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The third industrial revolution is happening
The third industrial revolution is happening
Third
industrial
revolution

Birth of
Fablabs

Fablabs in
manufacturing &
education

Goal of this presentation
First industrial revolution
Second industrial revolution
Third industrial revolution
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Third industrial revolution: Internet of Things
analog to digital
communication
(1945)

analog to digital
computation
(1955)

analog to digital
fabrication
(2005)

Digita...
The third industrial revolution can be experienced
in so-called FabLabs that empower users to ‘make
almost anything’. Alth...
CNC routers
3D scanners
3D milling machines
Microcontroller programming tools
3D printers
Laser cutters

Fablab(s)
6 3D printers
2 Lasersnijders
1 Vinylsnijder
Brussels (Fablab iMAL)
       site: http://www.imal.org/fablab
        contact: Yves Bernard, fablab@imal.org
Genk (FabLab...
Designers must handle the development
This does, however, not change the need for
designers to have making and prototyping skills –
to the contrary: it is fair ...
Integration of microelectronics
Stadslab Rotterdam (Fablab+)
Stadslab Rotterdam (Fablab+)
Stadslab Rotterdam
Stadslab Rotterdam / Sensorlab
Stadslab Rotterdam / Sensorlab
Stadslab Rotterdam / Applab (Open Data)
Stadslab Rotterdam / Applab (Open Data)
Stadslab Rotterdam / Fablab
Stadslab Rotterdam / Fablab
Working in the lab
* Learning by doing
* No incentives like exams
* Experimenting (and failing (again))
* Inspire (others)...
© 2009 Thomas Whaites, Photo Nick Ballon

Stadslab Rotterdam
Design	
  problems	
  are	
  
mul0dimensional,	
  highly	
  interac0ve,	
  
ill-­‐structered...	
  also	
  refered	
  to	
...
em	
  focused	
  
Probl

Solu0
on	
  fo
cused
	
  

Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
New challenges in rapid prototyping and co-creating
Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
In this course students were asked to build their
own smart object – an object using electronics and
programming to create...
Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
Doelen:
1.  De student kent de basisprocessen van een
FabLab
2.  De student kan de basisprocessen voor het
bouwen van een ...
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The Course
1) 
2) 
3) 
4) 
5) 
6) 
7) 

The method of agile rapid prototyping
Mechanical drawing and buildings
Circuit boa...
Essential: Peer learning
Different educational backgrounds
high

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1st quarter
2nd quarter

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low

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1

2

Relevance of the topics

3

4

5

6

7
Examples: Prototypes
Current insights not only show that the Fablab
course enables students to use the Fablab
machines and materials, but also ...
Other (educational) users: Minors
Rediscover, Retrieve, Relive & Reinvent
Trial workshops
Trial workshops
Trial workshops
Trial workshops
Trial workshops
Not only students that followed the FabLab course
are working in the city lab. Currently, the FabLab
almost succumbed due ...
Hackerspace = a collection of programmers
sharing a physical space (result: MakerBot)

What is happening: Creative spaces
Makerspace = publicly-accessible places to
design and create (result: Pebble)

What is happening: Creative spaces
Techshop = public access to high-end
equipment in exchange for membership fees

What is happening: Creative spaces
Fablab = is a small scale workshop offering
digital fabrication

What is happening: Creative spaces
What is happening: Participatory learning environment
Why it is happening: Open
Why it is happening: Peer learning
Get your hands dirty with digital production!
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Third industrial revolution
from hierarchical to lateral (consumer) power.

The third industrial revolution happening in R...
Third industrial & digital revolution
new ‘designers’ on the market

The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterda...
Thanks to increased computing
difficult processes & machines become easy

The third industrial revolution happening in Rott...
A Fablab is (fabrication laboratory) is a smallscale workshop offering digital fabrication

The third industrial revolutio...
In a Fablab everyone can design & create
where does that leaves us (designers)?

The third industrial revolution happening...
(t)here is a new world unfolding and
everyone will have to adapt1

Contact Informatie
Kenniscentrum Creating 010
Hogeschoo...
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3rd revolution happening in Rotterdam

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Presentation for 4th year students Industrial Design at the University of Antwerpen.

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3rd revolution happening in Rotterdam

  1. 1. !"##$%&"#'()*+,("-'$#.+/0/ 123+12456 47689154:; 53<=;814=7 2:>>3747?+47 5=11356:@ !"#$#%!$&'()'%*%+"#%,()%-") !"#$%&'%"()**)+,#+-%&)*./0 The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  2. 2. The third industrial revolution is happening
  3. 3. The third industrial revolution is happening
  4. 4. Third industrial revolution Birth of Fablabs Fablabs in manufacturing & education Goal of this presentation
  5. 5. First industrial revolution
  6. 6. Second industrial revolution
  7. 7. Third industrial revolution
  8. 8. )"*$+'+#,*-./"#$%&'.0-#1 )"*,23#"45$./"#$%&'.0-#1 !"#$%&' '(&'")* ( !"#$%& +,&$-,'*./$&% ( ( ( ( ( ( ( '(&#.+"/ !$#*/$0.*$(&1-2(3 Third industrial revolution '(&'")*141$!", !"#$%& +,&.-,'*./$&%
  9. 9. Third industrial revolution: Internet of Things
  10. 10. analog to digital communication (1945) analog to digital computation (1955) analog to digital fabrication (2005) Digital revolution
  11. 11. The third industrial revolution can be experienced in so-called FabLabs that empower users to ‘make almost anything’. Although this does not change the need for designers to have making and prototyping skills, there is no doubt the revolution impacts the design profession in terms of skills required and design methodologies and practices. Third industrial revolution in Fablabs
  12. 12. CNC routers 3D scanners 3D milling machines Microcontroller programming tools 3D printers Laser cutters Fablab(s)
  13. 13. 6 3D printers
  14. 14. 2 Lasersnijders
  15. 15. 1 Vinylsnijder
  16. 16. Brussels (Fablab iMAL)        site: http://www.imal.org/fablab         contact: Yves Bernard, fablab@imal.org Genk (FabLab Genk)        site: http://www.fablabgenk.be         contact: Danny Leen, danny.leen@khlim.be Gent (Timelab)         site: http:www.timelab.org         contact: Evi Swinnen, evi@timelab.org Leuven       site: http://www.fablab-leuven.be       contact: Pieter Gysel, pieter.gysel@leuven.be Liège/Luik site: http://relab.be/ Fablabs in Belgium
  17. 17. Designers must handle the development
  18. 18. This does, however, not change the need for designers to have making and prototyping skills – to the contrary: it is fair to assume that designers will be supposed to be even more proficient in using these possibilities. Designers must handle the development
  19. 19. Integration of microelectronics
  20. 20. Stadslab Rotterdam (Fablab+)
  21. 21. Stadslab Rotterdam (Fablab+)
  22. 22. Stadslab Rotterdam
  23. 23. Stadslab Rotterdam / Sensorlab
  24. 24. Stadslab Rotterdam / Sensorlab
  25. 25. Stadslab Rotterdam / Applab (Open Data)
  26. 26. Stadslab Rotterdam / Applab (Open Data)
  27. 27. Stadslab Rotterdam / Fablab
  28. 28. Stadslab Rotterdam / Fablab
  29. 29. Working in the lab * Learning by doing * No incentives like exams * Experimenting (and failing (again)) * Inspire (others) * Technology is no magic, it’s a tool * Start everyday with a new idea Stadslab Rotterdam
  30. 30. © 2009 Thomas Whaites, Photo Nick Ballon Stadslab Rotterdam
  31. 31. Design  problems  are   mul0dimensional,  highly  interac0ve,   ill-­‐structered...  also  refered  to  as   ‘wicked’  problems   In  design  ‘perfect’  solu0ons  do  not   exist.  Simply  because  we  do  not   know  what  the  perfect  solu0on  is.   Lawson   Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  32. 32. em  focused   Probl Solu0 on  fo cused   Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  33. 33. New challenges in rapid prototyping and co-creating
  34. 34. Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  35. 35. In this course students were asked to build their own smart object – an object using electronics and programming to create interaction. Using open source technologies students were enabled to build their own working prototype. Students would not build a perfect product, but a series of prototypes that leads to an alpha version of a smart object. Core of the elective is to empower students by teaching them simple processes and using publicly accessible information and technology (open source) to develop prototypes with a minimal amount of time. Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  36. 36. Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  37. 37. Doelen: 1.  De student kent de basisprocessen van een FabLab 2.  De student kan de basisprocessen voor het bouwen van een prototype zelfstandig gebruiken 3.  De student kan gedocumenteerde ontwerpen en processen vinden en aan- of toepassen op zijn eigen project 4.  De student kan een (hardware) ontwikkelproces documenteren 5.  De student kan door middel van het prototyping proces reflecteren op zijn ontwerp Doelen: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  38. 38. 60$7.8.9+41:)4; 23$%#1*-%3)&(#4#1*$&.3*'( !"#$"%#& !"#$%&#'&((!)#*)+#,!*'( '#()#*+%,-. !)#-.&*$&+#/.!$!$0/&( 3455%,23$%#/&&.( /,+$012*+%0, !"#$%&#$%&1& Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  39. 39. The Course 1)  2)  3)  4)  5)  6)  7)  The method of agile rapid prototyping Mechanical drawing and buildings Circuit boards and electronics Microcontrollers Input and sensors Output and activators Communication 8)  Alpha prototype 9)  Alpha prototype 10) Exposition Course: What Do You Need to Make (Almost) Anything
  40. 40. Essential: Peer learning
  41. 41. Different educational backgrounds
  42. 42. high !* ) ( ' & % $ # 1st quarter 2nd quarter " low ! 1 2 Relevance of the topics 3 4 5 6 7
  43. 43. Examples: Prototypes
  44. 44. Current insights not only show that the Fablab course enables students to use the Fablab machines and materials, but also that it empowers students to accelerate their ideation and invention processes. Interestingly, students develop near-professional prototypes using the laser cutter and 3D printer in just 10 weeks. Empowerment
  45. 45. Other (educational) users: Minors
  46. 46. Rediscover, Retrieve, Relive & Reinvent
  47. 47. Trial workshops
  48. 48. Trial workshops
  49. 49. Trial workshops
  50. 50. Trial workshops
  51. 51. Trial workshops
  52. 52. Not only students that followed the FabLab course are working in the city lab. Currently, the FabLab almost succumbed due to its success; more and more students find their way to the FabLab. It can be concluded that the course has been a catalyst; current students are increasingly active, creative, and innovative. To enable students to use the Fablab we hired students as stewards of the lab. We educated these students to be experts of all machines and materials. Now these students educate other students to become stewards as well. What is happening: Catalysing innovation
  53. 53. Hackerspace = a collection of programmers sharing a physical space (result: MakerBot) What is happening: Creative spaces
  54. 54. Makerspace = publicly-accessible places to design and create (result: Pebble) What is happening: Creative spaces
  55. 55. Techshop = public access to high-end equipment in exchange for membership fees What is happening: Creative spaces
  56. 56. Fablab = is a small scale workshop offering digital fabrication What is happening: Creative spaces
  57. 57. What is happening: Participatory learning environment
  58. 58. Why it is happening: Open
  59. 59. Why it is happening: Peer learning
  60. 60. Get your hands dirty with digital production!
  61. 61. !"##$%&"#'()*+,("-'$#.+/0/ 123+12456 47689154:; 53<=;814=7 2:>>3747?+47 5=11356:@ !"#$#%!$&'()'%*%+"#%,()%-") !"#$%&'%"()**)+,#+-%&)*./0 The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  62. 62. Third industrial revolution from hierarchical to lateral (consumer) power. The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  63. 63. Third industrial & digital revolution new ‘designers’ on the market The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  64. 64. Thanks to increased computing difficult processes & machines become easy The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  65. 65. A Fablab is (fabrication laboratory) is a smallscale workshop offering digital fabrication The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  66. 66. In a Fablab everyone can design & create where does that leaves us (designers)? The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam
  67. 67. (t)here is a new world unfolding and everyone will have to adapt1 Contact Informatie Kenniscentrum Creating 010 Hogeschool Rotterdam creating010@hr.nl The third industrial revolution happening in Rotterdam Manon Mostert – van der Sar m.h.van.der.sar@hr.nl

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