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Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat
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Physical Behaviour and Event Based analysis, 2014 ISBPNA symposium, San Diego - Malcolm Granat

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  • 1. Physical Behaviour model and Event Based analysis Where events provide more information than volume Malcolm Granat Professor of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences School of Health Sciences University of Salford
  • 2. 1. Physical Behaviours model 2. Event based analysis 3. Analysis of walking behaviour 4. Sedentary behaviour and lying 5. Summary Outline
  • 3. LIGHT MODERATE Physical Activity (PA) INACTIVE VIGOROUS Sedentary Behaviour (SB) { Current Models ? ? Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 4. LIGHT MODERATE Physical Activity (PA) INACTIVE VIGOROUS Sedentary Behaviour (SB) {Physical Behaviours Model Physical Behaviour (PB) ? ? Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 5. “Measurement of sleep in research: not a waste of time” Jean-Philippe Chaput Physical Behaviours Model Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 6. • Physical Behaviours (PB) encompasses all Physical Activities and Sedentary Behaviour • PB lead to Energy Expenditure • Interventions aim to change PB • Need to measure and quantify PB Physical Behaviours Model Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 7. 1. Physical Behaviours model 2. Event based analysis 3. Analysis of walking behaviour 4. Sedentary behaviour and lying 5. Summary and the future Outline Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 8. Epoch based Granat. Event-based analysis of free-living behaviour. 2012, Physiological Measurement. Conceptual approaches Event based Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 9. Epochs and Events • Epoch a user defined period (usually 1 minute or 15 seconds) with a single value representing the acceleration in that time period. • Event a continuous physical activity belonging to a single class with a defined start time and duration. It may have another parameter(s) associated with it. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 10. Epochs and Events • Epoch a user defined period (usually 1 minute or 15 seconds) with a single value representing the acceleration in that time period. • Event a continuous physical activity belonging to a single class with a defined start time and duration. It may have another parameter(s) associated with it. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 11. Sedentary Activities Physical Behaviours Upright Activities Event-based approach Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 12. Stepping Sedentary Activities Standing Physical Behaviours Sitting Lying Upright Activities Event-based approach Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 13. Stepping Sedentary Activities Standing Physical Behaviours Circadian distribution [morning – afternoon – evening - night] Sitting Lying Stepping rate Slow - Moderate - Vigorous Stepping bouts Short - Medium - Long Upright Activities Event-based approach Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 14. Stepping Sedentary Activities Standing Physical Behaviours Circadian distribution [morning – afternoon – evening - night] Sitting Lying Stepping rate Slow - Moderate - Vigorous Stepping bouts Short - Medium - Long Upright Activities Quantification of Physical Behaviours? Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 15. Stepping Sedentary Activities Standing Physical Behaviours Circadian distribution [morning – afternoon – evening - night] Sitting Lying Stepping rate Slow - Moderate - Vigorous Stepping bouts Short - Medium - Long Upright Activities PatternsofEvents BEHAVIOUR Quantification of Physical Behaviours Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 16. Data Visualisation 12 PM 01 PM 02 PM 03PM Sitting/Lying Standing Walking Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 17. Data Visualisation Data to Life by Joss Langford Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 18. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 19. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 20. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 21. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 22. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 23. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 24. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 25. Midnight Midday Visualisation Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 26. Stepping Sedentary Activities Standing Physical Behaviours Circadian distribution [morning – afternoon – evening - night] Sitting Lying Stepping rate Slow - Moderate - Vigorous Stepping bouts Short - Medium - Long Upright Activities PatternsofEvents BEHAVIOUR Quantification of Physical Behaviours Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 27. Quantification of Physical Behaviours PatternsofEvents BEHAVIOUR Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 28. 1. Physical Behaviours model 2. Event based analysis 3. Analysis of walking behaviour 4. Sedentary behaviour and lying 5. Summary and the future Outline Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 29. Aim To objectively quantify their mobility challenges The condition: Intermittent Claudication • Due to peripheral arterial disease • Cramping pain in legs on walking • Pain gets worse the longer walking • Pain relieved on resting Challenges in free-living activities: • Interrupted/short walking bouts • Slower walking (Lower cadence) Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 30. Group 1 (n=30) Diagnosis of intermittent claudication Group 2 (n=30) Matched controls Intermittent claudicants Matched controls Sex [# female (%)] 12 (40%) 12 (40%) Age [years] 67.2 ± 9.7 66.8 ± 10.5 BMI [kg.m-2] 26.2 ± 4.0 26.0 ± 4.4. Both groups wore an activPAL for seven consecutive days Clare Clarke’s PhD data Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 31. Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 32. Stepping Standing Upright Activities Physical Behaviours Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 33. Stepping Standing Stepping length Short - Medium - Long Upright Activities Physical Behaviours Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 34. Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 35. Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 36. Population Steps/day Average Cadence Cadence Variability Controls 8,436 68 25.2 IC patients 6,526 68 25.0 Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Malcolm Granat
  • 37. Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Population Steps/day Average Cadence Cadence Variability Controls 3,303 99 14.2 IC patients 1,983 96 10.8 Malcolm Granat
  • 38. Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Population Steps/day Average Cadence Cadence Variability Controls 2,915 102 12.9 IC patients 1,269 98 8.5 Malcolm Granat
  • 39. Clinical Challenges – Limited walking ability Population Steps/day Average Cadence Cadence Variability Controls 1,950 107 11.8 IC patients 1,442 101 7.8 Malcolm Granat
  • 40. 1. Physical Behaviours model 2. Event based analysis 3. Analysis of walking behaviour 4. Sedentary behaviour and lying 5. Summary and the future Outline Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 41. Sedentary Behaviour and Lying Sedentary Activities Physical Behaviours Sitting Lying y-axis Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 42. Sedentary Behaviour and Lying y-axis 0g +1g -1g Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 43. Sedentary Behaviour and Lying y-axis 0g +1g -1g Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 44. Sedentary Behaviour and Lying y-axis 0g +1g -1g Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 45. Midnight Midday Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 46. Midnight Midday Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 47. Midnight Midday Sedentary Activities Sitting Lying Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 48. 1. Physical Behaviours model and Event based analysis 2. Upright analysis 3. Sedentary behaviour and lying 4. Analysis of cadence 5. Summary and the future Outline Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 49. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 50. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 51. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 52. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 53. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 54. Malcolm Granat ISBNPA, San Diego, May 2014
  • 55. Thank YOU for listening And thank you to: • Clare Clarke, University of Dundee • Philippa Dall, Glasgow Caledonian University • Ben Stansfield, Glasgow Caledonian University • David Loudon, PAL Technologies Ltd Contact details email: m.h.granat@salford.ac.uk ICAMPAM 2015 Limerick, Ireland 10th – 12th June 2015 www.icampam2015.org The latest research on the measurement of Physical Behaviour

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