CHAPTER 17.1The Age of ImperialismSection 1: The Roots of Western           ImperialismObjectives:Explain why Europeans lo...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismAt the end of the 18thcentury colonialism seemedto have become a thing ofthe past....
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismA hundred years later, however, a second wave of colonisationtook place. Within tw...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism1870-1914 Height of the Age of Imperialism…when one country takes control of anoth...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism                Types of Control                 •   Settlement colonies          ...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism                  Settlement colonies ~ Australia…large groups of people fromone c...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismDependent Colonies…European officials would rulenon-European people.
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Protectorate …local ruler keeps his title but the Europeans had the REAL power an...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismSpheres of Influence…an area where one nation hasa special interest and othernatio...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismNationalism!…nations believed that others would respect them more ifthey had colon...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism              Navies were rapidly              becoming more important,           ...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism   There were also  many ECONOMIC   REASONS for    imperialism…
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismWhat pushed imperialism in the 19th century?Industrialization!  • Raw materials  •...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismRapid population growthaccompanied industrialization.More people need more jobsAND...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism                  Cultural MotivesPeople were considered lacking if their religion...
Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism                      MissionariesChristian missionaries hoped to convertpeople, b...
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism  Now, let’s look at some visual sources and political cartoons…
Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism
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Lesson One - Introduction to Imperialism

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Lesson One - Introduction to Imperialism

  1. 1. CHAPTER 17.1The Age of ImperialismSection 1: The Roots of Western ImperialismObjectives:Explain why Europeans looked outside their own countries for raw materials and markets.List reasons, other than industrialization, that led Europeans to establish colonies and expand their empires.Describe the development of imperialism, including the different types of colonial relationships that existed.
  2. 2. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismAt the end of the 18thcentury colonialism seemedto have become a thing ofthe past.Britain had lost its ThirteenColonies in America, Spainand Portugal had lost mostof South America andHolland was havingdifficulties holding onto theEast Indies.
  3. 3. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismA hundred years later, however, a second wave of colonisationtook place. Within twenty years, from 1880 to 1900, every cornerof the Earth, from the highest mountains in the Himalayas to themost remote Pacific island and Antarctica, came to be claimed byone or other European power. How did they come to control most of the world?
  4. 4. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism1870-1914 Height of the Age of Imperialism…when one country takes control of another country.
  5. 5. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Types of Control • Settlement colonies • Dependent colonies • Protectorates • Spheres of influences
  6. 6. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Settlement colonies ~ Australia…large groups of people fromone country living together ina new place.
  7. 7. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismDependent Colonies…European officials would rulenon-European people.
  8. 8. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Protectorate …local ruler keeps his title but the Europeans had the REAL power and controlled the area.
  9. 9. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismSpheres of Influence…an area where one nation hasa special interest and othernations agree to respect thosespecial interests.
  10. 10. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismNationalism!…nations believed that others would respect them more ifthey had colonies.BONUS!More colonies =more manpowerfor troops! BIGGER ARMIES!
  11. 11. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Navies were rapidly becoming more important, especially for colonization. Location, location, location!Tiny islands with nothing but strategiclocation became EXTREMELY important!
  12. 12. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism There were also many ECONOMIC REASONS for imperialism…
  13. 13. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismWhat pushed imperialism in the 19th century?Industrialization! • Raw materials • New markets
  14. 14. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialismRapid population growthaccompanied industrialization.More people need more jobsAND more space.
  15. 15. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Cultural MotivesPeople were considered lacking if their religionor culture differed from the West.They thought non-Western people wereprimitive –“half-devil and half child.”They used this idea tojustify imposing their ownvalues and cultural ideas onother peoples.
  16. 16. Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
  17. 17. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism MissionariesChristian missionaries hoped to convertpeople, but they did other work as well. Medicine, hygiene, and sanitation spread along with Christianity.
  18. 18. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism Now, let’s look at some visual sources and political cartoons…
  19. 19. Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
  20. 20. Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
  21. 21. Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
  22. 22. Political CartoonThe Roots of WesternImperialism
  23. 23. SECTION 1The Roots of WesternImperialism

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