Freud’s ego defence mechanism

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freud's ego defence mechanism

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Freud’s ego defence mechanism

  1. 1. FREUD’S EGO- DEFENCE MECHANISM BY MEDICINE HACK WWW.MEDICINEHACK.WORDPRESS.COM
  2. 2. DENIAL
  3. 3. Unconscious A person, involuntarily doesn't realise a painful fact E.g. A terminal stage cancer patient, lives life normally, as if nothing has happened, he is denying the fact that he has cancer, and will soon die. Normally seen in children of 3-6 yrs. of age, and during grief
  4. 4. REGRESSION
  5. 5. Adopting a behaviour which is appropriate for early stages of development E.g. : An adult curls up in a foetal position when in danger, or extremely afraid
  6. 6. DISPLACEMEN T
  7. 7. A man being rebuked by his boss, comes home and shows his anger upon his wife. The target of his anger has been displaced A patient's relatives blaming the doctor for the death of the patient, and avoiding their own guilt for showing up at the hospital at the last moment
  8. 8. INHIBITION
  9. 9. May be conscious or unconscious After being publicly bashed for a stupid idea at office, a person doesn’t go to workplace, and feels demotivated to work
  10. 10. UNDOING
  11. 11. Unconsciously motivated act, which magically counteract, unacceptable ideas, thoughts, acts, impulses. A husband may be showering his wife with flowers, and presents, dinners, subconsciously he is trying to undo the year of neglect he had shown towards her Automatically saying 'I am sorry' on bumping into someone
  12. 12. PASSIVE ANGER
  13. 13. Expressing anger towards other by refusing to meet their needs. Demands are resented and indirectly opposed, by delaying, or intentional inefficiency. Procrastinating at work, after being denied a leave
  14. 14. RATIONALISATI ON
  15. 15. A false but logical reason is given in an attempt to justify one's own unacceptable behaviour A person gets fired and blames his boss of being biased, ignoring his own poor performance at work Its seen universally
  16. 16. PROJECTION
  17. 17. Unconscious, seen universally A cheating husband, believes that his wife is cheating too, this way he can justify his behaviour If a person dislikes his colleague, he has a firm belief that the colleague dislikes him too
  18. 18. DISTORTION
  19. 19. Unconscious gross reshaping of reality to suits one's own internal need Hallucinations, wish fulfilling delusions
  20. 20. REACTION FORMATION
  21. 21. Converting unwanted or dangerous thoughts, feelings or impulses into their opposite A mother having an unwanted baby become overly protective of the baby
  22. 22. MATURE DEFENCE MECHANISMS
  23. 23. REPRESSION SUBLIMATION COMPENSATION ALTRUISM ANTICIPATION SUPPRESSION
  24. 24. REPRESSION
  25. 25. Forgetting the painful aspects of memory. A person forgets about incidents of sexual abuse, violence during childhood
  26. 26. REPRESSION…. Pathological example: • PSYCHOGENIC AMNESIA - Following a traumatic event the person loses memory regarding the event and important personal information • E.G.: A woman witnesses a murder, forgets her name, identity, how she got to that place.
  27. 27. SUBLIMATION
  28. 28. Unconscious channelization of unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable, valuable and personally satisfying behaviour. Letting out aggressiveness through sports sexual impulses are channelized into creativity as in paintings
  29. 29. COMPENSATI ON
  30. 30. A visually unattractive adolescent start lifting weight and body building
  31. 31. AFFILIATION
  32. 32. Asking for support from others for ones own problems, instead of blaming others
  33. 33. ALTRUISM
  34. 34. Dealing with stressor by dedicating self to the needs of other E.g.: a mafia boss makes huge charity. (tries to get over his guilt )
  35. 35. ANTICIPATION
  36. 36. Dealing with stressors by anticipating the possible future events and their realistic solution A father starts saving money for the future education of his children
  37. 37. SUPPRESSI ON
  38. 38. This is voluntary Not thinking about a disturbing event when important exams are going on

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