Google eBookstore is a separate destination but also searched from within Google Books.
Some magazine content from publishers and sold as subscriptions. Other serials incidental to book scans from libraries. Government documents include US federal, state, and other countries. Google “playing it safe” and appears not to be releasing full text of non-copyrighted material even when customers inform them.
Note the huge number in the middle, these are so-called “orphan works,” this is what the Google Books case is about.Ebookstore includes public domain.
Applies to U.S. law only
Biggest to smallest. FT applies to public domain. Publisher preview is usually around 10-20%. Snippet and no preview are for in-copyright titles.
Library partners list has only 22. Much “About” info on GB seems to be dated. Content owners includes publishers but also individual authors such as those who hold their own copyright.
WC and Hathi – appears to be selective --- scanned public domain full-text library copies onlyLibrary catalogs – only for owned items
Cons – for libraries, not necessarily patronsUser behavior = ad targeting
No “cataloging standards” for bib data. Scans only as good as original library copy; may be missing plates, pages…
Linguistics; social trendsFind in a library performs a WorldCat search
Discovery—multiple options now, possibly more in future such as a shared ILS that also accesses GB, Hathi etc.
GOOGLE BOOKSLarge-Scale Digital InitiativesColby College Libraries, Waterville, Maine2/24/2012
CORPORATE STATEMENTS Google mission “To organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” Business areas Search Advertising operating systems and platforms enterprise
CORPORATE STATEMENTS, CONT. Google Books “To organize the world’s books and make them universally accessible and useful” Annual report for 2011: “designed to help people discover, search, and consume content from printed books online” Google eBookstore Dec 2010
CONTENT Books Scanned – began with libraries in 2002 Born digital Magazines/serials Government materials E.g. Social Security Protection Act of 1991 hearing E.g. 1975 Cooperative pilot control project of Dylox, Matacil, and Sumithion for spruce budworm control in Maine
NUMBERS 15 million+ library volumes scanned Public domain – pre-1923 and others ~3 million Out of print, in copyright – 1923 to present in the US ~12 million Earliest publication date: 1473 In print, in copyright last 20 years or so Scans from partners Google Ebookstore Lists 3 million+ 400,000+ for sale
GOOGLE BOOKS SETTLEMENT If approved, resolves lawsuit brought against Google “addresses issue of orphan works and creates process by which those works can be sold and made available to the public”---James Crawford Benefits: Rightsholder control Book Rights Registry: a non-profit organization to find and pay rightsholders Snippets to 20% Library subscriptions Free terminal in every US public library building Downloadable books for purchase (incl. out-of-print) Access for the print-disabled Research corpus [Crawford]
FORMATS Full text Page images PDF, EPUB - downloadable Plain text E.g. Before Adam 1906 Publisher preview E.g. An American heroine in the French Resistance Fordham, 2006 Snippet view E.g. The Busy, busy people Houghton Mifflin, 1948 No preview E.g. Stone Walls of New England Globe Pequot, 2003
SOURCES 40+ library partners worldwide 35,000+ content owners 4,000 in U.S.
DISCOVERY Google Books Google, Bing, other search engines WorldCat Hathi Summon Library catalogs etc. E.g. Bowdoin, Lafayette
CONS, CONT. No access to some copyright-free content Federal gov docs State docs Some foreign government material No preservation mission No selection per se Poor bibliographic control Quality issues Negative impacts on publishers, bookstores, authors, readers---and libraries?
PROS Research Corpus Vast amounts of content now searchable Opportunities for analysis Library scans owned, preserved, cataloged in Hathi “Find in a library”
WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR US? Preservation Library-owned digital files in Hathi Print books Some worry-free de-accessions? Discovery Access Full text public domain titles in GB, Hathi ILL links e.g. GIST/Illiad program EOD links to digital in MaineCat, local catalogs? POD links?
Thank you! Selected sources Google Books Google 10-K SEC filing, 12/31/11 James Crawford, Google Books Engineering Director Google Books Present and Future, 2010 [ppt] At Europeana Open Culture 2010 [video] Google Books: Strategic Focus & Value to Library Communities Part 1 and Part 2 [video] 3/21/11 Edward Champion, BEA 2011: Seven Years of Google Books, 5/26/11 Unlocking HathiTrust: Inside the Librarians Digital Library: What every librarian should know about this huge "digital library by libraries for libraries“ 6/9/11