Work Based Learning & Health and Safety Act 1974


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The Relevance of Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) to work based learning

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Work Based Learning & Health and Safety Act 1974

  1. 1. GOOD MORNING Mr Manoj Nair (Manu)
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ The Relevance of Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) to work based learning” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Health and Safety at Work Act? <ul><li>The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAW Act) or HASAW 74 or HSWA 1974 lays down wide-ranging duties on employers and also responsibilities from employees. </li></ul>
  4. 4. HASAW 74 <ul><li>Employers must protect the 'health, safety and welfare' at work of all their employees. </li></ul><ul><li>However, these duties are qualified with the words 'so far as is reasonably practicable'. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This means that employers can argue that the costs of a particular safety measure are not justified by the reduction in risk that the measure would produce. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It allows the government to issue Regulations, Guidance and Approved Codes of Practice for employers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These set out detailed responsibilities for the employer in every aspect of workplace health and safety, from working safely with computers, to stress and hazardous chemicals. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. HASAW 74 <ul><li>The HASAW Act set up the Health and Safety Commission, and an inspectorate called the Health and Safety Executive. </li></ul><ul><li>The Act introduced new powers and penalties for enforcement against employers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Act puts occupational safety at the heart of official policy and future Regulations. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Employers' Responsibilities <ul><li>The Act places a general duty to &quot;ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all their employees&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Employers must comply with the Act. </li></ul><ul><li>They must…… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Employers' Responsibilities <ul><li>Provide and maintain safety equipment and safe systems of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure materials used are properly stored, handled, used and transported. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information, training, instruction and supervision. Ensure staff are aware of instructions provided by manufacturers and suppliers of equipment. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Employers' Responsibilities <ul><li>Provide a safe place of employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a safe working environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a written safety policy/risk assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Look after health and safety of others, for example, members of the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to safety representatives. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Employees Responsibilities <ul><li>Employees have specific responsibilities too. They must </li></ul>
  10. 10. Employees Responsibilities <ul><li>Take care of their own health and safety and that of other persons. Employees may be liable. </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operate with their employers. </li></ul><ul><li>Must not interfere with anything provided in the interest of health and safety. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Stakeholders’ believe ( external)…… </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Trainees continue to be more vulnerable than others at work. </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in work practice and technologies may increase risks as supervision is spread more thinly. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision in relation to H & S of trainees is recognised as a prime factor in determining safe practices but is one that is not well understood . </li></ul><ul><li>There is a much greater need for a combination of enforcement and guidance if improvements and important changes have to be achieved in the field of Health and Safety . </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: SME Survey, DTI 1991) </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Organisations’ belief (Internal)…… </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Leaving trainees to work alone in a safe place….but change in circumstances can make the work unsafe. </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees being “passed around” to help other workers in an unplanned way without additional risk assessment being undertaken. </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees working with people who themselves are not properly trained. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Trainees not having even a basic job description. </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees not knowing who their supervisor is and who they should and should not take instruction from. </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees lacking confidence to ask questions while supervisors assume they will seek clarification if they need it. </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Trainees being supervised by other trainees </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees being given routine tasks because they are safe but where boredom factor makes them unsafe. </li></ul><ul><li>Trainees being given breaks when no supervision is available, but they remain at risk and are unsupervised. </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Other beliefs…… </li></ul>
  18. 20. Changes in workplace organisation and practices have led to….. <ul><li>Less people doing more work; </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in supervisory posts (a culture in some work places where everyone is his/her own supervisor); </li></ul><ul><li>A more task oriented work place culture where “ training is a personal not a company responsibility”. </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>An exemplary practice in the Construction Trade Industry…… </li></ul>
  20. 22. Engineering Construction Industry Training Board (ECITB) <ul><li>Safety passport by. Eg: HS001. Future aim to focus on “hard to contact” SMEs where accidents occur more frequently. </li></ul><ul><li>Induction Package for the trainees. </li></ul>
  21. 23. HASAW 74 Vs Work Based Learning (WBL) <ul><li>What relevance can we deduce from all these facts? </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>This act provides an extensive and important structure for checking and monitoring Health and Safety. </li></ul><ul><li>It creates an environment where successful interventions can be developed that would offer businesses benefits along with safe working. </li></ul><ul><li>It highlights the importance of quality supervisions within the workplace offering WBL. </li></ul><ul><li>It clearly defines the role and responsibilities of different stakeholders towards developing and maintaining an organisation’s Health and Safety issues. </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>It produces a constant change in Organization’s attitude towards Health and Safety. </li></ul><ul><li>It produces a commitment to developing good working practices. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to spread the awareness of Importance in Health and Safety by improved reporting procedures. </li></ul>
  24. 26. Safety Culture <ul><li>Work Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Team Working </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Good Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Accident Reporting </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Benefits…… </li></ul>
  26. 28. Employer Benefits <ul><li>Enhanced awareness of responsibilities under health and safety legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to receive or renew training on health and safety </li></ul><ul><li>A better health and safety record resulting from raised awareness can reduce costs to business arising from injury related claims and staff absences. </li></ul>
  27. 29. Employer Benefits <ul><li>Ability to review won performance in relation to health and safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to gain recognition as a good employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to promote their organisation in the local community. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Benefits to Organization carrying out placement for WBL <ul><li>Better placed to meet their duty of care </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting and supporting the staff responsible for organising and accompanying the WBL process. </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction that trainees (students) will enjoy a safe and beneficial period on work experience. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Benefits to Organization carrying out placement for WBL <ul><li>Ability to enhance the curriculum by linking health and safety issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Better placed to meet contractual obligations. </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction of providing successful placements. </li></ul><ul><li>Raising of profile as quality work experience provider. </li></ul>
  30. 32. Trainee Benefits <ul><li>Ability to fully benefit from their time in work experience and avoid injury to self and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn vital skills to prevent risk of injury to self or others not only in the workplace but also in their social and private life. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a positive outlook for Health and safety issues, and making it a habit. </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>Health comes first…….. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety comes next…….. </li></ul><ul><li>then follows rest. </li></ul><ul><li>“ How you train is more important than What you train” </li></ul>
  32. 34. <ul><li>THANKYOU </li></ul>