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Académie de ParisÉcole des Hautes Études InternationalesCentre d’Études Diplomatiques et Stratégiques     Romanias Post-Co...
To the Graduate Council:     I am submitting herewith a thesis written by Marc Bonnemainsentitled “Romanians Post-Cold War...
Statement of Permission to Use     In presenting this thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirementsfor the degree of D...
Copyright © 2010Marc BonnemainsAll Rights Reserved
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DedicationDedication      To all the persons I love, in particular to my family.Doctor of Philosophy in International Rela...
Dedication     This page is left intentionally blank.ii                 Doctor of Philosophy in International Relation and...
AcknowledgmentsAcknowledgments       Even if a thesis is a personal work, it involves a lot of personsaround, especially b...
Acknowledgments      And lastly, special thanks must go to Madalina Vlasceanu forher support, her critical point of view, ...
AbstractAbstract      This work’s research examines the international relations ofRomania after the 89’ Revolution, within...
Abstract       Ce travail de recherche examine les relations internationales dela Roumanie après la Révolution de 89, dans...
PrefacePreface      In the events of the late 80s and the disappearance of the IronCurtain, as well as changes at the dawn...
Prefaceshow that this case is representative of a whole Eastern Europeregion at a historic turning point in contemporary h...
Brief Table of ContentsBrief Table of Contents      Dedication                                                i      Ackno...
Brief Table of Contents    III Change into Continuity                                        55         III.1    Controver...
List of FiguresList of Figures  Figure 1: A Model of Foreign Policy Change.                                  195  Figure 2...
List of Figures      Figure 19: Old and New Territories on the Romanian-Ukrainian Border.        393      Figure 20: Ship ...
List of TablesList of Tables  Table 1: Minorities in Romania in 1930.                                           76  Table ...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsList of Acronyms and Abbreviations9/11    September 11, 2001ACT     Anti-Corruption Trus...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsCMEA           Council for Mutual Economic AssistanceCNRS           French National Cent...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsESDI    European Security and Defense IdentityEU      European UnionEUPM    European Uni...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsIRSI           Romanian Institute of International Studies “Nicolae Titulescu”ISAF      ...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsNATO    North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNED     National Endowment for DemocracyNGO   ...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsPNAR           National Program for Accession of Romania to the European UnionPNL       ...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsSPC       Political Committee at Senior LevelSPC R     Political Committee at Senior Lev...
List of Acronyms and AbbreviationsUNMIK          United Nations Interim Administration Mission in KosovoUNMIL          Uni...
IntroductionI         Introduction      Due to the fall of the ‘Iron Curtain’, the collapse of the existinginternational r...
Introductionend to a period of history started during the Cold War as a tool forthe liberation of Eastern European country...
IntroductionI.1        Subject and Issue of Research      I.1.1     Subject of Research      The upheaval of the eighties ...
Introductionissue of dialectic or experts - after December 1989, we witness acomplete collapse of the satellite countries ...
Introduction      The end of the Cold War, the break-up of different space in theBalkans and in the former Soviet Union de...
Introduction1989-1991 on the world scene, what was Romania’s strategy for itsrepositioning as an influential actor in inte...
Introductiontime - 1989 to 199415, from 1989 to 199316, after 199217, after200118…- or by treating only an aspect of this ...
Introduction       Secondly, we want to specify in detail what one knows in ageneral way, and to fulfill the lack of expla...
IntroductionI.2        Methodology, Concepts and the Corpus of           Sources      I.2.1     Methodology      The thesi...
Introduction      In opposite, qualitative approached will permit to conduce theresearch with a more flexible and open-end...
Introductionthe political communities organized in a territory, i.e. between thestates”.27       Nevertheless, we would ra...
Introductionsituation can be explained and given a meaning with any theory.32 In2003, Randall Schweller underlined that:  ...
Introduction‘variable forces’        which     changed       in    time    according       to   thecircumstances.      Pie...
Introductiondifferent scholars as Kejllén40, Demangeon41, Ancel42, Lorot43, Lorotand Thual44, Chauprade and Thual45, Barre...
Introduction      operational knowledge based on a scientific method of analysis that relies on      multiple scales of ti...
Introduction      It will be important also to take in consideration history,because as believed Lucian Boia, “everything ...
Introduction      Cohen and Harris define it as               a set of goals, directives or intentions, formulated by pers...
Introductionwould be no inherent sense of agency or purposive action, which iswhat the term ‘policy’ always implies. In th...
Introductionalive”.67 In addition, Paul Veyne wrote that “history is the descriptionof what is specific, i.e. comprehensib...
Introductioncontemporary history.71 In France, under the influence of politics,especially for the study of the Second Worl...
Introductionpreceding period”,75 in our case, we can say with “revolutionarychange and crisis”.76       Our approach will ...
Introductionto cover this study, especially with Social Sciences, viewed by Souletas a sine qua non condition of success.8...
Introductionand complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activitywithin important circumstances”.88 For Rober...
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Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
Romania's post cold war international relations
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Romania's post cold war international relations

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This work’s research examines the international relations of Romania after the 89’ Revolution, within the changing parameters in the Romania’s near shore as well the new paradigms of International Relations appeared at the end of the eighties and the dawn of the 21st century. Focusing on the ‘major forces’ (geopolitics, country’s history…) likewise ‘variable forces’ (foreign policy, domestic policy, sociology…), this work identified three pillars: the powerful impact of the 'Others', an in-between situation and the complexity of Romania’ borderland as well its crossroad situation. These pillars underline the Romanian international relations actions and impel the Romanian foreign policy decisions. It is pointed out that Romania’s case study represented the Central and Eastern European Countries’ (CEECs) path and contingencies, likewise the politico-ideological transformation of the military alliance as well the European Union enlargement strategy adaptation in the Post-Cold War Era interdependence. In addition, this work allows validating some theories in different fields as Foreign Policy Change, International Relations, Geopolitics, Interdependence...
Over its history despite the geopolitical and domestic changes, Romania's main options in the international relations remained unchanged relying on system of alliance thru balancing or bandwagoning likewise International Organizations to guaranty the country’ peace and freedom. In addition, from a constant in-between situation associated to a complex borderland context, the country will move regularly to a crossroad situation. Besides, after restructuring the country’s internal s