The humor of this statement is obvious; Stanley asked his famous question of the ONLY other white person for hundreds of miles!
Belgium itself covers a little over 30,000 square miles!
… outbreak in the 1890s killed 80 to 90 percent of all cattle in Southern Africa, as well as the Horn of Africa . Sir Arnold Theiler was instrumental in developing a vaccine that curbed the epidemic.
Northern and eastern migration of European settlers from Cape Colony in Africa.
Lesson three - Imperialism in East, West, and South Africa
CHAPTER 17The Age of ImperialismSection 3: European Claims in Sub-Saharan AfricaObjectives:List the features of West Africa that made the region particularly appealing to French and British imperialists.Describe European claims made in Central and East Africa.Explain why South Africa was so valuable.Explain how European imperialism affected Africa.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa West Africa • Formerly dealt primarily in slaves • Late 19th century turned to trading palm oil, feathers, ivory, and rubber.
SECTION 3 European Claims in Sub- Saharan AfricaFrance wouldfight the rebel SamoryToure for 18 years forcontrol of West Africa.Britain would fightthe Ashanti kingdomfor the territory theywould name theGold Coast (Ghana).Liberia would bethe only state to remainindependent.
SECTION 3 European Claims in Sub- Saharan AfricaStanley & Livingston1869 reporter Henry Stanleybegan his search formissing missionaryDr. David Livingston.He found him in 1871.Livingston had been inAfrica for years looking forthe source of the NileRiver. “Dr. Livingston, I presume?”
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa King Leopold II of Belgium would carve a personal colony of over 900,000 square miles.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa East Africa …also divided into colonies. … Famine and rinderpest (a very infectious cattle/buffalo disease) weakened any African resistance to colonization.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa South Africa European settlement began in 1652 with Dutch settlement of Cape Town… which would grow into Cape Colony. …which the British will take over in the early 1800s.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa The Great Trek
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan AfricaThe Boers (Dutch for“farmer”) carved out threecolonies: • Natal • Orange Free State •Transvaal
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Shaka ~ the most influential leader of the Zulu Kingdom. The British would defeat the Zulu in 1879.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan AfricaThe story of diamonds inSouth Africa begins betweenDecember 1866 andFebruary 1867, when 15-year-old Erasmus Jacobsfound a transparent stone onhis fathers farm, on the southbank of the Orange River.Over the next 15 years, Cecil RhodesSouth Africa yielded more would arrive indiamonds than India had in South Africaover 2,000 years. in 1870.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Cecil Rhodes Within twenty years, Rhodes completely controlled South African diamond production through his company, De Beers. De Beers held a near-total monopoly (90%!) on worldwide diamond production until the year 2000. He would later organize a colony to the north in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).
Political CartoonEuropean Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa "I contend that we"To think of these are the first race instars that you see the world, and thatoverhead at night, the more of thethese vast worlds world we inhabitwhich we can the better it is fornever reach. I the human race...Ifwould annexe the there be a God, Iplanets if I could; think that what heI often think of would like me tothat. It makes me do is paint as muchsad to see them so of the map ofclear and yet so Africa British Redfar." as possible..."
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa The Boer War • 1895 ~ Rhodes tried to overthrow the Transvaal gov’t because the Boers had kept the British from opening mines. • 1899 ~ The Boer War broke out. • After three horrible years, the British defeated the Boers. • 1910 ~ united Cape Colony and the three Boer colonies into the Union of South Africa. – The new constitution made it almost impossible for non-whites to vote. – The beginning of apartheid.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Effects of Imperialism on Africa • Paternalism – limiting a group’s liberty “for their own good.” • New crops & ways of farming • Western medicine • Roads and railroads were built. • Improved communications
SECTION 3 European Claims in Sub- Saharan Africa Emperor Menelik IISome African leaders attempted to workwith the Europeans.1899 negotiated a treaty with Italy. Italyclaimed this made Ethiopia a protectorate,while Ethiopia claimed otherwise.Italy would later try to invade Ethiopia,but would not be successful, as Menelikhad spent his reign modernizing his army.Ethiopia would be the only African nationto remain independent.
SECTION 3European Claims in Sub-Saharan AfricaAssimilation: whenpeople give up theirown culturecompletely and adoptanother culture.The Africans did not accept European culture and would continueto live much as they had for centuries.