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Sanitation in Developing Countries

Sanitation in Developing Countries






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    Sanitation in Developing Countries Sanitation in Developing Countries Presentation Transcript

    • Key Issues in Sanitation and Pit-emptyingCommunity Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)and Orangi Pilot Project (OPP)University of Bristol – Feb, 2013Mansoor Ali20 January 2013
    • What is Community-Led TotalSanitation (CLTS)? – Is it a hope?
    • Why 2.5 billion people do nothave access to improvedsanitation?
    • Discussion on Two MajorApproaches on ImprovingSanitationRural; Community Led TotalSanitation (CLTS)Urban; Orangi Pilot Project on LaneSewers
    • What do we mean by sanitationimprovement?
    • CLTS and OPP Framing of theproblem Lack of demand Do not have money Do not like toilets Expensive technologies Lack of organisation Waiting for government and donors Do not understand health impact
    • CLTS – Key Features Key - triggering through shame – talk shit Focus on natural local leaders No upfront subsidy for material etc. Villagers take the collective responsibility Entire village becomes “Open Defecation Free (ODF)” People decide technologies and standards Possible reward after ODF declaration Village to village replication
    • How CLTS is different fromconventional approaches?Conventional Approach; CLTS Approach•Starts with data, planning and •Starts with the addressing thedesign change in attitude with• Technical designs and costing triggeringset the pathway for the action • Community takes the• Government role and responsibility and designregulation are important themselves• Operation and maintenance is • Community processes areplanned more important• Up-front subsidies are part of • Community will do thisinvestment themselves• Large investments needed • Subsidies are discouraged • Small investments needed
    • OPP – Key Features Motivational meeting in the community Lane organisation and lane manager Technical support; plan, designs, cost estimate, supervision, tools and shuttering No subsidy and no reward Lane group collect and manage money Lobby for government support Health, education and loans available A demonstration area/ physical model
    • 20 January 2013
    • 20 January 2013
    • Technology Differences OPP low cost lane sewers with a septic tank CLTS – mainly on-site with community deciding the standards
    • People behind CLTS and OPPKamal KarRobert ChamberLyla MehtaAkhtar Hameed KhanArif HasanPerveen Rahman
    • Sources of Further InformationIDS, University of SussexOrangi Pilot ProjectAkhtar Hameed Khan TrustWater and Sanitation Programme(WSPUNICEFBook; Shit MattterBooks; Various by Arif Hasan
    • Choose your debateDebate 1; CLTS allows people tochoose technologies andstandards, although thisempowers them, but end-up withvery poor quality toilets – so nohealth impact?Agree, disagree, continue,change
    • Choose your debateDebate 2; OPP only transferswastewater (the problem)from lanes to large drains,although this systemsempowers people but createsproblems for others?Agree, disagree, continue,change
    • Thank youMansoor.ali@practicalaction.org.ukwww.practicalaction.org/yourpagehereNAME | 20 January 2013