Sudanese Cultural Encounter

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Presentation done at the University of Washington to educate about culture through my personal experiences.

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  • Sudanese Cultural Encounter

    1. 6. Stateside Sudan
    2. 8. The struggles and represents the martyrs in the Sudan and the great Arab land. Peace, purity, optimism, light and love. The black colors symbolizes the Sudan and the Mahdia revolution during which a black flag was used. The green color represents and symbolizes Islamic prosperity and agriculture.
    3. 9. Motto  "Al-Nasr Lana"    "Victory is Ours" Republic of Sudan Coat of Arms
    4. 10. Sudan <ul><li>Capital: Khartoum </li></ul><ul><li>25 (was 26) States </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 39,379,358 </li></ul><ul><li>President: Omar Al-Bashir </li></ul><ul><li>Languages Spoken: Arabic, English </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy: 49 total pop, 48 males-50 females </li></ul>
    5. 11. Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir عمر حسن احمد البشير 1989-Present
    6. 12. Capital City Al-Khartoum الخرطوم <ul><li>-Khartoum (Elephant’s Trunk) </li></ul><ul><li>-Blue & White Nile Converge “The Mogran” </li></ul><ul><li>-Population: 2,207,794 (urban) </li></ul><ul><li> 8,000,000 (Khartoum Proper) </li></ul>
    7. 13. <ul><li>Northern (al-shimaliya) </li></ul><ul><li>River Nile (Nahr al Nil) </li></ul><ul><li>Red Sea (Al bahr al Ahmar) </li></ul><ul><li>North Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>North Kurdufan </li></ul><ul><li>KHARTOUM </li></ul><ul><li>Kassala </li></ul><ul><li>White Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Al Jazirah </li></ul><ul><li>Al Qadarif </li></ul><ul><li>West Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>West Kurdufan </li></ul><ul><li>Sennar </li></ul><ul><li>South Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>South Kurdufan </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Nile/Central </li></ul>17. West Bahr al Ghazal 18. North Bahr al Ghazal 19. Unity (Al Wahdah) 20. Upper Nile 21. Warab 22. Jonglei 23. Lakes (Al Buhayrat) 24. West Equatoria 25. Central Equatoria 26. East Equatoria Sudanese States
    8. 14. Economic Environment <ul><li>GDP (2007): $50 billion </li></ul><ul><li>GDP annual growth rate (2007): 12.8%. </li></ul><ul><li>Per capita income GDP (2007): $2,500. </li></ul><ul><li>Avg. annual inflation rate (2007): 5.3%. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: Modest reserves of oil, natural gas, gold, iron ore, copper, and other industrial metals. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: Product s--cotton, peanuts, sorghum, sesame seeds, gum Arabic, sugarcane, millet, livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: Types --motor vehicle assembly, cement, cotton, edible oils and sugar refining. </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal year: January 1-December 31. </li></ul><ul><li>Major suppliers-European Union, China, Malaysia, Canada, U.K., Italy, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the Persian Gulf states, and surrounding East African </li></ul>
    9. 15. Imports/Exports <ul><li>Exports-$9.156 billion: crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, gold, sorghum, peanuts, gum Arabic, sugar, meat, hides, live animals, and sesame seeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Imports (2007 est.)-$8.262 billion: oil and petroleum products, oil pipeline, pumping and refining equipment, chemical products and equipment, wheat and wheat flour, transport equipment, foodstuffs, tea, agricultural inputs and machinery, industrial inputs and manufactured goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Major markets-Egypt, Persian Gulf states, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, China, South Korea. </li></ul>
    10. 16. Political Environment <ul><li>Independence- 1.January.1956 </li></ul><ul><li>CPA (2005)-Provisional Government established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in January 2005 that provides for power sharing pending national elections. National elections are to occur no later than July 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur Issue is problematic enough </li></ul><ul><li>Currently-Unity Government </li></ul><ul><li>In 1982 (Nimeiri), SPLA was created and it kicked up again in recently </li></ul><ul><li>Currently there are several political parties in both the nation's north and south. All political parties were banned following the June 30, 1989 military coup. Political associations, which take the place of parties, were authorized in 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Central government budget $14.6 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Defense 40% of GNP. </li></ul>
    11. 18. Geo-Political Sudan <ul><li>Location, Location, Location! </li></ul><ul><li>Reason for Ethnic Variety present in Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>9 Countries (10 with Saudi Arabia) </li></ul><ul><li>Entry point between Middle East and Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Most diverse country in Africa, many exchanges </li></ul><ul><li>Nile River </li></ul>
    12. 20. Islam <ul><li>Muslim: “Submission to Allah” (the will of Allah/God) </li></ul><ul><li>Intent is everything (Forgiveness and protection) </li></ul><ul><li>No difference, same message (trinity, we do monotheism) </li></ul><ul><li>5 Pillars: Declaration of faith, seal of all prophets, Prayer (salat), zakat, hajj, fasting </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is a practice of volunteerism </li></ul><ul><li>Traveling, poor, impure </li></ul><ul><li>Authority higher than you </li></ul>
    13. 21. Islam Continued <ul><li>Salat is patience (makes you pure and subdue the animal side) </li></ul><ul><li>6 things Muslims are witness to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faith in Allah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prophets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 3 books (Quran, Bible, Torah) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destiny (qada & qadr) (your life is written when your born) complete psychological theory program, capabilities, volunteering, submission, sacrifice) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Day of Resurrection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A true Muslim will not kill an ant, let alone a Muslim, everything else if just fundamentalist idealism and radicalism. </li></ul><ul><li>People coexisted before this. </li></ul><ul><li>“ You have your own religion, and I have mine” (Kafirun 109.6) </li></ul>
    14. 22. Darfur <ul><li>Started in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>-Some argue it stems from 1980’s during Mahdist regime. </li></ul><ul><li>Not individual to Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fur” people live mostly on the border of Sudan but also in Chad & Central African Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Sudanese government </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur has rich resources </li></ul>
    15. 23. North/South Conflict <ul><li>Present even before independence </li></ul><ul><li>Has it’s beginnings from British influence </li></ul><ul><li>The issue is over land and resources and not religion </li></ul><ul><li>2011 is the vote on secession </li></ul><ul><li>¾ oil is in Sudan </li></ul>
    16. 24. Main Dishes

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