Sanitation in Developing CountriesPresentation Transcript
Key Issues in Sanitation and Pit-emptyingCommunity Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)and Orangi Pilot Project (OPP)University of Bristol – Feb, 2013Mansoor Ali20 January 2013
What is Community-Led TotalSanitation (CLTS)? – Is it a hope?
Why 2.5 billion people do nothave access to improvedsanitation?
Discussion on Two MajorApproaches on ImprovingSanitationRural; Community Led TotalSanitation (CLTS)Urban; Orangi Pilot Project on LaneSewers
What do we mean by sanitationimprovement?
CLTS and OPP Framing of theproblem Lack of demand Do not have money Do not like toilets Expensive technologies Lack of organisation Waiting for government and donors Do not understand health impact
CLTS – Key Features Key - triggering through shame – talk shit Focus on natural local leaders No upfront subsidy for material etc. Villagers take the collective responsibility Entire village becomes “Open Defecation Free (ODF)” People decide technologies and standards Possible reward after ODF declaration Village to village replication
How CLTS is different fromconventional approaches?Conventional Approach; CLTS Approach•Starts with data, planning and •Starts with the addressing thedesign change in attitude with• Technical designs and costing triggeringset the pathway for the action • Community takes the• Government role and responsibility and designregulation are important themselves• Operation and maintenance is • Community processes areplanned more important• Up-front subsidies are part of • Community will do thisinvestment themselves• Large investments needed • Subsidies are discouraged • Small investments needed
OPP – Key Features Motivational meeting in the community Lane organisation and lane manager Technical support; plan, designs, cost estimate, supervision, tools and shuttering No subsidy and no reward Lane group collect and manage money Lobby for government support Health, education and loans available A demonstration area/ physical model
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Technology Differences OPP low cost lane sewers with a septic tank CLTS – mainly on-site with community deciding the standards
People behind CLTS and OPPKamal KarRobert ChamberLyla MehtaAkhtar Hameed KhanArif HasanPerveen Rahman
Sources of Further InformationIDS, University of SussexOrangi Pilot ProjectAkhtar Hameed Khan TrustWater and Sanitation Programme(WSPUNICEFBook; Shit MattterBooks; Various by Arif Hasan
Choose your debateDebate 1; CLTS allows people tochoose technologies andstandards, although thisempowers them, but end-up withvery poor quality toilets – so nohealth impact?Agree, disagree, continue,change
Choose your debateDebate 2; OPP only transferswastewater (the problem)from lanes to large drains,although this systemsempowers people but createsproblems for others?Agree, disagree, continue,change
Thank youMansoor.email@example.com/yourpagehereNAME | 20 January 2013