Idée du pendule : une année ça va l’autre année c’est moins bien; ou cercle de progrès
L’enjeu, c’est que ceux qui possèdent les données les publient pour que ceux qui ont des besoins environnementaux puissent en disposer soit directement, soit via des services internets sous une forme « excluant toute restriction susceptible de créer des obstacles pratiques au point d’utilisation » (Art. 17). Diapositive par courtoisie de L. Coudercy.
Coordination : interface Etat / Commission; interface territorial/ national
Example of Francebeyond PSI; INSPIRE infrastructure to share public data. Marc Leobet For the French Point of contact MIG/LBT - 15.06.12
PSI & INSPIRE : A solution to known problems• Problems of availability, quality, organization,accessibility and sharing of spatial information(paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 6 of Directive 2007/2/EC)• Significant divergences in the exploitation ofpublic sector information, which hinder the fullrealization of their economic potential (Directive2003/98/EC of 17.11.2003 on the re-use of publicsector information)• Also in USA, Japon, New-Zealand, Bresil… MIG/LBT - 15.06.12
What for? Three reasons• European context : specially in the environmental field, citizens have to act as « informed actors » The more they are informed, the more decisions are explained, the less the judge is called.• Most often, the responsibility of public action follows a chain local sub-national national It implies to link information systems• The public data availability leads to innovation and create value.
The challenge, assembling avariety of sources for a given use National website Network services Townwebsite Community Local website website 4
How much will it bring back?• All studies (Catalonia, UK, New-Zealand…) show a return on investment in a year (which is huge)• The three main sectors concerned are GIS industry, environment or urban planning and tourism.• A french study on digitalization of plan use shows the same ROI (authorization of building permits)
Non-financial benefits• Those linked to e-government :• Time savings for environmental studies (impact of a project, water management,waste, noise…)• Simplest access to public information for citizens in administrative procedures (ex. authorization to build a plant or a house)• Better ability of small enterprises to create value-added services• Narrowing the gap between large and small communities in the service to the user.
But…• Complex and too technical to address a political agenda• Often obscured by IT references• We build an infrastructure, but few people care about the road when they take their car to go to the office. –We are not visible, and that is normal• The challenge is to link INSPIRE with a highlighted policy• To be able to raise money for the human and technical investissments. MIG/LBT - 15.06.12
The light of Open Data• The PSI directive was transposed in French law in 2005. – The Open data policy, based on PSI rules and transparency willingness, really starts in 2010.• The French Prime minister launches data.gouv.fr in 2011 – The higher directors in ministries and municipalities heard they had to do something• INSPIRE becomes a way to implement the public data policy at lesser cost. – As an infrastructure, it delivers described data with harmonised services MIG/LBT - 15.06.12
Conclusion• INSPIRE is a tool to reach political and economical aims : – Inform citizens to reinforce the protection of environment, – Minimize the cost of studies and data management, – Open the files to increase innovation and value.• Open data, as re-use of public services information, follow the same mind – The trend is clear and is extending.• What could be the beginning? – Documentation and metadata will never be a lost of time – And will protect the value of your data MIG/LBT - 15.06.12