Google Books


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Overview of Google Books. Part of the program "Large-Scale Digital Initiatives," held at Colby College on February 24, 2012.

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  • Google eBookstore is a separate destination but also searched from within Google Books.
  • Some magazine content from publishers and sold as subscriptions. Other serials incidental to book scans from libraries. Government documents include US federal, state, and other countries. Google “playing it safe” and appears not to be releasing full text of non-copyrighted material even when customers inform them.
  • Note the huge number in the middle, these are so-called “orphan works,” this is what the Google Books case is about.Ebookstore includes public domain.
  • Applies to U.S. law only
  • Biggest to smallest. FT applies to public domain. Publisher preview is usually around 10-20%. Snippet and no preview are for in-copyright titles.
  • Library partners list has only 22. Much “About” info on GB seems to be dated. Content owners includes publishers but also individual authors such as those who hold their own copyright.
  • WC and Hathi – appears to be selective --- scanned public domain full-text library copies onlyLibrary catalogs – only for owned items
  • Cons – for libraries, not necessarily patronsUser behavior = ad targeting
  • No “cataloging standards” for bib data. Scans only as good as original library copy; may be missing plates, pages…
  • Linguistics; social trendsFind in a library performs a WorldCat search
  • Discovery—multiple options now, possibly more in future such as a shared ILS that also accesses GB, Hathi etc.
  • Google Books

    1. 1. GOOGLE BOOKSLarge-Scale Digital InitiativesColby College Libraries, Waterville, Maine2/24/2012
    2. 2. CORPORATE STATEMENTS Google mission  “To organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” Business areas  Search  Advertising  operating systems and platforms  enterprise
    3. 3. CORPORATE STATEMENTS, CONT. Google Books  “To organize the world’s books and make them universally accessible and useful”  Annual report for 2011: “designed to help people discover, search, and consume content from printed books online”  Google eBookstore Dec 2010
    4. 4. CONTENT Books  Scanned – began with libraries in 2002  Born digital Magazines/serials Government materials  E.g. Social Security Protection Act of 1991 hearing  E.g. 1975 Cooperative pilot control project of Dylox, Matacil, and Sumithion for spruce budworm control in Maine
    5. 5. NUMBERS 15 million+ library volumes scanned  Public domain – pre-1923 and others ~3 million  Out of print, in copyright – 1923 to present in the US ~12 million  Earliest publication date: 1473 In print, in copyright  last 20 years or so  Scans from partners Google Ebookstore  Lists 3 million+  400,000+ for sale
    6. 6. GOOGLE BOOKS SETTLEMENT If approved, resolves lawsuit brought against Google “addresses issue of orphan works and creates process by which those works can be sold and made available to the public”---James Crawford Benefits:  Rightsholder control  Book Rights Registry: a non-profit organization to find and pay rightsholders  Snippets to 20%  Library subscriptions  Free terminal in every US public library building  Downloadable books for purchase (incl. out-of-print)  Access for the print-disabled  Research corpus [Crawford]
    7. 7. FORMATS  Full text  Page images  PDF, EPUB - downloadable  Plain text  E.g. Before Adam 1906  Publisher preview  E.g. An American heroine in the French Resistance Fordham, 2006  Snippet view  E.g. The Busy, busy people Houghton Mifflin, 1948  No preview  E.g. Stone Walls of New England Globe Pequot, 2003
    8. 8. SOURCES 40+ library partners worldwide 35,000+ content owners  4,000 in U.S.
    9. 9. DISCOVERY Google Books Google, Bing, other search engines WorldCat Hathi Summon Library catalogs etc.  E.g. Bowdoin, Lafayette
    12. 12. CONS Commercial overlay  User behavior tracking  Buy options default
    13. 13. CONS, CONT. No access to some copyright-free content  Federal gov docs  State docs  Some foreign government material No preservation mission No selection per se Poor bibliographic control Quality issues Negative impacts on publishers, bookstores, authors, readers---and libraries?
    14. 14. PROS Research Corpus  Vast amounts of content now searchable  Opportunities for analysis Library scans owned, preserved, cataloged in Hathi “Find in a library”
    15. 15. WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR US? Preservation  Library-owned digital files in Hathi  Print books  Some worry-free de-accessions? Discovery Access  Full text public domain titles in GB, Hathi  ILL links e.g. GIST/Illiad program  EOD links to digital in MaineCat, local catalogs?  POD links?
    16. 16.  Thank you! Selected sources  Google Books  Google 10-K SEC filing, 12/31/11  James Crawford, Google Books Engineering Director  Google Books Present and Future, 2010 [ppt]  At Europeana Open Culture 2010 [video]  Google Books: Strategic Focus & Value to Library Communities Part 1 and Part 2 [video] 3/21/11  Edward Champion, BEA 2011: Seven Years of Google Books, 5/26/11  Unlocking HathiTrust: Inside the Librarians Digital Library: What every librarian should know about this huge "digital library by libraries for libraries“ 6/9/11