GOSFORD STRATEGIC PARKING             STUDY REPORT           NOVEMBER 2011      REPORT NO. X11170_R01            PREPARED ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council                                COMMERCIAL IN ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council                                              ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council     8.3             Gosford Residential Rate ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council                                              ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilTable 18: Dwelling size distribution by dwelli...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council     Table 28 - Lowest to Highest Average Vehi...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council1       EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThere have been a num...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilOn the matter of parking rates per the precinc...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council2     INTRODUCTIONThis report was prepared for...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council3     EXISTING SITUATION3.1   Gosford City Cen...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 1 - Study Area (NTS)The study area incl...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThe locations of these car parks (blue = Counc...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council4           BACKGROUND REPORT REVIEWA summary ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThus a 0.1% levy applies to all annual rates o...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilIt was noted that the boundaries of lands wher...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilOn the matter of residential parking provision...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFurther, the report recommended increasing sho...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council“In addition to the provisions of this DCP the...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilLand Use                            Required P...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilLand Use                              Required...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilLand Use                                 Requi...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilTable 4 - TMAP Recommended Residential, Commer...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThe following within the study area were noted...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThe study predicted in the future the on‐stree...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council            The long term goal under the NSW S...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council    1.   The Waterfront;    2.   The Arts & En...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 7 - The Waterfront PrecinctX11170r01   ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 8 – The Arts & Entertainment PrecinctX1...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 9 - The City Core PrecinctX11170r01    ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 10 - The Railway PrecinctX11170r01     ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 11 - The Hospital Precinct4.11       Re...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council       amendment to the Gosford Civic Improve...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council       Parking management is a key initiative...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilIt is noted that the recommended locations for...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council       Gosford City Council should consider r...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council       Enforcement of Parking Restrictions – ...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council             o Secondly, through more efficien...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilIn summary, the TMAP noted the high proportion...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilGosford Town Centre Car Park (GTCCP)The Gosfor...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council       It is recommended that directional sig...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council5       CONSULTATION5.1     Stakeholder Worksh...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilBrown Consulting was also made aware of the pr...
Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council       The Waterfront and Hospital precincts ...
Draft Gosford Strategic Parking Study
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Draft Gosford Strategic Parking Study

  1. 1. GOSFORD STRATEGIC PARKING STUDY REPORT NOVEMBER 2011 REPORT NO. X11170_R01 PREPARED FOR GOSFORD CITY COUNCIL
  2. 2. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCEAll intellectual property rights, including copyright, in designs developed and documents created bythe group of companies listed below remain the property of those companies. Any use made ofsuch design or document without the prior written approval of the Group will constitute aninfringement of the rights of the companies which reserves all legal rights and remedies in respect ofany such infringement.The information, including any intellectual property, contained in this proposal is confidential andproprietary to the Group. It may only be used by the person to whom it is provided for the statedpurpose for which it is provided and must not be imparted to any third person without the priorwritten approval of the Group. The Group reserves all legal rights and remedies in relation to anyinfringement of its rights in respect of its confidential information. © Brown Consulting (NSW) Pty Ltd November 2011Level 2, Burbank Place, Norwest Business Park, Baulkham Hills NSW 2153 Brown Consulting (NSW) Pty LtdPO Box 8300, Baulkham Hills NSW 2153 Australia ABN 30 109 434 513 Telephone +61 2 8808 5000 Facsimile +61 2 8808 5099 brownconsulting.com.au
  3. 3. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council TABLE OF CONTENTS1  EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.......................................................................................................1 2  INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................3 3  EXISTING SITUATION ........................................................................................................4  3.1  Gosford City Centre .......................................................................................................4  3.2  Study Area ....................................................................................................................4  3.3  Public Parking................................................................................................................5 4  BACKGROUND REPORT REVIEW ......................................................................................7  4.1  Development Control Plan No.111 – Car Park Amendment No.1 – November 2000 ..............7  4.2  Connecting the Central Coast – The Central Coast Transport Action Plan RTA and Transport NSW, August 2002 .....................................................................................................................9  4.3  Gosford City Centre LEP Review – Transport and Traffic Final Report - Scott Wilson Nairn and Cardno MBK, June 2004 .......................................................................................................9  4.4  Gosford Vision 2025 – A Strategic Direction for the Future Gosford City Council, 2006 .......11  4.5  Gosford City Centre Plan – Development Control Plan Section 4 – Access, Parking and Servicing -2007 ........................................................................................................................11  4.6  Gosford City Centre Local Environmental Plan 2007 ........................................................16  4.7  Gosford City Centre Vision Plan New South Wales Department of Planning, 2007 ...............17  4.8  Central Coast Regional Strategy NSW Government Department of Planning, 2008 ...............18  4.9  The Gosford Challenge – Masterplan for the Renewal of Gosford City Centre–2010 .............18  4.10  Gosford Masterplan Precincts ........................................................................................19  4.11  Revitalising Gosford City Centre Plan, Civic Improvement Plan NSW Government Department of Planning, 2007 .....................................................................................................................25  4.12  Gosford City Centre – Transport Management & Accessibility Plan (TMAP) .......................26  4.13  Gosford Car Parks Review – Cardno July 2011.................................................................32  4.14  Key Observations of Current Policies .............................................................................34 5  CONSULTATION................................................................................................................35  5.1  Stakeholder Workshop ..................................................................................................35  5.2  Central Coast Regional Development Corporation Meeting................................................37  5.3  Gosford Hospital Precinct .............................................................................................37 6  GOSFORD TODAY AND TOMORROW .............................................................................38 7  CENSUS DATA VEHICLE OWNERSHIP REVIEW ...........................................................44  7.1  Land Use Characteristics ...............................................................................................44  7.2  Dwelling Type Distribution ...........................................................................................45  7.3  Dwelling Mix Comparison .............................................................................................46  7.4  Vehicle Ownership per Dwelling Assessment ...................................................................47 8  PARKING RATE REVIEW ..................................................................................................50  8.1  Residential Parking Rate Review .....................................................................................50  8.2  High Transit Access Parking Rates..................................................................................54 X11294r01A Page i
  4. 4. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council 8.3  Gosford Residential Rate Comparison ............................................................................ 56  8.4  Gosford Commercial Rate Comparison ...........................................................................59  8.5  Gosford Retail Parking Rate Comparison ........................................................................67  8.6  Recommended Residential, Commercial and Retail Parking Rates .......................................68  8.7  Parking Rates for other Uses ..........................................................................................69  8.8  Future Parking Demand versus Provision ................................................................70 9  INNOVATIVE PARKING PROVISION OPTIONS FOR CONSIDERATION ....................75  9.1  Long Term Parking in Gosford City Centre .....................................................................75  9.2  Option to Transfer of Long Term Parking .......................................................................75  9.3  Residential Parking Provision .........................................................................................76  9.4  Large Residential Developments .....................................................................................78  9.5  Parking Allocation of Residential Units ...........................................................................79 10  FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ..........................................................................81  10.1  Short Term Strategies ...................................................................................................81  10.1.1  Council Policies ........................................................................................................................................ 81  10.2  Medium to Long Term Strategies ...................................................................................82  10.3  Precincts .....................................................................................................................82  10.4  Draft Recommended Parking Rates ................................................................................83  10.5  Parking Provision Best Practice ......................................................................................84 11  APPENDICES ......................................................................................................................85 X11294r01A Page ii
  5. 5. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 - Study Area (NTS) Figure 2 – Existing Main Public Car Parks Figure 3 - Gosford Parking Loan Boundaries Figure 4 - Existing Uses with Study Area (GTA 2009) Figure 5 - Masterplan Identified Additional Parking Areas Figure 6 – Gosford Masterplan Precincts Figure 7 - The Waterfront Precinct Figure 8 – The Arts & Entertainment Precinct Figure 9 - The City Core Precinct Figure 10 - The Railway Precinct Figure 11 - The Hospital Precinct Figure 12 – Census Zones Figure 13: Boundary of the zone referred to in Table 2-9 Figure 14 – Boundaries of CCD’s in Gosford City Centre Figure 15 – Vehicle Ownership Distribution in Gosford City Centre Figure 16 – Sydney Metro Average Parking Policy Rates by Unit Size Figure 17 – Projected Parking Demand 2021 Profile Figure 18 – Projected Parking Demand 2031 Profile LIST OF TABLES Table 1 - Scott Wilson / Cardno LEP Traffic Report Recommended Parking Rates for Residential <600m from Gosford Railway Station Table 2 - Scott Wilson / Cardno LEP Traffic Report Recommended Parking Rates for Commercial <600m from Gosford Railway Station Table 3 - TMAP Recommended Parking Rates Table 4 - TMAP Recommended Residential, Commercial & Retail Parking Rates Table 5 - Baker Street Parking Allocation & Capacities Table 6: Population estimates and projections for regions within Greater Metropolitan Region and estimated annual average geometric growth rates (2006 to 2031) (ERP) Table 7: Population estimates and projections for Gosford City Centre compared with areas within the Central Coast Region and estimated annual average geometric growth rates (2006 to 2031) (ERP) Table 8: Employment estimates and projections for regions within Greater Metropolitan Region and estimated annual average geometric growth rates (2006 to 2031) (employed persons) Table 9: Employment estimates and projections - Gosford City Centre compared with areas within the Central Coast Region & est. annual avg geometric growth rates (2006 to 2031) (employed persons) Table 10: Projected population for each City Centre zone (ERP, persons) Table 11: Projected population change from 2006 (cumulative) for each City Centre zone (ERP, persons) Table 12: Projected employment for each City Centre zone (employment) Table 13: Projected employment change from 2006 (cumulative) for each City Centre zone (employment) Table 14: Employment estimates and projections for Erina Zone and estimated annual average geometric growth rates (2006 to 2031) (employed persons) Table 15: Dwelling type distribution, remainder of Gosford LGA, City Centre and total Gosford LGA (frequency count of dwellings) Table 16 Dwelling type distribution, remainder of Gosford LGA, City Centre and total Gosford LGA (% of dwellings in each subset) Table 17: Dwelling size distribution by dwelling type and number of bedrooms, remainder of Gosford LGA (% of dwellings in each dwelling type)X11294r01A Page i
  6. 6. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilTable 18: Dwelling size distribution by dwelling type and number of bedrooms, Gosford City Centre (% of dwellings ineach dwelling type)Table 19: Vehicle ownership distribution by, Gosford City Centre, remainder of Gosford LGA and Gosford LGA (% ofdwellings in each area)Table 20: Vehicle ownership distributions by dwelling type, Gosford City CentreTable 21: Vehicle ownership distributions by dwelling type, remainder of Gosford LGATable 22 - Existing Parking Rates for FUA by Bedroom Numbers by LGATable 23 - Sydney Metropolitan Average Parking Rate per Dwelling Size by Number of BedroomsTable 24 - Council Parking Rates for Designated High Accessibility / Transit AreasTable 25 - Sydney Metropolitan Average Parking Rate per Dwelling by Bedroom Numbers in High Transit / Access toServices AreaTable 26 – Sydney Metropolitan Average Standard Rates Compared with High Transit / Access to Services RatesTable 27 - Gosford City Centre DCP FUA Parking RequirementsX11294r01A Page ii
  7. 7. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council Table 28 - Lowest to Highest Average Vehicle Ownership per DwellingTable 29 - Sydney Metropolitan Commercial Rate ComparisonTable 30 - Sydney Metropolitan Retail DCP RatesTable 31 – Recommended Parking Rates for Flats, Units & ApartmentsTable 32 – Distribution of incremental non-residential floorspace by useTable 33 – Calculation of additional parking requirementTable 34 – Adjustment for different outcomes at Town Centre Shopping CentreTable 35 – Comparison of parking demand estimates, amended & re-calibrated model and Table 34Table 36 – Total City Centre floorspace potential by use, 2007 LEPTable 37 – Floorspace potential by use under 2007 LEP, for Core City CentreTable 38 – Floorspace potential by use under 2007 LEP, for Precinct 1A (GTA)Table 39 – Existing floorspace for Precinct 1ATable 40 – Adjustment to existing floorspace in Precinct 1ATable 41 – Comparison of future floorspace requirement and potential floorspace in 2007 LEPTable 42 – Distribution of incremental non-residential floorspace by useTable 43 – Calculation of additional parking requirementTable 44 – Adjustment for different outcomes at Town Centre Shopping CentreTable 45 – Projected parking demand 2008 to 2021, from application of calibrated parking modelTable 46 – Projected parking demand 2008 to 2031, from application of calibrated parking modelTable 47 – Comparison of parking demand estimates, amended & re-calibrated model and Table 9X11294r01A Page iii
  8. 8. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThere have been a number of studies and reports into car parking, public transport and commutercar parks for the Gosford City Centre to date. A review of these reports has found in someinstances the suggestions and approaches are in friction. What makes the difference with this reportis that it:  Recommends parking provision rates based on census data analysis;  Recognises the role of parking provision can play in achieving desired mode shift targets;  Encourages Council to have a differential rate for commercial and residential development that car park provision seeks to encourage public transport and more utilisation of existing public parking assets and less reliance on private parking.Residential floorspace comprises of a major component of the envisaged future development of theCity Centre. In terms of transport this is about getting residents located in close proximity to a largenumber of different activities and facilities to reduce the overall need to travel and to reduce the useof private motor vehicles. It is this co-location of residents and activities that will be a key driver ofmode choice, rather than highly restricted parking rates. This will be self-reinforcing if the plannedadditional residential population can draw retail and personal services back to the City Centre.The objectives of this study were as follows: “The Parking Management and Control Plan should, as it states, provide guiding principles for how parking should be managed based on the type of precinct to which it refers i.e. The Waterfront precinct might be dominated by restaurants and outdoor dining versus the City Core which is more shopping/retail focussed versus the Railway Precinct which is much more commuter focussed. The Parking Management and Control Plan would also provide contemporary parking supply rates by land use type for each precinct which would provide key guidance for Gosford Councils town planners in assessing future development applications for specific locations.”The redevelopment of lands associated with both the Waterfront Precinct and the Hospital Precinctare subject to planning and assessment by the State Government. Whilst the findings of this reportwould assist in this planning of these areas in respect to parking provision, the ultimateconfiguration of these areas would be subject to negotiations with the State Government.It is the view of this report that the provision of high quality and available public transportoperations would have a much greater bearing on a person’s choice of mode than restrictedprovision of on-site parking. This is not to discount the role of parking in mode choice but toprovide a comparative context to the all-too-frequently proposed influence of restricted parkingprovision alone.X11170r01 Page 1
  9. 9. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilOn the matter of parking rates per the precincts identified in the 2007 Gosford Masterplan Study,this report has not adopted the same five precincts to determine appropriate parking rates. TheGosford and Hospital Precincts have been separated given their role as State significant projectsalthough the parking rates in this report can be used to inform the planning of these two distinctareas.The retail core of the Gosford City Centre has been identified as an area which is best placed to takeadvantage of Council’s existing public car park assets to provide short term parking fordevelopments and a reduced on-site parking provision. All remaining areas of the study area havebeen considered in the relationship to access to public transport versus on-site parking provision.This report has proposed an innovative method of potentially seeking additional funding for publictransport and non-private mode infrastructure through Planning Agreements. This approach wouldstill provide savings to developers without compromising the need for a development to providefurther on-site parking.These arrangements should have flexibility to allow funding of specific works which not onlyprovide a direct benefit to occupiers of the particular development but the public at large. Thismight include new bus shelters, footpath connections to bus routes, dedication of land to providecycle links to existing networks. Other examples of potential works can be from the TMAPComprehensive Package of Transport Measures (page 64).Alternatively, contributions towards planned higher cost infrastructure works can be incorporatedinto a scheme which savings can be the suggested discretionary funding scheme. This schemewould function separately to all other existing contribution plans currently in force with the CityCentre but would not add an additional cost burden to the developer.X11170r01 Page 2
  10. 10. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council2 INTRODUCTIONThis report was prepared for Gosford City Council to present findings of a Strategic Parking Studyfor the Gosford City Centre which includes the Gosford Waterfront and areas in the vicinity ofGosford Hospital. The purpose of this study is to provide Gosford City Council with guidingprinciples for the management of parking within the Gosford City Centre into the future and toreview the Council’s current car parking provision rates.The management principles and recommended parking rates which apply to future development inthis study have been based on a thorough assessment of work undertaken to date within the CityCentre and available parking infrastructure assets.Further, the developed parking rates have endeavoured to acknowledge the role of parkingprovision as a management tool to achieve desired mode share outcomes to encourage urbandevelopment opportunities.X11170r01 Page 3
  11. 11. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council3 EXISTING SITUATION3.1 Gosford City CentreThe following is noted, in part, from the Gosford Masterplan Report 2007“In the NSW Government’s Regional Cities strategy Gosford has been designated as the Regional City for theCentral Coast, just as Newcastle is the Hunter Regional City and Wollongong is the Illawarra Regional City.Gosford serves the Central Coast’s current population of over 300,000 and as such, the city should encompass a widerange of activities and uses including a full range of business, Government, retail, cultural, entertainment andrecreational activities. It should be a focal point for regional transport and jobs.”The importance of Gosford to attract new development is considered vital for the surroundingregion and as such any policies should provide a balance with achieving desired outcomes, in thisinstance transport outcomes, whilst not inhibiting future development3.2 Study AreaThe boundaries of the study area are shown in Figure 1 below.X11170r01 Page 4
  12. 12. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 1 - Study Area (NTS)The study area includes generally land holdings bounded by Racecourse Road in the west, theGosford Waterfront in the south, Henry Parry Drive in the east and Dwyer Street in the north. Thestudy area includes the Gosford Dog Racing Track.The study area shown in Figure 1 mirrors the overall study area assessed in the Gosford City CentreParking Study1.3.3 Public ParkingGosford City Council has two main public car parks within the study area to compliment a furthercommuter car park located adjacent to Gosford Railway Station. Council car parks include theBaker Street car park and the recently purchased Gosford Town Centre Carpark. Additional publicparking, whilst attributed to both the Central Coast Leagues Club and the Imperial Shopping Centre,are also available to visitors to the City Centre.1 Gosford Parking Study – GTA Consultants May 2010X11170r01 Page 5
  13. 13. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThe locations of these car parks (blue = Council car parks, yellow = State Rail commuter car park &magenta = other large scale publicly accessible parking areas) are shown in Figure 2 below.Figure 2 – Existing Main Public Car ParksThe role of these car parks to determine appropriate parking rates for all future development isdiscussed further in this report. Further, Council recently commissioned an assessment of theutilisation of both the Baker Street and Gosford Town Centre car parks. This report is reviewed inSection 4 of this report.It is noted from the Gosford Car Park study2 that Baker Street includes a total of 703 spaces andthe Gosford City Centre carpark includes a total of 583 spaces. This report is discussed further inSection 4.13 of this report.2 Gosford Car Parks Review Final Report – Cardno July 2011X11170r01 Page 6
  14. 14. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council4 BACKGROUND REPORT REVIEWA summary of the reports undertaken to date, in particular comments and recommendations onparking matters, as provided in the original brief for the project are summarised below. This reviewhas endeavoured to provide a summary of current policies in chronological order of adoption.4.1 Development Control Plan No.111 – Car Park Amendment No.1 – November 2000As stated above the Gosford City Plan provides parking rates (excluding commercial and retail uses)for the Gosford City Centre main zones. However, this DCP also refers to ‘Gosford’ for thepurpose of estimating parking rates for a particular development.It should be noted that the Gosford City Centre DCP provides no information on parkingprovisions for ‘change of use’ nor contributions which may arise from negotiations with developerswhere a reduced parking provision is provided for a particular development.Therefore DCP No.111 does apply to new developments within the Gosford City Centre. On thematter of change of use, the following is noted from DCP No.111: 2.4 Change of Use 2.4.1 Where the use of an existing building is to be changed, the Council will require that additional car parking (if any) be provided on the basis of the difference between the requirements for the existing use and the proposed use. 2.4.2 Notwithstanding subclause 2.4.1 nothing in this plan shall be applied to require that additional parking is required for the conversion of existing commercial floor space to either retail or restaurant land use in the Gosford town Centre. This saving provision only applies to the Gosford Town Centre because of the Gosford Parking Loan Rate which applies to this area.The following clause permits a change of use development, which may require more parking thanthe existing development, the allowance of providing no additional parking on site as the GosfordParking Loan Rate applies in the Gosford City Centre zone.The Gosford Parking Loan Rate3 refers to the following: Gosford Parking Special Rate Council is of the opinion that the funding from this rate of the operation and maintenance of the Baker Street Parking Station would be of special benefit to that portion of the area referred to in Registered Plan 97/6 a copy of which is shown as Attachment J and accordingly resolves to make and levy a Special Rate of 0.00110231 in the dollar calculated on the land value of all rateable land within that portion of the area identified as per Attachment I.3 Setting of Rates and Charges for 2010/2011 (IR 7937934)X11170r01 Page 7
  15. 15. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThus a 0.1% levy applies to all annual rates of all development with the Gosford City Centre tooperate and maintain the Baker Street car park. No provision is made to provide any additionalpublic parking nor is any provision to operate or maintain the recently acquired Gosford City Centrecar park.Parking Loan BoundariesThe area at which the Gosford Loan applies was plotted on the draft 2009 LEP zoning map. This isshown below in Figure 3.Figure 3 - Gosford Parking Loan BoundariesX11170r01 Page 8
  16. 16. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilIt was noted that the boundaries of lands where the Gosford Parking Loan can be applied do notmatch boundaries of existing nor proposed zones in the 2009 LEP. It is unclear and unknown whysome components of the Central Core zone and surrounding business zones were excluded.Parking rates for key land uses, namely commercial and retail, are specified in the DCP. However,these are different to the LEP 2007 rates for the City Centre and as such are superseded by the LEPrates. The rates for other land uses set out in the DCP, such as industrial, hospital and education,are applicable for the City Centre and have been used for the purposes of this report.It is noted that the draft Development Control Plan (DCP 2009) was on exhibition during the timethis report was finalised but has not been reviewed as part of this project.4.2 Connecting the Central Coast – The Central Coast Transport Action Plan RTA and Transport NSW, August 2002The Central Coast Transport Action Plan builds on the Action for Transport 2010 document thatwas released in 1998. The plan includes all modes and projects which are proposed to be deliveredin two broad timeframes – by the end of 2004 and post 2005. Projects are listed under the followingkey categories:  rail travel  buses  park and ride  ferries  cycling  local transport initiatives  roads.The plan does not contain any projects that will specifically impact the provision of car parkingwithin the GCC. However, measures for improvements to the sustainable transport networksservicing the GCC area are proposed including local transport initiatives to encourage the use ofthese alternative modes.4.3 Gosford City Centre LEP Review – Transport and Traffic Final Report - Scott Wilson Nairn and Cardno MBK, June 2004Scott Wilson Nairn and Cardno MBK were commissioned by Gosford City Council to investigatethe transportation impacts of the proposed Local Environmental Plan (LEP) changes. This includeda review of parking policy. The report included current and forecast floor space within the studyarea for retail, commercial and residential uses for the years 2001, 2011 and 2021.X11170r01 Page 9
  17. 17. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilOn the matter of residential parking provision, the report suggested the 400m radius applied to theCouncil parking rates (lower parking provision) was too constrained and should be increased to600m. It is unclear whether the report took topography into account which is a major barrier topedestrian movements in Gosford. The report recommended the following parking provision forresidential development within 600m of the railway station:Table 1 - Scott Wilson / Cardno LEP Traffic Report Recommended Parking Rates for Residential <600m fromGosford Railway StationUnits & Townhouses within 600m of railway station Minimum Maximum1 bedroom & studio / bedsitters 0.5 / unit 1.0 / unit2 bedroom 1.0 / unit 1.5 / unit3 bedroom 1.0 / unit 2.0 / unitIt was also recommended that in the event a developer proposes parking provision greater than theminimum rates, the developer should make contributions to a Transport Improvement Fund. Inaddition, all residential parking should be provided on‐site and the on‐street car parking demandshould be monitored with on‐street restrictions being implemented if required.On the matter of parking for commercial uses, the report noted the DCP provision of 1 per 45sqmof commercial floorspace was a generous parking rate and recommended the following:  Reduce the maximum parking rate and introduce a minimum rate (it is noted that this has since been adopted).  Maintain the 2:1 ratio between on‐site and off‐site parking requirements, however ensure that contributions be provided to Council for the off‐site parking component.  Review the price of parking in Council car parks, with a view to eliminating the charge for less than three hours, increasing the cost of parking stays greater than five hours and eliminating all ‘early bird parking’.  Introduce timed parking in the Gosford central area.It is noted that early bird parking has not been removed from Council car parking areas. It is alsonoted the report adopted the 2:1 provision of parking on site / off site (by way of contribution) butdid not have any information as to where the contributions would be spent.For a commercial development within 600m of the Gosford Railway Station, the reportrecommended the following:Table 2 - Scott Wilson / Cardno LEP Traffic Report Recommended Parking Rates for Commercial <600mfrom Gosford Railway StationOffice / Commercial < 600m Minimum Maximum Off Site Contributionfrom Gosford Rail StationOffice / Commercial 1 space / 100sqm GFA 1 space / 50sqm GFA 33%Visitor Parking 10% of spaces 10% of spaceX11170r01 Page 10
  18. 18. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFurther, the report recommended increasing short term parking available through the removal ofcharges for the first three hours of parking in Council carparks.In addition, paid on‐street parking was recommended to be introduced to encourage turn over, withdetails to be determined following duration of stay parking surveys. With regards to mixed usedevelopments, parking should be provided at the same rates as other developments, with some levelof negotiation available.The report also recommended that no further free commuter parking be provided to service thestation, with alternative measures used to control the number of vehicles parking in the station area.4.4 Gosford Vision 2025 – A Strategic Direction for the Future Gosford City Council, 2006The Gosford Vision 2025 outlines the strategic directions for the Gosford Local Government Areato 2025. The Vision was developed through extensive public consultation and was based onresidents’ values. Nine key focus areas were established including transportation and infrastructurestrategies. Parking provisions and / or parking issues are not discussed in this document.4.5 Gosford City Centre Plan – Development Control Plan Section 4 – Access, Parking and Servicing -2007This DCP includes the parking rate requirements for all developments in the Gosford City Centrewithin the Commercial Core and City Edge Zones except commercial and retail uses. These arecovered in the GCC Local Environment Plan 2007.The key objectives of the DCP are to:  Facilitate an appropriate level of on‐site parking provision in the GCC to cater for a mix of development types.  Enable the conversion of above ground parking to other future uses.  Recognise the complementary use and benefit of public transport and non-motorised modes of transport.The DCP requires that:  Car parking is provided underground where possible.  Car parking supply and internal manoeuvring areas beyond that required by the DCP and the GCC LEP is to be calculated towards gross floor area.  A minimum of 4% of the required parking spaces, or minimum of 2 spaces per development, be provided for persons with disabilities.The following is also noted from this DCP:X11170r01 Page 11
  19. 19. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council“In addition to the provisions of this DCP the provisions of the following controls also apply the Gosford City Centrearea to the extent that the land use is for the purpose specified, or the development of the land involves the matterspecified.Where the provisions of the following DCPs conflict with those of this DCP, the provisions of the Gosford City CentreDCP 2007 shall prevail.”Thus DCP 111 would apply where the Gosford City Centre DCP was silent and these items wouldinclude say ‘change of use’.The following parking rates are recommended were recommended by the TMAP report:Table 3 - TMAP Recommended Parking RatesLand Use Required Parking RequirementRESIDENTIALSingle Dwelling House Car parking:1 space/dwellingDual Occupancy Dwelling Dwellings less than 125m2 – 1 space/dwelling Dwellings greater than 125m2 – 2 space/dwellingShop Top Housing 1 car Space/dwellingTownhouses, Residential Flat 1 Bedroom dwelling – 1 car space/dwellingBuildings 2 Bedroom dwelling – 1.2 car spaces/dwelling 3 or more bedroom dwellings – 1.5 car spaces/dwelling Visitor car parking: 0.2 spaces/dwelling, provided on site and clearly marked for use by visitors only Disability accessible car parking: Not less than 10% of the required resident and visitor spaces Motorcycle parking: 1 space /15 dwellings (or part thereof) Bicycle parking: 1 resident’s space/3 dwellings + 1 visitor space/12 dwellings (or part thereof)Housing for seniors and persons with The provisions as contained in State Environmental Planning Policy No 5 being: Self-disability contained dwellings (private) – not less than 0.5 spaces/dwelling Self-contained dwellings (State) – not less than 1 space/5 dwellings (where application is made by the Crown, a public authority or another person jointly with the Government or a public authority)Aged Care Hostels, Nursing Homes, Car parking:Convalescent Homes Not less than 1 space per 10 beds, Not less than 1 space per 2 employees, Not less than 1 parking space suitable for an ambulance Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereofTOURISMHotel Accommodation, Motel Units, 1 space per accommodation unit, plus 1 space for every 2 persons employed inTourist Units connection with the development and on duty at any one time. Restaurants, function(inc serviced apartments not strata rooms etc associated with the development and open to the general public require additional parking at the rate for that use (See Part C)titled) Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereofBoarding House 1.5 spaces for every two (2) bedroom or part thereof, plus one (1) space for any residential manager, plus one (1) space for each two (2) employees Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereofX11170r01 Page 12
  20. 20. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilLand Use Required Parking RequirementYouth Hostel, Backpacker Hostel 1 space for each 5 occupants/lodgers plus 1 space for any resident manager, plus 1 space for each 2 Employees Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof (Applies to uses where the accommodation is directed to travellers, a majority of whom do not use private motor vehicles)RECREATIONLicensed Hotel, Tavern /Club 1 space/4m2 of bar area, plus 1 space/6m2 of lounge, beer garden, gambling area, plus 1 space/10 seats or 20m2 area of auditorium, plus 1 space/resident manager, plus 1 space per 2 employees NOTE: Restaurants and dining rooms require additional parking at the rate for that use in that locality/zone. Accommodation where provided shall require parking at the appropriate rate under part B. Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereofSquash Courts / Tennis Courts 3 spaces/ court or lane/Bowling Alley Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 2 spaces/ court or laneBowling Green 30 spaces for first green and 15 spaces for each additional green. Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof.Recreation Facility 1 space/25m2 gross floor area Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/ 200m2 gross floor areaRestaurants 1 space/30m2 gross floor area Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/ 200m2 gross floor areaCOMMERCIAL & RETAILCommercial Premises (including Commercial Core and City Edge zones – in accordance with the Gosford City CentreOffices) Local Environment Plan 2007 Other land use zones – 1 space/40m2 GFA Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/200m2 gross floor area per employee 1 space/750m2 gross floor are for visitorsProfessional Consulting Rooms, 3 spaces/ surgery or consulting room, plusMedical Practices 1 space for each professional practitioner and other staff present at any one time Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/ 4 consulting roomsService Stations Minimum 4 spaces plus 6 spaces/service bay NOTE: Convenience stores and restaurants attached to a service station require additional parking calculated at the respective rates designated for those uses.X11170r01 Page 13
  21. 21. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilLand Use Required Parking RequirementMotor Showrooms 1.5 spaces/200m2 site plus 6 spaces/service bay or 1 space/2 persons employed in connection with the use Motorcycle parking: 1 space/25car spaces or part thereofDrive-In Take Away Food Outlet 1 space/8m2 gross floor area plus, 1 space/5 seats with a minimum of 30 spaces Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25car spaces or part thereof NOTE: Refers to a free-standing establishment not one within a shopping centreDrive-In Liquor Outlet 2 spaces plus 1 space per person employed in connection with the use and on duty at any one time NOTE: These spaces to be exclusive of the driveway area used for queuing and service to customers in their vehicle.Furniture and Building Materials 1 space/45m2 gross floor area.ShowroomShops In the City Core and City Edge zones – in accordance with the Gosford City Centre Local Environment Plan 2007 All other zones – space per 30m2 GFA Motorcycle parking: 1 space/25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/200m2 gross floor area per employee 1 space/750m2 gross floor are for visitorsRetail Markets 1 space/18m2 Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/ 750m2 for employees 1 space/ 1000m2 for shoppers NOTE: This provision does not apply to approved markets operated by a community organisation for charitable purposes.Plant Nursery 1 space per 30m2 gross floor area of any building used for the retailing of plants and associated products, plus 1 space per 45m2 for outdoor areas used for display purposes associated with retail sales, plus 1 space per 200m2 for areas used exclusively for propagation or storage, whether indoor or outdoor.INDUSTRIALGeneral light industry 1 space/100m2, but otherwise not less than; 2.5 spaces for factory units up to 200m2, or 3.5 spaces for factory units exceeding 200m2 Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25car spaces or part thereofWarehouses and high tech business 1 space/300m2 for warehouse/bulk stores 1 space/40m2 for ancillary office space 1 space/30m2 for ancillary retail space Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25car spaces or part thereof NOTE: The need for additional car parking for future change of use from a warehouse bulk store should be considered.Car Repair Stations, Panel Beaters, 1 space/40m2Spray Painters Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereofCOMMUNITY FACILITIESX11170r01 Page 14
  22. 22. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilLand Use Required Parking RequirementPlace of Worship and Place of Assembly 1 space/20m2 gross floor area, or(not elsewhere mentioned) 1 space/10seats, whichever is the greater Motorcycle parking: 1 space/25car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/50seatsChild Minding Centre /Kindergarten / 1 space per person employed in connection with the use, plus a temporary stand area atPre-School the rate of 1 car for each 6 children (a minimum of 5 temporary stand spaces) Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25car spaces or part thereof NOTE: The temporary standing area is to be designed so that vehicles can enter or leave the site moving in a forward direction and without conflicting with other traffic/parking movements.Hospital 1 space per 3 beds and 1 space per 3 employees Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereofSchools, Educational Establishments 1 space per 2 staff place 1 space per 30 students Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/ 5 students above Grade 4 NOTE: The parking requirement for each school site may vary. Refer to the Transport Advisory Unit Manager for detailed assessment.OTHER USES Were not specified, the Roads and Traffic Authority guidelines will be applied to developments of a minor nature including extensions etc, however for a major proposal the application is to be supported by a Traffic Impact Statement with recommendation as to the appropriate provision for on-site car, motorbike and bicycle parking.From Table 3 it is noted that many of the rates recommended in the TMAP by use are similar tothe rates published in the RTA Guide to Traffic Generating Developments and are consideredreasonable. The expected main proportion of future development within the study area aresummarised in Table 4 below.X11170r01 Page 15
  23. 23. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilTable 4 - TMAP Recommended Residential, Commercial & Retail Parking RatesLand Use Required Parking RequirementRESIDENTIALDual Occupancy Dwelling Dwellings less than 125m2 – 1 space/dwelling Dwellings greater than 125m2 – 2 space/dwellingShop Top Housing 1 car Space/dwellingTownhouses, Residential Flat Buildings 1 Bedroom dwelling – 1 car space/dwelling 2 Bedroom dwelling – 1.2 car spaces/dwelling 3 or more bedroom dwellings – 1.5 car spaces/dwelling Visitor car parking: 0.2 spaces/dwelling, provided on site and clearly marked for use by visitors only Disability accessible car parking: Not less than 10% of the required resident and visitor spaces Motorcycle parking: 1 space /15 dwellings (or part thereof) Bicycle parking: 1 resident’s space/3 dwellings + 1 visitor space/12 dwellings (or part thereof)Commercial Premises (including Offices) Commercial Core and City Edge zones – in accordance with the Gosford City Centre Local Environment Plan 2007 Other land use zones – 1 space/40m2 GFA Motorcycle parking: 1 space/ 25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/200m2 gross floor area per employee 1 space/750m2 gross floor are for visitorsShops In the City Core and City Edge zones – in accordance with the Gosford City Centre Local Environment Plan 2007 All other zones – space per 30m2 GFA Motorcycle parking: 1 space/25 car spaces or part thereof Bicycle parking: 1 space/200m2 gross floor area per employee 1 space/750m2 gross floor are for visitorsThe above rates are further considered in the comparison assessment in Section 8 of this report.4.6 Gosford City Centre Local Environmental Plan 2007In relation to car parking, the Gosford LEP outlines the car parking requirements for newdevelopments for the purposes of commercial or retail activities, namely:  At least one car parking space is provided for every 75 square metres of the gross floor area of the building that is to be used for commercial activities.  At least one car parking space is provided for every 40 square metres of the gross floor area of the building that is to be used for the purposes of retail premises.The LEP states that car parking associated with the above requirements is to be provided on‐siteunless the consent authority is satisfied that the provision of car parking is adequately providedelsewhere.X11170r01 Page 16
  24. 24. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThe following within the study area were noted from the GTA report:Figure 4 - Existing Uses with Study Area (GTA 2009)It is noted that the draft Gosford Local Environmental Plan 2009 (DLEP 2009) was on exhibitionduring the time this report was finalised but has not been reviewed as part of this project.It is also noted that in comparison, the LEP requires some 45% less parking for commercial usesand 25% less parking for retail uses.4.7 Gosford City Centre Vision Plan New South Wales Department of Planning, 2007This document formed a key element of the analysis undertaken by GTA and included a strategicframework for the GCC to facilitate the anticipated growth of an additional 6,000 jobs and 10,000people over the next 25 years.X11170r01 Page 17
  25. 25. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilThe study predicted in the future the on‐street parking will extend further into the residential areawest of the railway line. This could be managed through the following:  Providing additional short term off‐street parking for new development.  Locating more residential and mixed use developments in the GCC.  Managing the turn‐over of on‐street parking and introducing paid on‐street parking.  Encouraging the use of sustainable modes of transport.  Intensifying development within walking distance of major public transport facilities.4.8 Central Coast Regional Strategy NSW Government Department of Planning, 2008The Central Coast Regional Strategy set capacity targets for new dwellings and employmentnumbers over 25 years to 2031. This included a dwelling target of 6,000 for the City of Gosford. Inaddition, employment within the Gosford LGA is predicted to increase by 18,000 jobs of which6,000 were identified for the Gosford City Centre.4.9 The Gosford Challenge – Masterplan for the Renewal of Gosford City Centre–2010The Gosford Challenge project purpose was to develop achieving development planning outcomesfor Gosford having regard to a number of previous strategies and documents undertaken to date.The study largely supports and affirms the existing planning regulatory framework (Gosford CityCentre LEP 2007).In relation to parking, the Masterplan was prepared in conjunction with the TMAP. The Masterplanstates that the long term goal under the NSW State Plan is to reduce the demand for parking andbetter manage existing parking infrastructure.It was identified that the principal method for reduction of parking demand would be via animproved public transport system and alternate methods of access to the city. In the immediatefuture it was proposed that alternate parking sites can be identified as opportunities arise to provideadditional parking within private and/or public projects. This statement is also reflected by GTAConsultants in the Gosford Parking Study.On the matter of parking, the following is noted from the masterplan: “The provision of adequate parking within the City Centre has long been a contentious issue. There is an inherent conflict between the requirements for long term parking for commuters and workers and short term parking for retail and commercial activities. The Gosford City Council recently commissioned a Parking Study which will be utilised in conjunction with the TMAP to identify needs and solutions to parking.X11170r01 Page 18
  26. 26. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council The long term goal under the NSW State Plan is to reduce the demand for parking and better manage existing parking infrastructure. The principal method for reduction of parking demand will be via an improved public transport system and alternate methods of access to the city. In the immediate future it is proposed that additional public parking sites be identified and opportunities will arise to provide additional parking within private and/or public projects.”Further, the masterplan included a short term strategy recommendation to develop a short, mediumand long term parking strategy for Gosford City Centre. The identified areas in the masterplan foradditional parking provision are shown inFigure 5 - Masterplan Identified Additional Parking Areas4.10 Gosford Masterplan PrecinctsAs per the suggestions of the Gosford Masterplan Report4, the study area was identified with five (5)main precincts. These include the following:4 The Gosford Challenge, Gosford City Centre MasterplanX11170r01 Page 19
  27. 27. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council 1. The Waterfront; 2. The Arts & Entertainment Precinct; 3. The City Core; 4. The Railway Precinct; and 5. The Hospital PrecinctThe suggested precincts are shown in Figure 6 below.Figure 6 – Gosford Masterplan PrecinctsA consideration of this study was whether parking rates should be applied at a precinct level toreflect the character of each precinct, whether a blanket approach was appropriate or a hybrid of thetwo. This is discussed further in this report.Plans showing the finer grain boundaries of the above precincts are presented from the masterplanreport in Figures Figure 7 to Figure 11 below:X11170r01 Page 20
  28. 28. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 7 - The Waterfront PrecinctX11170r01 Page 21
  29. 29. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 8 – The Arts & Entertainment PrecinctX11170r01 Page 22
  30. 30. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 9 - The City Core PrecinctX11170r01 Page 23
  31. 31. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 10 - The Railway PrecinctX11170r01 Page 24
  32. 32. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilFigure 11 - The Hospital Precinct4.11 Revitalising Gosford City Centre Plan, Civic Improvement Plan NSW Government Department of Planning, 2007The Civic Improvement Plan provides both the contribution framework and recommended worksto that which collected contributions should be spent. The document includes design principles forpaving, parks, signage, lighting and the improvement of key public places.Currently the contribution is 4% of the total cost of the development but none of these monies areto spent on the provision of additional parking within the Gosford Town Centre. Further, it isnoted that a recent resolution of Council was to reduce this rate from 4% to 1% to stimulatedevelopment as noted in the Council resolution below.“At its meeting on 22nd February 2011 Gosford City Council resolved to adopt a number of measures to provideeconomic development incentives to encourage the early redevelopment of the Gosford City Centre, including:  deletion of clause 22B (4) – (9) of Gosford City in relation to design excellence;  an increase of 30% to the maximum height and floor space ratio development standards of Gosford City Centre Local Environmental Plan 2007, subject to the development application being lodged within 24 months of the making of the required amending plan;X11170r01 Page 25
  33. 33. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council  amendment to the Gosford Civic Improvement Plan (CIP) to permit a 1% CIP contribution for any existing operable development consent which has not yet received a Construction Certificate and for any development applications lodged from the 22nd February 2011 and within 24 months of the making of the above amending LEP, after which time the CIP contribution reverts to 4%. The payment of the 1% CIP contribution is payable in the above cases prior to the issue of an Occupation Certificate; and  Council pursue with the Department of Planning that the ‘Plan First Fee’ be refunded for those applications lodged and commenced within the next 24 months and for which an Occupation Certificate is issued with 5 years.”However, we understand Council has limited authority to change the State Government imposedrate. Further, this report has not assessed the parking impacts and needs of a 30% increase inmaximum height and FSR in the centre city which may occur in the next 24 month period from thedate of the resolution of Council.The Civic Improvement Plan identifies the need for additional short term off‐street parking spacesin association with new retail and commercial developments. The Plan notes that the preferred sitefor the construction of a public car park is on Council land adjacent to the Gosford City CouncilChambers and at the rear of the potential Regional Library site. This site would be able toaccommodate a 200‐space, four‐level car park for public use.A further initiative for the GCC included in this document is the introduction of a shuttle bus. Thisbus route would service the GCC and its surrounds, linking the commercial core with such areas asthe railway station, waterfront and bushland reserves. This initiative would be subject to the resultsof a feasibility study.4.12 Gosford City Centre – Transport Management & Accessibility Plan (TMAP)This report, prepared by AECOM included a review of a number of previous reports including theparking report prepared by GTA and the LEP Traffic Report prepared by Scott Wilson / Cardno.The key findings / recommendations of this report are extracted verbatim below:  The TMAP supported the renewal process in Gosford with measures to encourage sustainable growth. It addresses existing transport challenges such as access across the railway line, illegible and poor quality pedestrian facilities, severance of the waterfront, a developing cycle network and end-of trip facilities, and managing parking supply.  The objectives to better manage city centre parking, move away from long term to short term parking to support retail and commercial activities as well as supporting shifts to public transport, walking and cycling where ever possible.X11170r01 Page 26
  34. 34. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council  Parking management is a key initiative which is fundamental to balance the attractiveness of car travel to Gosford to meet wider objectives. The role of parking should be to enable access to shops and services whilst limiting long term, commuter parking and where feasible, provide park and ride on the city fringe in locations such as Erina and Kariong. Management of long term parking needs to be accompanied by suitable alternative access measures, such as key bus corridors and park and ride.  Development of a parking policy that will encourage increased public transport mode share, without compromising renewal ambitions.Potential Park and Ride Locations – East Gosford and Kariong Interchange  The potential exists to provide park and ride facilities outside Gosford City Centre, to reduce car trips into the central area with external parking sites and high frequency bus corridors.  Two locations that have potential for park and ride facilities are East of Gosford (either East Gosford OR east of Gosford) near Erina and to the West, at Kariong. A location near to Erina would be able to capture trips which originate to the east of Gosford City Centre from destinations such as The Entrance, Long Jetty, Bateau Bay, Terrigal and Avoca. Erina is situated on an established bus corridor, which has the catchment and demand to support a higher frequency bus service. An investigation into the proposal would need to consider the potential impacts on bus viability and congestion.  Kariong would also be a suitable location for increased bus frequency and a park and ride station to serve trips from the West and inbound into Gosford City Centre from the F3 Freeway corridor. Increased travel demand is also expected into Kariong as a growing employment area, therefore a park and ride site here would not only serve inbound trips to Gosford City Centre but also reverse trips originating or linking through Gosford City Centre with a Kariong as a destination.  The investigation of a Kariong park and ride station for Gosford should also consider the potential to capture demand for car share trips which originate in Gosford and have onward destinations further afield such as Sydney, Newcastle and the Lower Hunter via the F3 Freeway and Pacific Highway. Bus services could facilitate trips out to Kariong from Gosford, whilst a park and ride station provides a safe, convenient location for interchange and parking close to the Freeway.  Bus priority measures are important to park and ride operations, as with quality or strategic bus corridors in order to provide a reliable, consistent link between origin and destination and to provide a time benefit to bus trips over car trips. There would also need to be greater parking control, in Gosford to encourage people to use park and ride servicing the city centre. Park and ride schemes have tended to use a dedicated branded bus fleet to raise awareness of the system and have a marketing and branding campaign to make car drivers aware of the service.  To support bus measures, parking restrictions and constraints such as time restrictions, tariff changes and other supply and demand management measures need to be implemented.X11170r01 Page 27
  35. 35. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilIt is noted that the recommended locations for Park and Ride and the provision of additionalparking differ from those suggested in the masterplan report. Ultimately, the strategy of bothdocuments to provide periphery parking is consistent.Commuter Parking at Rail Stations  Whilst the focus of the report is on commuter trips into Gosford, the role of commuter car parking at upstream stations has not been discounted. Whilst primarily these car parks, developed under the commuter car parks program, provide for commuting to the higher order centres of Newcastle and Sydney, there is a linked benefit for Gosford as they provide a potential alternative for commuters driving to Gosford as they have an alternative option to drive to a local station and use rail for onward journeys into Gosford.Future of Parking in Gosford  Gosford City Centre and the surrounding areas are forecast to accommodate significant additional population and employment growth over the next 20 years. These changes will necessitate changes in the planning controls for Gosford which will determine the pricing, regulation and availability of parking in Gosford.  Gosford City Council manages parking in Gosford, with the current primary planning tool being the Development Control Plan No.111 Car Parking (Amendment 1) dated November 2000. The purpose of this document is to ensure sufficient, well designed parking is provided by all new developments and to manage existing parking within the Gosford City Council area.  In central Gosford there are approximately 10,500 parking spaces, including over 7,000 off- street parking spaces.  The vast majority of parking in Gosford City Centre is available for long stay parking, with almost 90% of parking supply available for long stay use or unrestricted in the case of on- street supply.Changes to Parking Policy  Maximum or threshold parking provision for Gosford will have little effect as a travel demand management tool to manage traffic flow and achieve modal shift. It is moreover the amount of long term parking supply which impacts on vehicular demand in the peak periods, as travel associated with these spaces tends to be concentrated in the morning and evening peaks. Such commuter or long term parking also impacts on the streetscape and available land for development, as having a significant number of stationary vehicles in the city centre takes up valuable space for development and creates a visual eyesore.  Focus for Gosford should be on provision of adequate short-term parking to maintain and enhance the economic and cultural attractiveness of Gosford City Centre.  Long term planning policy should focus on encouraging a modal shift away from long term commuter parking by providing suitable public transport alternatives, transferring long term parking capacity to short term and relocating long-term parking to the periphery, possibly in conjunction with park and ride provision.X11170r01 Page 28
  36. 36. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council  Gosford City Council should consider reviewing their Development Control Policy for parking for new developments. If present rates for residential and commercial development were retained, Gosford City Centre would require significant additional parking provision over time which would increase road network congestion.Gosford Parking Strategy  The Gosford Parking Study (GTA, 2010) reported both long and short term parking demand to be at approximately 85% of available supply throughout the city centre.  The key principles of a successful parking regime are highlighted which consider in the design of measures providing the right balance of supply to demand for various trip types, land uses and user groups: o to provide short term parking on-street or within public parking stations conveniently accessible to key drivers of short term demand in the city centre to provide accessibility to shops and services and facilitate short stay trips which support the local economy; and o to provide long term parking within parking stations located on the periphery of the central area, to minimise traffic intrusion and circulation, and assist in the creation of a pedestrian and cycle friendly environment and to enhance the urban design quality of the city centre.Suggested Improvement Measures  promoting walking and cycling for city centre trips and opening up or enhancing routes for pedestrians and cyclists; employer subsidised staff travel tickets for public transport; green travel plans for new development in Gosford to reduce the environmental impact of travel and the dominance of single occupancy car trips;  Transport Management Associations (TMA’s) to provide a structured framework for local area TDM programs. These recommendations align with the travel demand management initiatives in this TMAP.  GCC shuttle bus – Provision of a shuttle bus serving key developments and fringe areas of long-stay parking around Gosford to help reduce the dominance of the private car; this could be in conjunction with the adoption of a free transit zone in the city centre. The analysis of city centre travel indicates that route buses, walking and cycling would be preferred travel modes for trips within the city centre, although a more sophisticated park and ride system may use shuttle buses.  Parking Restrictions – to encourage turnover, especially in prime city centre locations, in close proximity to shops and services; to discourage staff parking in areas set aside for customer parking; to discourage long term parking by staff and employees in the city centre; to promote consistent access and a consistent approach to parking management to enhance user expectations and maximise operational efficiency.X11170r01 Page 29
  37. 37. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council  Enforcement of Parking Restrictions – Enforcement is critical to the function of parking restrictions to ensure that operations on the ground adhere to policy and planning requirements. Paid parking could be introduced to encourage turnover, which would help to provide natural enforcement of supply, act as a demand management tool and to fund operational enforcement.  Pricing of parking – Parking pricing is significantly lower than other centres in NSW, such as Newcastle and Wollongong, although these locations are different in many respects the price of parking needs to emphasise the order of spaces and the price of convenience. Increasing the cost of parking, especially long term parking, should be utilised as a tool to encourage modal shift in workers in Gosford City Centre.  Future Demands – The future demands in Gosford will be determined by (i) the extent to which new development comes on line (additional floor space) (ii) changes to existing land use and (iii) changes in the way people travel and the mode share for journeys to Gosford City Centre. A major change in (i) of the order anticipated in both the Central Coast regional strategy and the Gosford masterplan, would have the most significant impact on future parking demand and supply.Parking Package of Measures  To achieve a significant modal shift from car travel to public transport travel for work related trips into Gosford a change in parking management is needed.  This will need to be implemented in conjunction with accessibility improvements for public transport, pedestrian and cycle travel to provide viable alternatives and will need to be implemented over time to maintain and enhance the viability and vitality of Gosford City Centre.  A re-distribution of long-term parking, moving long term parking to the city fringe and possibly implementing park and ride, and freeing up short term parking capacity in the city centre are key tenets of this strategy.  At present the needs of Gosford’s residents, business, workers and tourists are well served by the availability of a large amount of accessible, cheap parking, in off-street parking stations and on-street. In future, in line with proposed population and employment growth, pressure on parking will increase, with a less favourable balance of supply to demand. Current demand levels for long term parking are clearly unsustainable.  The focus for parking should be to facilitate growth and local economic prosperity but with the aim of a redistribution of trips (especially commuter and long term trips to the city centre) towards public transport, cycling and walking.  The overall objective for parking is therefore to achieve a better balance between supply and demand to emphasise the role of parking as a measure to support an integrated, balanced transport system in Gosford, reducing the dominance of car travel, especially for long stay trips into the city centre. This will need to be achieved through two mechanisms: o Firstly, by strengthening the role of planning policy (DCP) on parking provision for new developments;X11170r01 Page 30
  38. 38. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council o Secondly, through more efficient management of existing parking supply.  Parking rates for new development should ensure parking restraint can be used as a demand management measure, to support travel by alternatives modes and to restrain growth in car travel. This needs to be used in conjunction with efficient management of existing off-street and on-street parking through pricing and time restrictions to support short stay parking demand and seek to reduce, over time, the availability of long stay parking in the city centre.  The aim of these parking restraint and parking management measures is to promote the viability of alternative modes (public transport, walking and cycling), ensure efficient supply of short stay parking in the city centre to support the local economy and enhance the local environment. Improving the future viability of accessibility by alternative modes should be achieved by managing future development to ensure this promotes facilities for non- vehicular access alongside reduced parking.  It is therefore recommended that the Gosford DCP 111 Parking is reviewed within the short term to revise the parking standards for new development, to the rates stated in Table 8.1.The above rates for commercial and retail uses equate to 1 space / 80sqm and 1 space / 50sqmrespectively (calibrated).  The recommended package of parking measures for Gosford is summarised in Table 8.2, below. All measures are grouped into short term (to 2016), medium term (to 2021) and long term (to 2036) timescales for implementation, in line with the suggested target implementation dates, as shown in the table below.X11170r01 Page 31
  39. 39. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilIn summary, the TMAP noted the high proportion of long term parking within the Gosford CityCentre. The TMAP recommended: 1. Removal of the long term parking (including commuters parking) from Gosford and relocation to park and ride facilities on the periphery of the city; 2. Improvements to the bus network to provide access to / from the park and ride facilities; and 3. Reduction in parking rates to assist in achieving a mode shift away from private vehicle use;4.13 Gosford Car Parks Review – Cardno July 2011Cardno commissioned Skyhigh Traffic Survey Company to carry out a parking demand survey forBaker Street car park and Gosford Town Centre car park on Tuesday 7th June 2011 between6:00am and 8.00pm. The main findings of the survey are summarised verbatim below:Baker Street Car Park (BSCP)Car park on Baker Street is a multi-storey car park that currently provides a total of 705 spaces. Theallocation of spaces is summarised in Table 5.Table 5 - Baker Street Parking Allocation & Capacities Location Restrictions Capacity Ground Level 3P Pay & Display 36 Level 1 Reserved Parking 79 Level 1 Unreserved Public Paid Parking 30 Level 2 Unreserved Public Paid Parking 138 Level 3 Workcover Employees Parking 141 Level 4 Early Bird & Reserved Parking 141 Level 5 Early Bird & Reserved Parking 140 Combined 705There are 36 spaces at the ground level which have 3 hour Pay & Display restrictions imposed alongwith 70 long term spaces for Gosford City Council (GCC) staff car park distributed among levels 4and 5.Survey data demonstrated that with peak occupancy of 514 spaces (73%), the average peak demandperiod for the entire car park was at 10.30am. Survey data also noted that the average length of stayat the 36 spaces allocated for 3P “Pay & Display” was approximately 1.5 hours and had anoccupancy of 75% at its peak demand period at 10am. The rest of the multi-storey car parks aregenerally used as long term parking with the average length of stay of around 7 hours.Level 4 (Early Bird and Reserved Parking) was noted to be the most utilised level in the multi-storeycar park with 93% occupied at its peak. It was closely followed by Level 1, 2 and 3 with peakoccupancies of 87%, 84% and 75% respectively. Level 5 (Early Bird and Reserved Parking) wasnoted to be the most underutilised level with 49% occupancy at its peak.X11170r01 Page 32
  40. 40. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilGosford Town Centre Car Park (GTCCP)The Gosford Town Centre car park has a capacity of 583 unrestricted parking spaces over 2 levelsof parking. These two levels are made up on an undercover parking level and a roof top parkinglevel.The survey demonstrated that the undercover parking level was close to full utilisation with anoccupancy rate of more than 90% between 9.00am – 2.30pm. However, the rooftop level had anoccupancy rate between 50 and 60% for the same period of time. The survey further noted that thecar park generally caters for long term usage with an average length of stay of approximately 7hours.Assessment and RecommendationsThe report assessed the impacts and merits of the following: - Implementation 2P free parking at Barker Street Car Park, - Relocation of the 70 GCC’s staff parking spaces from BSCP to GTCCP and - Improvements to better utilise the car parks.Assessment findings and recommendations:  Barker Street Car Park (BSCP) is currently noted to be underutilised and has sufficient spare capacity to provide for more casual parking spaces to address the 2 hour free parking proposal. The report recommended provision of 2P free parking at BSCP and trial the arrangement for 6 months. Recommendation also included parking demand surveys to be undertaken during the trial period at 3 months and 6 months post implementation. This would assist to determine if there is an improvement in parking demand or an increase in demand for the short term parking spaces for business customers and whether it is having any negative impact on permanent car park users. A successful trial may allow a fee structure change at a later date in BSCP to recoup the revenue losses of providing free parking in the facility.  The survey results showed 75% of vehicles parked in 3P parking had an average length of stay for 1.5hours, therefore, the main impact of providing 2 hours free parking at BSCP will be on the annual revenue for the car park facility. To recoup part of the losses it is recommended that: - Casual all-day parking rate be increased by $1.00 to $9.00. - Increase the rate at the ground level “Pay & Display” area to $1.00 per hour.  The report notes an increase in parking fees from 1st July 2011. It also recommends a review to be carried out based on the trial results at a later date of any changes to the parking fee structure adopted to potentially recoup the losses from the free parking proposal.  The report does not recommend a relocation of the 70 GCC’s employee parking from BSCP to GTCCP in the short term (less than 12 months). However subject to BSCP increasing the peak parking occupancy to 85% and sustaining the high occupancy when the proposed 2 hour free parking is implemented, it should be considered in the medium term ( 12 + months).X11170r01 Page 33
  41. 41. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council  It is recommended that directional signposting be installed at various locations around the town centre to improve the parking usage at GTCCP which will provide benefits to the Gosford Business CentreIn summary, it is recommended that the implementation process of the parking proposals be stagedto provide the best benefits to the Council car parks, business owners and customers in the GosfordTown Centre.4.14 Key Observations of Current PoliciesAfter a detailed assessment of current policies and contribution methods in place for newdevelopment in the Gosford City Centre, the following has been noted: 1. A number of policies and their objectives on the matter of parking provision are in friction and need updating and / or replacement. 2. The calculation for the provision of parking for new developments and / or change of use is confusing and difficult to determine. 3. The value of the existing parking rates, and / or adopting new parking rates to achieve mode shift targets are diminished by the current policies. 4. There is a disconnect between the objectives of current policies and outcomes which can be achieved through their application. 5. The application of current policies pertaining to car park is dysfunctional.X11170r01 Page 34
  42. 42. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council5 CONSULTATION5.1 Stakeholder WorkshopAs part of developing this report, consultation with key stakeholders was undertaken. Theconsultation included a workshop at Council chambers at which a number of stakeholders wereinvited to attend. These stakeholders included but were not limited to: 1. Chamber of Commerce 2. Gosford Business Improvement District 3. Central Coast Leagues Club 4. Department of Education 5. Police 6. Blue Tongue Stadium 7. RTA 8. Transport and Infrastructure NSW 9. Busways 10. Redbus 11. Department of Planning 12. Transport and Access Group 13. Hospital 14. Central Coast Regional Development CorporationThe presentation included a summary of the work undertaken to date including a presentation of theprevious reports and key components of this project.Attendees were asked about the role of parking provision and its influence on desired transportoutcomes. The five precincts identified in the Gosford City Masterplan were reviewed on a case bycase basis to determine whether each precinct should or should not have its own specific parkingmanagement guidelines.Brown Consulting was advised of the impending exhibition of the Gosford Waterfront Masterplanwhich included a summary of the proposed development of the waterfront. This material wasplaced on exhibition during the course of preparing this report.The proposal included recommended parking provision for all uses proposed including commercial,retail, exhibition facilities, restaurants and included a large public car park adjacent to GeorginaTerrace as part of a three building commercial development. This is discussed further below inSection 5.2 of this report.X11170r01 Page 35
  43. 43. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City CouncilBrown Consulting was also made aware of the proposals for the precinct bounded by RacecourseRoad in the north, Holden Street in the west, Faunce Street West in the south and ShowgroundRoad in the east known as the ‘Medical Precinct’. Much of the landholdings within this precinct areunder the ownership of Central Coast Area Health and would be subject to a masterplan in the nearfuture. This is also discussed further below in Section 4.2 of this report.Some of the main issues raised during discussion between attendees on the car parking strategy forGosford City Centre included the following:  Issues were raised on the costs of the commuter car parking on the individuals.  Specific comment concerning insufficient car parking for major events at the stadium.  Concern that the redevelopment of the Waterfront precinct will have a negative impact on parking for the stadium particularly game days.  Comments that cost factors for car parking provision could be used to encourage public transport usage.  Consider offices at reduced rate in car parking policy to encourage new developments.  Access to disabled and aged car parking spaces, especially for retail development.  Public parking issues with shopping trolleys in centres.  Public bus service does not provide access for commuters to all shops and facilities in City Centre.  Questions about ability to better use the parking facilities.  In respect to on-street car parking not enough provision for 2 hours parking.  No consensus on paid on-street parking.  Suggestion about commuter car parking elsewhere at other locations outside City Centre.  Gosford Town Centre parking station not being fully utilised although public perception is that it operates at capacity.  Shuttle bus not being well utilised, needs better provision.  Encourage amalgamation of sites to negotiate on car parking rates.  Council needs Transport NSW input and business case for funding the TMAP initiatives.  Proposed major development for the Waterfront and Hospital precincts by the Central Coast Regional Development Corporation.  The Waterfront and Hospital precinct developments are significant projects to be determined by the State government in consultation with the Council.  The Waterfront precinct development will have provision for public parking areas associated with the civic entertainment area, the new swimming pool complex, the restaurants at the wharf areas and the development of the school site.  The Hospital precinct development includes proposals for the Showground Road area adjacent to the hospital for a medical use area including consultation rooms, clinics and specialist medical suites associated with the hospital. The car parking proposed with the Hospital precinct plans is understood will greatly improve the provision of car parking around the hospital.X11170r01 Page 36
  44. 44. Gosford City Centre Strategic Parking StudyPrepared for Gosford City Council  The Waterfront and Hospital precincts are controlled by the State government and managed through the Central Coast Regional Development Corporation.5.2 Central Coast Regional Development Corporation MeetingFollowing the meeting with stakeholders, Brown Consulting representatives met with the CentralCoast Regional Development Corporation to discuss the finer details of the Gosford Waterfrontplanning which is known as ‘The Landing at Gosford”.The proposal includes in the initial stages the following items:  Regional Performing Arts and Conference Centre;  Commercial Office space;  The extension of Baker Street and a Hotel development to support the business tourism, which will be activated as part of the regional performing arts and conference centre; and  Gosford City Park.On the matter of parking and as stated above, the proposal includes a large approximately 400 spacepublic car park as part of the commercial office development. In total the car park serving thecommercial office / hotel developments along with the public parking would include some 850spaces.A proportion of the parking spaces would be made available outside of normal business hours toprovide further additional parking for the developments around the precinct.It should be noted that the calculation of parking provision for all uses was determined through theapplication of a separate DCP for the area. The details of this DCP were not made available for thisreport and therefore it is unknown what parking rates were applied for each proposed use.5.3 Gosford Hospital PrecinctAs stated above, the Medical Precinct is subject to a masterplanning proposal which is in its infancy.At the time of writing this report, there was no specific information on the make-up of the potentialdevelopment proposals nor the scale of development. It is understood the scheme could include apublic parking element to alleviate current parking pressures around the hospital.X11170r01 Page 37

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