The west and the world. By: Diana Alfonso, Manuela Navas and Daniela Escobedo. 7ª.
The West and The World
Countries in Africa, the Americas and Polynesia started an international exchange among them which included cultural and political beliefs. Western Countries were more and more interested in having this exchange because it not only benefited them but all at once.
-International Exchange: An important interchange based on commerce, culture, arts, political and social ideas.
The West’s First Outreach: Maritime Power
The first thing that the western countries had to do was to increase trade routes that let them colonize and exchange their products.
-Ottoman Empire: Was an Islamic Empire that lasted from 1299 to 1922 as an imperial monarchy and in 1923 as a state.
-World Trade System: Is the exchange of capital, goods and services across international borders or territories.
New Technology: A Key to Power
New map makings, advances in construction of ships and the combination of gunpowder and metallurgy helped explorers to have more efficient navigation and to extend power.
Portugal and Spain Lead the Pack
Portugal and Spain were the first countries in leadership the voyages of discovery along the Atlantic coast.
- Henry the Navigator: Was prince of the Kingdom of Portugal and an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire, being responsible for the beginning of the European worldwide explorations.
-Christopher Columbus: Was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere.
Northern European Expeditions
Countries from the north of Europe also began to explore the north part of America, expanding their domain power. The first ones were the French explores in reaching Canada in 1534.
- Dutch East India Company: Was a chartered company established in 1602, It was the first multinational corporation in the world and the first company to issue stock. It was also arguably the world's first mega corporation, possessing quasi-governmental powers, including the ability to wage war, negotiate treaties, coin money, and establish colonies.
-British East India Company: Was an early English joint-stock company that trade cotton, silk, saltpeter and tea.
Toward a World Economy
Europe entered in a world of international exchange with the new lands conquered and colonies.
The Colombian Exchange of disease and food
One of the negative aspects of this “exchange” was that the Europeans transmitted different diseases to the native population.
The West’s Comercial Outreach
The West Countries were more powerful in the machinery they used in sea voyages, were experience explorers and it helped them to be leaders in the international exchange commerce.
Imbalances in World Trade
Main idea: some nations exported goods in exchange of raw materials to expand their territory. The relationship between collies was affected by the policies of exporting objects and trade. Some areas of Europe were totally dependent of the world trade system.
Concept: world trade system: Is the exchange of capital, goods and services across international borders or territories.
A System of International Inequality
Main ideas: America and Africa were dependent of the world trade system but some places were still able to manage their trade without the need of the world trade system. British colonies invade America and Africa in search of slaves.
How Much World in the World Economy?
Main ideas: some indigenous kept with their form of trade ignoring the world trade system. China ignored European trade keeping their own way of trading. Japan was interested in trading with Europe but they went backwards. Russia trade with Asia, and Africa without some kingdoms that keep their form of trade.
Concepts: Nagasaki: Nagasaki is a city of China were Japan ruled for more than 2 centuries.
The Expansionist Trend
Main ideas: the world trade system expand through India and Asia in the 18 century. British companies regarded India as a good incorporation to this type of system cause their were big producers of cotton. Britain suspend the trade of cotton clothes to other parts of the world suppressing the development of manufacturing in south Asia.
Colonial Expansion Introduction
Main ideas: Europeans took control over a lot of cultures and people over the western seas. Most of the colonies became dependent on the world trade system.
The Americas: Loosely Controlled Colonies
Main ideas: Europeans took control over America in about 1509 they took control over Central America and after thy took control over the Incas. Americans adopted Catholicism and the form of trade of all the countries in Europe.
British and French North America: Backwater Colonies Main idea: British and French colonies were the most powerful colonies back in the eighteen century, they make the American colonies to became a trading colony and they helped those colonies to rebel.
North America and Western Civilization Main ideas: Main ideas: Americans had a like a child-centered life and homes as a result of their dependence on young laborers. In rebellion colonists couched their resistance in European politics. In European colonies there was not established aristocracy.
Is Globalization a modern historical movement or the world has always tended to being globalized, to the extent of disrupting settled and ancient cultures just for the sake of making a buck?
The world has always tended to being globalized not only for money but to get more power, to be bigger in territory, and to be the only one to own that territory. The world has being recognized for his passion for gobernation and this passion are complemented with the fact that people have the need have power. With the globalization they are always getting it. The world has always been tended to be globalized and to globalize them selves. Power is likely the most important thing to human, everything in life is based on power and globalization is one of the greatest things to get power.