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The social system school
 

The social system school

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    The social system school The social system school Presentation Transcript

    • THE SOCIAL SYSTEM SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS. BY MANISHA VAGHELAvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 1
    • Flow of Presentation  Introduction  Definations  Features  Advantages  Disadvantages  Contribution Of Bernard  Bibliography  Thank Youvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 2
    • INTRODUCTION WHAT IS SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS? Management is one of the oldest arts dating back to the beginning of civilizations. With the beginning of industrial revolution the structure of trade and commerce became extremely complex. This laid the foundation of Modern Management Thought.. The stream of management has swelled with the rich contributions of various fields. As a result, different management theories have emerged. Each of these reflects a specialist angle of the contributors from a particular field.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 3
    • CONTINUE…. The various approaches to study of management are propounded by specialists from different fields have come to be called THE SCHOOLS OF MANAGEMENT THOUGTS. On the basis of different beliefs and views each school tried to explain the nature and content of management. This leads to great confusion as it is difficult to categorize them into some groups. Hence, In the year 1961, HAROLD KOONTZ identify 6 major schools of thoughts.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 4
    • CONTINUE…. They are as follows…. 1)Management Process School 2)Empirical School 3)Human Behaviour School 4)Social System School 5)Decision School 6)Mathematical Schoolvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 5
    • CONTINUE…. SOCIAL SYSTEM SCHOOL MANAGEMENT THOUGHT The SOCIAL SYSTEM SCHOOL mainly developed in the SOCIAL SCIENCE ERA as well as in the MODERN MANAGEMENT ERA. The Social System School is closely related to the Human Relations School or Human Behaviour Human Behaviour Schools. is its base. The Pioneer of Social System Approach ( 1940- 1950) also known as Founding Father of Social System School was VILFRED PARETO. p.t.o. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 6
    •  CONTINUE….on developed and synthesized by Pareto’S ideas were later CHESTER I. BERNARD, a Bell Telephone Executive also known as THE SPERITUAL FATHER Of Social System Schools. It is a study and analysis of the concept of the individual social behaviour and the group behaviour as it affects the field of management. This approach is similar to behavioural approach ,expect that it is more formal in nature. This approach extended implications of human relation approach further. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 7
    • DEFINATIONS. An Organization as a co-operative system involving collaboration and co-operation among a number of groups. An Organization is essentially a cultural system composed of various groups of people who work in co- operation. An Organization considered as a social system consisting of various groups of people working together for achievements of goals. A system of cultural relationships in which co- operation and team spirit are necessary for achievement of organizational objectives. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 8
    • CONTINUE…. A system of cultural inter relation ships which is conceived as the co-operative interaction of ideas, forces, desires and thinking of a group of people. A Social system is a study and analysis of the concept of the individual social behaviour and the group behaviour as it affects the field of management. A co-operative system which is developed by understanding the behaviour of people in groups. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 9
    •  CONTINUE…. or unit consisting of various Social system is an entity parts called sub-systems which are inter related or inter dependent. Organization as co-operative system in which there are persons able to communicate with each other and who are willing to contribute towards a conscious common purpose. Organization as system of consciously coordinated activities of two or more persons. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 10
    • FEATURES. An organization is a social system i.e. of cultural relationships and management concerned with the effectiveness of an organization must study. Formal organization represents cultural relations ships of the social groups working within the organization. Co-operation of the members working and the groups is essential and is core of good management. Relationships exists between internal and external environments and changes. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 11
    • CONTINUE…. its efforts towards Management has to direct establishing harmony between the goals of the organization and the needs ,aims and aspirations of people comprising various groups in organization. This concept has been attributable to theory of co- operation where by an individual tries to satisfy his biological, physical and social needs through co- operation with others. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 12
    • ADVANTAGES. contribution in field of This approach is an important management. Organization is a social system. Hence decisions should not be taken by considering one group, but all the groups are considered. There are formal and informal organizations in management has to identify such informal groups and motivate them. Both types of incentives i.e. financial and non financial are being prevailed to satisfy and encourage various groups working in an organization. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 13
    • CONTINUE…. People come together to achieve ends which they cannot accomplish working alone. Co-operative interaction of ideas, forces, desires and thinking of a group of people takes place. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 14
    • DISADVANTAGES. This approach lays emphasis only on social relations but it does not consider physical aspects. Social Science is one of the branches of the other sciences like mathematics, psychology, etc. Hence, management is a social science. So, this is limited concept. Study of group behaviour is not only the aspect of the management. People misuse the freedom of co-operation and communication provided to make harmonious relationships for achieving goals. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 15
    • CONTRIBUTIONS OF BERNARD. CONCEPT OF ORGANIZATIONS In his opinion organization exists when following three conditions are fulfilled. 1)There are persons able to communicate with each other. 2)They are willing to contribute to the action. 3)They attempt to accomplish a common purpose. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 16
    • CONTINUE…. FORMAL And INFORMAL ORGANISATION. Bernard suggests that executives should encourage the development of informal organization to serve as a means of communication. In managing organization manager should take into account both types of organizations. ELEMENTS OF ORGANIZATION. According to Bernard there are four elements of a formal organization. 1)A system of logical decision making. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 17
    • CONTINUE…. will lead group members to 2)A system of power which accept the decisions of executive. 3)A system of functionalisation so that people can specialize that is departmentation. 4)A system of effective and efficient incentives so as to induce people to contribute to group action. AUTHORITY He has given a new concept of authority which is termed “Acceptance Theory Of Authority.’’ vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 18
    • CONTINUE…. of Authority Conditions of acceptance 1)Understanding of communication. 2)Communication is not inconsistent. MOTIVATION Bernard suggests that there should be both types of incentives i.e. Formal and Informal prevailing in organization for motivation and better encouragement of people. EFFECTIVE EXECUTIVE To make executive effective it needs high order of responsible leadership (social skills, high calibre. ) vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 19
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY. FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT Y.K.BHUSHAN SULTANCHAND AND SONS EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHERS, NEW DELHI. BUSINESS ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT C.R.BASU TATA Mc GRAW HILL PUBLISHING COMPANY LTD.,NEW DELHI. PRINCPILES OF MANAGEMENT T.J.RANA vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 20
    • CONTINUE…. PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF MANAGEMENT L.M.PRASAD SULTANCHAND AND SONS ,NEW DELHI. PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT MEENAKSHI GUPTA PHI LEARNING PVT. LTD.NEW DELHI. ESSENTIALS OF MANAGEMENT P.N.REDDY, P.C.TRIPATHI HIMALAYA PUBLISHING HOUSE. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.co m BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 21
    • CONTINUE….  MANAGEMENT THEORY AND PRACTICE J.S.CHANDAN HIMALAYA PUBLISHING HOUSE .vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 22
    • THANK YOU….vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 23