Types of organisations


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Types of organisations

  1. 1. Types of Organization By MANISHA VAGHELAvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com 1
  2. 2. Flow of Presentation• Introduction• Definition• Features• Importance• Types of organization• Advantages & disadvantages• Bibliographyvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com 2
  3. 3. Introducation• Organisation is understood as a dynamic process & a managerial activity which is necessary for bringing people together in the pursuit of common objectives .this may called the process of organisingvaghela_manisha13 3@yahoo.com
  4. 4. Definition1.) Organization is that structure that assigns authority & responsibility amongst individuals working together for the accomplishment of a common objectives.vaghela_manisha13 4@yahoo.com
  5. 5. 2.)Organization is that arrangement which assigns functions among individuals in such a manner that every person involved can contribute his optimum for the accomplishment of the objective. Ex:-the man’s body is the best examplevaghela_manisha13 5@yahoo.com
  6. 6. Features • Organization is an objective- 0riented activity. • Organization delegates authority and assigns duties. • Organization depends on planning. • Organization gives importance to the human factor. • Organization is flexible. • Organization is a group activity.vaghela_manisha13 6@yahoo.com
  7. 7. Importance• The success or failure of a business largely depends on its organization.• Maximum utilization of time & resources becomes possible due to organization.• Employees becomes more responsible.• Organization makes control effective.• Discipline & morale of personnel increase.• Every activity gets equal justice.vaghela_manisha13 7@yahoo.com
  8. 8. Types• Line organisation• Functional organisation• Committee organisation• Line & staff organisationvaghela_manisha13 8@yahoo.com
  9. 9. Line Organisation• Line organisation is an old & simple type of organisation & has been used by the military for years.aothority & responsible to his immediteate superior.• Advantages:-1. It is simple.2. It is stable3. It makes for quick action.4. Discipline is easily maintained.vaghela_manisha13 9@yahoo.com
  10. 10. Continue…..• Disadvantages:-1. The organisation is rigid and inflexible.2. There is lake of expert advice.3. Key man are loaded to the breaking point.vaghela_manisha13 10@yahoo.com
  11. 11. Functional organisation• In line type of organisation department has more importance than function.the departmental heads have total responsibility. This increases their burden of work & hampers the growth of the busieness.• Advantages:-1. Specialisation2. Decentralisatoin of authority3. Audination is maintained4. Work is reduced5. Training to6. Decision makingvaghela_manisha13 11@yahoo.com
  12. 12. Continue….• Disadvantages:-1. It weakens the displinary controls2. It is too complicated in opration.3. It makes diffecult to fix responsibility.4. Unity of command is maintedvaghela_manisha13 12@yahoo.com
  13. 13. Committee organisation• Organisation are not able to fully satisfy the needs of mordern times committee organisation develop as a complemetary organisation in this organisation the responsibility of any special function or that of taking decisions is vasted in a group of individuals &not in a single person its called committee.vaghela_manisha13 13@yahoo.com
  14. 14. Continue….• Advantages:-1. Since more individuals are included in decision-making mature decisions are possible.2. Co-ordination is easily maintained as decisions are taken after deliberations.3. Burden of work of executives is reduced to help of committee.4. Research is encourged.vaghela_manisha13 14@yahoo.com
  15. 15. Continue….• Disadvantages:-1. As discussions take place funcations & decisions among members of the committee.2. if the committee of adopt a political stance .there is possibility of groupism or internal conflict.vaghela_manisha13 15@yahoo.com
  16. 16. Line and staff organisation• This types of organisation has been developed for availing the merits of both the line and functional organisation however its basic structure remains as that of line organisation.• Advantages:-1. Planning of specialisation.2. Benefit of expert advice to the line management.vaghela_manisha13 16@yahoo.com
  17. 17. Continue….• Disadvantages:-1. there may be confusion about the relation of staff member.2. The staff may be ineffective for lack of authority to carry out its recommendations.vaghela_manisha13 17@yahoo.com
  18. 18. BibliographyBusiness organisation &management. – Y.K. BhushanSultan Chand & sonsvaghela_manisha13 18@yahoo.com
  19. 19. vaghela_manisha13 19@yahoo.com