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The Sources  of content reforms geared to life BY Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khuhsba
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The Sources of content reforms geared to life BY Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khuhsba

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  • 1. THE SOURCES OF CONTENT REFORMS GEARED TO LIFE LONG EDUCATION BY Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab
  • 2.  CURRICULUM  EVOLUTION OF CURRICULUM ◦ IMPARTING OF SKILLS  CULTIVATION  HUNTING  WEAVING ◦ ATTITUDES MAKING  Regarding Women  Social  Gods ◦ INFORMATION GIVING  Names Of Things  Properties Of Herbs, Minerals etc. ◦ FOLKLORE- A Source of Moral Education Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab
  • 3. • Traditional Curriculum – Rigid/ Static – Based on Authorities – Taught Dead Languages Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab
  • 4. • Reasons For Reformation in Curriculum – – – – – – – – – Scientific Advancement Economic Independence- Agricultural to Industrial Student Viewed as the Centre of Activities Psychological Advancements International Understanding From Elitism to Egalitarianism From Patronage to Efficiency From Static to a Dynamic Life Political Changes Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab
  • 5. • Need For A Planned Curriculum – Need For Administrative Knowhow – Development Of Various Government Offices – Sophisticated Buildings – City Planning – Multiplicity Of Trades Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab
  • 6.  Life Long Education  Sources of Content Reforms ◦ Why Any Reforms? ◦ Agents of a Reform of Content  Initiators       Specialists in a Particular Discipline Employers Pressure Groups, Trade Unions, Philosophic & Religious Groups Inspectors, Educational Councellors Research Institutions & Universities International Organizations  The Decision Makers- Depends Upon the Level of Centralization  The Curriculum Designers - Translation of Aims Into Content Specifications      Specialists in Different Disciplines Educational Psychologists Research Workers Specialists in Physiology & Nutrition Specialists in Environmental Sciences  A Balance Is Maintained b/w Technological & Humanistic Character Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab
  • 7. Thanks Sajjad Awan PhD Scholar TE DTSC Khushab