The Timeline Of Photography. Photography Through The Years. 450BC-Present Day. By Molly Wilkinson.
Photography And Artists.Photography caused many artists to stoppainting portraits and start painting imagescameras couldn’t capture. Abstract pieces.Before the camera was created, people had theirportraits painted. When the camera becamemass produced, people no longer wanted theirperson painted but photographed as it did nottake so long and it made them look more likethey genuinely did.
Camera ObscuraFirst used in 450BC-390BC, Camera Obscura wasa lens less pinhole camera. Latin; camera for"vaulted room", Obscura for "dark.”Camera Obscura is when you are in a dark roomand there is a small hole in the wall. The imagecoming in from outside through the small hole isthen projected upon the wall. It is projectedupside down.
GiphantieGiphantie is a novel by Tiphaigne de la Roche. Itwas published in 1760. It is most famous forpredicting the modern day process ofphotography.
The Prediction“You know, that rays of light reflected from different bodies formpictures, paint the image reflected on all polished surfaces, forexample, on the retina of the eye, on water, and on glass. The spiritshave sought to fix these fleeting images; they have made a subtlematter by means of which a picture is formed in the twinkling of aneye. They coat a piece of canvas with this matter, and place it in frontof the object to be taken. The first effect of this cloth is similar to thatof a mirror, but by means of its viscous nature the prepared canvas, asis not the case with the mirror, retains a facsimile of the image. Themirror represents images faithfully, but retains none; our canvasreflects them no less faithfully, but retains them all. This impression ofthe image is instantaneous. The canvas is then removed and depositedin a dark place. An hour later the impression is dry, and you have apicture the more precious in that no art can imitate its truthfulness.”
18201820 is the year The First Ever Permanent Photowas taken. It took eight hours to develop. It wastaken by scientist Nicephore Neipce. He called itView From The Window Of Le Gras. He put asilver coin in nitric acid then put cooking saltinto the nitric acid. He then plastered themixture onto the paper giving it 6 coatings ofthe stuff. Nicephore Neipce also tried this onnickels, metal and glass.
1833This is the year that the inventor of thepermanent photograph Neipce died. LouisDaguerre, a man working with Neipce carried onNeipce’s work. Dagurerre took pictures oncopper plates. His photos only needed half anhour to develop. His method of taking pictureswas widely used in Paris when the craze was tohave and take pictures of dead people. A PostMortem Portrait.
Cyanotype ProcessAlso referred to as the photogram or The BluePrint Process, the cyanotype process wascreated by astronomer John Herschel so hecould produce his astronomical findings withmore ease. He used hyposulphite of soda as hisphotographic fixer to fix pictures and make thempermanent.
1844-1855First photographic negative was taken by a mancalled William Henry Fox Talbot – a rival ofDaguerre and also the creator of the negativepicture. It was of a window in his home – LacockAbbey. The lightest areas of the photographedsubject appear darkest and the darkest areasappear lightest. The negative image was poor inquality compared to the Daguerrotype but unlikethe Daguerrotype, it could be copied many times.William Henry Fox Talbot made a book ofphotography called the Pencil Of Nature. Thephotographic negative was called the Calotype.
Wet Plate ProcessOtherwise known as the Collodion Process and created byFrederic Scott Archer, the wet plate process wasintroduced to the world in the 1850s and became verypopular as it was cheaper then the Daguerrotype and theThe Collodion process produced a negative image onglass. This was an improvement over the Calotypeprocess, invented by William Henry Fox Talbot, whichrelied on paper negatives, and the daguerreotype, whichproduced a one-of-a-kind positive image and could not bereplicated.
First Moving ImagesCreated in 1878 by a man called Eadward JamesMuybridge, the first ever moving image was of agalloping horse. Muybridge wanted to show theworld that when a horse gallops, it takes all fourfeet off the ground. 12 photographs were taken,one after each other and then put together toshow a horse galloping.
1889The first mass market camera was produced.Interchangeable lenses were not available forthis camera, the lens was set. Stationary. It wasa very simple box with a fixed lens and only oneshutter speed. It was preloaded with 100exposures and was needed to be sent back andreloaded when film was full.
1905Oscar Barnack created the first 35mm filmcamera called Ur Leica. He reduced the formatof the negative.
1935The first instant camera was produced in thisyear by company Polaroid. This camera allowedthe person to take the photo and for the phototo come out straight away, the person having toshake it a little for the picture to appear.