What is Reading? According to Toit (2001)“Reading is a process of thinking, recalling, and relatingconcepts under the functioning of written words.” Irvin (1998) describes the reading process as;“The interaction of what is in the head with what is onthe page within a particular context that causes studentsto comprehend what they read.”
Situation of Reading in Pakistan Majority of our people have good reading habits in thepast times in our country. People used to read books, parents and grandparentsused to read book in front of their kids and tell themstories. Pakistan has too entered in the digital age and withemergence of e-media and has weakened the bondbetween the book and its readers.
Reading through Motivation Motivation is the biggest factor in this area. Where allthe techniques and strategies failed to do a positivething then motivation works there as a guiding star.Scared about committing mistakes.Inadequate vocabulary.Lack of confidence and competence in English.
Objectives of the study To study the causes of student’s hesitation in readingEnglish. The explore ideas and strategies of teachers related toreading skill in EFL.
Reason for lack of Motivation instudents for reading Fails to understand due to Problem in languageproficiency/ability Peer rejection Depression Fear of failure Nervous habits Teaching methods and styles Students own understanding Lack of appreciation
Graphical Representation ofReasons for lack of Motivation
Strategies to motivate students toread in EFL classroom Motivation is necessary Appropriate way to Motivate Teacher’s enthusiasm Multimedia is important Reading for pleasure Pre-discussion before the lesson AV aids help to motivate reading Exam-oriented reading
Graphical Representation ofStrategies to motivate students
Reading is one of the major skills to be occupied intarget language. Motivation is the major key that triggers the learnersmotivating booster. Some common problems that teachers have in dealingwith reading are; learners lack ofmotivation, hesitation, insufficient vocabulary etc. Teachers can adopt multidimensional strategies toenhance reading in EFL context.Conclusion
RecommendationsPraise and encouragement for positive efforts by thelearners will help to keep motivation up.Meaningful, relevant and motivating tasks to do.Teacher can arrange some sort of reading competitionsin the class so that learners might feel It as a fun basedactivity rather than boring reading task.Reading session in terms of three phases i.e. pre-reading, while-reading, post-reading must be followed .