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Djsc clickers in the 21st century classroom

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  • Marc GilbertsonLamoille Union Middle SchoolHyde Park, Vermontmgilbertson@luhs18.org802-851-1264
  • Show of hands
  • What are Clickers and why should you care?To address the need for assessment several companies have started to produce devices that allow teachers to measure progress much more frequently. “Clickers” are small, hand-held devices that use radio signals or infrared light to communicate student responses to a receiver. The data collected can then be collected, displayed, and analyzed. 30% of classrooms using, more outside of New England. 1. # might be low….given reaction of rep.
  • Raising Hands- Traditional wayColored Cards or flip charts or cups on desks“Corners”
  • Clickers-10 -12 companies making them.And even cell phones—technology is changing and schools need to adapt
  • Clickers have actually been around since the 1960's but recently they have shown up in more classrooms around the country. Clickers were first adopted by Physics and Chemistry lecturers at the college level. These instructors found it difficult to assess whether students understood the complex material being taught. These concepts were essential as they form the foundation for further study in these fields.
  • Accountability Movement- a brief historyAccountability movement now. 1. standardization 2. state tests and AYPB. Formative Assessment- 1. Effective feedback and adjusting curriculum (Ferriter, 2009)C. Data collection culture which drives decisions 1. NECAP and AIMSWEBD. Data Driven decision making---E. Standards for Vermont Educators 1. Principle 7- the educator uses multiple assessment strats 2. Principle 9- the ed.integrates current technologies 3. Principle 15- Educator assesses student progress in relation to standards and modifies curricula. 4. Principle 16- useful records
  • See Reference Page for Complete Citation
  • Pressure for Data Collection and AssessmentPressure to be a tech. savvy school prepare out students for the 21st century.$1200-3000 for a classroom set. $ .30 per kid per day….milk…cheap as wellPrincipal saw them in use
  • How to Use Clickers
  • Sample Question 1Check for Understanding/engagement---
  • Sample Question 2Introduce new information-engagement
  • Quick Survey’s, assess Audience
  • Discussion issue prompt
  • Game Show---Banner across the top and Gray MattersOther’s include mars landing game
  • One study compared clicker use to other “active” classroom methods. Students are actually doing something—Not what many would consider active—but asking every student to respond connects teacher to students during direct discussion.
  • Quiet kids in the back of the class—Not willing to participate in discussion until they see everyone respond. Once they are engaged, forced to make a decision, they will offer an opinion.
  • Ultimate goal is to improve learningBut how is this measured- often by using end of the year tests.
  • Teacher PerspectiveGirl in back of class- respond but not engagedCompetition and teamwork. But also show kids why you might need to go over a piece of information or a concept again.
  • Engagement/Cool Factor- Excited to get them out Metacognition“One of the more compelling aspects of using CRS is that students can compare their own responses to the responses of other students in the class, which can encourage a level of metacognition that might not otherwise occur”. (Deal, 2007, p.2)
  • Technological glitches and other teacher issuesDead ClickersDeveloping questionsLearning softwareRewriting lectures2. DistractionSmelling and listening to the humCost 1. $1200 for a set of 30
  • The simplest and most common form- often a selling point to K-12 teachersLike I’m doing today for the most part. Talking with some questions for reengagementNon-Linear Presentations are used. Lesson is slowed to adjust to lack of comprehension. Bring in Data and Video to answer questions---- Really changes methodology- you need to be ready to go where the students need you to go.
  • Note: CRS is often sold and promoted for basic/level 1 uses.However, in the most classrooms, the level 2 and 3 practices are much more effective and generate more classroom discussion. Collecting data is not this tool’s only function. It can be used to promote more active learning. (Deal, 2007)Note: CRS might be a good way to collect data on pedagogy (Steer, McConnell, Gray, Kortz, and Liang, 2009)
  • Wisconsin- Universities are looking at it.
  • More recent studies seem to focus on effective use of clickers rather than attempting to address clickers as a whole.Earlier studies showed positive effect but many are professors asking students for feedback on their own classes.
  • Note: percentages and numbers are copied from the source, they do not include foreign languages and other subjects. They also are impacted by teachers who teach several subjects. Penuel—Lead author is from industry—SRI International other authors from U of CaliforniaOnline survey of 498 elementary and secondary educators that used clickersFound that teachers who used it and used it in different ways had professional development.
  • Novice, Peer, and Leaders (Glazer, Hannafin, and Song, 2005)In-serviceBatteriesProfessional Conferences are good but collaboration in small groups works better. (Glazer, Hannafin, and Song, 2005)E. Adopting clickers is an easy way to show how reform can be successful (Koenig, 2010)
  • Novice, Peer, and Leaders (Glazer, Hannafin, and Song, 2005)In-serviceBatteriesProfessional Conferences are good but collaboration in small groups works better. (Glazer, Hannafin, and Song, 2005)E. Adopting clickers is an easy way to show how reform can be successful (Koenig, 2010)
  • Online classes—are brick and mortar schools a thing of the past?
  • Novice, Peer, and Leaders (Glazer, Hannafin, and Song, 2005)In-serviceBatteriesProfessional Conferences are good but collaboration in small groups works better. (Glazer, Hannafin, and Song, 2005)E. Adopting clickers is an easy way to show how reform can be successful (Koenig, 2010)
  • Inovation and the future.

Djsc clickers in the 21st century classroom Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Clickers in the 21st Century Classroom: A Valuable Assessment Tool?
    Marc Gilbertson
    Lamoille Union Middle School
    mgilbertson@luhs18.org
    http://lumsextreme.pbworks.com/w/page/32270181/Clickers#
  • 2. When is Instant Response Good?
    Marriage proposal?
    Grades on a test?
    Rock, Paper, Scissors?
    Pregnancy test?
    Making Laws?
    Intimate Moments?
  • 3. Overview
    Essential Questions- What should teachers know about clickers? Are they worth it?
    Basics
    Trying Clickers
    Goals- Why Use a Classroom Response System
    Advantages and Disadvantages
    Implementation- 3 levels-
    Review of Literature
    Successful Implementation of Technology
    Conclusion and Further Questions
  • 4. I. Basics
    What are Clickers and why should you care?
  • 5. Old
  • 6. New
  • 7. I. Basics
    Developed for large lecture halls to engage students and offer instant assessment.
    Now used in classrooms from elementary through graduate school
  • 8. I. Basics
    Demands for Assessment-
    Accountability Movement and N.C.L.B.
    Formative Assessment
    Data Collection
    NECAP
    AIMSWEB
  • 9. I. Basics
    Popular Media
    N.P.R. – “All Tech Considered” In Search of Answers, Teachers Turn to Clickers
    The New York Times- Students Click, and a Quiz Becomes a Game- 1/28/08
    New York 1 News-Teachers, Students Just a Click Away From Monitoring Progress-2/10/10
  • 10. The Perfect Storm…..
    Assessment and Data Collection
    Technology
    Price
    Seen in Use
  • 11. The Test Drive….
    Turn On
    Log On—Anonymously
    PIN? Hit “Send”
    “Login Accepted”
    On, Your Marks, Get Set……
  • 12. 1. Classroom Response Systems ......
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Choice
    F
    A.) can include clickers or other ways to gauge student understanding.
    B.) were first developed in the 1960's.
    C.) were first used in large lecture halls especially in advanced math and science.
    D.) All of these
    E.)
  • 13. 2. Which of the following is the correct technical terms for "Clickers"?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Response
    F
    A.) Classroom Response Systems
    B.) Student Response Systems
    C.) Audience Response Systems
    D.) Personal Response Systems
    E.)
  • 14. 3. How often do you use "Clickers"?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Response
    F
    A.) Daily
    B.) Once a week
    C.) Once a month
    D.) A few times ever
    E.) Never
  • 15. 4. Clickers should be used in any good 21st century classroom?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Choice
    F
    A.) Yes
    B.) No
    C.) Don't know or No opinion
    D.)
    E.)
  • 16. II. Goals- Why Use a Classroom Response System
    A. Maintain Student Attention- The Game Show
  • 17. II. Goals- Why Use a Classroom Response System
    B. Improve Engagement- More Active
  • 18. II. Goals- Why Use a Classroom Response System Continued…
    C. Encourage Participation and Discussion- Peer Instruction
    D. Assess Comprehension
    and Adjust Instruction
  • 19. II. Goals- Why Use a Classroom Response System Continued
    E. Collect and analyze data
  • 20. II. Goals- Why Use a Classroom Response System Continued
    F. Improve Student Performance and Understanding
    Questions?
  • 21. 5. Can Clickers accomplish all they claim to?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Choice
    F
    A.) Sure- they sound great
    B.) Probably
    C.) Not sure, maybe
    D.) Doubt It
    E.) No way--raising hands is better
  • 22. III. Teacher Perspective Advantages andDisadvantages
    Advantages
    1. Anonymity of response
    2. Display results
    graphically
  • 23. III. Advantages and Disadvantages
    A. Advantages Continued…
    3. Students are more engaged- they are “cool”
    4. Allows students to evaluate their responses with other members of the class- Metacognition
  • 24. III. Advantages and Disadvantages
    B. Disadvantages
    1. Technological Glitches and other teacher issues
    2. Distracting to some students
    3. Cost-
  • 25. 6. If you were in charge of your school's technology budget--would you invest in clickers?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Response
    F
    A.) Yes
    B.) No
    C.) I would consider it.
    D.)
    E.)
  • 26. 7. What if grant money covered 50% of the cost?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Choice
    F
    A.) Yes, sign me up
    B.) No, thanks
    C.) I'll think about it
    D.) Could I spend the money on a new iPad instead?
    E.)
  • 27. 8. Is the finger grooming thing
    iRespond Question
    F
    A.) Very Cool
    B.) Very Creepy
    C.) I actully have one and use it regularly
    D.) I hope Whitney gets me one for my birthday
    E.)
  • 28. Deeper Understanding of Clicker Use
  • 29. IV. Implementation- 3 levels-It’s never as easy as it looks…
    A. Level 1/Shuffle- Instructor/Student Paced Instruction- Quizzes, class work, instant response and data collection.
    B. Level 2/iPhone- Audience Paced Instruction- Used to assess comprehension and adjust lesson- Pretest, Flexible
  • 30. IV. Implementation- 3 levels
    C. Level 3/iPad- Peer Instruction-
    1. Short Presentations (Video Clip)
    2. Conceptual or Opinion Question
    3. Students Formulate Answers and Report
    4. Discussion with Peers
    5. Re submit Responses with Possible Changes
    6. Discussion of Results.
  • 31. V. Review of Literature
    A. Two kinds of studies-
    1. quantitative- improved test results or scores
    2. qualitative- student surveys on effectiveness
  • 32. V. Review of Literature
    The big question---
    Do clickers really work?
  • 33. 5. Does the literature show that clickers are effective teaching tools?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Response
    F
    A.) Almost all the studies show clickers are effective
    B.) Most studies show clickers are effective
    C.) It's about 50/50
    D.) Most of the studies show clickers are not effective
    E.) Almost all the studies show clickers are not effective
  • 34. Discuss your response or try to convince someone you are right.
    Respond Again
  • 35. 6. Does the literature show that clickers are effective teaching tools?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Choice
    F
    A.) Almost all the studies show clickers are effective
    B.) Most studies show clickers are effective
    C.) It's about 50/50
    D.) Most of the studies show clickers are not effective
    E.) Almost all the studies show clickers are not effective
  • 36. V. Review of Literature Continued
    Review of Literature (Rochelle, 2004)
    A. 26 Studies-none truly scientific
    1. 16 Greater Student Achievement
    2. 11 Increased Understanding of Subject
    3. 6 Better Group Interaction
    B. CRS improves performance when compared to straight lecture
    Results are the same when compared with
    other active learning techniques. (Martyn, 2010)
  • 37. V. Review of Literature Continued…
    C. One Four-Year Analysis at Georgia Southern
    showed;
    “test scores to increase by over ½ letter grade over a four year period.” (Anderson and Noland, August 2010)
    D. Patry (2008) found, “mixed results as to whether effective use of clickers can improve student learning”
  • 38. 7. Which of the following subjects uses clickers the least according Penuel et al.?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Response
    F
    A.) English
    B.) Mathematics
    C.) Social Studies
    D.) Science
    E.)
  • 39. Discuss your response or try to convince someone you are right.
    Respond Again
  • 40. 8. Which of the following subjects uses clickers the least according Penuel et al.?
    iRespond Question
    Multiple Choice
    F
    A.) English
    B.) Mathematics
    C.) Social Studies
    D.) Science
    E.)
  • 41. Penuel et al., 2006
  • 42. VI. Clickers are not it….
    1. Tablets
  • 43. VI. Clickers are not it….
    2. Smart boards
  • 44. VI. Clickers are not it….
    3. Net Books- One to One Technology
  • 45. VI. Clickers are not it….
    3. Online Text books and other resources
    A. Document Camera
    B. Digital Textbook
    Digital History
  • 46. VI. Successful Implementation of Technology in the Classroom- What I’ve learned from Clickers
    A. Develop teacher technologists or collaborative apprenticeships
    B. Give time and freedom to restructure lessons and support others
    C. Plan for future costs of repair and maintenance.
    D. Provide models for teachers through professional development and conferences
    E. Clickers as the gateway to other reforms
  • 47. VII. Conclusion and Further Questions
    Classroom Response Systems are not going to solve the problems facing schools today. Still, they may help teachers more effectively engage students and assess their comprehension. We will see more of this technology in the future and as with all technology, it is essential that schools use their resources to implement these tools in the most effective way.
    Ted Talk—Johnny Lee
  • 48. VII. Conclusion and Further Questions
    There are still many questions which remain to be answered----
    1. Is this technology evolving so that soon students will do much more on hand held devices including using them as a classroom response system?
    2. Is metacognition increased when students can immediately and anonymously compare their responses to those of their peers?
  • 49. VII. Conclusion and Further QuestionsContinued…
    3. Why have many colleges and universities moved to use CRS’s to engage students in discussion and peer instruction while much of the K-12 literature refers to using CRS as a way to assess student performance?
    4. How does the use of CRS change when used in small classes as opposed to large lecture halls?
    5. Are CRS worth the cost?
  • 50. Any Further Questions?
    1. Comments/Discussion-----
    2. Anything you are curious about?
    3. Would you like to see….
    How data is displayed and kinds of data?
    Making a question/test how easy is it?
    Other features?
    Lamoille Union in the news…