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Creating ChAos! Tathagat Varma http://managewell.net 13-14 Jan 2012
So, why did Westerneconomies grow so muchand so fast from the time of Industrial Revolution ?
Why?• 1790: First US Patent issued• 1860: Japan studies and copies US Patent system Conclusion• There is a connection between Patents, Technology and Economic Growth
…Throughout human history, innovation has been apowerful force for transformation. This arguably holds truenow more than ever… In high-income countries, studieshave estimated that innovation accounts for as much as80% of economy-wide growth in productivity. Research atthe ﬁrm level has shown that ﬁrms that innovateoutperform their non-innovating peers. – The Changing Face of Innovation, WIPO Report 2011
Global Innovation Index 2011Rank Country#1 Switzerland#2 Sweden#7 USA#10 UK#12 Germany#14 Israel#29 China#47 Brazil#62 India
School College Job Performance Performance Performance “Literacy” “Logic” “Creativity?” “Facts” “Hard Thinking” “Innovation?”Creativity is now as important in education as literacy, and we should treat it with the same status – Sir Ken Robinson, TED2006
“…Our education system does a fairly good jobof developing hard thinking skills, but there is notmuch to develop soft thinking. As a matter offact, much of our education is geared towardeliminating soft thinking, or at best, teaching usto regard it as an inferior tool.” – Roger von Oech, A Whack on the Side of the Head
• Soft thinking has many of the characteristics on the ‘soft’ list: it is metaphorical, approximate, humorous, playful, and capable of dealing with contradiction.• Hard thinking, on the other hand, tends to be more logical, precise, exact, speciﬁc and consistent
...I was once teaching thinking toa class made up entirely of NobelPrize winners.Only one of those present hadarrived at his or her breakthroughidea by systematic analysis. Everyother person had reached the ideaas a result of chance, mistake,anomaly or something goingwrong.”
A person with high intelligence can take a position ona subject and then use their intelligence to defend thatposition very ably. The better the defense of thatposition, the less does that person see any need toconsider alternatives or listen to others. That is notgood thinking. - Edward de Bono, Intelligence Information Thinking