2012 Lecture on Community Led Sanitation

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Lecture to the Students at Development Planning Unit (DPU) at University College London.

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  • 2012 Lecture on Community Led Sanitation

    1. 1. Community Led Total Sanitation(CLTS) and Orangi Pilot Project(OPP)Empowerment through ParticipationDPU Lecture – 27th Nov, 2012Mansoor Ali20 December 2012
    2. 2. Pre-lecture discussion;Asking a question vs order an actionConventional approachOutcome of conventional approachWho defines the problem & itscauses
    3. 3. Why 2.5 billion people do not haveaccess to improved sanitation? Both OPP and CLTS defined the problem in a certain way; Lack of participation; lack of ownership; capabilities of the poor; affordability to pay; ability to operate and maintain
    4. 4. CLTS and OPP Framing of theproblem Building on or creating demand Expensive conventional technologies Support and organisation is important Waiting for government and donors Do not understand health impact
    5. 5. CLTS – Key Features Key - triggering through shame – talk shit Focus on natural local leaders No upfront subsidy for material etc. Villagers take the collective responsibility Entire village becomes “Open Defecation Free (ODF)” People decide technologies and standards Possible reward after ODF declaration Village to village replication
    6. 6. How CLTS is different fromconventional approaches?Conventional Approach; CLTS Approach•Starts with data, planning and •Starts with the addressing thedesign change in attitude with triggering• Technical designs and costing set • Community takes thethe pathway for the action responsibility and design• Government role and regulation themselvesare important • Community processes are more• Operation and maintenance is importantplanned • Community will do this• Up-front subsidies are part of themselvesinvestment • Subsidies are discouraged• Large investments needed • Small investments needed
    7. 7. OPP – Key Features Motivational meeting in the community Lane organisation and lane manager Technical support; plan, designs, cost estimate, supervision, tools and shuttering No subsidy and no reward Lane group collect and manage money Lobby for government support Health, education and loans available A demonstration area/ physical model
    8. 8. 20 December 2012
    9. 9. 20 December 2012
    10. 10. Technology DifferencesOPP low cost lane sewers with a septic tankCLTS – mainly on-site with communitydeciding the standards
    11. 11. People behind CLTS and OPPKamal KarRobert ChamberLyla MehtaAkhtar Hameed KhanArif HasanPerveen Rahman
    12. 12. Sources of Further InformationIDS, University of SussexOrangi Pilot ProjectAkhtar Hameed Khan TrustWater and Sanitation Programme(WSPUNICEFBook; Shit MattterBooks; Various by Arif Hasan
    13. 13. Choose your debateDebate 1; CLTS allows people tochoose technologies andstandards, although thisempowers them, but end-up withvery poor quality toilets – so nolong term health impact?Agree, disagree, continue orchange
    14. 14. Choose your debateDebate 2; OPP only transferswastewater (the problem)from lanes to large drainselsewhere, although thissystems empowers peoplebut creates problems forothers?Agree, disagree, continue orchange
    15. 15. Political Context orStructural Causes ofNot EmpoweringCitizens to Improvetheir Sanitation
    16. 16. Habits and taboosLand and its ownershipInvestmentsCorruptionTechnology divideEmptying of pitsTreatment plants
    17. 17. The Politics of Sewerage andOn-Site Sanitation in CitiesThe Politics of InvestmentsThe Nature of Institutions
    18. 18. Sustaining Empowermentwithout Institutional/ PoliticalChangePower and AuthorityReasons for their FormationExpectations from themOut-dated Institutional Models
    19. 19. Thank youMansoor.ali@practicalaction.org.ukwww.practicalaction.org/yourpagehereNAME | 20 December 2012

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