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Aspergers syndrome complete (group 1)
 

Aspergers syndrome complete (group 1)

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Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology

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    Aspergers syndrome complete (group 1) Aspergers syndrome complete (group 1) Presentation Transcript

    • ANSWER PRIVATELY • I find social situations confusing. • I find it hard to make small talk. • I did not enjoy imaginative story-writing at school. • I am good at picking up details and facts. • I find it hard to work out what other people are thinking and feeling. • I can focus on certain things for very long periods. • People often say I was rude even when this was not intended. • I have unusually strong, narrow interests. • I do certain things in an inflexible, repetitive way. • I have always had difficulty making friends.
    • WHAT IS AUTISM • a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life • affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills. • a physical condition linked to abnormal biology and chemistry in the brain.
    • AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD) • is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior.
    • AUTISM • Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD • Males are four times more likely to have an ASD than females.
    • PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS • Asperger syndrome – like autism, but with normal language development • Rett syndrome – very different from autism, and almost always occurs in females • Childhood disintegrative disorder – rare condition where a child learns skills, then loses them by age 10 • Pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), – also called atypical autism
    • CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS • The exact causes of these abnormalities remain unknown • Genetic factors – Chromosomal abnormalities – Other nervous system (neurological) problems • Suspected causes – Digestive tract changes – Mercury poisoning – The body's inability to properly use vitamins and minerals – Vaccine sensitivity
    • WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE “ON THE SPECTRUM”? • Unique • have exceptional abilities in visual skills, music and academic skills. • About 40 percent have average to above average intellectual abilities.
    • SYMPTOMS • Most parents of autistic children suspect that something is wrong by the time the child is 18 months old and seek help by the time the child is age 2. Children with autism typically have difficulties in: – Pretend play – Social interactions – Verbal and nonverbal communication • The hallmark feature of ASD is impaired social interaction.
    • DIAGNOSTICS • if a child fails to meet any of the following language milestones: – Babbling by 12 months – Gesturing (pointing, waving bye-bye) by 12 months – Saying single words by 16 months – Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months (not just echoing) – Losing any language or social skills at any age – excessive lining up of toys or objects
    • A TEAM OF DIFFERENT SPECIALISTS MIGHT EVALUATE: • Communication • Language • Motor skills • Speech • Success at school • Thinking abilities
    • What do those words mean? • Spectrum Disorder: there is a wide degree of variation in the way it affects people. • Autism Spectrum Disorder: a brain development disorder commonly diagnosed before age 3, with impairments primarily in social interaction, communication and restrictive & repetitive behavior • DSM-IV: the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition) lists the different categories of mental disorders and the criteria for diagnosing them • Common names for Asperger’s Syndrome: AS, Asperger Syndrome, Asperger’s
    • Definition Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is a developmental disability that is defined by impairments in social relationships, verbal and nonverbal communication, and by restrictive, repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, and activities.
    • Background • Identified in 1944 by Hans Asperger. (Austria) • Brought to the attention of the English- speaking world in 1980 by Dr. Lorna Wing. • Was not added to the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of the American Psychiatric Association until 1994. • “Autism’s Shadow”
    • Unique Characteristics of AS • They considered that early language and cognitive skills are not delayed significantly in children with Asperger's syndrome. • There is also no clinically significant delay in age- appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior and curiosity about the environment in childhood. • also less likely to include motor mannerisms and preoccupation with parts of objects as occurs in autism. • in Asperger's syndrome there can be a motivation to socialize but this is achieved in a highly eccentric, one-sided, verbose and insensitive manner.
    • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM IV TR ASPERGRS SYNDROME • Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following: – 1) marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction; – 2) failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level; – 3) a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests or achievements with other people (eg: by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people); – 4) lack of social or emotional reciprocity.
    • • Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following: – 1) encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus; – 2) apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals; – 3) stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (eg: hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole- body movements); – 4) persistent preoccupation with parts of objects
    • • The disturbance causes clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
    • • There is no clinically significant general delay in language (eg: single words used by age 2 years, communicative phrases used by age 3 years).
    • • There is no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or in the development of age-appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior (other than social interaction), and curiosity about the environment in childhood.
    • • Not interested in playing with other children • Preoccupation with things that seem beyond their age level. • Walk up and down stairs always leading with the same feet. • Unafraid of things they should fear. • Rigidity to where objects should be. • Attracted to shows like Jeopardy and Wheel of Fortune • Watch same movie over and over again. • Little or no eye contact • Fascinated with numbers and letters What does Asperger Syndrome look like?
    • What does Asperger Syndrome sound like? • Talks in a flat affect – Voice and tone modulation – failure to make voice interesting to listener because they lack the concept of the listener as interested • Doesn’t understand why other people’s voices go up and down. • Yelling means nothing to them and only frustrates them. • Echolaic speech
    • Center for Disease Control • Went from 1 in 2500 to 1 in 1000 to 1 in 100 over the past decade. • 5 boys to every girl • Identical Twins • Family Hx- 1 in 20 • AS is usually diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 9
    • Statistic in Philippines • Statistics show that in the Philippines at least 600,000 families are estimated to be affected with autism. Likewise, there was a recent report from the Center for Disease Control of the United States that one (1) out of 110 individuals is affected of some forms of autism. It is also the fastest rising developmental disability that will be diagnosed more than diabetes, cancer and AIDS combined in the coming years. • http://www.ncda.gov.ph/2010/02/nation- observes-14th-autism-consciousness-week/
    • What are some interesting facts about Asperger's Syndrome? • 1. Autistic People Rarely Lie 2. People on the Autism Spectrum Live in the Moment 3. People with Autism Rarely Judge Others 4. Autistic People are Passionate 5. People with Autism Are Not Tied to Social Expectations 6. People with Autism Have Terrific Memories • 7. Autistic People Are Less Materialistic 8. Autistic People Play Fewer Head Games 9. Autistic People Have Fewer Hidden Agendas 10. For them Rules are very important
    • Guess Who?
    • Chairman of Microsoft William Henry Gates III KBE
    • English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, theologian, natural philosopher, and alchemist Sir Isaac Newton FRS
    • Albert Einstein E = mc2
    • commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet and enginee Michelangelo di LodovicoBuonarrotiSimoni
    • Ludwig Van Beethoven was a German composer and virtuoso pianist
    • Thomas Edison American inventor and businessman
    • And a lot more…. • Charles Robert Darwin • Satoshi Tajiri • Thomas Jefferson • Wolfgang Mozart • Michael Jackson • Mark Twain • Henry Ford And many more people who have made a great impact on our world , on our lives…
    • Here's a bit of fun with fictional people who show some signs of Asperger Syndrome • Basil Fawlty (played by John Cleese in Faulty Towers) • Mr Bean (played by Rowan Atkinson) • Mr Spock (played by Leonard Nimoy in Star Trek) • Data (played by Brett Spiner in Star Trek the Next Generation) • Reginald Barclay (played by Dwight Schultz in Star Trek the Next Generation) • Andrew Martin (the Robot played by Robin Williams in Bicentennial Man) • Sherlock Holmes
    • Where can I find more information? www.mental-health-resources.com www.autismhelp.info www.aspergertips.com www.aspergersyndrome.org www.autism.org www.specialfamilies.com www.kidshealth.org http://autismsocietyphilippines.blogspot.com/