. Travel to Work & Rail according to the australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2006, the predominant mode of travel to work in Gosford is by private motor vehicle, with 63.5% of all journeys to work made by car, while walking (2.2%) and cycling (0.4%) were significantly less popular (Fig 2.3). analysis of the method of travel to work of the residents in Gosford City in 2006 compared to the Sydney Statistical Division shows that a larger percentage of people used a private vehicle as method of travel to work, while a smaller percentage of people walked, cycled and used public transport. furthermore according to the results of an interview survey undertaken by Gta Consultants in 2008 at Gosford railway Station, the most dominant mode of transport used by rail commuters was the private car (73%), with 59% as drivers and 14% being dropped off, followed by bus (16%) and walking (9 %). figure 2.3 & 2.4 provides a detailed breakdown of transport mode used by rail commuters to Gosford Station. the Gta survey also indicates that 72% of drivers drove to the station alone. In addition, 53% of all respondents originated from within the postcode area 2250, which includes Gosford and its surrounding suburbs. the data in figure 2.3 & 3.4 shows ‘Car–as driver’ as the predominant mode of transport to work and to the railway station in Gosford, representing a high potential demand for more commuter cycling and less car usage.15
  • 19.  travel patterns & cycling opportunities figure 2.3 – Mode of travel to work. Source: australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2006 figure 2.4 – Transport Mode to Gosford Station - June 2008 Source: Gosford Parking Study, final report, Gta Consultants 70% 59% No. of responses = 464 60% 50%% responses 40% 30% 20% 16% 14% 9% 10% 1% 0% Car (drive) Drop off Bus Taxi Walk Cycle Other Mode of travel 16
  • 20. Central Coast region has one of the highest rates of bike ownership in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan area17
  • 21. Bicycle Ownership & Journey to Work  travel patterns & cycling opportunitiesaccording to the aBS Census 2006 and as shown in Table 2.1 the Central Coast region has one of the highestrates of bike ownership in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan area, suggesting a significant interest in cyclingand considerable potential for increased participation .On the other hand, the 2006 Census also indicates that the rate of cycling for journey to work by residents actuallydeclined in the Gosford region from 2001 to 2006.Developing the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2010 is an important step towards increasing bicycle participation.Source: australian Bureau of Statistics Cencus 2006, Journey to Worktable 2.1 - Gosford City Centre Future Parking TargetsSource: Gosford Parking Study, final report, Gta Consultants Statistical Bicycles Resident Bicycles Bike Trips* SSD Share of Subdivision Bike Trips* Per Household Bicycles Bike Trips Inner Sydney 79,001 14,752 0.56 0.11 5.3% 11.2% Eastern Suburbs 62,296 7,438 0.61 0.07 4.2% 5.7% Inner Western Sydney 48,082 5,512 0.75 0.09 3.2% 4.2% Lower Northern Sydney 87,674 8,865 0.70 0.07 5.9% 6.8% Canterbury - Bankstown 73,164 9,022 0.69 0.08 4.9% 6.9% Central Northern Sydney 166,710 12,748 1.19 0.09 11.3% 9.7% Northern Beaches 102,330 9,591 1.14 0.11 6.9% 7.3% St George - Sutherland 166,528 14,902 1.03 0.09 11.3% 11.4% Central Western Sydney 80,219 5,636 0.75 0.05 5.4% 4.3% fairfield - Liverpool 100,961 9,850 0.91 0.09 6.8% 7.5% Outer Western Sydney 165,693 10,878 1.52 0.10 11.2% 8.3% Outer Sth Western 91,473 4,691 1.17 0.06 6.2% 3.6% Blacktown 105,732 5,775 1.16 0.06 7.1% 4.4% Gosford - Wyong 150,259 11,589 1.27 0.10 10.2% 8.8% Total Sydney SD 1,480,120 131,249 0.96 0.08 100.0% 100.0% 18
  • 22. Network Principles the Gosford City Cycleway Network principles are:  Link popular destinations with local residential areas  Be consistent and uninterrupted  Be easy to use and provide clear direction along the route  Have a consistent quality of cycling facilities along the route  Be easy to find  avoid long detours and balance against problems of topography  Ensure bike riders are able to maintain a safe, comfortable and consistent operating speed  Safely accommodate bike riders, pedestrians and vehicles  Be enjoyable to ride and well maintained. Network Challenges and Barriers to Cycling although Council has maintained a strong commitment to the provision of new cycleways and achieved good results in many areas, improved coordination is required to overcome the major network challenges and cycling barriers that hold back cycle travel in the Gosford LGa. Network Challenges Strategy Disconnected/partially  Keep up the development of cycleway infrastructure and give priority to routes completed cycle routes connecting to the city and main town centres “not accessing town centres/railway stations” Challenging topography  review existing routes and develop solutions that manage hilly terrain. Solutions may include bike racks on buses that run across particularly hilly areas and wider on road bike paths with appropriate physical separation from motor vehicles Inadequate end of  Create an end-of-trip facilities program to address identified deficiencies trip facilities Incompatible bicycle  Promote uniformity of construction standards and upgrade of non conformant facilities existing facilities19
  • 23.  principles, challenges & barriers to cycling Network Challenges Strategy Inadequate connections  Promote coordination between neighbouring councils in the delivery of bicycle between local projects government areas Inadequate interaction  Increase communication between state and local government to deliver cycle infrastructure Population age  Provide suitable amenities for older users and advertise the health benefits of cycling Insufficient and  Provide bicycle related signposting that complies with the NSW Bicycle Guidelines inadequate information Safety  Develop bicycle safety education programs  Provide safe and appropriate cycling facilities Low commuter cycleway  Provide more commuter targeted cycleway links/routes network usage  Promote cycling among the general public  advertise and promote the use of new cyclewaysthe Ecological Model of Physical Activity identified by the Cycling Promotion fund report Cycling: Getting Australia Movingtakes the view that environments can either support or restrict healthy behaviour and describes a range of significantbarriers to cycling. Gosford City Council will work closely with state and federal agencies to identify and address thefactors that restrict physical activity and contribute to the ever-increasing car dependency, as shown in Figures 3.1 & 3.2. Individual factors Social/Environment factors  confidence  time/opportunity  cultural values and norms  motivation  perceived benefits/ barriers  socioeconomic status  knowledge  enjoyment Safety Individual  perceived safety  safe environment Behaviour Environmental factors Public regulatory factors  urban design  speed limits  bike infrastructure  motor vehicle access  urban design & DensityFigure 3.1 Ecological Model of Physical activity.Source: adapted from CyclingL Getting australia Moving, CPf 2008Figure 3.2 the effects of ever increasing car use on walking and cycling to school. Source: Dora and Phillips, 2000 20
  • 24. Prioritisation of Works this section has been developed to assist Council in prioritising future cycleway related works and to provide a better understanding of the network context, purpose and opportunities.21
  • 25. feedback from relevant council staff and key community stakeholders has identified a number of key priorities in  prioritisation of worksthe prioritisation of cycling infrastructure. further input will be sought from the community during the publicexhibition period.Identified key cycling infrastructure priorities are: Closure of gaps in network’s priority corridors Completion of NSW Bikeplan strategic corridors and preferred cycleway links of the Gosford City Centre Masterplan. Integration with public transport and access to the main city centres Proximity to main demand/trip generators Level of service (quality of existing and proposed facilities) reduce environmental impacts of car dependency (commuter and recreational)Diagram 4.1 shows how the above key priorities will assist Council in the prioritisation of future cycleway relatedworks (Subsections 4.1 to 4.4).the prioritisation process can be assisted by the Bikeability toolkit Route Based Checklist developed by travel Smartaustralia. the checklist allows the assessment and comparison of key proposed links in the cycleway network.Diagram 4.1 Key Infrastructure Priorities Prioritisation of cycling infrastructure Closure of Gaps (Network’s Priority Corridors) Completion of NSW Bike Plan Network Section 4.2 Section 4.1 Integration with Public transport Proximity to Main trip Generators Section 4 .4 Section 4.3 Level of Service (Existing & Proposal facilities) reduced Environmental Impacts of Car Dependency Highest Priority High Priority 22
  • 26. Bicycle Priority Corridors (Closure of Gaps) Bicycle priority corridors regional routes have been identified by a Bike Plan Consultation team during the preparation of this report and will be further developed during community consultation and stakeholder workshops. the bicycle corridors are comprised of existing and proposed facilities that provide general bicycle mobility throughout the City. the corridors will cater for all major user groups and trip types, including commuter, recreational and trips to schools and shops. these cross-city corridors create a continuous network that promotes connection to surrounding regional areas and links communities within the City. the ability to identify “the gaps” (dotted lines) along the priority corridors is a key step to delivering a connected network. these proposed priority corridors are to be well connected and each ought to provide safe and reasonably direct ways of travelling from one destination to the next. an important factor in giving priority to cycleway projects is whether the project helps to complete a priority bicycle corridor. therefore, the bicycle corridor framework will be used to assist in decision-making during the prioritisation process. Most stakeholders held the view that the closure of gaps in these regional routes is one of the highest priorities. there are three types of routes within the Gosford Cycleway Network, each with its own network function as shown in the table below. regional routes (A-Routes) Local routes (B-Routes) Bicycle friendly streets “High Priority“ “Medium Priority“ and neighbourhoods Connectivity between LGa town Connectivity between residential Local access to local residences centres and neighbouring Local street to regional routes Government areas23
  • 27.  bicycle priority corridors GOSFORD BICYCLE PRIORITY CORRIDORS Regional Corridors - regional routes Gosford Bicycle PriorityRoutes � 2 I � 2 I To�Wyong I The�Entrance &�Newcastle � 2 I Pa cif ic� Gosford - Wyong Connection Hw y A-ROUTE North - West Connection Erinal-The Entrance Connection A-ROUTE A-ROUTE � � I GOSFORD Coastal Route �� A-ROUTE Terrigal�D r Gosford-Erina-Terrigal Connection A-ROUTE - I Avoca�Dr Brisbane Water Loop I � I r r�D ate e�WWoy Woy - Gosford Connection ban “COMPLETED” Bris Avoca� Dr A-ROUTE Saratoga-Davistown-Kincumber-Erina Connection Avoca� I A-ROUTE Dr I � A-ROUTE Peninsula to Woy Woy Connection (City Centre/Rail/Ferry) A-ROUTE Umina to Ettalong Ferry Connection B-ROUTE Palm�Beach & Sydney 0 0.5 1 2 3 Kilometresfigure 4.1 – Gosford Bicycle Priority Corridors 24
  • 28. State & Local Government Strategies a. The NSW BikePlan 2010 released in May 2010 outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over the next ten years.  the NSW Bike Plan states: In Gosford the shared path around Brisbane Water will be completed, and the feasibility of a new connection between Point Clare and Gosford investigated along the rail line. Cycleways will be extended along the Central Coast Highway, Terrigal Drive, Avoca Drive and the Pacific Highway between Gosford and Ourimbah see Figure 4.3. B. The Gosford City Masterplan provides a development framework to guide the revitalisation of Gosford City Centre. It proposes a large increase in population and employment and provides an opportunity to integrate cycling into the city centre. In the Gosford City Centre urban renewal area a permeable network for pedestrians, cyclists and public transport will be created to enable the movement of people, not cars. Where achievable, localised pedestrian, bicycle and public transport only roads will be used to achieve a fully permeable, safe environment for residents, workers and visitors. the Bike Strategy identifies the completion of State and Local Government strategies as one of the highest priorities. Location of proposed cycleways links are shown on figures 4.2 & 4.3. figure 4.2: Proposed Gosford City Centre Bicycle Network Souce: Gosford City Centre Masterplan25
  • 29.  completion of NSW strategic network PROPOSED STATE STRATEGIC NETWORK Proposed State Strategic Network - NSW Bike Plan 2010 NSW BIKE PLAN 2010 I Shared Path around Brisbane Water To�Wyong I &�Newcastle Gosford - Point Clare Cycleway Link The�Entrance Central Coast Highway Pa cif ic� Hw Terrigal Drive y Avoca Drive Pacific Highway between Gosford and Ourimbah GOSFORD Terrigal�D r - I Avoca�Dr I � I r r�D ate e�W ban Bris Avoca� Dr Avoca� I Dr I � Palm�Beach & Sydney 0 0.5 1 2 3 Kilometresfigure 4.3: NSW Bike Plan Cycling Network 26
  • 30. Integration with Public Transport & Access to Town Centres the Cycling Promotion fund report Cycling: Getting australia Moving identifies three (3) “key Areas” for encouraging the community to integrate bicycle and public transport. the identified three Key areas are: Key area 1. Safe Cycleway Routes to Public Transport & Town Centres:  an integrated network of bicycle routes leading to major train stations and selected high volume bus stops can substantially increase the catchment area of public transport (up to 17 times the walking catchment). austroads and current Sydney statistics identify the average distance travelled over a typical 10 minute bicycle trip as 3.3km. figure 4.3 suggests that if a person lives within the cycleway catchment area and travels to one of the Gosford LGa centres, then they are more likely to ride to work or transport hubs at least a few days a week. Key area 2. Secure Bicycle Parking/End of Trip Facilities:  Once commuters have cycled to work or public transport, they will require a secure place to lock their bicycle. Section 6.2 Implementation considerations and Element 7.5 of this strategy’s action plan outlines Council’s initiatives for provision of appropriate end-of-trip facilities. Key area 3. Taking bicycles on public transport:  Provision for bicycles on public transport will encourage more people to use bicycle and public transport travel. Initiatives for taking bicycles on public transport can be seen in Element 7.5 of this strategy’s action plan. the above key area approaches to encourage more people to integrate bicycle and public transport travel have all been shown to be effective methods of encouraging cycling, with a high level of applicability to the Gosford context due to its low density land use. “The bicycle catchment of public transport can be more than 20 times the area within walking distance.” New South wales Bike Plan (2010)27
  • 31.  integration with public transport Catchment Area of Gosford Cycleway Network (Main Centres)Figure 4.4: Cycling Catchment area (Up to17 times the Walking Catchment area) 28
  • 32. Proximity to Main Trip Generators Each day in Gosford, thousands of people travel by car towards trip generators to accomplish their activities: work, study, rail travel, health care, shopping, etc. Consequently these trips have an effect on the transportation network linked to these places. the placement of direct, safe and attractive cycleway routes to access main trip generators within Gosford Local Government area can alleviate the impact of car traffic on the existing road network and associated car parks. fig 4.5 indicates the travel Zone of Employment areas within Gosford LGa with higher concentration of jobs. furthermore, according to data provided by railCorp and Bureau of transport Statistics, on an average weekday approximately 10 thousand people enter/exit Gosford and Woy Woy railway Stations each day as shown in table 4.1. the Map index in appendix 1 also shows the location of other major trip generators including schools, hospitals and sportsgrounds. these Maps clearly show the areas where most people travel each day in Gosford and locations of potential higher demand for cycling. table 4.1: 2009 Gosford & Woy Woy rail Station ticket Barrier List Count (average weekday) Source: railCorp and Bureau of transport Statistics Rail Station 24 Hour Count during 2009 2031 Target for Bicycle Trips & Parking In % Before 9:30am Out % of Trips 2009 Count Gosford 5120 62.3% 5120 5% 256 WoyWoy 4750 74.1% 4750 8% 38029
  • 33. Ourimbah  proximity to main trip generators Figure 4.5: People Who Work in the Central Coast by travel Zone of Employment Niagara Park Source: tDC JtW06 table 007 Lisarow Narara Gosford (+ 5120) Daily trips to Point Clare Gosford Rail Station Tascott Koolewong Woy Woybyne Macmasters Beach (+ 4750) Daily trips to Woy Woy Rail Stationonga Legend Jobsttwater 1 - 100 101 - 500 501 - 1500 1501 - 3000 3001 - 4500 4500 or more CityRail Network 02 1.25 .5 57 .5 10 Arterial Road Kilometres Disclaimer While all care is taken in pro ducing and publishi ng this work, no Travel Zones 2006 responsibility is taken or warranty ma de with re spect to the accura cy of any informa tion, dat a or represent ation. The authors (including copyright owners) and publishers expr essly disclaim all liability in respect of anything done or om itted to be done and the Local Government Area Boundary consequen ces upon re liance of the content s of this information. Green Open Space Pro duced by NSWTI, Transport Data Cent re, Req10/161 Date 29/ 04/201 0 30
  • 34. 31
  • 35.  summary of strategic prioritiesSummary of Strategic Objectivesthe prioritisation framework will enhance the delivery of theGosford cycleway network by ensuring works are prioritised wherethey are most needed and aligned with population forecasts.analysis of this section’s key infrastructure priorities supports the development of the bicycle network within the city’smain town centres as well as placing a high priority on bicycle corridors that connect these communities.radial access links feeding into the inner town centres as well as completing the priority corridors will enhance theutilisation of resources and promote the delivery of economic returns through increased bicycle travel and highernetwork usage.The hierarchy of Strategic Objectives is:table 4.2 Strategic Objectives is: Objective  Complete the cycleway network that services the town centres and railway stations at Gosford 1&2 “Priority 1” and Woy Woy “Priority 2” as shown in fig 4.4: Catchment Area. Provision of separate cycling facilities should be aimed in the vicinity of the main trip generators  at both Gosford and Woy Woy, develop the cycleway networks with the waterfront and railway station being major destination. Objective  Complete the Bicycle Priority Corridors “Closure of Gaps”. Priority be given in accordance with the 3 adopted criteria, a-routes followed by B-routes and local streets as per Section 4.1 (figure 4.1). In particular the priority corridors connecting the regional City to Erina, terrigal and then along a coastal route to the Entrance. Objective  Provide, require and encourage end-of-trip facilities at identified main trip generators, particularly 4 major transport and employment nodes, shopping/commercial precincts, and schools. Secure parking is argued to be a key factor influencing the decision to cycle. 32
  • 36. Preliminary List of Proposed Works GOSFORD CITY C a preliminary list of proposed works has been prepared for Strategic Objectives 1 and 2 and is subject to further evaluation and availability of funds. � I recommendations are grouped into proposed short term (to 2016), medium term (to 2021) and long term (to 2036) NIAGARA PARK time frames for development and implementation. Costs are not provided and will be subject to further investigation. table 4.2: recommended works (Strategic Priority 1) Source: Extracted from Gosford City Centre tMaP To�Wyong Work No. Description &�Newcastle time frame 1 Gosford to Point Clare waterfront cycleway Medium-Long-term 2 I Connection between waterfront and NARARA along Vaughan avenue, Baker Mann Street, Short-term Street Boulevard and Donnison Street Pa cif ic� 3 Cycleway along Mann Street between Dane Drive and Etna Street Short-term Hw SOMERSBY y 4 Widen cycleway from East Gosford to Gosford Waterfront along York Street Short-term 5 racecourse road to Holden Street via Sinclair Street Short-term WYOMING 6 Create cycleway racecourse road between faunce Street West and Dane Drive Short-term 7 Cycleway across bridge connecting to the West Gosford Industrial Estate Long-term 8 Cycleway between intersection of racecourse road / faunce Street West, Short-term continuing north along Showground road. table 4.7: recommended Works 7 8 NORTH GOSFORD (Strategic Priority 1) 5 3 WEST GOSFORD 6 I GOSFORD 2 SP 1 4 EAST GOSFORDARIONG POINT CLARE 33 POINT FREDERICK vo
  • 37. ter� Wa  preliminary list of proposed works ne� sba Britable 4.3 recommended Works (Strategic Objective 2) Work No. 1 Description I Upgrade connections between Woy Woy Station to Woy Woy ferry Wharf and time frame Short-term Deepwater Plaza, along railway Street. 2 Cycleway along Victoria Drive between Ocean Beach road and Blackwall road and Short-term along Carlton Street. 3 Cycleway enhancements in George Street at railway Street and Victoria road. Short-term SARATOGA 4 Cycleway along Blackwall road between railway Street and Macmasters road. Short-term 5 Cycleway along railway Street between Carlton Street and Hillview Street. Short-termPriority 2 1 DA 3 2 4 5 WOY WOY BLACKWALL DALEYS POIN BOOKER BAY ETTALONG BEACH 34
  • 38. Related policies, plans and strategies Cycling contributes to the objectives of a wide range of transport, social and environmental policies and strategies, as shown in figure 5.1: Transport Policies  Greater range of transport choice.  reduced pressure on road & public transport network. Cycling  Increased efficiency of public transport systems. Contribution  reduced dependency on private motor vehicle Environmental/Social Policies  reduced environmental impacts or transport including greenhouse gases.  Improved health outcomes.  Improved equity and community adhesion by table 5.1: Cycling Contributions to Policy Objectives providing access to affordable transport. this section identifies federal, state and local government policies, strategies and guidelines that are directly or indirectly supportive of cycling. National and State Context Key supportive policies, plans and guidelines for cycling nationally and in NSW are summarised below. xs National Cycling Strategy 2011 – 2016 NEW SOUTH WALES BIKEPLAN Cycling to the future Australian Bicycle Council A B - bu DECEMBER 2004 ion s ro stat station ute - a b c HOW TO PREPARE A BIKE PLAN INTEGRATING LAND USE AND TRANSPORT An easy 3 stage guide Improving Transport Choice — Guidelines for planning and development d e f g35
  • 39.  national and state contexta Australian Bicycle Council – National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016 (austroads) the role of the National Cycling Strategy is to facilitate increased cycling in australia. It sets out a series of actions that will help to deliver its overarching vision which is to double the number of people cycling in australia over the next five years.b New South Wales Bike Plan (NSW Government) May 2010 the NSW Bike Plan details the state’s largest cycle program to date, following the Metropolitan transport Plan’s $158 million commitment to improve urban cycle networks. the NSW Bike Plan outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over 10 years.c Planning guidelines for walking and cycling December 2004 (NSW Government) these guidelines aim to assist land–use planners and related professionals to improve consideration of walking and cycling in their work. Planning has an important role to play, particularly as it influences urban form, which sets the scene for walkability and cycleability for decades to come.d Integrating Land Use & Transport Planning (RTA) august 2001 the Policy Package is designed to increase access to services and improve the choice of transport available. the package includes accessible development principles including Principle 7 “Improve Cycle access” with inclusion of detailed design criteria.e Guide to Traffic Engineering Practice Part 14: Bicycles, aUStrOaDS 1999 Key national traffic engineering guideline for design of cycling facilities. Of particular relevance to planners are the chapters on “planning for cyclists” and “end-of-trip facilities”.f NSW Bicycle Guidelines (RTA) July 2005 aimed at improving traffic engineering practice for cycling and complements austroads Part 14. the guidelines outline good practice on all aspects of cycleway design, such as lane widths, intersection treatments, signage, surface treatments and parking at public transport interchanges.g How to Prepare a Bike Plan, february 2002 (rta) Provides a step-by-step process for councils to prepare a local bike plan. Step 8, Local land use planning regulation and management, identifies the various planning policies that can lend planning support for the bike plan and vice versa. 36
  • 40. Local and Regional Context the Gosford City Council t5.01 Bicycle Policy - Objectives and action Plan’ (under review) states the following: Gosford Councils policies are to: 1. Integrate cycling as a transportation mode within the transport system of Gosford City. 2. Encourage responsible attitudes and safer behaviour towards cycling, both by cyclists and other road users 3. reduce bicycle related accidents. Additionally, the following local and regional plans and strategies are directly or indirectly supportive of planning for cycling: PLAN City, Our Gosford 2025 G IC Gosford City Council destiny TE RA ST IT Y UN COMM 2006–31 CENTRAL COAST REGIONAL Supplementary Sustainability Report 2010 STRATEGY Continuing our journey Gosford City Council Supplementary Sustainability Report 2010 Gosford City Council 49 Mann Street Gosford NSW 2250 Phone: 02 4325 8222 Fax: 02 4323 2477 a b c d Email: goscity@gosford.nsw.gov.au www.gosford.nsw.gov.au Gosford City Centre Masterplan37
  • 41.  local and regional contexta Community Strategic Plan (Gosford 2025), states:  Our economy will be diverse and robust linked by sustainable transport and communication networks.  transportation is more than the road network – it is about linkages, and footpaths and cycle ways should continue to be a focus for the future.b Council’s Comprehensive Sustainability Report 2010 has as short-term goals for home and travel:  Progress the Cycleway Strategy to ensure that cycleways are linked with other transport nodes, residential, commercial, and recreational and tourist areas.c The Gosford City Centre Masterplan is a general design framework that will lead to the revitalisation of Gosford City Centre. It contains the key design strategies that are underpinned by four design principles:  Connectivity, activation, access and Movement, Sustainabilityd The Central Coast Regional Strategy 2006-2031 establishes the necessary planning framework to deliver a prosperous and sustainable future for the region’s current and future residents. the 2006-2031 Strategy, states;  the strategy provides that future development must include frequent and direct access to public transport, and for walking and cycling. 38
  • 42. Engineering considerations this section is Council’s overarching tool and guide for the Design, Implementation and Management of cycleway related infrastructure.39
  • 43. table 6.1 provides guidance on a range of principles, parameters and specifications often used by Council from  Engineering Considerationsrelevant policies and guidelines. Local knowledge and relevant environment principles have also been considered.further detailed consideration of the following documents should take place at the design, implementation andmanagement stages.1. Austroads: Guide to traffic Engineering Practice Part 14, Bicycles2. Austroads: Guide to road Design Part 6a: Pedestrian and Cyclist Paths3. RTA: NSW Bicycle Guidelines4. Australian Standard: aS2890 Parking facilitiestable 6.1 outlines the main design and implementation elements while table 6.2 describes the cyclist requirementswhen designing facilities for bicycle riders.Identified technical advice and design solutions from the above mentioned guidelines are provided in each table.Elements Austroads: Guide to Traffic Engineering Austroads: Guide to Road Design RTA: NSW Bicycle Guidelines Practice Part 14, Bicycles Part 6A:Table 6.1 – Design, Implementation & Management ConsiderationsCycleway Types 4.4. road treatments for Cyclists (pg 20) 3. types of Path (Pg 08) 4. Major types of bicycle facilities (pg 16) 6.6. types of Paths for Cycling (pg 81) 5. Bicycles facilities on- and off road within road reserves (pg 21)Signage & 3.6. Information (pg 15) 4.2.1. Principles 6.2 Path line marking and regulatoryMarkings 5.4. Signalised Intersections (pg 51) 10.2.4. Delineation signage (pg 36) 9. traffic Control Devices (pg 122) 6.6 Shared path advisory signage (pg 39) 9. Signage and network information (pg 70)Intersections 5. road Intersections (pg 47) 8 Intersections of Paths with roads 7. Bike facilities at intersections (pg 42) 6.7. Intersections of Paths with roads (pg 92) (Pg 56) 9.3 Intersections of Paths with Paths (Pg 58)Lighting 6.9 Public Lighting of Paths (pg 104) Bicycle Path Lighting (pg 54)End of Trip 10. End of trip facilities 11, Bicycle parking and access to publicFacilities transport interchanges (pg 77)Construction & 8. Construction and Maintenance (pg 116) 12. Construction and Maintenance 10. Maintenance and provision at worksitesMaintenance Considerations for Paths (pg 78) (pg 75)Table 6.2 – Design Requirements for CyclistsSpace To Ride 4.4. road treatments for Cyclists (pg 20) 7.5. Width of Paths (pg 42) 3.5 Including bicycle provisions of streets 6.3.4 Width of Paths (pg 71) (pg 15)Smooth Surface 8.5 Surface for Cycling (pg 119) 4.2.3. Surface tolerances (pg 35) 8.1. Surface treatment for bicycles (pg 61)Speed 3.4 Speed Maintenance (pg 14) 7.2. Bicycle Operating Speeds (pg 35) 6.1. Path design operating speed (pg 35)Maintenance 4.2.5. Speed Issues (pg 17) 7.3. Horizontal Curvature 6.3. Path speeds controls (pg 36) 6.3.1 Bicycle Operating Speeds (pg 70) (pg 39)Connectivity 3.5. Connectivity (pg 14) 4.2.1. Principles (pg 51)Appropriate 6.3.2. Horizontal Curvature (pg 70) 7.3. Horizontal Curvature (pg 39)Sight lines a.3.1. alignment and Cross Section (pg 143) 7.8 Sight Distance (pg 51)Information 3.6. Information (pg 15) 4.2.1 Principles 6.2. Path line markings and regulatoryMaps, Signs 5.4 Signalised Intersections (pg 51) 10.2.4. Delineation signage (pg 36)& Pavement 9. traffic Control Devices (pg 122) 6.6. Shared path advisory signage (pg 39)markings 9. Signage and network information (pg 70) 40
  • 44. Design Considerations: (a) Cycleway Types the RTA Bicycle Guidelines identifies seven major types of on/off road cycleway facilities (see table 6.3). the table also identifies the level of separation of each facility and whether it is shared with cars or pedestrians. figure 6.1 will assist designers to determine the level of separation required to urban roads and table 6.3 to select the most appropriate type of facility during the design process. the strategy will be focused on a balanced provision of well designed on/off road cycleway facilities across the local government area. Volume of motor vechicles (vehicles/day) 12,000 Note: This diagram is to be applied to urban roads 11,000 and is not appropriate for rural or non-urban roads. 10,000 Bicycle figure 6.1: Separation of Combinations of low paths 9,000 bicycles and motor vehicles speeds and high tra c volumes are very rare. (Source: NSW Bicycle Guidelines, 2005) 8,000 When these conditions occur, segregation may be necessary in order 7,000 to minimise con icts. Bicycle lanes 6,000 Sep ara 5,000 te p Bic hould or s ycle ers 4,000 ath s lan 3,000 Mix es Bicycle paths with a separating verge ed 2,000 tra Sealed 1,000 shoulder or c should Mixed tra c lanes 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 References: CROW10. 1993, DELG. 1991, DRD. 200, SUSTRANS. 1997 85th percentile speed in km/h41
  • 45. table 6.3: Cycleway types and Degree of Separation  design considerations moving cars Shared with Shared with Shared with pedestrians parked cars separation separation Physical Visual(Source: adapted from NSW Bicycle Guidelines, 2005) Mixed Traffic N/A N/A Yes Yes N/A Street On Road Cycleway Road Yes N/A N/A N/A N/A Shoulder Bicycle Yes N/A N/A N/A N/A Lane Bicycle Path Yes Yes N/A N/A N/A (in road reserve) Bicycle Path Yes Yes N/A N/A N/A Off Road Cycleway (not in road reserve) Shared Path Yes Yes N/A N/A Yes (in road reserve) Shared Path Yes Yes N/A N/A Yes (not in road reserve) Seperated / Not shared Not Separated/Shared 42
  • 46. Design Considerations : (b) Signage & Markings & Information Critical to the coherence and legibility of the riding environment the signing and pavement marking strategy should be as simple as possible while complying with traffic regulations. It is also intended to warn cyclists of potential hazards and to direct cyclists to their destinations and services. Examples of bicycle sign categories and line marking include: Regulatory signage Warning signage Guidance signage Advisory signage Directional signage Proposed “Branding” of rides (Information & identification) See Section 7.1 (activity 10) (Source: adapted from NSW Bicycle Guidelines, 2005)43
  • 47. Design Considerations:  design considerations(c) Intersectionsfigure 6.2 summarises the six intersection elements that should be considered in the design process of treatments for alltypes of bicycle intersections and crossings.the combined use of the documents included in table 6.4 provides detailed recommendations and advice on issuesrelated to the provision of bicycle facilities through all intersection types.Table 6.4 – Intersection Types and Method of Separation Intersections Types Method of Coverage in Coverage in Coverage in RTA: Separation Austroads: Austroads: NSW Bicycle Guidelines Guide to Traffic Guide to Road Design Engineering Practice Part 6A: Pedestrian Part 14, Bicycles and Cyclist Paths Unsignalised Physical 5.3. typical Intersections 7.2.1 Off-road bicycle path – bent-in Intersections separation Details figure 5.7 7.2.2 Off-road bicycle path – bent-out 5.5.2. roundabouts 7.2.3 Off-road bicycle path - straight 7.2.4 Off-road bicycle path at a roundabout Visual 5.3. typical Intersections 7.2.5 Bicycle lanes at unsignalised separation Details intersections figure 5.3 (Pg 49) 7.2.6 Bicycle lanes at roundabouts 5.5.1. Left turn Slip Lanes 5.5.2. roundabouts Mixed 5.5.2. roundabouts 7.2.7 Mixed traffic intersections traffic Signalised Physical 5.4.2.5. right turn 7.3.1 Off-road bicycle paths at signals Intersections separation Storage Bay for Cyclists 7.3.2 right-turns from off-road bicycle paths Visual 5.4.2. Signalised 7.3.3 Bicycle lanes at signals separation Intersection treatments 7.3.4 Head start and expanded storage boxes 5.4.2.3. Bicycle `Head 7.3.5 Hook turn storage boxes and hook turn Start’ Storage area restrictions 5.4.2.4. `Hook’ turns 7.3.6 Left-turn through-access at signals 5.4.2.7. through access at Junctions) Mixed 5.4.3. Phase times traffic Off-road bicycle 6.7.2. Crossings of roads 8 Intersections of 7.4 Bicycle path mid-block road crossings path road crossing 6.7.2.3. (b) refuges Paths with roads 6.7.2.1. Crossings of Low 9.3 Intersections of Volume Streets Paths with Paths 4.6.3. treatments at 7.5 Motorway on- and off-ramp crossings InterchangesTable 6.2 – The Six Intersection Elements (Source: NSW Bicycle Guidelines, 2005) 44
  • 48. Design Considerations: (d) Environment the following environmental considerations will apply to the provision of the Gosford LGa cycleway network:  Maximise the usage of existing roads, pathways or tracks when providing new routes: “No direct/indirect environmental impacts on known or potential habitat for threatened biodiversity”  Environmental assessment full life cycle at the design and construction phases of bike routes (new and upgraded) when the above circumstances are not met: assessment of the likely impacts on known or potential habitat for threatened biodiversity. the above mentioned environmental considerations observe the recommendations listed under the following acts:  NSW Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979  NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995  Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Gosford City Council already plays a leadership role in the implementation of many sustainability focused initiatives such as:  Developing a biodiversity strategy to protect and improve Gosford’s biodiversity.  Maintaining a Coastal Open Space System which protects green corridors particularly along the hill ridge lines throughout the Gosford local government area.  Developing coastal, estuary and floodplain management plans. the SCP 2010 will complement the management planning undertaken by Council and assist to implement management actions where possible. the Gosford Bike strategy is an initiative that aims to provide a sustainable alternative mode of transport that integrates with the City’s natural beauty legacy. Photo 6.1: attractive cycle ways well Photo 6.2: Use of Boardwalk to protect lined with trees encourage repeated use fragile riparian areas, Saratoga45
  • 49. Design Considerations : (e) Sea Level Rise  design considerationsGosford City Council has resolved to adopt a sea level rise planning level of 0.9 metres by the year 2100.Other relevant recommendations include:1. The sea level rise planning level is used in all relevant strategic processes and Council commit to reviewing all relevant strategic documents to incorporate the adopted sea level rise planning level to enable management options for development controls to be developed.2. The sea level rise planning level is used in all relevant asset management and capital works project planning processes to enable proper consideration of potential sea level impacts in all relevant decisions.a significant proportion of the built and proposed off-road cycleways within the local government area arelocated adjacent to estuaries and/or creeks due to the relative flat topography and the scenic quality of the corridors.Whilst these corridors are ideal for cycling, they are also potentially affected by sea level rise.figure 6.3 illustrates the potential impact of a 1:100 year flood event and 0.9 metre sea level rise level on the off roadcycling infrastructure located adjacent to Brisbane Water estuary foreshore.the following design considerations with regard to sea level rise will need to be determined for the provision of theGosford LGa cycleway assets: Proposed useful life of the cycleway infrastructure / asset is to be commensurate with sea level rise levels. Useful life criteria / objectives for flood free access, e.g. the cycleway is not to be inundated by the estuary for up to the Year annual recurrence Interval (arI) flood level, including a sea level rise level corresponding to the useful life  of the infrastructure. the arI flood level will need to be determined.   Location and/or vertical alignment of the cycleways will be influenced by the useful life criteria for flood free access To Wyong that includes a sea level rise component. & Newcastle The Entrance & Tweed Heads figure 6.3: 1:100 year flood event & 0.9 metre sea level rise. Cycleway Network Map Index Gosford Local Government Area Palm Beach 0 0.5 1 2 3 Legend 1:100 YEAR FLOOD EXTENTS INCLUDING 0.9m SEA LEVEL RISE 4  46 & Sydney Kilometres
  • 50. Implementation Considerations: End-of-Trip Facilities One of the main barriers to cycling is the lack of end-of-trip facilities. Secure bicycle parking and showers at trip destinations were found to help more people make the daily commute by bicycle. Comprehensive coverage on bicycle parking/end-of-trip facilities and installations suitable for low, medium and high volume parking is provided in the combined use of the above mentioned documents. Design principles and specifications for end-of-trip facilities are also provided by the NSW Planning Guidelines for Walking and Cycling (Pg 44-50). the aim of the strategy will be focused on the improvement of cyclists’ amenity at trip destinations (including public transport hubs) by the provision of adequate facilities. Below are examples of end-of-trip bicycle facilities / amenities:  Low/medium volume bicycle parking installations  High volume bicycle parking installations  Secure bicycle parking  Showers  Lockers, ironing facilities  Change rooms. Images 6.5: “Cycle2City”‘end of trip’ facility, King George Square Station, Brisbane. Helps to overcome the barriers that prevent people from cycling Source: www.cycle2city.com.au47
  • 51.  implementation considerationsPhoto 6.3 Photo 6.4Low density bike parking, Sydney “the Green Pod” Indoor/Outdoor Source: www.pushbikeparking.com200 mm 400 mm 1900 mm 1500-2000 mm 1900 mm 1900 mm Rack figure 6.4: High volume bicycle parking centres suitable for high demand areas such 750 mm as major train stations 750 mm (Source: NSW Bicycle Guidelines, 2005) Bike centres 375 mm 375 mm Aisle AisleWall High volume bicycle rack installation suitable for high demand areas such as public transport interchanges 48
  • 52. Management Considerations: Maintenance a substantial capital investment is required to provide the appropriate bicycle infrastructure. Subsequently an adequate maintenance program is needed to maintain these facilities. Bicycle infrastructure should be included in Council’s asset management program in a similar manner to roads, to ensure safe and useable facilities and to avoid the increasing cost of maintenance or reconstruction as a result of degradation of the asset. the issues associated with maintenance of on/off road bicycle paths and lanes are covered in the referred section of the above guidelines. regular maintenance activities on paths and lanes should include:  filling of cracks  trimming or removal of grass so that it does not intrude into the path  sweeping of paths to remove debris such as broken glass and fine gravel (including that arising from construction and maintenance activities such as crack sealing)  re-painting of pavement markings  cleaning of signs  trimming of trees and shrubs to maintain safe clearances and sight lines. additionally, the NSW Bicycle Guidelines recommend a regular program of sweeping, landscaping and signage checks and inspections by an experienced person. It also recommends a system for the reporting of defects on the bike facilities, such as an online hazard reporting form that can be entered into Council’s maintenance program. additionally, the new NSW Government website www.bicycleinfo.nsw.gov.au has an online form to report any cycle safety hazard.49
  • 53.  management considerationsPhoto 6.6: Bicycle path sweeping machine. anzac Bridge Cycleway, rozelle.Source: NSW Bicycle Guidelines, 2005 50
  • 54. Action Plan51
  • 55.  initiatives : action plan  element 1the Action Plan identifies a range of infrastructure andcommunity initiatives that will help in the continuing provision ofGosford’s cycleway network. the overarching essential elementsthat form the action plan are: Element 1 Network Development & Maintenance Element 2 Safety Element 3 Promotion/Education Element 4 Planning Element 5 Integration with Public Transport Element 6 Fundingthe elements that form the action Plan are essentially dependent upon on another and should be addressed in anintegrated and coordinated way to deliver the required infrastructure and effectively increase bicycle participationwithin Gosford LGa.Element 1: Network Development & MaintenanceOne of the principal concerns of cyclists is the need for an integrated system of bicycle facilities – a bicycle network –that provides for safe, comfortable and connected travel by bicycle. (NSW Government Action for Bikes – Bike plan 2010).the aim of the Gosford Bike Strategy is to establish a 263 kilometre cycleway network and associated infrastructure inGosford that is safe, well maintained, attractive and conveniently located. a planned infrastructure network is criticalto ensure that facilities for pedestrians and cyclists are constructed connecting major trip generators, including publictransport hubs, education and employment nodes.the following action/activity program will assist in the ongoing provision of the Gosford cycleway network. 52
  • 56. Action Plan : Element 1 (Network Development & Maintenance) 1. Create a priority list for the implementation of cycleway infrastructure with due consultation. Priority will be established in accordance with the key infrastructure priorities identified in Section 4. Prioritisation of Works. the priority list will also include the nature of the project, its estimated cost and relative priority. 2. Establish the cycleway infrastructure in accordance with the priority list and ensure that cycleways are designed and built consistent with appropriate standards and policies. as identified in Section 6. Engineering Considerations. 3. Implement the School access Improvements Program for footpaths and cycleways leading to schools in accordance with the priority ranking system and established standard of access. adopted by Council September 2010 4. Seek partnership with the NSW Government to provide safe access routes and end of trip facilities at major trip generators within Gosford LGa. Major trip generators include schools, shopping, hospitals, transport & employment nodes CaSE StUDY and recreational reserves accessed by cycleways. 5. Develop an ongoing capital works program for the Gosford to Point Clare implementation of cycleway infrastructure. Cycleway/Pedestrian Link 6. Prepare a continuous maintenance program to be carried out Potential catalyst project for in Council’s operational budgets, as identified in Section 6.3 the revitalisation of the city Maintenance. Use the website www.bicycleinfo.nsw.gov.au online form to report cycle safety hazards centre the cycleway link will to inform and feed into Council’s maintenance program reduce travel times and enhance (Council managed bicycle facilities only). pedestrian/bicycle access to 7. Prepare bicycle related signposting that complies with the State the gosford waterfront. and National Guidelines including “branding” of rides included in the Central Coast Cycling Guide website. (as identified in the link is proposed via the Section 6. Engineering Considerations: Signage). northern heavy rail corridor 8. Develop cycleway routes across municipal boundaries in with the possibility of using the partnership with neighbouring councils. (see figure 4.1 broadway railway ridge piles. routes Connecting to Wyong LGa). Seek partnership with the National Parks and Wildlife Service to provide mountain biking Council is currently seeking opportunities in the state’s national parks and reserves within partnership and funding Gosford LGa. opportunities with relevant 9. Keep records and monitor data regarding requests for new authorities. bicycle infrastructure.53
  • 57.  element 1 : network development & maintenace  2 : safetyElement 2 : Safetya key factor in encouraging more people to cycle is to provide safe and appropriate cycling facilities and relevantbicycle safety education programs.the following activity program will help in the continuing provision of a safe cycleway network.Action Plan : Element 2 (Safety)1. Support the delivery of cycling proficiency and related road safety training for all school students aged between 10 and 14 years within Gosford LGa. Continue to support and promote the Central Coast Community and road Education Scheme “CarES” program and rta bicycle safety programs.2. Identify and address existing hazardous locations for cyclists as identified in Section 6.3 Management Considerations: Maintenance. Set up a Council Bike Committee to undertake regular reviews of ongoing bicycle issues.3. Develop safer pedestrian and cyclist routes to schools “mapping” program and improve the perception of safety for walking and cycling to school for parents, teachers and students.4. Involve Council’s road Safety Officer in preparing the Bike Strategy and ensure that cyclists are included when road safety programs are developed.5. Liaise with police when implementing the Bike Strategy and when conducting any bicycle safety activities in the community.6. Develop partnerships with key stakeholders to educate and raise awareness of cycling issues among the general public and cyclists.7. Develop road safety educational information resource packages for cyclists promoting legal compliance and low-risk riding, including co-existence with legitimate less mobile shared path users e.g. wheelchairs, scooters etc.8. replace drainage grates with bicycle friendly drainage grates along bicycle routes.9. Use Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPtED) principles in the development and design of new cycleways.10. Promote speed reduction on selected streets along cycleway routes. (reducing traffic speeds costs virtually nothing and can help to reduce or eliminate the need for special facilities for cyclists as well as contributing to casualty reduction and the creation of a more ‘people friendly’ environment). CaSE StUDY Central Coast C.A.R.E.S. Program CarES (community and road Education Scheme) is a total road safety education program designed specifically for children (school year 5 & 6) and other community groups. the program is presented by the NSW Police Officers. 54
  • 58. Element 3 : Cycling Promotion & Education Promotion of cycling should include health, road safety, education and cycling activities programs. the following action/activity program will help in the continuing promotion of the Gosford’s cycleway network. Action Plan : Element 3 (Cycling Promotion & Education) 1. Work with local employers (including NSW government agencies) to promote themselves as cycling-friendly workplaces with the development of quality end-of- trip facilities, production of Workplace travel Plans and transport access Guides, and corporate participation in events like ride to Work Day (see fairfax Media case study, Pg 37). 2. Continue to support and promote Gosford tafE’s rebycycle Course program. 3. Develop marketing and education programs that promote the benefits of cycling. these programs should target commuters, school children, recreational cyclists and seniors. 4. Promote bike access in all Council planned events, and support events which promote cycling among the general public. 5. Create an annual event bicycle calendar and support local bicycle user groups. 6. Work with the Department of Education and individual schools to encourage students to ride to school. 7. Continue to support the annual rta Bike Week event. 8. Encourage and support commercial providers to explore opportunities to promote cycling. 9. Continue to conduct a road safety and cycle awareness campaign. 10. Ensure health professionals are aware of cycling facilities and are encouraged to promote cycling 11. Promote an understanding of the environmental and health benefits of active transport. 12. Continue to promote the NSW Central Coast cycling guide. The website has been developed to encourage local and visiting bike riders explore the picturesque Central Coast. It includes details of local rides suitable for everyone - from individuals to families to professional riders (www.gosford.nsw.gov.au/cyclingguide/) 13. Link cycling maps with tourist attractions. Work with tourism organisations to look at opportunities to promote cycling and tourism. Explore mountain biking opportunities in the state’s national parks and reserves.55
  • 59.  element 3 : cycling promotion & education14. Investigate sponsorship opportunities that promote cycling as sustainable transport mode and an important social and recreational activity.15. Publicise new cycle routes invite the community to ride new bike routes and make information available through the internet site that details the Bike Plan (Council website) and the NSW Central Coast Cycling Guide. CaSE StUDY16. Utilise a variety of media sources to promote cycling NSW Bike Week locally and to tourists Bike Week is a state-wide NSW17. Work more closely with bike shops to promote facilities and Government initiative that educate cyclists about safe and responsible cycling raises the profile of cycling18. Look at opportunities to develop and promote attractions for as a healthy, easy low cost visitors, including tourists on recreational routes. and environmentally friendly alternative to driving for short trips in your local community. NSW Bike Week provides an opportunity for the local community to participate in organised bicycle events in a safe and supported environment. Participation is aimed at all members of the community, with a particular emphasis on encouraging new cyclists. the rta traffic Management Branch facilities NSW Bike Week activities through administration of seed funding to assist event coordinators in the promotions of their local events. 56
  • 60. FINISH START Tour de Brisbane Water Point to Pelicans START/FINISH RUMBALARA GOSFORD W EB INSET AVOCA D B ST R BRISBANE KINCUMBA WATER MOUNTAIN w Vie nd Isla Family Fun Kincumber Broadwater Kincumba Fat Tyre Fun Trail57
  • 61.  nsw central coast cycling guide CaSE StUDY: The Central Coast Cycling Website “the website has been developed to encourage local and visiting bike riders explore the picturesque Central Coast. It includes details of local rides suitable for everyone - from individuals to families to professional riders” for detailed information about each of these rides and more, visit the Central Coast Cycling Guide website. www.gosford.nsw.gov.au/cyclingguide/index.htm SCALE 1:26,879 Gosford 0 500 1,000 2,000 HWY Metres L COAST CEN TRA EAST GOSFORD ST BARRA LS L O NG R EL D W TERRIGA L DR YORK ST THE EN TRANCE CENTRA RD CY TERRIG CLEWAY L COAST A L DR WEBB ST HIGHW ST E AY ID E LA AD Gosford Lions Park Terrigal by Twilight ST Y ALBAN Pioneer Park, Point Frederick TERRIGAL BEACH AL COAST HWY NTR CE HE T TERRIG AL DR S TA R T / F I N I S H GOSFORD KARAL TA RD WEST GOSFORD RUMBALARA RESERVE Colin Watters Lookout (Looks out to theMudhut ocean). rwD Zoomed section next page Ru s se ll St AVOCA DR KINCUMBER BRISBANE WATER York St EAST GOSFORD ARE Duke Stl The Garden Ride Edogawa Japanese Gardens and the Gosford Regional Art Gallery POINT FREDERICK 58
  • 62. Element 4 : Planning active transport including walking and cycling can be encouraged by the urban form. this planning document aims to incorporate cycling as a component of land use planning where provision for bicycles and pedestrians is incorporated into the early planning stages. according to the NSW Government’s, Planning Guidelines for Walking and Cycling, bicycle and pedestrian plans are integrated with planning instruments as follows: Pedestrian plan & Bicycle plan Strategy & LEP  Management plan  Social Plan  DCPs  Developer Contributions Plan  State of Environment report  Other relevant policies & plan  Guidelines checklists additionally, efficient traffic planning should include cycling and walking as essential components of the overall transport strategy. CaSE StUDY Melbourne Bike Share the following action/activity program will assist in the continuing provision of Gosford’s cycleway network by integrating cycling into landuse planning and transport planning processes. Bicycle Parking Facilities at Bus Stop Melbourne’s first public bike hire Source: road Directorate (2000) scheme is underway with the introduction of 450 bicycles. Fairfax Media Sustainable Community Project the distinctive electric-blue bicycles will be available at 50 docking stations across the CBD. following the purchase of a subscription users are able to take the bicycles for 30 mins. first class end-of-trip facilities for cyclists and walkers are key features highlighted in the fairfax Media sustainable commuting project, without charge. along with free towel service and extensive staff bicycle parking. www.melbournebikeshare.com.au (fairfax Media New Head Office, Sydney)59
  • 63.  element 4 : planningAction Plan : Element 4 (Planning)1. Develop a bicycle parking policy for new developments to identify bicycle parking provision rates (generally 3-5%) for a range of land use types, in line with NSW Planning Guidelines for Walking and Cycling DOP 2004. the Development Control Plan No. 111 - Car Parking regulates and provides a good coverage of bicycle parking in new development approvals within the City of Gosford. However, it can be a rather abstract way of determining possible bike demand i.e. parking spaces per square metre of floor space. as a result, it is recommended the revision of DCP 111 calculation methodology be brought into line with DOP 2004.2. Incorporate this strategy into the Draft Central Coast Regional Transport Strategy 2010.3. Develop a Workplace travel Plan for Gosford City Council facilities in line with the Premier’s Council for active Living NSW (PCaL). additionally, encourage and support other organizations in the development of Workplace travel Plans. Source: www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/workplace_travel_4. Investigate opportunities for a cycle centre development similar to royal Brisbane Women’s Hospital at major trip generators within Gosford. Locations would include: Gosford and Woy Woy rail Stations, NSCCaHS, Gosford Hospital, Gosford City Council and shopping centres. Source: www.health.qld.gov.au/rbwh_cycle_centre5. Enhance planning decisions by continually researching cycling related issues and exploring opportunities for new cycleways beyond the locations identified in this plan CaSE StUDY e.g. new developments and road upgrades. RBWH Cycle Centre6. Maintain awareness of all relevant policies, agreements, works programs, grants programs, land use planning instruments and planning activities that present an opportunity to deliver principal cycle network projects.7. Investigate the inclusion of Power assisted Bicycles to Council’s Policy No: C34.11 Council Vehicle and Plant Policy as part of Council’s endeavours to reduce fleet ownership costs, greenhouse gas emissions.8. Investigate opportunities for a public free-bike scheme to be available at selected locations across the local the royal Brisbane and Women’s government area. Hospital Cycle Centre provides9. Investigate and promote the design and use of materials that cyclists, pedestrians and joggers minimise the impact of the facility on the environment access to a state-of-the-art-end- e.g. materials used and source of energy for lighting. of-trip facility with: 750 secure bike parking spaces, showers, lockers, towel services, ironing facilites hair dryers and 24 hour access. http://www.health.qld.gov.au/rbwh_ cycle_centre/ 60
  • 64. Element 5 : Integration with Public Transport Integrating walking and cycling with public transport services can extend the reach and effectiveness of regional public transport patronage and relieve road network congestion and car parking requirements. this plan aims to improve the connections to public transport by working closely with the NSW Government and transport operators. the following action/activity program will help to integrate Gosford’s cycleway network with public transport. 1. Develop radial dedicated cycle paths leading directly to the main train stations (Gosford and Woy Woy). the physically separated cycle paths should connect the railway stations with the existing bicycle paths and nearby residential areas. 2. Seek partnership with the NSW Ministry of transport and railCorp to improve and extend bicycle parking at major train stations in accordance with specific targets of this plan. 3. Seek partnership with the NSW Ministry of transport to provide bicycle parking at selected high volume bus stops and selected ferry wharves. 4. Enhance bicycle access for the catchment of 3.3km from major public transport hubs/city centres (see figure 4.4). 5. Promote bicycle carriage on rail, bus and ferry services without inconveniencing mobility-impaired passengers. Provide bike racks on selected bus routes. (Well suited to lower density cities with good cycling facilities – like Gosford.) 6. Encourage the use of power assisted and folding Bicycles as it presents an opportunity to further integrate bicycles to the public transport  Electric power assisted bicycles: have the potential to further increase the catchment areas of public transport, especially in areas of challenging topography.  folding bicycles: provide an opportunity for increased patronage of transport operators as these allow commuters to cycle before and after using the public transport. Folding Bicycle on public transport Bus Bike Racks: Canberra (ACT) Bicycle Parking: Amsterdam Train Station www.action.act.gov.au taken by airBete61
  • 65.  element 5 : integration with public transport  6 : fundingElement 6 : Fundingthe provision of the Gosford cycleway network will require consistent investment over the next 5-10 years and beyond.this plan is aimed at improving Council’s ability to attract the necessary funding to deliver the proposed facilities.the following action/activity program will help in the continuing provision of Gosford’s cycleway network.Action Plan : Element 6 (Funding)1. Seek funding from the roads and traffic authority on a dollar for dollar basis for assistance for approved bicycle works.2. Seek funding from the Department of Planning on a dollar for dollar basis for assistance for approved bicycle works under the NSW Coastline Cycleway Grants Program. CaSE StUDY New South Wales3. Seek contributions for cycling infrastructure through Council’s Section 94 Contribution Plan. a key action is integration of Coastline Cycleway objectives and works schedules of the bike strategy into contribution plan.4. Seek corporate sponsorships for cycling infrastructure. the NSW Coastline Cycleway will be a continuous cycling and walking route along the entire NSW coast from the Queensland border at tweed Heads to the Victorian border south of Eden. the Department of planning administrates the program and provides dollar-for-dollar funding to local councils for links in the Cycleway. the NSW Coastline Cycleway benefits residents and visitors, providing an active transport choice for trips between town centres, community facilities and beaches. Source: NSW Bike Plan 62
  • 66. Cycling has an importantrole in Gosford’s visionto provide a range ofaccessible, multi-modeltransportation options. Gosford City Council 49 Mann Street, Gosford, NSW, 2250. Phone: 4325 8222 Fax: 4323 2477 Email: goscity@gosford.nsw.gov.au Website: www.gosford.nsw.gov.au Printed by Gosford City Council, 49 Mann Street, Gosford NSW 2250. September 2011. PriNt VerSioN 1.0