LIQUID EXPLOSIVE

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LIQUID EXPLOSIVE AND HOW IT BECAME A MAJOR THREAT TO AIR TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY

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LIQUID EXPLOSIVE

  1. 2. SEQUENCE <ul><li>AIM </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIQUID EXPLOSIVES AND THEIR USE </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF LIQUID EXPLOISVE MIXTURES </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DO LIQUID EXPLOISVE WORK </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TERRORIST MADE LIQUID BOMB IN SOFT DRINK BOTTLE </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>HOW IT BECAME A MAJOR THREAT TO AIR TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>PRIME LOCATION </li></ul><ul><li>HOW HARD TO SCREEN LIQUID EXPLOSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul>
  3. 4. AIM <ul><li>TO GIVE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT LIQUID EXPLOSIVE AND HOW IT BECAME A MAJOR THREAT IN AIR TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY. </li></ul>
  4. 5. OBJECTIVES
  5. 6. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>A. LIQUID </li></ul><ul><li>B. SUSPENSION </li></ul><ul><li>C. EMULSION </li></ul>SHOCK FRICTION OR HEAT
  6. 7. THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIQUID EXPLOSIVES AND THEIR USE
  7. 8. NITROGLYCERIN <ul><li>HEAVY, OILY, COLORLESS </li></ul><ul><li>USES </li></ul><ul><li>MANUFACTURE OF DYNAMITE </li></ul><ul><li>CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOLITION </li></ul>
  8. 9. BCEAUSE IT'S CLEAR AND OILY, NITROGLYCERIN WOULD BE EASY TO CONCEAL IN LOTION OR SHAMPOO BOTTLES
  9. 10. NITRO GLYCOL <ul><li>SIMILAR TO NITROGLYCERIN </li></ul><ul><li>100 MORE VOLATILE </li></ul><ul><li>UNSAFE </li></ul><ul><li>VAPOR PRESSURE HIGH </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS </li></ul><ul><li>• APPEARANCE: AN OILY, CLEAR LIQUID, OFTEN YELLOWISH </li></ul>
  10. 11. NITROMETHANE <ul><li>DEVELOPED 1872 </li></ul><ul><li>ACCCIDENT DURING TRANS PORT </li></ul><ul><li>V of D 6300 m /s </li></ul><ul><li>USES </li></ul><ul><li>FUEL FOR RACE CARS </li></ul>
  11. 12. HYDROGEN PEROXIDE <ul><li>NOT USED AN EXPLOSIVE (PURE) </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR COMMERCIAL AND MEDICAL </li></ul>
  12. 13. TYPES OF LIQUID EXPLOISVE MIXTURES <ul><li>ASTROLITE A AND ASTROLITE G </li></ul><ul><li>TRADE NAME OF FAMILY OF EXPLOSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>GERALD HURST </li></ul><ul><li>HIGH EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES </li></ul><ul><li>USE FOR </li></ul><ul><li>COMMERCIAL & CIVIL BLASTING </li></ul>
  13. 14. ASTROLITE G <ul><li>CLEAR,VISCOUS, LIQUID </li></ul><ul><li>STABLE HIGH EXPLOSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>VOF D 8600 m /s </li></ul><ul><li>MOST POWER FULL ‘NON NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE’ </li></ul>
  14. 16. PLX <ul><li>LIQUID BINARY EXPLOSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>NM & EDA </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSPARENT WITH </li></ul><ul><li>YELLOWISH TINT </li></ul><ul><li>MIXED ON SITE </li></ul><ul><li>V of D 7000 m /s </li></ul>
  15. 17. WATER GEL TYPE EXPLOSIVES <ul><li>IMPROVE THE RESISTANCE TO WATER </li></ul><ul><li>WATER WITH GELLING AGENT </li></ul><ul><li>TWO GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>WATER PROOFING </li></ul><ul><li>ABOVE DENCITY </li></ul>
  16. 18. HOW DO LIQUID EXPLOISVE WORK <ul><li>SHOCK /FRICTION /HEAT </li></ul><ul><li>LIQUED EXPLOSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CHAIN REACTION </li></ul>
  17. 19. HOW IT BECAME A MAJOR THREAT TO AIR TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY
  18. 20. HOW TERRORIST MADE LIQUID BOMB IN SOFT DRINK BOTTLE LIQUID BOMB
  19. 21. HIDDEN BOMB
  20. 22. PRIME LOCATION <ul><li>NEAR THE SKIN OF THE AIRPLANE </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT NEXT TO THE SIDE </li></ul><ul><li>PREFEBLY WINDOW </li></ul>
  21. 23. WHY WOULD TERRORISTS WANT TO USE LIQUID EXPLOSIVES? <ul><li>NO NEED DETONATORS </li></ul><ul><li>CELL PHONE OR MP 3 PLAYER </li></ul><ul><li>COSMETIC CONTAINER OR BEVERAGE BOTTLE </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE MADE COMMON INGREDIENT </li></ul><ul><li>SEPARATE CONTAINERS INGREDIANT A & B </li></ul><ul><li>EASY TO INITIATE </li></ul><ul><li>(Burning Cigarette or match) </li></ul>
  22. 24. HOW HARD TO SCREEN LIQUID EXPLOSIVE
  23. 25. LIQUID EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEM
  24. 26. DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>VOLATILE </li></ul><ul><li>TOXITY </li></ul><ul><li>SET OFF BY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STRAY SPARK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACCIDENTAL BUMP </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. CONCLUSION
  26. 28. HMTD AND TATP
  27. 29. <ul><ul><li>Initiator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TATP </li></ul>HMTD TATP
  28. 30. HMTD &TATP <ul><li>HMTD - HOME MADE EXPLOSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>TATP - INITIATOR </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE MADE </li></ul><ul><li>HAIR TREATMENT </li></ul><ul><li>NAIL POLICE </li></ul><ul><li>DRAIN CLEANER </li></ul><ul><li>CAR BATTERY </li></ul>
  29. 31. <ul><li>SENSITIVE TO HEAT, SHOCK, AND FRICTION </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE INITIATED SIMPLY WITH FIRE OR ELECTRICAL CHARGE OR IMPROVISED DETONATORS </li></ul>
  30. 40. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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