By
Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD
Research Scholar
TE Planning

Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning

1
Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning

2




Creation of a Sound Mind in a Sound Body
(Aristotle)
The development of all those capabilities
in the individual whi...





Philosophical
Psychological
Scientific
Socio-economic

Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning

4
A.

Towards an Individual:




B.

Growth and Development
Direction and Guidance
Preparation for Future Life

Towards S...
EDUCATION

Physical Activities

Care of Body

Skills

Spiritual Activities

Intellectual

Moral

Aesthetics

Religion

Saj...






A critical input in Socio-Economic
Development – An investment
Has definite impact on the productivity of
the Ind...
 Moving

from lesser/lower level to
higher/better/positive level both in Qualitative and
Quantitative progress.
 In UNES...
1.
2.
3.
4.

More Employment.
Decrease in inequality in distribution of
resources.
Change in Attitude.
Betterment of life ...


Life Sustenance:

possible to live – basic needs: Food, shelter.
Security/safety.



Self-Esteem:
 To

be a person: s...
Availability of life sustaining goods
and their equitable distribution.
Raise level of living:

1.
2.
•
•
•
•
•

1.

Creat...

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

To be addressed:
Growth in GDP and GNP
Inequality and poverty
Population and fertility
Internal migra...




Great economic movements have always
been accompanied by an expansion in
Education. (Faure)
Requirements of Economic...


This new demand is created by the
following groups:
1.
2.

3.

Out-of-School youth.
Young educated people who find thei...


All kinds of education may not prove to be
equally contributive to the Development.

Therefore:
 Introduction to Non-F...
1.
2.
3.

Functional Literacy
Out-of-school Vocational Training
Practical Training

One common characteristic of all these...
CONTRIBUTION OF DIVERSIFICATION
OF EDUCATION TO THE DEVELOPMENT
PROCESS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Job opportunities
Worker’s productiv...





Short term and long term effects
Need to distinguish between the effects of
an educative activity on the individua...







Effects on Equality of Educational
Opportunity.
Effects on the Educational Level and its
relevance.
Effects on ...


Economic Effects
 Effects

on Job Opportunities
 Effects on worker’s productivity
 Effects on Local technological cr...
Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning

21
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  • New disciplines/studies have to be evolved to meet the needs of the new careers. Situational analysis determines new discplines.
  • Educational diversification and its impact on national development by Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning

    1. 1. By Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar TE Planning Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 1
    2. 2. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 2
    3. 3.   Creation of a Sound Mind in a Sound Body (Aristotle) The development of all those capabilities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfill possibilities. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 3
    4. 4.     Philosophical Psychological Scientific Socio-economic Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 4
    5. 5. A. Towards an Individual:    B. Growth and Development Direction and Guidance Preparation for Future Life Towards Society:    Maintenance of the continuity of Physical and Social Life Conservation of Culture Progress of Civilization Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 5
    6. 6. EDUCATION Physical Activities Care of Body Skills Spiritual Activities Intellectual Moral Aesthetics Religion Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 6
    7. 7.    A critical input in Socio-Economic Development – An investment Has definite impact on the productivity of the Individuals It has become a priority item on the agenda of all the development agencies including UNDP, ADB, and UNESCO. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 7
    8. 8.  Moving from lesser/lower level to higher/better/positive level both in Qualitative and Quantitative progress.  In UNESCO’s view, “ Development embraces all aspects of life. It is directed towards satisfying the needs and aspirations of people, taking into account their actual circumstances, cultural values and their cultural choices”. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 8
    9. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. More Employment. Decrease in inequality in distribution of resources. Change in Attitude. Betterment of life Spiritually and Materially/Financially. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 9
    10. 10.  Life Sustenance: possible to live – basic needs: Food, shelter. Security/safety.  Self-Esteem:  To be a person: self respect, and not to be exploited.  Freedom from servitude:  To be able to choose: All natural, health, and social constraints should be eliminated. There should be no prejudices. People must be aware of opportunities and could make choices. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 10
    11. 11. Availability of life sustaining goods and their equitable distribution. Raise level of living: 1. 2. • • • • • 1. Create more jobs Give greater value to humanistic values Higher income Better education Better teachers………….. Expand range of economic and social choices:  Freedom from external dependence through more jobs… Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 11
    12. 12.  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. To be addressed: Growth in GDP and GNP Inequality and poverty Population and fertility Internal migration Rural development External/international migration/intellectual dependence and the brain drain. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 12
    13. 13.   Great economic movements have always been accompanied by an expansion in Education. (Faure) Requirements of Economic development and the appearance of new employment possibilities are a strong stimulus to expansion. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 13
    14. 14.  This new demand is created by the following groups: 1. 2. 3. Out-of-School youth. Young educated people who find their education as irrelevant to the economic situation. Professionals who find their training as out dated. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 14
    15. 15.  All kinds of education may not prove to be equally contributive to the Development. Therefore:  Introduction to Non-Formal Education  Training for Employment Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 15
    16. 16. 1. 2. 3. Functional Literacy Out-of-school Vocational Training Practical Training One common characteristic of all these programs is the fact that they play a compensatory role because the school is no longer considered to be capable of satisfying the entire spectrum of increasingly diversified educational needs of a variety of clientele. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 16
    17. 17. CONTRIBUTION OF DIVERSIFICATION OF EDUCATION TO THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: a. b. c. d. Job opportunities Worker’s productivity Local technological creativity Equalization of incomes and individual status. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 17
    18. 18.    Short term and long term effects Need to distinguish between the effects of an educative activity on the individuals themselves and its impact on society as a whole. Expected and unintended effects. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 18
    19. 19.     Effects on Equality of Educational Opportunity. Effects on the Educational Level and its relevance. Effects on pedagogical Practice Effects on overall resources available for and on the reduction of unit costs. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 19
    20. 20.  Economic Effects  Effects on Job Opportunities  Effects on worker’s productivity  Effects on Local technological creativity.    Effects on Equalization of Incomes and Individual Status Socio-cultural Effects Coordinating the Diversified Educational field and the role of Educational Planner. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 20
    21. 21. Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar TE Planning 21

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