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Information and Communication
Technology for Development


 OSM Research Seminar


 Manuel Blechschmidt
Agenda


2


    ■ Goal of this presentation
    ■ Comparsion Europe – Africa
    ■ Problems
       □ Education
       □ P...
Goal of this presentation


3


     ■ Giving some insides about development countries
     ■ What do you have to keep in ...
Comparsion Europe vs. Africa


4


                       Europe          Africa
    Population           731,000,000 922,...
5
Literacy Rate


6
Flynn effect


7


     ■ The Flynn effect is the rise of the average
       intelligence quotient (IQ) test scores over g...
Power supply europe


8


     ■ Germany
        □ 5597
     ■ France
        □ 6017
     ■ Spain
        □ 4299
     ■ Co...
Power supply africa


9

     ■ Kenya
         □ 640
     ■ Ethiopia
         □ 370
     ■ Conclusion:
         □ With the...
Global cellular subscribers


10
GSM Networks in Europe


11
GSM Networks in Africa


12
Financing


13


      ■ UNCTAD (2000) estimated that the annual total capital inflows of
        $9.5 billion to sub-Saha...
14




     What can be done with this point of departure?
One Laptop per Child


15
Vision: OLPC


16


     Mission Statement: To create educational opportunities for the
     world's poorest children by p...
Hardware


17


                ■ Ruggedized for extrem
                  environments
                ■ Wireless meshing ...
Application environment diagram

18
Mobile Money


19


      ■ Lack of banks pushes Africans to cellphone cash
      ■ Market forecast to reach 900 million p...
Grameen Bank


20


     ■ Grameen Bank (GB) has reversed conventional banking
       practice by removing the need for co...
Grameen Bank


21


     ■ Easy messages to people
     ■ It communicates 16 decisions. Here is the first one:
Conclusion


22


      ■ Help is possible
      ■ Keep it simple
          □ Keep it even more simple
      ■ Scale your ...
Sources


23

     1. https://www.cs.tcd.ie/publications/tech-reports/reports.03/TCD-CS-2003-24.pdf
     2. http://www.reu...
Sources


24


     16. Financing Africa’s Future G rowth and Development: Some
     I nnovations, E rnest Aryeetey
     1...
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Transcript of "Information Technology for Development Countries"

  1. 1. Information and Communication Technology for Development OSM Research Seminar Manuel Blechschmidt
  2. 2. Agenda 2 ■ Goal of this presentation ■ Comparsion Europe – Africa ■ Problems □ Education □ Power supply □ GSM Networks □ Financing ■ Famous projects □ One laptop per child □ Mobile money □ Grameen Bank ■ Conclusion
  3. 3. Goal of this presentation 3 ■ Giving some insides about development countries ■ What do you have to keep in mind when developing software for third world countries ■ Current trends in development aid
  4. 4. Comparsion Europe vs. Africa 4 Europe Africa Population 731,000,000 922,011,000 Area 10,180,000 km2 30,221,532 km2 Pop. Density 31 70 Countries 50 53 power supply N/A 37,00% mobile phone users 93.7%(EU) 5,00%
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Literacy Rate 6
  7. 7. Flynn effect 7 ■ The Flynn effect is the rise of the average intelligence quotient (IQ) test scores over generations (IQ gains over time) ■ Average IQ by region: East Asians – 105 Europeans – 99 sub-Saharan - 67 Based on Reynolds et al. 1987, p. 330
  8. 8. Power supply europe 8 ■ Germany □ 5597 ■ France □ 6017 ■ Spain □ 4299 ■ Consumption in kW pro year per capita Source: Gini Global Energy Network Insitute
  9. 9. Power supply africa 9 ■ Kenya □ 640 ■ Ethiopia □ 370 ■ Conclusion: □ With the power of one german we can supply 9 kenyians Source: Gini Global Energy Network Insitute
  10. 10. Global cellular subscribers 10
  11. 11. GSM Networks in Europe 11
  12. 12. GSM Networks in Africa 12
  13. 13. Financing 13 ■ UNCTAD (2000) estimated that the annual total capital inflows of $9.5 billion to sub-Saharan Africa at the time had to be doubled over the next ten years in order to raise the investment
  14. 14. 14 What can be done with this point of departure?
  15. 15. One Laptop per Child 15
  16. 16. Vision: OLPC 16 Mission Statement: To create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning. When children have access to this type of tool they get engaged in their own education. They learn, share, create, and collaborate. They become connected to each other, to the world and to a brighter future.
  17. 17. Hardware 17 ■ Ruggedized for extrem environments ■ Wireless meshing possibility ■ Build speaker, microphone and camera for social activities ■ Build in gaming control buttons ■ Low power consumption ■ Overall cheap hardware ■ Possibility to power with a solar panel ■ Power consumption is 2 W
  18. 18. Application environment diagram 18
  19. 19. Mobile Money 19 ■ Lack of banks pushes Africans to cellphone cash ■ Market forecast to reach 900 million people by 2014 ■ Phone operators see m-cash as tool for 'stickiness' ■ In Africa phone firms, not banks, lead the way ■ Only one in five people have bank accounts ■ mobile phones are spreading extremely fast: to 270 million in 2007 from just 50 million in 2003, according to industry association GSMA.
  20. 20. Grameen Bank 20 ■ Grameen Bank (GB) has reversed conventional banking practice by removing the need for collateral and created a banking system based on mutual trust, accountability, participation and creativity ■ As of May, 2009, it has 7.86 million borrowers, 97 percent of whom are women. With 2,556 branches, GB provides services in 84,388 villages, covering more than 100 percent of the total villages in Bangladesh.
  21. 21. Grameen Bank 21 ■ Easy messages to people ■ It communicates 16 decisions. Here is the first one:
  22. 22. Conclusion 22 ■ Help is possible ■ Keep it simple □ Keep it even more simple ■ Scale your solution ■ Easy things work
  23. 23. Sources 23 1. https://www.cs.tcd.ie/publications/tech-reports/reports.03/TCD-CS-2003-24.pdf 2. http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSL6977618 3. http://www.gsmworld.com/roaming/GSM_WorldPoster2008A.pdf 4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Africa 5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe 6. http://research.nokia.com/research/labs/teams/nokia_research_africa 7. http://www.infrastructureafrica.org/ 8. http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/national_energy_grid/europe/graphics/euro_trans.GIF 9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_energy_consumption_per_capita 10. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ 11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flynn_effect 12. http://www.brookings.edu/views/papers/dickens/20060619_IQ.pdf 13. Lynn, R. and Vanhanen, T. (2002). IQ and the wealth of nations. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-97510-X 14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_and_intelligence 15. The state of data communication networks in Africa: an overview http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=307607.307616
  24. 24. Sources 24 16. Financing Africa’s Future G rowth and Development: Some I nnovations, E rnest Aryeetey 17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OL PC _X O-1 18. http://www.laptop.org/en/
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