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English as an Universal Language
 

English as an Universal Language

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    English as an Universal Language English as an Universal Language Presentation Transcript

    • English: A Universal language?
      Mariana Díaz 
    • Introduction
      Whatis a universal language?  Oneusedbythemajority of the global population.
      English:
      • Isbetween top 3 onmostspoken & moststudiedlanguages.
      • ReplacedGerman as thelanguage of Nobel Prizelaureates.
      • MatchedFrench as language of diplomacy.
      • Isspokenbyover a billion (at least at basiclevel).
      • One of the 6 officiallanguages of the UN.
    • Why has thishappened?
    • History
      • COLONIZATION… startingwithIreland, nextAmerica, next India, Australia and Africa.
      • “Excuse”: HELP peopletobepart of a REAL CIVILIZATION.
      • Alltheyaskedfor in exchangewas: therighttotaketheirlands and resources and exploitthem.
      • Main cause of migrationtoAmerica: Protestantism vs. Christianism
      • Theirmaingoal, wastosettlea better place, beEnglish, theysought a true England in whichtoplanttheirreligiousvisionsfreely.
    • More History
      “PILGRIMS” were:
      • People of above-averageliteracy.
      • Morallycertain.
      • ReligiousPassionates.
      • As theyfound new animals, plants, and geography, theyneeded new words.
      • New peoplewasarriving(Welsh, Scottish, Irish, Grrmans…), buttheyensuredthatEnglish’sadvancecontinued.
      • EnglishwouldbethelanguageheardfromtheAtlanticCoasttotheAppalacchianMountains.
    • Even More History
      “The propriety of language here surprised me much, the English tongue being spoken by all ranks, in a degree of purity and perfection, surpassing any but the polite part of London.” (Lord Gordon, 1764)
      After 1776:
      • Americans decided to attempt to their English the BEST of the world.
      By 1820’s:
      • They felt that they had the future of English in their hands. They were refining it, embellishing it and keeping it PURE.
    • “America” Today (US)
      • Considered one of the most important countries (economically), despite the crisis.
      • Culturally, they are trendsetters:
      • Music
      • Films
      • Literature
      • Social Networks
      • Sports
      • Fashion
    • Englisharoundtheworld
      English can be divided into 3:
      • Inner circle: traditional base of English. UK, Ireland, anglophone populations or the former B.E.
      • Outer circle: countries where English has official or historical importance. Commonwealth (India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Philippines…)
      • Expanding circle: countries where English has no official role but is still important for certain functions (international bussiness or lingua franca)
    • Lingua Franca
      “A language serving as a regular means of communication between different linguistic groups in a multilingual speech community.” (Holmes,1997:98)
    • EnglishAroundTheWorld
      Is feeding other languages such as:
      • Russian
      • Japanese
      • Portuguese
      Governments think that English is endangering their native tongues.
      Other “Englishes” are being formed all the time.
      In the future, English as we know it will be spoken just by a minority
      of speakers.
      The more it spreads, the more it diversifies.
    • Conclusion
      English started in BRITAIN, , the spread began with the first mass exodus from a very small country to another continent, where it was enriched by all the new things found there.
      In the last year of the sixteenth century, Samuel Daniel speculated:
      “And who in time knows whither we may vent
      The treasure of our tongue, to what estrange shores
      This gain of our best glory shall be sent,
      T’inrich unknowing nations with our store?”