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Civ, anti salvery movement

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  • 1. Origins and inf luences
  • 2. RELIGIOUS ORIGINS IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS FEMINISM and ABOLITIONISMThe inf luence of « Uncle Tom’s Cabin »
  • 3. Because religion permeated most aspect of life.
  • 4. Evangelicalism is a branch of Christianity that covers adiverse number of Protestant traditions, denominations, organizations, and churches.
  • 5. The Great Awakening (mid 1730’s) was a movement thatallowed Africans into churches. But the results were minimal, so The Great Awakening came and passed, giving a trivial push for the Anti-Slavery movement. The second Great Awakening, however, had accumulatedbetter results than the first due to its emphasis on the theory of creating a true Christian republic. Perfectionists preached that slavery is evil and they should fight against it.
  • 6. • Bishop William Fleetwood • Theodore Dwight Weld • Denmark Vesey
  • 7. Bishop William Fleetwood: One of the bishops who traveledover to America from England in1701 .One of the main objectives of theSociety was to Christianize theslaves however, Bishop Fleetwoodwent so far as to denounce theinstitution of slavery itself (whichprompted him to be considered aradical).
  • 8. Theodore Dwight Weld:Weld was one of the most activeearly antislavery crusaders. Heconvinced a large number ofstudents to join the abolitionistcause. He composed both The BibleAgainst Slavery and AmericanSlavery As It Is. After his schooling,he served as an agent in theAmerican Antislavery Society.
  • 9. Denmark Vesey: Vesey was a slave who bought hisfreedom in about 1799, after he hadpurchased a winning lottery ticket.He quickly became a dominantforce. He was an active member ofthe African Methodist Church ofCharleston and would have such animpact on the other members thatthey would call him a prophet. . Inlate 1821, he devised a plan for arevolt which, at last count involved9,000 people .However, the secretwas leaked out and the planscrashed.
  • 10. RELIGIOUS ORIGINS IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS FEMINISM and ABOLITIONISMThe inf luence of « Uncle Tom’s Cabin »
  • 11. • Racism • Immorality • Irony of slavery• Nat Turner’s revolt.
  • 12. Abolitionists argued that Negroes were not racially inferior because of skin color. As theysaw it, Negroes were still humans and therefore our brothers.
  • 13. Another large cause for the cry of abolition was the cruelty and injustice of slavery.Slaves were reduced to property, a concept that didnt sit well with most abolitionist.
  • 14. As much pain, as slaves had to endure physically, theyendured a hundred times more than that by the denialof their freedom.
  • 15. “How is it that we hear the loudest yelps for liberty amongthe drivers of Negroes.” -Dr. Johnson
  • 16. A huge irony between havingcontrol over another humanbeing and this phrase. “all men are created equal”
  • 17. It is also quite ironic that nearly half of the members of congress at the time the slave trade was abolished, were slaveholders.“We, the white, male, landowners of the United States”
  • 18. Another interesting irony in slavery was that Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence, held approximately 200 slaves.Thomas Jefferson
  • 19. He was one of the few men who forced America to see the true irony of slavery.William Lloyd Garrison
  • 20. He was a slave who revolted in 1831.
  • 21. He led several other slaves with him andended up killing a total of 60 white people Nat Turner’s revolt led America one step closer to the civil war as one step closer to emancipation
  • 22. RELIGIOUS ORIGINS IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS FEMINISM and ABOLITIONISMThe inf luence of « Uncle Tom’s Cabin »
  • 23. Relationship between Feminism and Abolitionism
  • 24. During the 1830’s, women became involved in anti-slavery societies by being elected to the committee ofAmerican Anti-Slavery Society.Although opposed by male members of the committee, they were supported byWilliam L.Garrison who admitted the rights of women and blacks to be on thewhite-male committee.He even encouraged them to take an active part in the anti-slavery organizations.
  • 25. • Maria Miller W. Stewart • Sojourner Truth • Harriet Tubman
  • 26. Maria Miller W. StewartShe was a Connecticut orphan, born in 1803. As afree black woman, Stewart took up “the cause ofGod and the cause of freedom” in 1832. She spokeup against slavery, racism, and sexism.Maria Stewart was one of the first women to“smash the taboo” against female public speakers.
  • 27. Sojourner Truth was born as a slave in Hurley,New York as Isabella Baumfree. She escapedaround 1828 and in 1843, She dedicated her life topreaching, at which time she took the nameSojourner Truth.Though she was illiterate, she had a remarkablespeaking talent. For more than forty years, Truthpreached, taught, and testified the “truth.” Notonly was she an abolitionist, but a feminist aswell. She delivered her most famous speech in1851 at an Ohio women’s rights convention withthe words “And ain’t I a woman?”After the end of slavery, she continued her workwith black suffrage and helped former slaves inneed.
  • 28. Harriet TubmanLike Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman was a religious, black, female,abolitionist. She ran away when she was about twenty-five by way of theUnderground Railroad.
  • 29. Tubman loved freedom so much that she returned to the South nineteen times and helped about three hundred slaves escape to freedom.Fearless as she was, she carried with her arifle for protection; furthermore, todiscourage any of her passengers to returnto the South. Tubman never lost apassenger.During the Civil War, she acted as a nurseand a spy for the Union.
  • 30. RELIGIOUS ORIGINS IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS FEMINISM and ABOLITIONISMThe inf luence of « Uncle Tom’s Cabin »
  • 31. The Story that Launched the Civil War
  • 32. Uncle Tom’s Cabin Harriet wrote the controversial « uncle Tom’s cabin », in which she described a slave’s hard life. She had intended Tom to be a Christ like figure who redeemed America from the sin of slavery.
  • 33. Its effects…
  • 34. After having sold over300.000 copies the firstyear, Uncle Tom’s Cabinwas considered as TheGreatest Book of theAge. It showed thecontroversial definitionof freedom.
  • 35. According to legend, Abraham Lincoln greeted Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1862 by saying "So youre the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war."Uncle Toms Cabin contributed to the outbreak of war by personalizingthe political and economic arguments about slavery. Stowes informal,conversational writing style inspired people in a way that politicalspeeches, tracts and newspapers accounts could not. Uncle TomsCabin helped many 19th-century Americans determine what kind ofcountry they wanted.
  • 36. Uncle Toms Cabin struck anerve and found a permanentplace in American culture . . .
  • 37. « it’s a free country, sir; the man’s mine, and I do what I please withhim,--that’s it » This is a contradictory statement among many others that criticizes those who used law to support their freedoms, yet trampled the freedoms of others.
  • 38. RELIGIOUS ORIGINS IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS FEMINISM and ABOLITIONISMThe inf luence of « Uncle Tom’s Cabin »
  • 39. Origins and inf luences

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