Basic of human nature
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Basic of human nature Basic of human nature Presentation Transcript

  • Basic Of Human Nature By Manisha Vaghela 1
  • Flow of PresentationFoundation of Human SkillBasic of Human NatureInfluence of Heredity & EnvironmentBasic dimensions of individual interaction in society 2
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  • What is skill? “Skill is the ability to translate knowledge into action to get the desired performance.”Human skill: Human skills are different people to people. every person has a different skill. work skill, talk skill, skill to impress others. The following can be defined as different human factors which are referred as different human skill: 4
  • Continue….1. CommunicationCommunication involves transmission and reception of messages. As communicators, people use symbol to create messages.2.Leadership:Leadership is an interaction between persons in which one results information of a sort and in such a manner that other becomes convinced that his outcomes will improved if he behaves in the manner desired. 5
  • Personality“ personality will mean how people affect others and how they understand and view themselves, as well as their pattern of inner and outer measurable traits and the person-situation interaction. How people affect others depends primarily on their external appearance (height, weight, facial features, color, and other physical aspects) and traits. In terms of external appearance, a very tall worker will have an impact on other people different from that of a very short worker. There is also evidence from meta-analysis that there are gender differences in certain personality characteristics.” 6
  • Example of our Indias best personalityDhirubhai Ambani Rajiv Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi Indira Gandhi 7
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  • “Human nature is the basis of character, the temperament and disposition; it is that indestructible matrix upon which the character is built, and whose shape it must take and keep throughout life. This we call a persons nature.” The neurobiological substrates of human nature (basic needs, ego, and fear) imply several things. 9
  • Continue.. The basic nature of human beings does not and cannot change. It is only the surface that is capable of alteration, improvement and refinement; we can alter only peoples customs, manners, dress and habits. A study of history reveals that the people who walked this earth in antiquity were moved by the same fundamental forces, were swayed by the same passions, and had the same aspirations as the men and women of today. The pursuit of happiness still engrosses mankind the world over. 10
  • Continue….Let’s take an example of a class of students in the 4th grade. They are a noisy, loud bunch, with a teacher who tries hard to discipline them. If the teachers voice is very rigid she has a fair chance of keeping the class quiet. As a result the class is quiet only in her presence, but the moment she leaves the class they are back to their mischievous ways. This is because these children are basically rajasikand tamasik( the mind is more reactive and is less analytical.) in nature 11
  • Factors Affecting Human Nature 12
  • 1.Personal factor a) Age b) Gender c) Education d) Abilities e) Marital status f) No. of dependents g) Creativity 13
  • Continue…. 2) Psychological factor 3) Organizational factor a) Facilities B) organization stricture & design C) Leadership d) Reward system 14
  • Continue…..4) Environmental factor a) Economic b) Technological 5) Culture/society a) Personality 15
  • Human skill v/s Human NatureAbility to work with, Personality Attitudesunderstand, motivate Motivesother people both Values Abilityindividually and in Intelligence andgroups. Perception 16
  • Example of Human Skill v/s Human Nature1. Sachin Tendulkar in cricket2. Amitabh Bachan in bollywood 17
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  • The role of heredity and the brainsOf more importance from the physiological/biological to the study ofpersonality than the external appearance is the role of heredity and thebrain. Although heredity’s role in personality was traditionallydownplayed, studies of twins in the last decade or so have led to somenew interest. Identical twins share the same genetic endowment, but ifthey are raised apart (say through separate adoptions), then thesimilarities and differences can provide insight into the relativecontribution of heredity vs. environment or nature vs. nurture. 19
  • Continue… Although twin studies in general are open to criticism of political influence and lack of scientific controls, most behavioral scientists now agree that genes play a role not only in physical characteristics and the brain, but also in personality. 20
  • Continue…For example:A recent report by the American Psychological Association concludes, “studies over the past 20 years on twins and adopted children have firmly established that there is a genetic component to just about every human trait and behavior, including personality, general intelligence and behavior disorders.”The development of personality has traditionally been an important area of understanding human behavior. Modern developmental psychology does not get into the argument of heredity versus environment or of maturation (changes that result from heredity and physical development) versus learning. The human being consists of both physiological and psychological interacting parts. Therefore, heredity, environment, maturation, and learning all contribute to the human personality. 21
  • Heredity what make us? Nature v/s nurture *Heredity and biology *Environment life experience e.g., Identical twins share the same template but have different “states” Environment and life experience *Plaster v/s plasticity *Set like plaster *Changes throughout adulthood 22
  • Continue….. Views on theory (a) Trait theories: Personality is set of mental systems, different for each individual (b) Humanist theories: Difficult to predict-lives are not scripted-personalities are defined by their own different perceptions and experiences. (c) Behavioral theories: Personality is the constantly changing set of learned behavior, influenced by reinforcements 23
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  • Basic dimensions of individual interaction in societyWhat is society? “A number of persons associated for any temporary or permanent object; an association for mutual or joint usefulness, pleasure, or profit; a social union; a partnership; as, a missionary society.” 26
  • Basic dimensionThere are two type of dimensions: 1) Primary dimension 2) Secondary dimension Primary Dimension Secondary Dimension •Age •Communication Style •Gender •Work Style •Organizational Role •Nationality •Work Experience •Physical & mental ability •Education •Family •Status (Primary Dimensions are •Attitudes (Secondary Dimensions more visible to others) undergo changes due to the influences of perception and learning) 27
  • Major Areas of Individual Differences  Difference in Physique  Difference in Intelligence  Difference in Ability  Difference in Aptitude  Difference in Interests  Difference in Achievements  Difference in Personality 28
  •  Difference in Physique: Health, height, weight, complexion. There are differences in the physical characteristics among people belonging to different races and different regions. Indians differ from Chinese, Africans and Europeans in their physical characteristics. Even identical twins differ from each other with regard to their fingerprints. Difference in Intelligence: Intelligence is the ability to learn and utilize what has been learned. Intelligence is commonly seen in the performance of individuals. 29
  • Difference in Ability:Ability is defined as what a person can do now and what he can learn todo in the future. A person may be good at sports but average in studies.Difference in Aptitude :(What a person can do?) It is the ability of a person to learn a particularkind of skill. He can learn a language, learn music etcDifference in Interest:Interest refers to a person’s liking for something. Different people havedifferent interests. 30
  • Difference in Achievement:(What a person has done) achievement is the outcome of an individual’sintelligence, aptitude, interest and the availability of opportunities.Achievement should be seen in terms of how well a person does incomparison to others but as to how well a person does with regard towhat he is capable of.Difference in Personality: Personality is the sum total of person’s wayof thinking, feeling and behaving 31
  • Review of the topicFoundation of Human SkillBasic of Human NatureInfluence of Heredity & EnvironmentBasic dimensions of individual interaction insociety 32
  • Conclusion Nature is different from person to person. Nature is affected bymany factors like attitude, personality, values etc.Influences of the physical environment and of society on the individualbut also the actions of the individual and his reactions to theseinfluences. A study on the basic nature of human biological agingprocesses based upon a hierarchical factor solution of the age-relatedphysiological variables. 33
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