Dance history slideshow no music copy

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A brief dance history from ancient movemnt forms to present day dance styles - Asian dance, Martial Arts, East Indian dance, African dance, Middle Eastern dance, Flamenco dance, European folk dance, Classical Ballet, Romantic Ballet, Neo-Classical Ballet, American Modern dance, Broadway dance, Theatrical dance, Disco dance, Electric Boogaloo, Post-Modern American dance, Breaking, Hip Hop,

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  • Dance history slideshow no music copy

    1. 1. world dancepictorial history slide show
    2. 2. Tai Chi Posesnake creeps down
    3. 3. Martial Arts have an ancient tradition of body, mind and spirit training.Various forms of martial arts have been practiced in China, India and Japan since antiquity. According to legend, Chinese martial arts originated during the semi-mythical Xia Dynasty ( ) more than 4,000 years ago and include wushu, kung fu, qigong, and t’ai chi. 3
    4. 4. In modern times, Chinese martial arts have spawned the genre ofcinema known as the martial arts film, with martial artists and actors such as Jet Li and Jackie Chan. http://www.everythingaction.com/2009/12/11/action-adventure-classic-who-am-i/ 5
    5. 5. The historical origin of Japanese martial arts can be found in the warrior traditions of the samurai. Japanese martial art forms include gendai budōand koryū types like jujutsu,as well as sumo, judo, kendo, aikido, kyudō, and karate. 6
    6. 6. taekwando | karate 7
    7. 7. Chinese Ribbon Dance photo: worldartswest.org
    8. 8. "Spirit of the Peacock" Chinese Dance
    9. 9. modern dance company Cloud Gate Dance Theatre of Taiwan Photo by Lois Greenfield
    10. 10. Kalari payattu, an Indian martial art, originated in South India and is one of the oldest fighting systems in existence. http://jugalbandi.info/2010/01/martial-arts-vedic-style-kalaripayattu/ 11
    11. 11. Some of the choreographed sparring in kalari payat can be applied to dance. Kathakali dancers who knew martial artswere believed to be markedly better than the other performers. 12
    12. 12. Some traditional Indian dance schools still incorporate kalari payat as part of their exercise regimen. 13
    13. 13. India Bharatanatyam Bharata Natyam or Chadhir Attam, a classical dance formfrom the South Indian stateof Tamil Nadu, is practiced inmodern times predominantly by women.
    14. 14. bharata natyam Mudrasare symbolic or ritual gestures in Hinduism and Buddhism. While some mudrās involve the entire body, most are performed with the hands and fingers.
    15. 15. ...refers mainly to the dances ofSub-Saharan Africa.
    16. 16. African dances teach social patterns andvalues and help people work, mature, praiseor criticize members of the community while celebrating festivals and funerals, competing, reciting history, proverbs and poetry; and to encounter gods. 17
    17. 17. Adowa, a funeral dance, from Ghana,...graces the funeral with dignified walking movements and today is performed at festivals and other special social events.
    18. 18. Throughout Africa, the sound and the rhythm of the drumexpress the mood of the people. 19
    19. 19. 20
    20. 20. African Ostrich Dance Male Dancer from Karamu House by Gjon Mili (1949) Taken from LIFE magazinehttp://www.body-pixel.com/2009/07/30/e-learning-african-dance-for-beginners-part-2/
    21. 21. The drum is the sign of life; its beat is the heartbeat of the community. 22
    22. 22. 23
    23. 23. Such is the power of the drumto evoke emotions, and to touch the souls of those who hear its rhythms. 24
    24. 24. However, nomadic groups such as the Maasai do not traditionally use drums, but ratheruse their human voice as musical accompaniment. 25
    25. 25. Middle Eastern dance (Arabic dance) or Belly Dance, originated in Egypt and N. Africa,and as a style is also quite popular in India, where it has deep cultural roots. 26
    26. 26. Raqs baladi, (literally "dance of country", or "folk" dance) is the folkloric style, danced socially by men and women of all agesin some Middle Eastern countries, usually at festive occasions such as weddings. from: afterwork.myfinejob.com Nath Keo a Cambodian-Canadian, male belly dancer
    27. 27. Raqs sharqi (literally "Dance of the Near East") is the stylemore familiar to Westerners, performed in restaurants and cabaretsaround the world. It is more commonly performed by female dancers but is also sometimes danced by men. Sadie American belly dancer
    28. 28. Flamenco Photo: Copyright 2006 lois greenfield
    29. 29. Rock Apes of Gibraltar, Andalusian Gypsy dance
    30. 30. Furia Flamencas style is uniquein that it combines the traditional gypsy with the more modern flamenco http://www.joyofmotion.org/Resident%20companies/furiaflamenca.htm 31
    31. 31. Traditional Folk Dancing Ibiza, Spain photo from SuperStock 1954-2097
    32. 32. The term "folk dance" is sometimes applied to dances of historical importance in European culture andhistory; typically originated before the 20th century. For other cultures the terms "ethnic dance" or "traditionaldance" are sometimes used, although the latter terms may encompass ceremonial dances. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_dance 33
    33. 33. UKRAINIAN FOLK DANCE HOPAK http://www.barynya.com/mp3/barynya_trio.stm
    34. 34. The term "folk dance" is reserved for danceswhich are to a significant degreebound by tradition and originatedin the times when the distinction existed between the dances of "common folk" and the dances of the "high society". 35 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_dance
    35. 35. Italian folk dancing revolves around the Tarantella, a quick dancewith dancers moving around, which is ofttimes finished at weddings. It originated in southern Italia. 36
    36. 36. Catalan French celebrating the French national holiday with the traditional folk dance Sardanain Laroque des Alberes, Pyrenees_Orientales, Languedoc_Roussillon, South France. photo: SuperStock 1848-33075 37
    37. 37. Traditional English Morris Folk Dancing 38http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/2098196/Traditional-English-Morris-dancing-faces-extinction.html
    38. 38. Most of the true Scottish Highland dances are connected with ancient folk customs.The present form evolved through the centuries as refinement in the general form of dance occurred, but the original basic steps and the themes were passed on through the years. http://www.strathdonpipeband.com/LearningCenter/Dancing/HighlandDancing/tabid/65/Default.aspx 39
    39. 39. A number of modern ballroom dances originated from folk dances. Some dance forms are Waltz, Polka, Mazurka, Marche, Scottish, Rondeau and the Bourree. Bourree is a French folk dance with many varieties, characteristically danced with quick, skipping steps. Carols and Baroque dances are other popular traditional dances found in France and throughout Europe. 39
    40. 40. The Waltz, the oldest of the ballroom dances, isconsidered by some as the “mother of present day dances” and the “backbone dance” of the ballroom. The Waltz is a truly romantic dance and is comprised of soft, round, flowing movements. http://www.travelandleisure.com/slideshows/where-and-how-to-go-dancing-with-the-stars/2 41
    41. 41. The polka is a gay, fast-traveling dance that is easy to learn, but requires lots of energy.The polka was originally a Czech peasant dance. http://www.nerdylorrin.net/jerry/WebLogs/Geoff/Krakow-DanceShow-Polka.jpg 42
    42. 42. The Mazurka is a sultry seductive couple dancefound in much of western, central and northern Europe. The form most often danced in France is a variation combining the basic mazurka step and the waltz step. http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/50/10050-004-C68DBE5C.jpg 43
    43. 43. English Country Dance is based on the Baroque Contredanses from the French Court of Louis XIV. In 1710, a French book,Feuillets Recuil de Contredanse first recorded information about Country Dance footwork. English Country dancing went to North America with the colonists.In New England especially, country dance was extremely popular through the early 1800s. 44
    44. 44. Traditional English Country Dance http://www.strangegirl.com/emma/3music.php 45
    45. 45. Ballet, a formal dance form with roots in the 15th century courts of the Italian Renaissance, began as a danced version ofthe sport, fencing, and featured very little choreography, and absolutely no ballerinas. 46 http://dance.lovetoknow.com/Who_Invented_Ballet
    46. 46. French Court of King Louis XIVhttp://www.dancer.com/hist.php http://www.seahorse-design.com/wordpress/?p=173
    47. 47. After the death of King Louis XIV,ballet continued to develop and evolve over the remaining years of theeighteenth century. The art form went on to be developed in Russia and France, and all variations found inclassical style are rooted in the original French technique of King Louis XIV’s royal court. 48
    48. 48. Until 1681, ballets were danced entirely by men! Women weren’t introduced to the opera-ballet stage until the Paris Opera production of Le Triomphe de l’Amour. Featured in this production wasMademoiselle de Lafontaine – who is attributed as being the firstprofessional female ballet dancer. http://californiaballet.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/triomphe.jpg 49
    49. 49. Legendary French ballerina Marie Annede Camargo was born in Brussels in 1710. Marie became thedarling of French ballet audiences when she debuted at the Paris Opera ballet in 1726. 50
    50. 50. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s first ballet, Swan Lake, is considered by most people to be one of the greatest classical ballets of all time and was performed for the first time in 1877 at the Grand Theatre in Moscow. http://www.kievglam.com/culture/tchaikovskys-first-swan-lake-ballet-the-most-beloved-ballet-of-all-time 51
    51. 51. With more freedom of expression,dancers and choreographers of the Romantic Era strove to create amarriage of the dynamic technique of the previous era with the dramatic storytelling that was prevalent during the mid-1800’s. http://californiaballet.wordpress.com/2010/06/04/ballet-in-the-romantic-era/ 52
    52. 52. One of the first Romantic Ballets, La Sylphide, was first performed in Paris in 1832. The original choreographerof the ballet was Philippe Taglioni, whose daughter, Marie Taglioni, was considered the quintessential Romantic ballerina. http://californiaballet.wordpress.com/2010/06/04/ballet-in-the-romantic-era/
    53. 53. Ballet technique would adopt the rounded arms, softermovements, and ethereal look that was seen in La Sylphide. The costume worn by Marie would become the standard for the era, becoming known as the Romantic tutu. http://www.newsrt.co.uk/news/review-la-sylphide-aalto-ballet-theater-essen-germany-1506.html 54
    54. 54. Neoclassical ballet is the 20th century style of classical ballet exemplified bythe works of George Balanchine. 55
    55. 55. New York City Ballet
    56. 56. Neoclassical ballet draws on the advanced technique of 19th century Russian Imperial dance, but strips it of its detailed narrative and heavy theatrical setting. What is left is the dance itself, sophisticated but sleekly modern, retaining the pointe shoe aesthetic, but eschewing the well upholstereddrama and mime of the full length story ballet. 57
    57. 57. George Balanchines Apollo in 1928 is considered to be the first neoclassical ballet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoclassical_ballet 58
    58. 58. Traditionally, European and American theatrical dance centered on ballet. However, in the early twentieth century, it became fashionable in dance circles to rebel against the strictures of tradition.The first two well-known American dancers to break away from classical ballet were Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis. 59
    59. 59. Isadora Duncanmother of modern dance
    60. 60. Although their styles differed, Duncan and St. Deniss unconventional approaches opened the door to a new era in dance history:the American modern dance movement of the 1920s. 61
    61. 61. Ruth St. Denis
    62. 62. Doris Humphreywas one of the second generation of American modern dance pioneers
    63. 63. Humphrey followed her forerunners –including Isadora Duncan, Ruth St. Denisand Ted Shawn – in exploring the use ofbreath and techniques and choreography that developed the nuances of the human bodys responses to gravity which she embodied in her principle of fall and recovery. 64
    64. 64. José Limon acquired his bases for dance technique from Doris Humphrey.
    65. 65. According to the Limón Institute, his technique "emphasizes the natural rhythms of fall and recovery and the interplay between weight and weightlessness to provide dancers with an organic approach to movement that easily adapts to a range of choreographic styles."He used the technique to display his own expressive interests. 66
    66. 66. Katharine Dunham
    67. 67. Katharine Dunhamintroduced audiences in the 1930s and 1940s to a variety of African American dances from primitive rituals to jazz. 68
    68. 68. Barrelhouse Blues jazz 1938Photo of Katherine Dunham by Gjon Mili
    69. 69. Irene and Vernon Castle: Pioneers ofModern Ballroom Dance led the craze forragtime and Broadway routines adopted as social dances in the years before World War I (1914–18).
    70. 70. TheZiegfeld Follies were a series of elaborate theatrical productions on Broadway in New York Cityfrom 1907 through 1931. Lucille Ball featured in this photo
    71. 71. Martha Grahamgave modern dance new depth as a vehicle for the intense andforceful expressionof primal emotions.
    72. 72. The Martha Graham Dance Company has been a leader in the development ofcontemporary dance since its founding in 1926. Graham and her Company have expandedcontemporary dance’s vocabulary of movementand forever altered the scope of the art form by rooting works in contemporary social, political, psychological, and sexual contexts. 73
    73. 73. Martha Graham “Lamentation”
    74. 74. Martha Graham “Night Journey”
    75. 75. American dancer and choreographer, Agnes De Mille, further developed the narrative aspect of dance and made innovative use of American themes, folk dances, andphysical idioms in her choreography of musical plays and ballets. 76
    76. 76. Agnes de Mille “Rodeo” - 1942 From people.tribe.net
    77. 77. Rodeo (1942), one of Agnes De Mille’s most important ballets, was the first ballet to include tap dancing;it also used distinctively American gestures—bronco-riding and steer-roping movements. 78
    78. 78. In the 1950s, Anna Halprin established the San Francisco Dancers’ Workshop to give artists like herself a place to practice their art. Being able to freely explore the capabilities of her own body, she created a systematic way ofmoving using kinesthetic awareness. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Halprin 79
    79. 79. Anna Halprin Parades & Changes
    80. 80. To distinguish his choreography, Paul Taylor incorporates everyday gestures rather than dance moves. Through his body language, he is able to convey his emotions and imagination.Taylors masterpieces are known for their wit, warmth, musicality, and excitement. http://dance.about.com/od/famousdancers/p/Paul_Taylor.htm 81
    81. 81. Paul TaylorDance Company 1954 - present “Cloven Kingdom” Photo from www.loisgreenfield.com
    82. 82. The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, founded in 1958, was a hugely popular, multi-racial modern dance ensemble. The company popularizedmodern dance around the world. 83
    83. 83. Alvin Ailey
    84. 84. Alvin Ailey’s most famous dance, Revelations, is based on Aileys own experience of growing up African American in the rural South andis a celebratory study of religious spirit. 85
    85. 85. Judith Jamison In “Cry” 1971 past director, Alvin Ailey Dance Theater 1989 - 2011
    86. 86. “CRY” by Alvin Ailey
    87. 87. While modern dance had historically aspired to high seriousness and spirituality, Twyla Tharps work was humorous and edgy. She worked less often with contemporary avant-garde music than with classical music, pop songs, a clickingmetronome, or silence. Always, the choreography was dynamic, unpredictable and underpinned by an unusually thorough musical intelligence. 89
    88. 88. Twyla Tharp 1965 -present
    89. 89. In the cultural ferment of the 1960s, young artistsfelt challenged to test the boundaries of their media. Twyla Tharps work fused classical discipline and rigor with avant-garde iconoclasm, combining ballet technique with natural movements like running,walking and skipping. By combining different forms of movement – such as jazz, ballet, boxing and inventions of her own – Ms. Tharp’s work expands the boundaries of American ballet and modern dance. 91
    90. 90. Twyla Tharps "In the Upper Room," - 1986 http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/11/arts/dance/11kour.html 92
    91. 91. Disco Dance 1960s-1970s
    92. 92. Pilobolus Dance Theatre 1970s - present imaginative and athletic creative collaborationThe Fat Gnome
    93. 93. Pilobolus, a hyper-creative dance group has spent four decades conjuring some of the most unique dance spectacles known to audiences. Here they’ll mimic sinuous, insect-like creatures courting one another; there they’ll act as shadow puppets, using tricks of light to become huge and then minuscule. Though best known for their innovative use of props, costumes, visual illusions and gymnastics, Pilobolus’s creative masterminds also indulge in an eclectic use of music.http://www.houstonpress.com/2011-04-07/calendar/pilobolus-dance-company/ 95
    94. 94. David Parsons Dance Company 1985 - present“Awesome dancing and a backbeat to knock it all home. Eye-popping digital effects. Excellent showbiz-savvy performers. Perpetuallysmoldering. Lusty, sensual movement.” – Deborah Jowitt, The Village Voice
    95. 95. There are a number of modern dances, such as hip hop, breaking, and krump that evolve spontaneously, but the term "folk dance" is generally not applied to them, and the terms "street dance" or "vernacular dance" are used instead.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_dance 97
    96. 96. Electric Boogaloo 1970s Suga Pop Poppin Pete
    97. 97. Hip Hop1970s - present photo by dance photographer loisgreenfield.com
    98. 98. aseid contemporary dance company hip hopphoto by dance photographer loisgreenfield.com
    99. 99. ASEID contemporary dance photo by dance photographer loisgreenfield.com http://www.loisgreenfield.com/galleries/dance/featured/953/aseid_1.html
    100. 100. abased in Brooksville, ME
    101. 101. Introduction to Dance Aji Hall & Vika Grindle with Alison ChasePerformance dancers, Jade and Shane, in Brooksville, Maine
    102. 102. Bay School b’boy8th grade project Sam Stenkhe

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