Polsc 150 report


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Polsc 150 report

  1. 1. An inquiry on the local fiscal management of Barangay San Isidro Labrador, District I, Quezon City By: Legazpi, Karl and Mendoza, Mara
  2. 2. I. Introduction • Local government • In the Philippines, there are several levels of local authority. Province. Cities and Municipalites. • The Philippines is the one of the few countries with a submunicipal unit, the barangay, which provides the opportunity for face-to-face interaction • Population minimum of 2, 000 in provinces and 5,000 in Metro Manila
  3. 3. I. Introduction: Local government • Main source of revenue is the internal revenue tax, shared with national government • 20 percent to the barangays • Barangay own form of taking revenue, like barangay permits, etc.
  4. 4. I. Introduction • Fiscal management • Public finance: the income and outgo of governments in the pursuit of national objectives. (Briones, 2003) • It involves the inflow of financial resources in the form of taxes and other revenues, and the outflow of such resources in the form of expenditure to finance goods and services. (Briones, 2003)
  5. 5. I. Introduction: Fiscal management • The national budget embodies the development goals of the country. (Briones, 2003) • The national budget specifies the sources of revenue, including tax and non-tax revenues, as well as the proposed expenditure for government programs and projects. (Briones, 2003) • Thus, the budget articulates, in a very real sense the fiscal policies of a country like the Philippines. (Briones, 2003)
  6. 6. I. Introduction: Fiscal management • The Philippines’ unitary form of government prescribes, or better yet, enjoins a highly centralized determination of fiscal policies. (Cuaresma, 2003) • Local taxes, local budgets and other fiscal decisions formulated at the level of individual local government units (LGU’s) are expected to have significance only within the territorial jurisdiction of the local unit which formulated them. (Cuaresma, 2003) • In recent years, the national government redefined national- local fiscal relations in favor of devolution. (Cuaresma, 2003)
  7. 7. I. Introduction: Fiscal management • Under a more liberal policy of decentralization and a constitution that promotes local autonomy, LGU’s are expected to take on an increasingly important role in socioeconomic development. (Cuaresma, 2003)
  8. 8. I. Introduction Profile: Brgy. San Isidro Formal name: Barangay San Isidro Labrador, District 1, Quezon City Brgy. Captain: Ramoncito S. Reyes • 12hectares • 20,000-population • Residential
  9. 9. Research Question This study aimed to determine how fiscal management, particularly budget procurement and allocation, is practiced in Brgy. San Isidro, Quezon City.
  10. 10. Objectives of the study General: To determine how: • How budget procurement is done in Brgy. San Isidro. • How funds are distributed among the constituents in Brgy. San Isidro.
  11. 11. Objectives of the study Specific: To determine: • How funds are allocated/ appropriated to different offices / projects of Brgy. San Isidro. • Which specific department/sector receives the higher percentage in the budget allocated by the local government. • How Brgy. San Isidro generates its own fund. • (The approach in distributing the funds.) • (How long the disbursement of funds take.)
  12. 12. Scope and limitations • Barangay San Isidro only • Only interview; no survey conducted among the constituents; no field work; facilities were not inspected • Manner of interview only was informal and conversational; only interviewed the barangay officials • Only few fiscal years’ budgets were covered • Budget was on paper, not the real budget they received: not comparative in nature
  13. 13. Rationale • A way of checking on the local government’s accountability and transparency practices in its fiscal management. • Conducted to assess how fiscal management is done in the local government, most especially in our barangays. • More information on barangays get their budgets • Know where certain barangays channel their funds to.
  14. 14. II. Methodology 1. Mara Mendoza contacted her friend, whose uncle was an employee of Barangay San Isidro 2. An interview with the officials of Barangay San Isidro was scheduled on 3. The interview was conducted by Mara Mendoza on March 16 and March 17, 2014. 4. The officials interviewed were: • Ramoncito S. Reyes, Barangay Captain • Juanito Maranan and Enrique Lanuza, Brgy Kagawads
  15. 15. II. Methodology 5. The interview was conducted in an informal manner, with Mara talking to the officials over lunch and in their houses during the weekend 6. The data provided were given through (1) oral interviews and (2) borrowing the annual budget plans and report, between 2012 to 2014. 7. The Barangay profile was also provided by the Barangay Captain
  16. 16. DATA • A. Barangay: San Isidro Labrador, District 1, Area VI • B. Land Area: 24,093 sq. m • C. Population: 15,000-20,000 • D. Economic Status: Middle Class B
  17. 17. Barangay Officials • Barangay Captain- RAMONCITO S. REYES • Barangay Kagawad- Enrique P. Lanuza • Barangay Kagawad- Joselito T. Sahagun • Barangay Kagawad- Charmaine S. Reyes • Barangay Kagawad- Rosauro Dela Rosa Jr. • Barangay Kagawad- Henry R. Vicente • Barangay Kagawad-Juanito M. Maranan • Barangay Kagawad- Donald M. Hidalgo • Barangay Secretary- Hannah Joy G. Vicente • Barangay Treasurer- Raul. F. Cruz
  18. 18. BUDGET APPROPRIATED • “Respectfully transmitted herewith is the preliminary budget review of the Annual Budget of Brgy. San Isidro Labrador, District 1, Quezon City of Fiscal Year 2014 involving a total appropriation of P 6, 633, 524.80 as embodied in its appropriation ordinance…” • Marian C. Orayani (City Budget Officer) MARCH 11, 2014
  19. 19. MAJOR PROJECTS • Street Improvements -Concreting of Streets: Halcon, Mariveles, Dr. Alejos, Ma. Clara, Isarog • Drainage Improvements • Improvement of Side Walks • Repair of Two Artesian Well • Water System Improvement through MWSI • Street lighting
  20. 20. MAJOR PROJECTS FUNDED • PEACE and ORDER -Minimized Criminality -16 BPSO (tanod), 24hrs of duty -nightly roving of two Barangay Patrol & one motorcycle -constant communication with La Loma Police Station 1 -conducted seminars on PREVENTING CRIMES (snatching ang hold-up) -constructed neighborhood association on different streets -applied BCPC laws (Barangay Council for Protection of Children)
  21. 21. MAJOR PROJECTS FUNDED • CLEAN AND GREEN - Waste Segregation Program - Five Street Sweepers (8am-5pm) - Clean-up drive every third Sunday of the Month (Capt, staff, BPSOs, Street Sweepers, NGOs) - Garbage Collection: Wednesday and Saturday - Collection of debris every last Saturday of the month - Constructed Barangay Ordinances : prohibited dogs from straying on the streets : prohibited residents from illegal disposal of garbage
  22. 22. MAJOR PROJECTS FUNDED • EDUCATION - Day Care Center - Livelihood Programs : Meat Processing, Baking, Candle Making, and Soap Making
  23. 23. Barangay Income INCOME 6,633,524.80 A. Tax Revenue 6,633,524.80 a. Share on Real Property Tax Collection 2,817,343.80 b. Business Taxes and Licenses, Brgy. Clearance and other income 500,000.00 c. Other Taxes CTC Tax 100,000.00 d. Miscellaneous- Local Government Share on Internal Revenue Collection 3,216,181.00 B. Operating and Miscellaneous Income C. Capital Revenue D. Grants E. Extraordinary Receipts F. Borrowings
  24. 24. Appropriations APPROPRIATIONS A. Personal Services 3,214,201.72 B. Maintenance and Other Operating Expenditures 1,781,058.16 C. Non-office expenditures 1,638,264.92
  25. 25. Findings • How is the fund allocated to the different departments of the barangay? • -Budget appropriation is decided upon by the council depending on the needs of the community - The council reviews and decides to where the funds must be allocated, it is then forwarded to the city budget, then to the accounting department of the barangay, then the barangay treasurer releases the budget appropriated to the different departments
  26. 26. Findings • What should be prioritized? What are your priorities? -The needs of the people. Their SAFETY, HEALTH, and DEVELOPMENT.
  27. 27. FINDINGS • Which department receives the most budget? How much? Which project receives the most funds? Why does this specific department/sector receive the greatest percentage in the fund distributed by the government? - Peace and Order 643, 236.20 - For Safety and Protection (bought CCTV cameras)
  28. 28. FINDINGS • PROJECT: PEACE AND ORDER-CCTV cameras Is the budget enough to provide the effectiveness of the project? -No, there are only a few cameras installed around the area, it covers most of the important places within the barangay but still is inadequate. Also the total budget for Safety is not enough due to unanticipated expenses
  29. 29. FINDINGS • Is the number of people enough for the project (right no. of people, experts on the issue)? • -Yes, there are enough monitors for the CCTV installation project, enough trusted employees to take part within the said project • The live and recorded feed are monitored 24 hours
  30. 30. FINDINGS • Will increase in budget/number of personnel make the project more effective? - Yes, with a lot of people to monitor the CCTV project, with a more adequate budget to finance it as well, the safety of the citizens will be more secured (Ramoncito Reyes) - Regarding the number of tanods, 30 tanods is the ideal number however but would need more budget