Is restructuring of imf required in the presentPresentation Transcript
Is Restructuring Of IMF required In The Present Context of Globalization By Manjunath H N Mithilesh L N
The International Monetary Fund ( IMF ) is the intergovernmental organization that oversees the global financial system by following the macroeconomic policies of its member countries, in particular those with an impact on exchange rate and the balance of payments
It is an organization formed with a stated objective of stabilizing international exchange rates and facilitating development through the enforcement of liberalizing economic policies on other countries as a condition for loans, restructuring or aid
Members of the IMF are 186 of the UN members and Kosovo
The other non-members are: North Korea, Andorra, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Nauru, Cook Islands, Niue, Vatican City and the rest of the states with limited recognition.
All members appoint a Governor to the IMF's Board of Governors
Board of Governors
The Board of Governors is the highest decision-making body of the IMF. It consists of one governor and one alternate governor for each member country
The governor is appointed by the member country and is usually the minister of finance or the head of the central bank.
The Board of Governors also elects or appoints executive directors and is the ultimate arbiter on issues related to the interpretation of the IMF's Articles of Agreement. Voting by the Board of Governors usually takes place by mail-in ballot.
The IMFC is responsible for advising, and reporting to, the Board of Governors as it manages and shapes the international monetary and financial system. The IMFC also monitors developments in global liquidity and the transfer of resources to developing countries
The Development Committee is a joint committee, tasked with advising the Boards of Governors of the IMF and the World Bank on issues related to economic development in emerging and developing countries.
24-member Executive Board
These 24 board members represent all 187 countries
The Board discusses everything from the IMF staff's annual health checks of member countries' economies to economic policy issues relevant to the global economy.
IMF and Globalization
Marked by massive movements of capital and abrupt shifts in comparative advantage, globalization affects countries' policy choices in many areas, including labor, trade, and tax policies.
Helping a country benefit from globalization while avoiding potential downsides is an important task for the IMF
Need for Restructuring Of IMF
Inability to Prevent Global Economic Crisis
Changes in Communication and Technology
Areas of Restructuring
Defining a New Role
Surveillance and Analysis
Defining a New Role
Make Crisis Prevention and Crisis Resolution to go hand in hand
Work Out a Relationship with The World Bank and avoid “overlaps”
Reduce the number of extraneous roles
Significant improvement in the Quality of Fund’s Financial and Economic Surveillance
Reform of the member’s obligations so as to bring about a reasonable degree of Multilateral discipline
Reducing The Number of Extraneous Roles
Involvement in Surveillance of Developing Countries
Identifying another organization or body better suited to carry out certain activities, including work on terrorist financing and money laundering
World Bank and IMF
The IMF should pull back from debt relief programmes in developing countries as this would “help clarify the roles of the IMF and the World Bank.”
Fund should utilize the expertise of the World Bank in social and poverty issues, to augment the Fund’s more macro-economics based analysis. The IMF should remain within its remit of crisis prevention, not extend its activities into areas of social policy and development it does not appear to be equipped to deal with.
While we note that changing the quotas may have no discernible effect on how the Fund operates, there is a good case for reforming the quotas to improve the Fund’s governance
There is a balance to be struck between the rights of those that provide the Fund’s resources, and the needs of those that utilise those same resources
Quotas Reform and Appointment of CMD
Ensure that all countries are better represented in the governance structure of the IMF
Open selection process for the IMF’s managing director so that it could be less Transparent
Enhancing the Executive Board and IMFC
There needs to be a resident board, to allow effective oversight of the Fund’s activities. This underlines the need to ensure proper representation of all the Fund’s members
We welcome the moves to make the IMFC more effective. It is important that, as a high level body of the IMF, it is particularly cognizant of its role in providing guidance and oversight of the work of the Fund.
Other member countries to persuade the Fund to release more material, including Executive Board minutes.
Surveillance and Analysis
it seems entirely appropriate that the IMF, as the guardian of the global financial system, should seek to redouble its efforts in assessing the effects of the interplay between the world’s economies
Ensure that there is broad consensus for this change in focus of the surveillance across all members of the Fund.
IMF’s new approach to multilateral consultation, given the Fund’s new focus on crisis prevention
member states must feel that the actions that may be required from the conclusion of this process will be broadly beneficial
In a manner which reinforces its neutrality and authoritativeness of the Fund
The Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) has been a significant success
it still has scope for further development, especially given the International Monetary and Financial Committee' recommendation to include the IEO within the oversight of the surveillance remit
Conditionality in Lending
Key concern about conditionality has been that it appears to undermine the sovereignty of the countries receiving IMF support
Conditions with a Democratic process Should be Advocated
New Lending Facilities
Exogenous Shocks Facility (ESF): “policy support and financial assistance to low-income countries facing exogenous shocks”, where exogenous shocks are described as including “commodity price changes (including oil), natural disasters, and conflicts and crises in neighbouring countries that disrupt trade”.
it Should be designed so as to ensure that all member states that require it are not dissuaded by onerous conditionality
Financing Of IMF
The Fund’s primary source of income derives from the difference between the interest received on its lending activities and the interest it has to pay out to the member states that hold money with the Fund
separate funding and lending decisions.
Reform In Financing
The search for a solution to the long-term financing of IMF operations should be considered against two criteria
The first is that poorer nations should not have to pay to gain access to the range of services the IMF can provide. The second is that funding for surveillance should be seen to be as independent as the actual analysis, especially where the IMF may also be a lender to a specific country