Hot spots is an Economist Intelligence Unit research programme, commissioned by Citigroup, which ranks the competitiveness of 120 of the world’s major cities. The Economist Intelligence Unit bears sole responsibility for the content of this report. The Economist Intelligence Unit’s editorial team built the Index, conducted the analysis and wrote the report. The findings and views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsor.
Our research drew on two main initiatives:
A unique Index that compares 120 of the world’s major urban agglomerations across eight distinct categories of competitiveness and 31 individual indicators. These cities collectively represent about 29% of the global economy, with a combined GDP of US$20.24tr. A detailed note on definitions and methodology is provided in the appendix.
We conducted in-depth interviews with ten city experts, mayors and corporate executives, to get their insights on city competitiveness.
The Index was devised and constructed by an Economist Intelligence Unit research team led by Manoj Vohra. The author of the report was James Watson and the editor was Sudhir Vadaketh. Sarah Fister Gale and Premila Nazareth assisted with further interviews. Our sincere thanks go to the following interviewees (listed alphabetically by organisation) for their time and insights:
- Dane Parker, vice president, global facilities, real estate and environmental health and safety, Dell
- Kevin Stolarick, research director, Martin Prosperity Institute
- Jaana Remes, senior fellow, McKinsey Global Institute
- Michael Bloomberg, mayor, New York
- Javier Sanchez-Reaza, economist and urban specialist, OECD
- Lamia Kamal-Chaoui, head: urban development programme, OECD
- Johannes Schmidt, CEO, project and structured finance, Infrastructure & Cities and Industry, Siemens
- Khoo Teng Chye, executive director, Singapore’s Centre for Liveable Cities
- Todd Overmyer, global head of retail, Triumph
- Hariprasad Hegde, global head of operations, Wipro