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Selection of the research problem


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Office 13 based presentation on 'Selection of a research Problem'. The need, importance and steps involved are discussed.

Office 13 based presentation on 'Selection of a research Problem'. The need, importance and steps involved are discussed.

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  • 1. Selection of the Research Problem
  • 2. What is selection??
  • 3. Meaning • Selection is the process by which the identified problem is refined and structured by focusing on specific targets and emphasising on certain variables • We are cutting down the edges to reach a well structured problem statement
  • 4. • What is the purpose of the study? • How much is already known? • Is additional information necessary? • What is to be ascertained or measured? • How is it to be measured?
  • 5. Factors affecting the selection..
  • 6. Selection Process State of scientific discipline Social Problems Personal values of the researcher Social Premiums Practical considerations
  • 7. Evaluating the selection..
  • 8. • Is the topic worth investigation? • Is effective data collection possible? • Is it feasible in terms of money /time? • Will it enable the development of hypothesis or a theory?
  • 9. Focus of Selection..
  • 10. • Selecting units of analysis Social Structures Individual Social Systems Social relationships Group of people
  • 11. • Selecting variables Study on Purchasing behaviour Income Age Family Study on new product marketing Demand Price Advertising
  • 12. • Selecting anticipated relationships for research Price Demand Demand Advertisement Advertisement Price
  • 13. Formulating Research Question..
  • 14. Research Question • A researcher, after refining his research problem, ends up in formulating the RQ, which describes the ideas contained in the research objectives. • A RQ is nothing but a refined, focused, structured and well defined statement of the research topic.
  • 15. Techniques of developing RQ • Recording questions • Reviewing Questions • Classifying Questions • Examining the questions • Separate major or key questions
  • 16. Types of Research Questions • ‘What’ Questions • ‘Why’ Questions • ‘How’ Questions
  • 17. Purpose of Research Questions 1. Define Scope of the research 2. Avoiding deflection or distraction
  • 18. Phases of developing a Research Question...
  • 19. Phase 1 • Why is the productivity of Japan is so much higher than in India? Phase 2 • What factors were responsible for the higher labour productivity of Japans manufacturing industries during the decade of 1971-1980 relative to Indian manufacturing industries Phase 3 • To what extend did the labour productivity in 1971-80 in Japan exceed that of India in respect of 15 selected manufacturing Industries? What factors were responsible for the productivity differentials b/w the two countries by Industries
  • 20. Conclusion • RQ/RP is the basis or foundation for every research. • Just as in case of physical structures, once you have laid down the foundation, you cannot go any further beyond its scope. • Since a RP, defines the scope of a research, one should observe maximum care and thinking while formulating the same.
  • 21. Reference • Research methods, Ram Ahuja, Rawat Publications. • Research Methodology Techniques and Trends, Dr. Y.K. Singh & Dr. R.B. Bajpai, APH Publishing corporations. • Research Methodology, K. Chakraworthy, Sumit Enterprises. • Research Methods in Social Science, Chava Nachmias & David Nachmias, Copyrighted. • Research Methodology Methods And Techniques (2nd revised Edition), C.R. Kothari, Vishwa Prakashan Publications. • Methodology of Social Sciences, O.R. Krishnaswami, Himalaya Publishing House.
  • 22. Further Contribution  Problems faced by small & medium retailers with respect to the new FDI Policy on retail  Impact of interest rate, inflation rate and exchange on index performance (any index such as Nifty index etc.)  Micro finance in Islamic economy  Factors that lead to investment in mutual funds ( specific type of MF)  Comparative study between current government and former government  Study on the impact of Direct Cash Transfer system on the rural economy