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GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514
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GeospatialWorlForum_Genève_090514

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Quelques leçons apprises sur les relations entre données ouvertes et données géographiques. …

Quelques leçons apprises sur les relations entre données ouvertes et données géographiques.
Some lessons learn about relationship between open data and spatial data.

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  • 1. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 1 Marc Leobet Spatial Data Office Directorate of Research and Innovation Department of the Commissioner-General for Sustainable Development Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy Open Data and Public Services for Everybody, and some drawbacks
  • 2. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 2 Open data in France in a word • Open data is strongly supported by the French Government. • Two weeks ago, France joins the OpenGovPartnership; • In 2013, France was actively involved in G8's open data charter; • 2011 : data.gouv.fr portal launched, after some municipalities (Rennes, Paris...). • in 1997, Government ’s agenda for the information society; • since 1998, our ministry disseminates free environmental data on internet. • Old roots : – In 1791, the French Revolution requires, in its Declaration of Human Rights (art. 14) : “Everybody has the right to request account to every public agent of his administration.”
  • 3. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 3 INSPIRE in a word • INSPIRE is an European law, adopted in 2007 • It establishes a legal framework for a Spatial data infrastructure • Through the web • With regulations for metadata, web services and data models, coordination and data sharing – To bring interoperability through web services, semantic and data models • But no impact on the business model • Just in France, thousands of data producers (public authorities)
  • 4. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 4 Main benefits INSPIRE is designed to solve these problems between public authorities : • "How to know where are the external data that I need? • How to manage confidentiality (real or imaginary)? • How to solve the problem of agreements that take too long time? • How to know the quality of data (mine and others)? “
  • 5. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 5 The link open data/INSPIRE • 80% of public data have a reference to a specific location. – Most of the time, ressources are common • The French Government has decided to open all (state) public data, – so spatial datasets under State supervision will become open and free. • In 2012, 98,8% of French spatial datasets published in INSPIRE framework were open; – At national and local level, for most of producers, spatial data <=> open data.
  • 6. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 6 The road to INSPIRE is sometimes harsh • The rules in INSPIRE are often said too complex, and they are, • Open data forces us to be more open to IT solutions from others sectors than GI • And to be costly, and they are too! • But how to reach interoperability in quality description, web services and data models without a tight framework ? • How to reach a huge Return on invesment without to invest ?
  • 7. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 7 And the road to Open data is not only soft 1. To create value, users need interoperability; – Open data bets on standards; – After years of experience in data sharing, and for massive data sharing, – INSPIRE regulations are the mark of the failure of voluntary interoperability 2. « where are my customers » : how to defend funding ? • If your are a public data producer, • and if data is open and free, • in a shrinking budget context,  how to explain to policy makers that you add value and need money to keep an industrial tool efficient?
  • 8. MIG/LBT - 09.05.14 8 Conclusion • Open data is a great opportunity to create value and services; • It is a sting to force the public services to be more efficient, more adapted to citizens needs; • Open data is not a risk, it is the trend, and force to be more responsable; • But we need to protect long term needs and to keep reference or authority data comparable through decades; • Someone has to pay for. How? The answer will be crucial for GI sector.

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