BARCELONA 51 PARK GÜELL - ENGLISHPresentation Transcript
PARK GÜELL was designed by Antoni Gaudí, the greatest exponent of Catalan modernism, commissioned by businessman Eusebi Güell. Built between 1900 -1914, was opened as a public park in 1922. Unesco included the Güell Park a World Heritage Site within the Humanidad.El Park Güell is a reflection of the artistic fullness of Gaudi is in its early twentieth century naturalist first, a period in which the architect perfected his personal style, inspired by the organic forms of natureThe initial project was to build anexemplary luxury development on theoutskirts of Barcelona. This magnificentgarden city was planned for 60 houses.Although Gaudí turned in this work, onceagain, his prodigious imagination, theproject was a resounding commercialfailure. Only two plots were sold. Due tothis lack of acceptance, years later, thisarea became a public park in Barcelona.
The park covers an area of 17.18 hectares. The design clearly shows the handof a great architect, and the peculiar style of Gaudí is evident in everyelement, however small..
Eusebi Güell bought a large estate in the "Bald Mountain" in Gracia. He wantedto build a City
Create a residential developmentin an area almost free ofvegetation for that reason wascalled "Montaña Pelada" very hilly,stony and devoid of naturalsources, like a work impossible atthat time. Gaudí resolved one byone, all problems presented tohim, from the collection ofrainwater to use for buildingslopes winding roads. In the parkthere are many other details thatGaudis work can be seen strollingthrough the parks trails, whileenjoying a Mediterranean garden.
The main entrance shows twoadministrative buildings built instone, Catalan vaulted roofcovered "trencadis" (coating ofsurfaces with irregular mosaicfragments, which was thenwidely used in Modernism. Bothroofs are surmounted by domesresembling tiny original the formof a mushroom, the pavilion onthe left also shows a stylizedtower crowned by a cross of fourarms so typical of Gaudí.
The two houses on either side of the entrance, Gaudi, giving free rein to hisfantasy was inspired by the story of Hansel and Gretel for your design. On theright is the witch, crowned by an enormous toadstool, and the left, thechildren, with their typical Gaudi double cross on the roof.
The pavilion at the entrance of the park, and intended to lodge, built withstones from the same place, covered on top with mosaics. The color of thiscover was chosen taking into account the chromaticism of the environment.The irregular shapes of the roof seem to remember the scales and roughnessof a strange monster. This small building looks out of a fairy tale.
On the steps of access, represent the Catalan Countries
In the center of a doublestaircase, a huge dragonwelcomes visitors. One can seethat the decoration of the entirearea is made of the coating usedso often in his works. Irregularlybroken tiles in Catalonia knownas "trencadis" that fit perfectlycurved surfaces creating thegreat architect
Multicolored dragon has become a symbol, gift gadget and most beautifulBarcelona.
Multicolored dragon hasbecome a symbol, gift gadgetand most beautiful Barcelona.Many experts have wanted tosee in the park a number ofreferences of varying sign, dueto the complex iconography ofGaudí applied to the wholeurban project, referencesranging from politics to claimreligious exaltation, throughmythology, history orphilosophy.Tourism in this park hasoverflowed so that makes itdifficult taking pictures.
Begins at the entrance a staircasethat runs between walls topped bybattlements
Today there are the structures for community services, the entrance, theplaza, the Hypostyle Hall
The Park Güell was formed with the merger of two estates, Can and CanMuntaner de Dalt Coll i Pujol, the so-called Montaña Pelada, purchased byCount Guell 1899. It was a land formed by strata of slate and stone calcáreasinhardly any vegetation
It is surrounded by a wall withtwo entrance pavilions whoseroofs are covered with brokenpottery and topped by anornate tower and
Between the two pavilions opens the main entrance where, since 1965, are thebars and the iron door of the garden of the Casa Vicens. A perfect mix betweenclassic and cutting edge that impacts the viewer from good start.
The park is protected on the outside by an enclosing wall
The park is surrounded by a wall at the top is covered with ceramic medallionsGüell Park and the registration made with "trencadís". These medallions are akind of logo of the park, there are forty in different locations.
The square is a balcony with beautiful views over Barcelona and the sea. It isbounded by a bank trencadís wavy coated. This large square is used forcultural celebrations and popular.
After climbing the stairs of the entrance, you reach a large areacovered, supported by 86 Doric columns, which was scheduled to spend onmarket stalls where they could provide the future residents of the garden city
Spaces for public use, like a big square would cover the market
The beautiful ceiling roses are made with colored pieces of tile and glass.
Hypostyle Hall of considerable size with 86 Doric columns supporting the greatplaza of the park. On the ceiling of this room you can see colored panels
The large square columns support the park, famous for its beautiful balconywith a bank run 150 meters in length from which you can see the city.
A long winding bench Gaudí designed as is, close to the surface boundaries ofthe square. For the construction of this bank, as well as other decorativeelements of his work, Gaudí was the most outstanding collaboration of JosepM. Jujol, also an architect
The square is enclosed by a balustrade bench covered with trencadís sinuouslines of different colors and meanings. An array that holds, in the eyes of theworld, not yet passed a socket between nature and man in a space where theyfuse all forms of architecture and urban planning in a renovatedMediterranean garden concept could not be imitated anywhere
On the winding bank developed by Gaudí and Josep Jujol, and that, say,abstract painting is the worlds longest
Gaudí conceived with a religious meaning while organic and urban development,taking advantage of the gap of 60 meters which is the mountain (the height between150 and 210 meters over the sea) to project a path of spiritual elevation, placing in itssummit a chapel, which was never built, the site now occupied by the monument ofCalvary or the TURÓ OF THREE CRUCES. Éste is the highest part of the park, from hereyou can see most of Barcelona. Currently there are three crosses on a hill of stone,named Calvary.Two of them point to the cardinal points (NSEW), and the other pointing toward the sky.
DELS VIADUCT IS TRUE ENAMORATS an arcade of columns that appear petrifiedtree turned and human figures which make it stand
The entire garden is served by unpaved roads or footpaths, many of which aresupported by inclined columns. Walking along these paths is an extraordinarypleasure, allowing you to enjoy nature while you can see every detail of thisexceptional work.
Gaudí made complicated surveying for the layout of the streets, complex jobssince the slopes of the mountain and the fact that Gaudí wanted to keep thedry look the same in his work.
But planting trees not only respected the environment, to be thetopographic map of the fifteen acres, noted that, given the terrain, the roadsto take many cuttings and embankments that would spoil the beauty of thelandscape, so he designed the twisting streets that followed the soil profile..
The architect had just designing a large garden, full of fantasy, paths, trailsand roads that seem to reflect a utopian vision of paradise lost. Within theenclosure of the park, a forest of oaks, pines, Baladres, etc
These streets hold some bent over with soul columns of brick covered withnatural stone instead. In total there are about three kilometers of roads with aslope of 6% for roads of cars and up to 12% for pedestriansThis, fortunately, led to, instead of a large urban
Even nature seems to be in the background, it is true that the architect had inmind for a perfect symbiosis between the stone and green. The prospect ofthe viaduct, crowned with palm trees and lined with shrubs and ground coverplants plasma either the complicity between nature and architecture
Gaudí preserve the natural vegetation of the place that today is an areaof forest with abundant mesquite, oaks, pines and oaks, surrounded by a thickundergrowth.
A farm of urbanization (only sold two plots) at the top of the Park Güell
In the heart of Park Güell, thereis a modernist house built in1902 by Francesc Berenguer,which served as home to Gaudífrom 1906 until shortly beforehis death.Today is converted into theresidence GAUDÍ HOUSE MUSEUMdisplays personal memories ofthe great architect, furniture anddecorative items made by himand his closest collaboratorssuch as Josep M ª Jujol,Francesc Berenguer, JoanMartorell, Carles Martí orLlorenç Matamala.Especially interesting are thefurniture, some of which weredesigned by Gaudís PalauGüell, Casa Calvet and CasaBatlló
HOUSE MUSEUM GAUDÍSurrounded by a garden whereyou can see the pergola designedby Gaudí and pieces from otherworks of the architect, such aspalmetto grate bars of the CasaVicens Casa Mila, a wrought ironcross farm Miralles, a gardenerBatlló house.
The school, located within theParc Güell, is built in a XVIIIcentury farmhouse which he hadbeen a residence of Count Güelland part of the work that Gaudidesigned. In 1985 after severalyears of negotiations ensuresthat the building wasrehabilitated to continueteaching. The inauguration of thenew Baldiri was the April 19,1995Fabulous views of Barcelonafrom Park Guell, and the wholeplace is built on a hill
Fabulous views of Barcelona from Park Guell, and the whole place is built ona hill
ENDPARK GÜELL IS A WONDERFUL PLACE, AND THEFAVORITE RESORT OF THOUSANDS OF VISITORSEACH DAY TO VISIT.HAVING THE OPPORTUNITY TO VISIT AND ENJOYTHIS BEAUTIFUL EXPERIENCE, IT IS ALSO THEPLACE WHERE YOU WANT TO BE ALWAYS NEAR.PARK GUELL IS A PARK IS A SYMBOL OFBARCELONA, IS THE MOST EMBLEMATIC WORKOF ANTONI GAUDÍ.IT IS A UNIQUE PLACE, AN ARCHITECTURALWONDER. PARKS IS ONE OF THE MOST ORIGINALAND CONSIDERED THE BEST IN SOUTHERNEUROPE.PARK GÜELL IS A REFLECTION OF THEFULLNESS OF GAUDI ART IS INSPIRED BYORGANIC FORMS OF NATURE WITH NEWSTRUCTURAL RESOLUTIONS.