Interactive Experience Design Explorations in   Optimal Experience Theories  Rhythm Affinity and Synchrony and the   Parad...
Why Study Games? <ul><li>“ We play and we know that we play,  </li></ul><ul><li>so we must be more than rational beings,  ...
Why Study Games?
Personal Thought Shift  I am designing games objectives, obstacles, enemies, collectibles I am designing interactive media...
Investigating Optimal Experiences  <ul><li>Flow </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy </li></ul><ul><li>...
Flow  <ul><li>Clear goals at every step </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate feedback to actions </li></ul><ul><li>Balance between ...
Enchantment  <ul><li>The specific sensuousness of each thing </li></ul><ul><li>The whole person with desires, feelings, an...
Applications Example  Flow : Clear and Concise Goals supported by design heuristics, efficiency/production models Enchantm...
Minimalism & Ambiguity  Classic Arts minimalism creates space into which the user can place themselves ambiguity encourage...
Minimalism & Ambiguity  Minimal control mechanics increase context awareness, usability, and skill adaptability  Minimal n...
Rhythm Affinity and Synchrony  An experiment to study the interrelatedness of ideas Flow Rhythm Synchrony Emotion Tempo Mu...
Synchros  Group 1 Silent Random Stimuli Group 2 Silent Rhythmic Stimuli Group 3 Asynchronous Sound Rhythmic Stimuli Group ...
Results: Unexpected  Still processing full results, but… <ul><li>Properties of Flow are NOT transitive </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Future Studies  <ul><li>Proved the power of phenomenology studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to understand what aspects...
Portfolio Example  TIPOL  5 people, 48 hours, 1 game Strict exercise in minimal design - narrative and controls Mechanics ...
Play
Full Circle The New Games Movement
Thank You For more information download the full thesis at  http://ied.manojalpa.net
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Interactive Experience Design

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My thesis presentation, an investigation in optimal experience theories and applications to game design.

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  • Interactive Experience Design

    1. 1. Interactive Experience Design Explorations in Optimal Experience Theories Rhythm Affinity and Synchrony and the Paradigm Shift of a Developing Medium
    2. 2. Why Study Games? <ul><li>“ We play and we know that we play, </li></ul><ul><li>so we must be more than rational beings, </li></ul><ul><li>for play is irrational” </li></ul><ul><li>-Johan Huizinga </li></ul><ul><li>Homo Ludens </li></ul>
    3. 3. Why Study Games?
    4. 4. Personal Thought Shift I am designing games objectives, obstacles, enemies, collectibles I am designing interactive media reactions, interactions, patterns, purpose I am designing evocative interactive multimedia emotions, thoughts, feelings, messages, experiences I am designing interactive experiences player agency, collaboration, systems of interaction, emotions, ambiguity
    5. 5. Investigating Optimal Experiences <ul><li>Flow </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy </li></ul><ul><li>Short-Term </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge/Skill </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive Difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Mihayl Czikszentmihayli </li></ul><ul><li>Enchantment </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Immersion </li></ul><ul><li>Long-Term </li></ul><ul><li>Novelty/Ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>hci </li></ul><ul><li>McCarthy et al </li></ul>
    6. 6. Flow <ul><li>Clear goals at every step </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate feedback to actions </li></ul><ul><li>Balance between challenge and skill </li></ul><ul><li>Action and awareness are merged </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions are excluded from consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>There is no worry of failure </li></ul><ul><li>Self-consciousness disappears </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of time is distorted </li></ul><ul><li>The activity becomes autotelic </li></ul>
    7. 7. Enchantment <ul><li>The specific sensuousness of each thing </li></ul><ul><li>The whole person with desires, feelings, and anxieties </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of being in play </li></ul><ul><li>Paradox, openness, and ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>The transformational character of experience </li></ul>
    8. 8. Applications Example Flow : Clear and Concise Goals supported by design heuristics, efficiency/production models Enchantment : Ambiguity as a Design Resource supported by studies on minimalism, classic arts Ambiguity
    9. 9. Minimalism & Ambiguity Classic Arts minimalism creates space into which the user can place themselves ambiguity encourages the user to engage with the medium & establish empathy Social Communication facebook pokes, 140 letter tweets, Kaye’s “I just clicked to say I love you” minimalism broadens interpretation and evaluation space Meaning & Mechanics “ less is more” focuses user on context, nuance, and detail
    10. 10. Minimalism & Ambiguity Minimal control mechanics increase context awareness, usability, and skill adaptability Minimal narrative elements as with books, encourage empathy, user engagement and interpretation Minimal communication outlets help reduce grieving, create more stimulating AI, hone focus
    11. 11. Rhythm Affinity and Synchrony An experiment to study the interrelatedness of ideas Flow Rhythm Synchrony Emotion Tempo Music
    12. 12. Synchros Group 1 Silent Random Stimuli Group 2 Silent Rhythmic Stimuli Group 3 Asynchronous Sound Rhythmic Stimuli Group 4 Synchronous Sound Rhythmic Stimuli Silent vs Auditory Asynchronous vs Synchronous
    13. 13. Results: Unexpected Still processing full results, but… <ul><li>Properties of Flow are NOT transitive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People with rhythmic stimuli and higher scores reported more accurate times, inverting the hypothesis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rhythm and emotion are linked, but NOT always positively correlated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More correlations to emotional responses in rhythmic tests, but sometimes it was a lack, not presence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Auditory stimulus does NOT improve score </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesis that more synchronized stimuli would improve performance was overturned </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Future Studies <ul><li>Proved the power of phenomenology studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to understand what aspects of games create what effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many assumptions were overturned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looking beyond stereotypical audiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tested 14-24 age range; lack of familiarity with interface had too great an impact on performance to test older users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ability to influence emotions through rhythm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users with sound that fell in and out of synch reported more enthusiasm towards the experience, possibly due to meta-level challenge. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Portfolio Example TIPOL 5 people, 48 hours, 1 game Strict exercise in minimal design - narrative and controls Mechanics take under 10 seconds to learn 1 rule
    16. 16. Play
    17. 17. Full Circle The New Games Movement
    18. 18. Thank You For more information download the full thesis at http://ied.manojalpa.net

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