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  • 1. By MANISHA VAGHELAvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 1
  • 2. • A human relationship involving two or more persons who come together to share, to dialogue and to commune.• Thus, communication is not just an act or a process but also a social and cultural togetherness.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 2
  • 3. According to Denis Mcquail, “Communication is a processwhich increases commonality – but also requires elements ofcommonality for it to occur at all.”A common language for instance does bring people togetherbut language alone does not suffice for communication to takeplace. There are other factors too at play such as a sharedculture and a common interest which bring about a sense ofcommonality and more significantly, a sense of community.The Sanskrit term, „Sadharanikaran‟ comes closest tto the termof „common‟ or „commonness‟ usually associated withcommunication. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo. com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 3
  • 4. • A human being‟s need for communication is as strong as the need to eat, sleep and love. • Communication is as much a natural need as it is a social requirement in order to engage in the sharing of experiences, through symbol mediated interaction. • It requires active interaction with our physical, biological and social environments. • The basic human need for communication can perhaps be traced to the process of mankind‟s evolution from lower species. • Excommunication or lack of communication may lead to sensory deprivation, anxiety, depraved judgement, strange visions.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 4
  • 5. The Communication ProcessThis involves a series of actions taking place that involve varioustypes of expressions, interpretations, response.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 5
  • 6. 1. The sender has an idea: The intent of this phase is to start the process at a time when a sender intentionally decide to send a message to someone else. So, the sender has an idea.2. The Sender encodes the idea: When encoding one‟s idea, one has to pick thecode that will fit the message and that will allow the receiver to understand.Humans use a multitude of symbols to represent their ideas. Some symbols arelinguistic (verbal or written) code developed into complex languages. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo. com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 6
  • 7. Languages are many: the Morse code, the Braille language, the American Sign Language, and all the spoken and dead languages of the world. Other symbols are also in use to communicate: mathematical formulas, paintings, pictographs, hieroglyphs, traffic signals, zip codes, baseball gestures signalling instructions from managers to players. 3. The sender transmits the message: In order for the sender to transmit the encoded message, the sender has to choose a channel, a medium through which to send the message. Senders can send information verbally or nonverbally. In nonverbal communication, messages are sent through gestures, tone of voice, use of space, etc. In verbal communication, messages are sent through speeches or through documents. A good medium is one that (1) can convey a message using more than one type of clue (visual and verbal and vocal), (2) can facilitate feedback, and (3) can establish personal focus. The richest medium is a face-to-face conversationvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 7
  • 8. 4. The receiver gets the message:5. The receiver decodes the message: The receiver always decodes the messageusing his or her knowledge of the code used to encode the message.6. The receiver send feedback to the senderUsing the same phases as the sender, the receiver send a message back to thesender providing information on his or her level of comprehension of the message. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo. com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 8
  • 9. Noices or barriers to communication process: Throughout the communication process, unintentional interferences occur, distorting or interrupting the process. These interferences are called noises. Noises can be real noises, auditory stimuli, like phones ringing, people talking. Noises distractions and distortions as well: static over a phone, solar flares altering a television‟s reception, or psychological illnesses modifying how people perceive the world.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 9
  • 10. Communication without noises has yet to happen. Therefore, recognizing the sources of noise and attempting to minimize its effect is essential to improving the efficiency of one‟s communication. Channel: A Channel is the link between the sender and the receiver and is an essential tool for communication. The Channel should be chosen appropriately at the appropriate time and for the appropriate audience in order for it to function effectively. Feedback: It means response or reaction to the sender once the message is received.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 10
  • 11. Types of Communication1. Intrapersonal Communication2. Interpersonal Communication3. Group Communication4. Mass Communication5. Mass-line Communication vaghela_manisha13@yahoo. com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 11
  • 12. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:-MANISHA VAGHELA 12