Citizens for harmony

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Citizens for harmony

  1. 1. WELCOME SYNDICATE 03 1
  2. 2. SYNDICATE 03 2
  3. 3. FAMILY AND MAN NOW LIVING ON THIS PLANET EARTH. WE THUS COMMUNICATE OURSELVES ANDOUR CHILDREN TO DO AS WELL.. SYNDICATE 03 3
  4. 4. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION.-S/C PHNK ARIYARATHNA AIM.-S/C RMS RATHNAYAKA WHO IS THE AVERAGE CITIZEN AND HIS DUTIES.- L/S/C NCSD INDRARATHNA & S/C WKRU KUMARA THE DEMOCRATIC FRAME OF THE AVERAGE CITIZEN.- L/S/C NCSD INDRARATHNA & S/C WKRU KUMARA SYNDICATE 03 4
  5. 5.  RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE AVERAGE CITIZEN AND THE UNITY AND HARMONY.- L/S/C NCSD INDRARATHNA & S/C WKRU KUMARATHE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SRILANKA.- S/C MD ASHAN SYNDICATE 03 5
  6. 6.  THE FACTORS WHICH CAUSED FOR THE DETERIORATION OF UNITY AND HARMONY.• POLITICAL ASPECTS.- S/C WH WICKRAMASINGHE• LOOPHOLES IN LEGAL SYSTEM. S/C MD ASHAN & S/C SAMMA SENANAYAKE• RACIAL, CAST AND RELIGION. S/C KMW KULASEKARA• ECONOMIC UNSTABILITY.• UNEMPLOYMENT. S/C SAMMA SENANAYKE SYNDICATE 03 6
  7. 7. • MEDIA MISUSE.- S/C MGS PIYARATHNE THE EFFECT OF LACK OF UNITY AND HARMONY TO THE COUNTRY.- S/C WKRU KUMARA SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.- S/C RMS RATHNAYAKA & S/C MDS JAYATHILAKA CONCLUSION.-S/C PHNK ARIYARATHNE & L/S/C NCSD INDRARATHNE SYNDICATE 03 7
  8. 8. SYNDICATE 03 8
  9. 9.  WHY IS IT THAT WE WERE NOT ONE OF THE FEW NATIONS AND PEOPLE ? WAR WHO DID NOT WANT TO STAND UP TO BE COUNTED IN THE NAME OF PEACE? SYNDICATE 03 9
  10. 10. IS IT BECAUSE OF WE DO NOT BELIEVE IN PEACE?IS IT BECAUSEWE BELIEVE INUGLINESS OFWAR? SYNDICATE 03 10
  11. 11. SYNDICATE 03 11
  12. 12. SYNDICATE 03 12
  13. 13. SYNDICATE 03 13
  14. 14. HISTORICALESTABLISHMENTOF SRI LANKA. SYNDICATE 03 14
  15. 15. STUPASYNDICATE 03 15
  16. 16. SYNDICATE 03 16
  17. 17. SYNDICATE 03 17
  18. 18. WEAKNESSES OF KINGS AND INVASIONSSYNDICATE 03 18
  19. 19. Indian invasions SYNDICATE 03 19
  20. 20.  ESTABLISHMENT OF LAW AND CONSTITUTION, CONCEPT OF DIVIDE AND RULE  AFTER 1948 THIS PROBLEM KEPT ON GROWING SYNDICATE 03 20
  21. 21. SYNDICATE 03 21
  22. 22. SYNDICATE 03 22
  23. 23. CULTIVATION OF UNITY & HARMONY TO BUILD A POWERFULSYNDICATE 03 23 NATION
  24. 24. SYNDICATE 03 24
  25. 25. AIM The aim of this presentationis to search what the unity and harmony can do about thepolitical, cultural and economic instability of a nation and toinvestigate how the absence ofunity and harmony has affected SRI LANKA as a developing nation, SYNDICATE 03 25
  26. 26. AIM CONT.. To profound strategies of achieving unity and harmony throughout the nation of SRI LANKA and finally to define the average citizen’s role and contribution to the achievements of UNITY and HARMONY within the citizenry of SRI LANKA. SYNDICATE 03 26
  27. 27. WHO IS THEAVERAGE CITIZEN AND HIS CAPABILITIES AND DUTIES. SYNDICATE 03 27
  28. 28. • 31ST AUGUST 1978/ CITIZENSHIP. • THE STATUS OF A CITIZEN OF SRI LANKA. •BY DESCENT OR BY VIRTUE OF REGISTRATION. •NO DISTINCTION SHALL BE DRAWN. •NO CITIZEN OF SRI LANKA SHALL BE DEPRIVED OF HIS STATUS. SYNDICATE 03 28
  29. 29. Provisions ofsections 19, 20, 21 & 22Citizenship actProviso:Provision of section23,24. SYNDICATE 03 29
  30. 30. Every person whoimmediately prior to thecommencement of the constitution,Shall be entitled to the status of a citizen SYNDICATE 03 30
  31. 31. • DUTIES & OBLIGATIONS OF CITIZEN OF SRI LANKA. a) TO UPHOLD & DEFEND THE CONSTITUTION & THE LAW. b) TO FURTHER THE NATIONAL INTEREST & TO FOSTER NATIONAL UNITY. c) TO WORK CONSCIENTIOUSLY IN HIS CHOSEN OCCUPATION. SYNDICATE 03 31
  32. 32. d) TO PRESERVE & PROTECT PUBLIC PROPERTY & TO COMBAT MISUSE & WASTE OF PUBLIC PROPERTY.e) TO RESPECT THE RIGHTS & FREEDOM OF OTHERS.f) TO PROTECT NATURE & CONSERVE ITS RICHES. SYNDICATE 03 32
  33. 33. HOPE OF THE FUTURE SYNDICATE 03 33
  34. 34. SYNDICATE 03 34
  35. 35. g) Securityforces as well asenemy forcesshouldcontributefullestsupport tomaintainUNITY andHARMONY. SYNDICATE 03 35
  36. 36. D AN ” S T LL E FA W E ED W I T ED UN I D“ V D I SYNDICATE 03 36
  37. 37. SINHALESETAMILS AVERAGEMUSLIMS CITIZEN OFBURGHERS SRILANKA SYNDICATE 03 37
  38. 38. TAMIL MUSLIMBURGHURSINHALA SYNDICATE 03 38
  39. 39. SYNDICATE 03 39
  40. 40. •SRILANKA HASA HISTORYENRICHEDWITH HIGHLYCIVILIZEDBUDDHISTCULTURE. SYNDICATE 03 40
  41. 41. SYNDICATE 03 41
  42. 42. ACCORDING TO OLD… • CHRONICLES •BOOKS •STONE INSCRIPTIONS •RECORD OF EXCAVATIONS SYNDICATE 03 42
  43. 43. SYNDICATE 03 43
  44. 44. SYNDICATE 03 44
  45. 45. SYNDICATE 03 45
  46. 46. INSCRIPTION ALPHABET SYNDICATE 03 46
  47. 47. SYNDICATE 03 47
  48. 48. DASARAJA DHARMA AND SAPTHAAPARIHANI DHARMA SYNDICATE 03 48
  49. 49. • Until protect those rituals of SAPTHA APARIHANIYA dharma As a nation would not be defeated by any Other nation.• Ex: kingdom of VAJJI. SYNDICATE 03 49
  50. 50. SYNDICATE 03 50
  51. 51. •SAPTHA APARIHANI CONSISTS…. SYNDICATE 03 51
  52. 52. 01 GATHERINGTOGETHER FOR DISCUSSION FREQUENTLY. SYNDICATE 03 52
  53. 53. 02 MEETING IN HARMONY ANDUNITY, LEAVING IN HARMONY AND UNITY AND CARRYING OUTTHEIR AFFAIRS IN UNITY AND HARMONY. SYNDICATE 03 53
  54. 54. 03 RESPECTING ANDLISTENINIG TO WORTHY LEADERS, BOTH RELIGIOUSAND SECULAR. SYNDICATE 03 54
  55. 55. 04 REFRAINING FROMCOMMITTEE OR ADVOCATING VIOLENT CRIMES,RAPE, DESTROYING, OTHERPROPERTY OR KILLING. SYNDICATE 03 55
  56. 56. 05RESPECTING , PROTECTING ANDMAINTAINING THEIR ANCESTRALRELIGION AND SHRINES. SYNDICATE 03 56
  57. 57. 06PROVIDING FORTHE SAFTEY OF STUDYING FROM AND RESPECTING TEACHERS WHO HAVE ATTAINED THE WAY. SYNDICATE 03 57
  58. 58. 07 RESPECTING ANDFOLLOWING ALL THEIR LAWS UNDER THEIRCONSTITUTION. SYNDICATE 03 58
  59. 59. SYNDICATE 03 59
  60. 60. • SRI LANKA WAS ALSO AFFECTEDWITH THESE RITUALS AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF MAHINDA THERO. SYNDICATE 03 60
  61. 61. SYNDICATE 03 61
  62. 62. SYNDICATE 03 62
  63. 63. At that time state consultants were monks SYNDICATE 03 63
  64. 64. SYNDICATE 03 64
  65. 65. They sentivory, gems, spices etc SYNDICATE 03 65
  66. 66. The period of that era there was a sustainable economic development, diplomaticpolicies & social development with in the country. SYNDICATE 03 66
  67. 67. RESULTS OF UNITY SYNDICATE 03 67
  68. 68. SHELLING OF BOMBS TO MADU CHURCH SYNDICATE 03 68
  69. 69. HOW DOES POLITICS AFFECT TO THEUNITY & HARMONY SYNDICATE 03 69
  70. 70. • AVERAGE CITIZEN HAS THE POWER TO; ELECT & REMOVE THE REPRESENTATIVES IN THE LEGISLATURE. SYNDICATE 03 70
  71. 71. SYNDICATE 03 71
  72. 72. SYNDICATE 03 72
  73. 73.  AVERAGE CITIZEN RECOGNIZED AS A KING BEFORE THE ELECTION. SYNDICATE 03 73
  74. 74. OWN INTEREST PARTYPOLITICS PARTIESCOUNTRY ELECTIONSNATIONAL COUNTRY PLANS INSURGENCY SYNDICATE 03 74
  75. 75. BACK GROUND OF POLITICSBEFORE 1948 AFTER 1948 SYNDICATE 03 75
  76. 76. • IN 1972 Mrs. SIRIMAWO BANDARANAYAKA BECAME THE PRIME MINISTER.• IN 1978 Mr. JR JAYAWARDANE BECAME THE PRESIDENT. SYNDICATE 03 76
  77. 77. •IN 1971 STRUGGLE AND 1983 “BLACK JULY”• IN 1988-1989 JVP STRUGGLE SYNDICATE 03 77
  78. 78. POLITICAL VOLATILITY IS THE MAIN THREAT SYNDICATE 03 78
  79. 79.  BRITISH STARTED TO GOVERN SRI LANKA IN 1815. ARRIVAL OF EDUCATED MIDDLE CLASS INTO POLITICS IN 20TH CENTURY. MUSLIM- SINHALA STRUGGLE IN 1915 SYNDICATE 03 79
  80. 80. •SRI LANKA GOT THE INDEPENDENCE IN 1948.• IN 1956 SINHALA LANGUAGE BECAME THE STATE LANGUAGE. SYNDICATE 03 80
  81. 81. THE FEATURES OF THELOCAL LEGAL SYSTEM & ITS EFFECTS TO THE UNITY & HARMONY SYNDICATE 03 81
  82. 82. LAW LEAD COUNTRY SYNDICATE 03 82
  83. 83. K A M N LI D Y US A N M K UV AR LAW UK HM SYSTEM E NG LIS TH E SA W ROMAN AL AM DUTCH AI SYNDICATE 03 83
  84. 84. SYNDICATE 03 84
  85. 85. LEGAL SYSTEM SYNDICATE 03 85
  86. 86. STATEGUARDIAN PROTECTOR SYNDICATE 03 86
  87. 87. CRIMINAL PENAL LAW CODE THIS IS NOT CREDIBLE FOR TODAY SYNDICATE 03 87
  88. 88. TODAY THE LEGAL SYSTEM IS NOT SO STRONG TO PRESERVE,UNITY & HARMONY SYNDICATE 03 88
  89. 89. RAPID INCREASE OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES SYNDICATE 03 89
  90. 90. UNSATISFACTORY AMENDMENTS PROBLEM IN ACHIEVING UNITY & HARMONY SYNDICATE 03 90
  91. 91. DEATH PANELTYSYNDICATE 03 91
  92. 92. RACIAL, CASTE & RELIGION SYNDICATE 03 92
  93. 93. RECOGNITION FACTORS OF A CASTE SOCIALLY EQUAL. HAVE SAME RELIGIOUS RIGHTS. FOLLOWING SAME OCCUPATION/ PROFESSION. LESS SOCIAL INTERCOURSE WITH OTHERS SYNDICATE 03 93
  94. 94. HOW CASTE INVOLVED IN SRI LANKAN SOCIETYEDUCATION MARRIAGES OTHER SOCIAL & RELIGIOUS FUNCTIONS SYNDICATE 03 94
  95. 95. WHY PEOPLEBELIEVE IN RELIGIONS• LEADERSHIP.• UNSEEN POWER.• EASY ENTITIES• SPIRITUAL ASPECTS SYNDICATE 03 95
  96. 96. SYNDICATE 03 96
  97. 97. •The republicof SRI LANKAgivesBuddhism theforemost place. SL CONSTITUTION CHAPTER-02 SYNDICATE 03 97
  98. 98. HOW ECONOMICUNSTABILITY &UNEMPLOYMENTAFFECTTO THEUNITY & HARMONY SYNDICATE 03 98
  99. 99. CRISIS AMONG THE NATIONS CASTEETHNIC GROUPS RACE SYNDICATE 03 RELIGION 99
  100. 100. ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION RACE RATESINHALA 74.0%SRI LANKAN Tamil 12.7%INDIAN Tamil 5.5%MUSLIM 7.0%OTHERS 0.8% SOURCE:CENSUS DEPARTMENT 100 SYNDICATE 03
  101. 101. 1971 YOUTH REBELLION SYNDICATE 03 101
  102. 102. OPEN ECONOMYINTRODUCED IN 1977 SYNDICATE 03 102
  103. 103. SYNDICATE 03 103
  104. 104. SYNDICATE 03 104
  105. 105. 1983 BLACK JULYSYNDICATE 03 105
  106. 106. 1987-1988 STRUGGLESYNDICATE 03 106
  107. 107. MID YEAR POPULATION YEAR TOTAL POPULATION (000) 1963 10582 1971 12690 1977 13942 1979 14471 1981 14988 1987 15416 1988 16361 1989 16586 1991 17267 2001 19400 SYNDICATE 03 107 SOURCE : CENTRAL BANK REPORT
  108. 108. SYNDICATE 03 108
  109. 109. SYNDICATE 03 109
  110. 110. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RATE IN SRI LANKA YEAR RATE 1980-1989 4.2% 1990-1995 5.3% 1996 3.8% 1997 6.3% 1998 4.7% 1999 4.3% 2000 -2.0% SYNDICATE 03 110 SOURCE : CENTRAL BANK REPORT
  111. 111. UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN SRI LANKA YEAR RATE 1981 17.9% 1985 14.1% 1990 16.3% 1993 13.65 1995 12.0% 1997 11.0% 2001 7.7% SYNDICATE 03 111 SOURCE : CENTRAL BANK REPORT
  112. 112. SYNDICATE 03 112
  113. 113. MEDIA MISUSE SYNDICATE 03 113
  114. 114. METHODS OF PROMOTING NEWS TO SOCIETY BY MEDIAPRINTEDTELEVIEWADVANCE ELECTRONIC MEASURES SYNDICATE 03 114
  115. 115. PEOPLE WILL BE BENEFITTED BY GOOD MEDIA•NEWS•IDEOLOGICAL THEORIES•ENTERTAINMENT &EDUCATION etc.. SYNDICATE 03 115
  116. 116. NEWSPAPERS ARE MOSTLY USED FORGETTING DAY TO DAY INFORMATION SYNDICATE 03 116
  117. 117. SYNDICATE 03 117
  118. 118. CREATE ETHNICITY CREATE VIOLATION BREAK PEACEMEDIA MISUSE & HARMONY DESTROY HUMAN INQUISITIVENESS SYNDICATE 03 118 & CURIOSITY
  119. 119. SYNDICATE 03 119
  120. 120. SYNDICATE 03 120
  121. 121. SYNDICATE 03 121
  122. 122. RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE MEDIA MISUSE BE UNBIASED & BE IMPARTIAL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY LESS POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT CONCERN ON NATIONAL SECURITY ASPECTS GOOD TRAINING CENTER SYNDICATE 03 122
  123. 123. HOW THE LACK OF UNITY & HARMONYAFFECT TO THE SOCIAL & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF A COUNTRY. SYNDICATE 03 123
  124. 124. WHAT IS UNITY AND HARMONY ? SYNDICATE 03 124
  125. 125. SYNDICATE 03 125
  126. 126. DO WE HAVE UNITY AND HARMONY ? SYNDICATE 03 126
  127. 127. SYNDICATE 03 127
  128. 128. 1. THE GRADUAL EROSION OF THE FAMILY CONCEPT.2. SPEEDY DESTRUCTION OF SPIRITUAL VALUES.3. DETERIORATION OF ATTITUDES.4. STUDENT TEACHER RELATIONSHIP.5. APPRECIATION AND PATRIOTISM DETERIORATED SYNDICATE 03 128
  129. 129. 6.LOSS OF INTEREST TOWARDS NATURE7.THE INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION ORIENTIVENESS BY THE STATE ADMINISTRATION STATE MECHANISM.8.THE BIASEDNESS OF MEDIA AND NARROW COMMUNICATION CONCEPTS.9.DISTANCE BETWEEN SOCIETY AND RELIGION.SYNDICATE 03 129
  130. 130. 10.DETERIORATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL BACK GROUND.11.LOSSES OF HUMANITARIAN VALUES. SYNDICATE 03 130
  131. 131. SYNDICATE 03 131
  132. 132. SYNDICATE 03 132
  133. 133. SYNDICATE 03 133
  134. 134. NO WAR WE WANT PEACE SYNDICATE 03 134
  135. 135. SUGGESTIONS ANDRECOMMENDATIONS SYNDICATE 03 135
  136. 136. FREEDOM BROTHER HOOD NONVIOLENCE UNITY & HARMONYSYNDICATE 03 136
  137. 137. FAMILY OF MAN•RACE•COLOUR•CREED•IDEOLOGY SYNDICATE 03 137
  138. 138. PERFORM INDIVIDUALRESPONSIBILITIES GOOD SOCIETY SYNDICATE 03 138
  139. 139. SYNDICATE 03 139
  140. 140. •FIRST AND FOREMOST THE NATIONAL IDENTITY MUST BE FORMED. • PROUD OF OURWE NATIONARE • STAND UNITED SYNDICATE 03 140
  141. 141. FORMING A UNITING FORCE AMONG RELIGIONS SYNDICATE 03 141
  142. 142. IN THIS BEAUTYFULISLAND WE ALL SHARE THE WATER AND AIRWITHOUT DEMARCATION OR DEVITION OF BOUNDARIES SYNDICATE 03 142
  143. 143. EQUALOPPOTUNITIES TO EVERY CITIZEN SYNDICATE 03 143
  144. 144. DISTRICT POLITICSGOVERNANCE EQUAL RIGHTSHEALTH CARE SYNDICATE 03 EDUCATION 144
  145. 145. WE “ALL ARE EQUAL”REGARDLESS OF THE FACTWETHER THEY ARE HIGH OR LOW, RICH OR POOR SYNDICATE 03 145
  146. 146. SYNDICATE 03 146
  147. 147. THE RICH DIVERSITYOF CULTURE SHOULD BRING US TOGETHER, NOT DEVIDE US. SYNDICATE 03 147
  148. 148. STOP THE ORGANIZEDATTEMPTS WHICH AREDIVIDING THE PEOPLE SYNDICATE 03 148
  149. 149. SYNDICATE 03 149
  150. 150. AFFIRMING AND PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS. SYNDICATE 03 150
  151. 151. VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS SYNDICATE 03 151
  152. 152. WELFARE OF WAR VICTIMS SYNDICATE 03 152
  153. 153. THE PEACE BUILDERS SHOULD LOOK IN FUTURE WELFARE SYNDICATE 03 153
  154. 154. SHOWING RESPECT FOR ONE ANOTHER’S CULTURE SYNDICATE 03 154
  155. 155. SYNDICATE 03 155
  156. 156. REGAINING THE PAST EXPERIENCES ATTACKS LAUNCHED AGAINST POLITICIANSAND ECONOMIC TARGETS156 SYNDICATE 03
  157. 157. LTTE ATTACKS IN COLOMBO SYNDICATE 03 157
  158. 158. LEADERSHIP SYNDICATE 03 158
  159. 159. THE NATIONAL UNITY CO-OPERATION ARMED FORCESRELIGIOUS LEADERS CIVIL POLICE MEDIA SYNDICATE 03 159 SOCIETY SCHOOLS
  160. 160. AGRICULTURE HAS TO BEREORGANIZED ABOVE ALL OTHER ASPECTS OF COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES SYNDICATE 03 160
  161. 161. CONTINUED ABSTINENCE FROM VIOLENCE. SYNDICATE 03 161
  162. 162. THE ATTACK ON TEMPLE OFTOOTH BY THE LTTE WAS HIGHLY CONDEMNED BY WORLD COMMUNITYATTACK ON DALADA MALIGAWA SYNDICATE 03 162
  163. 163. ENCOURAGING TRI-LINGULISM SYNDICATE 03 163
  164. 164. SYNDICATE 03 164
  165. 165. SYNDICATE 03 165
  166. 166. CONCLUSION SYNDICATE 03 166
  167. 167. SOCIETY SMALL UNITAVERAGE CITIZEN SYNDICATE 03 167
  168. 168. SYNDICATE 03 168
  169. 169. SYNDICATE 03 169
  170. 170. •Living together•Sharing responsibilities•Respecting to the every citizen•Creating to love each other VIOLENCE IS ABSENT SYNDICATE 03 170
  171. 171. SYNDICATE 03 171
  172. 172.  Only humans can bring unity & harmony to this world. Without food, clothing , work, roof overhead, happiness their can be no unity & harmony. A true understanding of being & thinking is the way to true unity & harmony. SYNDICATE 03 172
  173. 173.  Unity & harmony in this world is generated from within each of us. As long as we have greed arrogance vanity & stupidity there can never be unity & harmony. SYNDICATE 03 173
  174. 174. SYNDICATE 03 174
  175. 175. QUESTIONS ? SYNDICATE 03 175

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