• Save
Techno Commercial Analysis of Importing Indonesian Coal For Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power Plant - 6 x 660 MW
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Techno Commercial Analysis of Importing Indonesian Coal For Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power Plant - 6 x 660 MW

on

  • 249 views

This technical paper was published by Bureau of Energy Efficiency under their EMT Program. It was summary of my MBA summer training report at Reliance Infra - 2008

This technical paper was published by Bureau of Energy Efficiency under their EMT Program. It was summary of my MBA summer training report at Reliance Infra - 2008

Statistics

Views

Total Views
249
Views on SlideShare
227
Embed Views
22

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

2 Embeds 22

http://www.slideee.com 17
https://www.linkedin.com 5

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Techno Commercial Analysis of Importing Indonesian Coal For Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power Plant - 6 x 660 MW Document Transcript

  • 1. In this paper, a techno-commercial analysis method based on comparing 3 coal exporting countries in Asia–Pacific region has been done for a 6 x 660 MW imported coal based ultra mega power plant employing supercritical technology from Shanghai Electric Corp., China located in Krishnapatnam (A.P, India) to show “How much economic is importing coal for Krishnapatnam UMPP ”. Annual coal requirement is 15.33 MTPA @ 4290 Kcal/Kg (GCV) on GAR basis from Indonesia. FOB for Indonesian is $ 50 /T & landed cost is $ 70.4 /T on CIF basis at plant site. Coal is imported in CAPESIZE vessels of 1, 75,000 DWT (87,500 GRT) @ 15 Knots in 7.5 days from Indonesia. KUMMP was awarded to RELIANCE POWER LTD, & PPA of levelised tariff of Rs. 2.33/Kwhr has been signed between the beneficiary state (T.N, A.P, Maharashtra & Karnataka) for 25 years. Analysis for cost formation of the landed cost of imported coal at power plant site as well as the effects of coal consumption , cycle time of vessels, different routes, duration & delivery time and characteristics of Indonesian coal has been discussed. Indonesian coal is most economical because of short distance and huge availability to meet plant requirement. Thus coal consumption is reduced by employing supercritical technology in KUMPP as heat energy produced by imported coal is more efficiently utilised for generating electricity. Ultr a Mega Power Plant 6 x 660 MW umpp is located near krishnapatnam village in muttukur mandal of Nellore distt of coastal Andhra Pradesh. LATITUDE 140 – 18’ – 26” N & LONGITUDE 800 – 07’ – 11.81” E. It has 6 units of 660 MW each which is to be commissioned by 1st April 2013. The has installed capacity of 3960 MW. Contracted capacity is of 3465 MW to 3762 MW, employing supercritical technology from Shanghai Electric Grp,China. . Some parameters to be considered for each unit :- • Pressure: 247 kg/sq.cm (abs) • Main steam temp :535 ° C • Reheat temp : 565 ° C • Station heat rate : 2250 Kcal / Kwhr • Availability :90 % • PLF : 85% Project Dynamics • The most suitable location for importing coal are south Africa, Australia & Indonesia in Asia- Pacific region. • 15.33 MPTA is annual coal requirement , 2076 tph ,49824 tpd @ 4290 Kcal/Kg (gcv) on GAR basis. • Coal is imported on AR & DB basis . a. AR (as received)- includes total moisture b. DB (dry basis) - excludes all moisture • Sharing of power- 40 % to A.P & 20 % to Maharashtra, T.N, Karnataka each. • The nearest port to plant site is Krishnapatnam port. a. One of the India’s largest and fastest growing seaports, Krishnapatnam Port. b. It is fast becoming a port of choice for all international cargo originating from and destined to the Southern and Central India. c. Can store 0.63 MT (15 days) of coal at port and 1.26 MT at plant site for (30 days) d. Maximum handling loss of 0.2 % at port. ABSTRACT Techno-Commercial Analysis of Importing Indonesian Coal for Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power Plant 6 X 660 MW K Mr. Manoj Vyas - MBA Power Management Shri. Anil Kumar – Project Guide, Senior Analyst. NPTI Faridabad (Under Ministry of Power, Govt. Of India) manojvyas.ee@gmail.com
  • 2. Coal Linkages & Coal Markets AUSTRALIA INDEX Price(fob) US$ (4 Aug-2008) GCV(Kcal/Kg) Time In Delivery(Days) Indonesia • Indonesia is world’s no .1 thermal coal producer of coal resources and 18.5 bn tons of reserves are present in the South Sumatra • RCRPL has acquired Srivijaya Bintangtiga Energy, Bryayan Bintangtiga Energy and Sugico Pendragon Energy in the hectares. • The coal from the mines would be supplied to Reliance Power’s 4,000 Power Project at Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and also to the Shahapur power project in Maharashtra • Reliance has acquired mines with reserves of 2 billion to linked model • Since the mines are located in the South Sumatra region which is closer to India's east coast, shipping time will be cut down by two days • Reliance plans to build infrastruc • The three mines acquired by Reliance Power in Indonesia have coal reserves valued at about Rs 20,000 crore • There are 2 coal markets in world Atlantic & Pacific. • The coal can be purchased on contract basis & spot market basis. • Types of coal are hard & soft on the availability basis. • Hard & soft coal be further bifurcated into coking (for iron & steel manufacturing) & non-coking generation). AUSTRALIA SOUTH AFRICA INDONESIA NEWC RB 160 155.13 6300 6000 4200 17.42 13.35 7.50 no .1 thermal coal producer. Indonesia has an estimated amount of 90 bn of coal resources and 18.5 bn tons of coal reserves. More than 64% More than 64% of country’s coal reserves are present in the South Sumatra. RCRPL has acquired Srivijaya Bintangtiga Energy, Bryayan Bintangtiga Energy and Sugico Pendragon Energy in the South Sumatra area of Indonesia spread over an area of 40,000 The coal from the mines would be supplied to Reliance Power’s 4,000- Power Project at Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and also to the Shahapur power project mines with reserves of 2 billion tonnes on a risk Since the mines are located in the South Sumatra region which is closer to India's east coast, shipping time will be cut down by two days Reliance plans to build infrastructure, including a 100-kilometre railway line The three mines acquired by Reliance Power in Indonesia have coal reserves valued at Atlantic South Africa Columbia There are 2 coal markets in world Atlantic & Pacific. The coal can be purchased on contract basis & spot market & soft on the availability basis. Hard & soft coal be further bifurcated into coking (for iron & coking coal (for power 1% South sumatra east kalimantan riau south kalimantan others INDONESIA ICI 50 4200 7.50 imated amount of 90 bn tons More than 64% of country’s coal RCRPL has acquired Srivijaya Bintangtiga Energy, Bryayan Bintangtiga Energy and Sugico spread over an area of 40,000 -MW Ultra Mega Power Project at Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and also to the Shahapur power project nnes on a risk-free production- Since the mines are located in the South Sumatra region which is closer to India's east coast, railway line The three mines acquired by Reliance Power in Indonesia have coal reserves valued at Atlantic Africa Columbia Pacific Indonesia Australia China sumatra kalimantan kalimantan
  • 3. Coal Analysis There are 3 types of coal analysis: a. Qualitative : proximate analysis & ultimate analysis b. Quantitative: coal consumption on hourly, daily, monthly & annual basis. c. Cost: among Australia, South Africa & Indonesia as per there coal indices . Ship scheduling Cycle time 1+5.50+1+1+5.50=14days No.of available days 320 No.of voyages 320/14=23 Qty per vessel(175 DWT) CAPESIZE 87500 GRT approx Annual capacity 87500 X 23=2 MT Annual capacity of 8 vessels 16 MTPA The requirement of 15.33 MTPA of the KUMPP can be met with ease by above method. GCV of Coal (designed) 4290 Kcal/Kg Specific coal consumption 0.5244 kg/kwhr Hourly consumption of coal(6X 660MW) 1750 Te Daily coal consumption @85% PLF 4200 Te Annual coal requirement @85 % PLF 15.33 MTPA Description quality GCV(GAR) Kcal/kg Price(US$) as on 06-june-08 TM(GAR)% Ash(GAR)% Sulphur% ICI-1 6500 120.36 12 12 1 ICI-2 5800 95.17 18 10 0.8 ICI-3 5000 75.58 30 8 0.6 Reliance coal ICI-4 4290 50 33.30 2.60 .24 Port name Distance (Km) Speed (Kts) Seatime (days) Port time (days) Total delivery time Departure (including 1 day at loading port) Arrival Tarah coal terminal, Indonesia 3667 15 5.50 2 7.50 15-8-2008 7 hrs 20-8-2008 23:32hrs Richardsbay port, SA 7569 15 11.35 2 13.35 15-8-2008 7 hrs 27-8-2008 15:27 hrs New castle port, Australia 10281 15 15.42 2 17.42 15-8-2008 7 hrs 30-8-2008 17 hrs
  • 4. Landed Cost of Indonesian coal Landed cost consist = FOB ($ 50) + freight rates + inland handling charges at Krishnapatnam port. = CIF + inland handling charges at Krishnapatnam Data for calculating landed cost : a) Cost of coal at Indonesian coal = Rs. 2000 @$ 50 /T ($ 1= Rs. 40) b) quantity of coal imported form Indonesia through 175000 DWT vessel c) rail distance (in km) for carrying coal from Indonesian Mine end to Indonesian Port d) transportation cost of coal/tonne/km e) coal handling charges /tonne at Indonesian Port f) Sea - route Distance (in Km.) g) transportation cost of coal/tonne/km h) coal handling charges /tonne at Krishnapatnam Port Options for sourcing coal There are 3 options for sourcing coal: a. Port > conveyer> project site b. Mid sea Anchorage > c. Mid sea anchorage > Landed Cost of Indonesian coal + freight rates + inland handling charges at Krishnapatnam port. handling charges at Krishnapatnam port = $ 70.4 Cost of coal at Indonesian coal = Rs. 2000 @$ 50 /T ($ 1= Rs. 40) quantity of coal imported form Indonesia through 175000 DWT vessel = 87,500 T distance (in km) for carrying coal from Indonesian Mine end to Indonesian Port portation cost of coal/tonne/km= Rs.1 /Km coal handling charges /tonne at Indonesian Port = Rs. 320 route Distance (in Km.) = 3667 Km rtation cost of coal/tonne/km (through sea)= Rs. .30 coal handling charges /tonne at Krishnapatnam Port = Rs. 259 There are 3 options for sourcing coal: conveyer> project site id sea Anchorage > canal system > project site Mid sea anchorage > captive port > conveyer > project site + freight rates + inland handling charges at Krishnapatnam port. = 87,500 T distance (in km) for carrying coal from Indonesian Mine end to Indonesian Port =100 Km
  • 5. PDCA Cycle • Plan : To procure best quality coal at cheaper rates • Do : search various locations , supply chain, logistics & risk analysis • Act : efficient power at cost - effective rates • Check: Bottlenecks, cycle time, escalations, requirement Questions 1. What is supercritical technology and what is the significance of it in case of UMPP & coal consumption? 2. What is coal linkage and how it is different from captive coal mines? 3. How many coal linkages have been notified so far? 4. How ship scheduling has been carried out in this case? 5. What would be the landed cost in this case and how it is calculated? 6. Which is best option for sourcing coal & why? 7. What are INCO-TERMS? Differentiate between those which have been used here. 8. How many types of vessels are there in world for transporting coal? Name few with their capacities. 9. What will be the landed cost if reliance would have purchased its mine in Kalimantan, the place where TATA has acquired mines? 10. Calculate the price escalation as per CERC guidelines for importing coal for 25 yrs for KUMPP. 11. Why china has stopped exporting coal? 12. What are the main reasons for increase in freight rates & coal demand? 13. What are various factors affecting global FOB coal prices? 14. Is there any risk in Indonesian mines? Discuss. 15. Name Indonesian coal price index. Name some international coal price indices .Why Indonesia has formed its own coal price indices? 16. Why Indonesian mines for Krishnapatnam UMPP? 17. Is there any potential for sequestration of carbon-dioxide at Krishnapatnam UMMP? 18. COAL is providing enhanced security for power plants. Why? Bibliography 1. www.mjunction.com 2. www.coal.nic.in 3. www.infraline.com 4. www.ausraliancoal.com 5. www.argus.com 6. www.globalcoal.com 7. www.plats.com 8. www.mccloskey.com 9. www.barleyjonker.com 10. www.coalindoenergy.com Manoj Vyas- MBA (Power Management) Shri. Anil Kumar- Project Guide (Senior Analyst) NPTI – Faridabad