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The Use of iPads to Enhance English Language Learning in Higher Education: Lessons Learned

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The Use of iPads to Enhance English Language Learning in Higher Education: Lessons Learned …

The Use of iPads to Enhance English Language Learning in Higher Education: Lessons Learned
Mobile Learning Festival 2013 Hong Kong University

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  • 1. The  Use  of  iPads  to  Enhance  English   Language  Learning  in  Higher   Educa7on:  Lessons  Learned         Marc  LeBane    
  • 2. Background     •  Began  researching  how  to  u7lise  ubiquitous   devices  at  Lingnan  University  in  2010  with  Dr.   David  Kennedy…..Why?   •  In  2010,  ownership  of  mobile  devices  in  Hong   Kong  reached  171%  (OFTA  2010).   •  The  rate  of  technological  advancements  over   the  past  5  years  has  been  enormous  
  • 3. Ra7onal     •  Research  adopted  the  posi7on  that  mobility  is   an  intrinsic  property  of  learning  encompassing   the:   –  Spa7al  (university,  home,  etc.)   –  Temporal  (days,  evenings,  weekends,  etc.)   –  Developmental  (learning  needs,  life  skills,   interests,  etc.)  
  • 4. First came the iPhone
  • 5. Next came the iPad
  • 6. Research  Method   •  Mixed  mode  approach  to  generate  qualita7ve   and  quan7ta7ve  data  about  the  use  of  iPads   in  an  University  English  course.   •  2012/13  –  Total  of  60  students  (3  Language   for  Communica7on  Classes)  were  given  iPads   to  use  for  the  semester.   •  Instructors  in  all  other  classes  (30  Sec7on)   were  able  to  bring  iPads  into  class  (10-­‐20)  for   specific  topics/sec7ons,  etc.  
  • 7. Hurdle  1     •  Tradi7onal  Textbooks  over  e-­‐Books?   •  Provided  students  with  both  in  addi7on  to   pre-­‐loading  iAnnotate  and  a  variety  of  Note   apps  on  all  iPads.   •  Survey  says…….  
  • 8. What  They  Said   Do  you  prefer  using  iPads  over  regular  textbooks?   60   50   40   30   20   10   0   Yes   No  
  • 9. What  They  Said   Ac=ons  speak  louder  than  words!  
  • 10. Hurdle  2     •  How  to  use  the  iPads  to  help  students   improve  their  English  skills   •  Again,  preloaded  a  variety  of  English  skills   apps:  Presenta7ons,  IELTS,  Grammar,  Wri7ng,   Listening,  etc.   •  Other  apps  such  as  Dic7onary's,  News,   Entertainment,  Social,  Communica7on,  etc.      
  • 11. How  to  u7lise  these  effec7vely  both  in   and  out  of  the  classroom?   In  Class:   •  •  •  •  •  Use  them  as  tradi7onal  text  replacements   To  view  mul7media  materials   To  search  informa7on  related  to  class  content  for   group  and  class  discussions   To  provide  peer  feedback  on  independent  learning   and  class  assessment  ac7vi7es   Other:  search  thesaurus  &  dic7onary,  research   presenta7on  and  persuasive  essay  topics.  
  • 12. In  Class  Use   Presented materials to the class 3% Non-course related activities 7% Showed information to one or a couple classmates 10% Completed homework, quizzes, tests 11% Log into Moodle/ Mahara 18% Read materials 19% Took notes 16% Researched information on the Internet 16%
  • 13. How  to  u7lise  these  effec7vely  both  in   and  out  of  the  classroom?   2.  Outside  of  Class:   •  •  •  •  •  •      To  do  homework….of  course   Use  iPad  apps  for  their  independent  learning   Use  iPad  to  access  course  materials  via  Moodle   Use  iPad  to  create  their  e-­‐Porgolio     Use  iPad  to  record  their  video  assessment   Use  the  iPad  to  collaborate  and  provide  peer   feedback  via  Mahara,  Moodle,  etc.  
  • 14. Out  of  Class  Use   Non-course related activities 13% Presented materials to the class 2% Showed information to one or a couple classmates 10% Read materials 17% Took notes 9% Completed homework, quizzes, tests 14% Log into Moodle/ Mahara 19% Researched information on the Internet 16%
  • 15. What  They  Said   Do  Apps  help  you  improve  your  English?  (e.g.  wri=ng,  speaking,   listening,  reading)   Strongly  Disagree   Disagree   Neither  Agree  or  Disagree   Agree   Strongly  Agree   0   5   10   15   20   25   30   35   40   45  
  • 16. What  They  Said   I  find  having  an  iPad  in  class  useful  for  my  learning.   40   35   30   25   20   15   10   5   0   Strongly  Agree   Agree   Neither  Agree  or   Disagree   Disagree   Strongly  Disagree  
  • 17. The  Surprise!   I believe that using the iPad in   class encouraged me to interact more than I normally would with my classmates. Neither  agree  nor   disagree,  2%   Strongly  agree,   27%   Agree,  71%  
  • 18. What  They  Said   In general, did you feel the iPad for this course was effective?? Yes 100%
  • 19. Examples  of  Effec7veness   •  Please  provide  an  example  of  how  the  iPad  was  used   effec=vely  in  this  course.   –  Newspaper  apps  (BBC,  the  Standard)   –  Searching  for  informa7on   –  Online  dic7onary   –  Easy  access  to  informa7on   –  E-­‐books   –  Independent  learning  can  be  done  anywhere   –  Taking  notes   –  Improving  listening  by  watching  videos  on  TED/YouTube   –  iAnnotate  
  • 20. Examples  of  Ineffec7veness   •  Please  provide  an  example  of  how  the  iPad   was  not  used  effec=vely  in  this  course.   –  Some7mes  it  allowed  students  to  do  some   irrelevant  tasks,  like  Facebook,  etc.   –  Typing  slowly   –  Distracted  by  the  iPad  when  Instructor  is  speaking   –  Too  big  for  some  of  our  classroom  desks   –  Some  students  play  games  in  class   –  Too  heavy  to  carry  
  • 21. Lessons  Learned   •  Pro’s   –  Gives  the  instructor  more  flexibility  when   designing  course  materials,  exercises,  projects,   etc.   –  Collabora7on  &  Communica7on  between  peers   and  instructor  is  enhanced   –  Students  on  average  spent  more  7me  studying   course  materials  outside  of  class……  
  • 22. How  olen  did  you  use  the  iPad   outside  of  class  for  this  course?    Did  not  use  it   Less  than  50  percent  of  the  7me   Between  50  and  70  percent  of  the  7me   Between  70  and  90  percent  of  the  7me     More  than  90  percent  of  the  7me   0%   5%   10%   15%   20%   25%   30%   35%   40%  
  • 23. Lessons  Learned   •  Pro’s     –  Students  in  classes  where  instructors  brought  in  the   iPads  for  class  use  also  found  them  useful:  
  • 24. Lessons  Learned   •  Con’s   –  PDF  files  are  not  enough.     –  Some  students  have  a  tendency  to  wander.   –  Some  Faculty  hesitant  to  embrace  technology  or   change,  therefore  not  all  students  are  receiving   the  same  instruc7on.   –  Costs  factor:  Hardware,  Solware,  Training.  
  • 25. Lessons  Learned   •  The  Future?   –  Funding  for  e-­‐Book  packages:  text,  mul7-­‐media,   assessment  &  feedback   –  Funding  for  research:  best  prac7ces,  engagement,   material  development,  etc.   –  Funding  for  iPads…UGC,  University  or  built  in   tui7on….WHY?    
  • 26. Overall?   Q. I believe I accomplish more in my student life because of technology •  Strongly   Agree-­‐14%   •  Agree-­‐72%   •  Neither  Agree  nor   Disagree-­‐14%   •  Disagree/Strongly   Disagree-­‐0%  
  • 27. Q&A/Contact       Marc  LeBane,  BA,  LLB,  MEd   ELSS  Coordinator/Language  Instructor   Lingnan  University,  Hong  Kong     mclebane@ln.edu.hk  –  2616-­‐7769  

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