geography-of-europe
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geography-of-europe Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Europe’s Latitude v. US
  • 2. Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States
  • 3. Satellite View of Europe
  • 4. 3,800 square miles
  • 5. R E G I O N S
  • 6. Continents by Size (sq. km.) Asia 44,579,000 Africa 30,065,000 North America 24,256,000 South America 17,819,000 Antarctica 13,209,000 Europe 9,938,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   7,687,000
  • 7. Topography
  • 8. Europe: A Peninsula of Peninsulas? OR A Peninsula of Asia?
  • 9. Europe: An Asian Peninsula ?
  • 10. Northern Peninsulas Jutland Peninsula Scandinavian Peninsula
  • 11. Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula AnatoleanPeninsula Crimean Peninsula
  • 12. P e n i n s u l a s Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Iberian Pen. Italian Pen. Balkan Pen. Anatolean Pen. Crimean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen.
  • 13. What’s the answer ??
  • 14. B o d i e s of W a t e r Mediterranean Sea North Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Black Sea AegeanSea Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Bay of Biscay Strait of Gibraltar Dardanelles Strait Arctic Ocean English Channel Caspian Sea
  • 15. The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum
    • 2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide
    • “ Crossroads of 3 Continents”
    Caesarea on the Israeli coast Strait of Gibraltar & the “Pillars of Hercules”
  • 16. The Danube River 1770 miles
  • 17. R i v e r s Danube R. Seine R. Rhine R. Loire R. Po R. Tiber R. Tagus R. Thames R. Elbe R. Oder R. Vistula R. Dnieper R. Volga R. Don R. Ebro R.
  • 18. The Danube River
    • Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.
    Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube
  • 19. The Volga River
    • The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.
  • 20. The Volga River
    • The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.
  • 21. Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers ??
  • 22. Capitals on the Rivers (1) Paris, right bank of the Seine London on the Thames Prague on the Vltava Budapest on the Danube
  • 23. Capitals on the Rivers (2) Berlin on the Spree Moscow on the Moscow River Rome on the Tiber Vienna on the Danube
  • 24. What’s the answer ??
  • 25. Answer: They are Europe’s lifeline!
  • 26. M o u t a i n s & P e a k s Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Apennines Mts. Dinaric Alps Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Ural Mts. Mt. Etna ^ Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^
  • 27. Elevation Alps Carpathians Caucasus Urals Pyrennes Apennines
  • 28. The Alps
    • Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France.
  • 29. Mt. Blanc in the Alps
    • Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet
  • 30. The Caucasus Mountains
    • The origin of the word Caucasian .
  • 31. Transylvania in the Carpathian Mountains
    • Home of Vlad Tepeš , the Drakul (“Count Dracula”)
  • 32. Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide”
    • Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.
    1500 miles
  • 33. The Ural Mountains
  • 34. P l a i n s Northern European Plain Steppes Siberian Lowlands
  • 35. The BENELUX Countries
    • Belgium
    • Netherlands
    • Luxembourg
  • 36. Holland’s Dikes
  • 37. Amsterdam’s Canals
  • 38. The Netherlands: The “Dagger” Pointing at the Heart of Britain!
  • 39. P l a t e a u s Meseta
  • 40. C o m p l e t e d M a p North Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Black Sea AegeanSea Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Bay of Biscay Strait of Gibraltar Dardanelles Strait Arctic Ocean English Channel Caspian Sea Danube R. Seine R. Rhine R. Loire R. Po R. Tiber R. Tagus R. Thames R. Elbe R. Oder R. Vistula R. Dnieper R. Volga R. Don R. Ebro R. Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Apennines Mts. Dinaric Alps Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Ural Mts. Mt. Etna ^ Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^ Siberian Lowlands Northern European Plain Steppes Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Iberian Pen. Crimean Pen. Balkan Pen. Anatolean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen. Italian Pen.
  • 41. 10,000 BCE – Ice Age
  • 42. Norwegian Fjords
    • Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age.
  • 43. Earthquake Zones
  • 44. Reykjavik, Iceland: “The Youngest Oldest Country”
    • Volcanoes
    • Hot Springs
    • Geysers
  • 45. Mediterranean Islands
    • Generally rugged & mountainous.
    • Mediterranean Sea so polluted (will take 1000 years to clean up).
    Sardinia Cyprus Malta
  • 46. Mt. Etna, Sicily
    • An active volcano
  • 47. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
    • 1944 eruption
    • Pompeii, 79 CE
    • Herculaneum, 79 CE
  • 48. Eastern Europe
  • 49. Eastern Europe
  • 50. Russia’s 10 Time Zones
  • 51. Siberia --> Permafrost
    • Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°C, and in July from 1 to 25°C
    • 150,000,000 population.
    • A former “ gulag ” Soviet prison camp.
  • 52. Lake Baikal, Siberia
    • The oldest and deepest lake in the world.
    • 20% of the world’s total unfrozen water supply.
  • 53. Trans-Siberian Railroad
    • Completed in 1905.
  • 54. Trans-Siberian Railroad
    • T he main line runs 5,785 miles.
  • 55. Climate
  • 56. Europe’s Latitude v. US
  • 57. Climate
  • 58. Average Annual Precipitation
  • 59. Vegetation
  • 60. Europe’s Natural Regions
  • 61. The North European Plain
  • 62. The Northern European Plain --> An Invasion Route into Asia (& Vice Versa?)
  • 63. Steppes : “Soviet” Breadbasket
  • 64. The Steppes
    • 25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply.
  • 65. Major Regional Divisions of the Former U. S. S. R. Chernozen Soil
  • 66. Germany’s Black Forest
  • 67. Germany’s Black Forest
  • 68. Tundra: The Not-So-Barren Land Below the Arctic Circle
  • 69. L a n d U s e
  • 70. Agricultural Activity
  • 71. Natural Resources
  • 72. R E S O U R C E S
  • 73. Major Industrial Resources
  • 74. Oil Export Routes in the Caucasus Area
  • 75. Geographic Problems
  • 76. Major Environmental Disasters & Pollution Problems
  • 77. Acid Rain
  • 78. Demographics
  • 79. World Population by Continents Asia 3,737,000,000 Africa 823,000,000 Europe 729,000,000 North America 486,000,000 South America 351,000,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   31,000,000 Antarctica no permanent population
  • 80. Population Density [People Per Square Mile] Belgium 336.82 Mexico 52.15 Japan 336.72 United States 29.77 India 336.62 World 14.42 United Kingdom 244.69 Norway 14.42 Italy 192.96 Canada 3.36 France 108.09 Russia 8.61
  • 81. Population Distribution
  • 82. Population Growth
  • 83. Members of the Indo-European Language Family
  • 84. Major Religious Groups in Europe
  • 85. Arrivederci! Au Revoir! Good Bye! Auf Wiedersehen! Adios! Cairete! Do Svidaniya!