Maidan Summit 2011 - Mona Shipley, British Council


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In her discourse at Maidan Summit 2011, Ms Mona Shipley presented her experience with developing the Physical Education Cards (PEC). She held that one should harness engagement, effectiveness and simplicity of sport-based programmes and use them at the grassroots level to begin transformation.

She said that sport is an integral part of culture in almost every country, and pointed at how women get segregated because it is traditionally associated with masculinity. Ms Shipley felt the need to challenge the discrimination based on gender in sports. She highlighted the need to have an advocacy platform, where people come to become aware of their rights and eventually drive change from within.

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Maidan Summit 2011 - Mona Shipley, British Council

  1. 1. SPORT:TRANSFORMING EDUCATION AND SOCIETY - Presentation by Mona Shipley Head Sport in Education British Council, India
  2. 2. British Council– The purpose of the British Council is to create international opportunities for the people of the UK and other countries and build trust between them worldwide.– To deliver the best in cultural relations we focus our programmes in the following areas: – Education and Society – English – Arts
  4. 4. Sports and Gender: WhatMen Have To Do With It? “How gender be integrated in the sports program at regional, national and international level to enhance women and girls participation”.
  5. 5. Prevailing State of Affairs•Sport is an integral part of the culture of almost every nation. However, it is traditionally associated with “masculinity• Women frequently segregated involuntarily in different types of sports, events and competitions• Women’s access to positions of leadership and decision-making is constrained from the local level to the international level.•The value placed on women’s sport is often lower, resulting in inadequate resources and unequal wages and prizes .•In the media, women’s sport is not only marginalized but also often presented ina different style that reflects and reinforces gender stereotypes
  6. 6. Need to Challenge Gender Discrimination•advocacy•empowerment through Role Models•improving women’s Capabilities, through education and health;•increasing their access to and control overopportunities and resources, such as employmentand economic assets;•enhancing their agency and leadership roles;•protecting and promoting their human rights;•ensuring their security, including freedom fromviolence.
  7. 7. The role of men and boys in challenging and changingunequal power relations is critical.Sport provides life skills essential for a productive life insociety. Often limited for women, making their access tosport of critical importance.Sport and physical education are an essential element ofquality education.Increasing access for women and girls to physicaleducation and sport helps build confidence, promotesstronger social integration.Involving girls in sport activities alongside boys can helpovercome prejudice that often contributes to socialvulnerability of women and girls.
  8. 8. InitiativesGrowing understanding that access to and participation in sportand physical education is not only a right in itself, but can also beused to promote a number of important development goals – MDG’s1. UNESCO International Charter of Physical Education and Sport, states: “The practice of physical education and sport is a fundamental right for all.”2. The Beijing Platform for Action, adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995, provides important policy recommendations on women, gender equality and sport.3. The current Charter of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) states that one of the roles of the Committee is to “encourage and support the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all structures with a view to implementing the principle of equality of men and women.”4. The International Working Group on Women and Sport, an independent coordinating body of government organizations, established in 1994 at the First World Conference on Women and Sport, held in Brighton, United Kingdom, organized by the British Sports Council and supported by the International Olympic Committee aims to be a catalyst for the advancement and empowerment of women and sport globally.
  9. 9. INTERNATIONAL INSPIRATIONDeveloping an effective systemic PE Strategy for deliveringhigh quality PE and School Sport for better social andacademic outcomes.Outcome of a collaboration between British Council andthe Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) andMinistry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MOYAS), Governmentof India and their key institutions (CBSE, NCERT, NCTE,select SCERTs, LNUPE, and NIS) and also with UKSports, Youth Sports Trust (UK) and UNICEF.
  10. 10. • International Inspiration - working in partnership with Governments Sport Education, Education PE, sport & community & Leadership sport
  11. 11. PEC-India Strategy Process: Systemic, Scalable, SustainableDemonstration of the use of TOPS Cards in selected Indian schools and key policymakersThis exercise convinced the Indian school system stakeholders of the usefulness ofthis strategy who asked for an adapted versionTo begin with a well planned process was initiated to adapt TOPS Cards anddevelop a Teachers’ Manual for primary stage.The uniqueness of the process of development of the Cards was their simultaneoustryout gong on in selected number of different types of schools of the country. At the final stage the Cards were christened as PHYSICAL EDUCATION CARDS(PEC).Not only the nomenclature is changed, but these Cards have a different format inview of the needs and requirements of Indian school situation. These have thefollowing notable features:
  12. 12. Features of PECThe strategy is based on the premise that every child matters and thatgames and sports can develop skills, like observation skills, analyticalskills, evaluation skills, leadership and teamwork skills, communicationskills, emotional and intrapersonal intelligence and motor skills, that arerelevant in other areas of the curriculum and for holistic development.It is focused on building personal attributes that are important forholistic development of young people, like confidence,self-esteem,ambition, high aspiration, good behaviour, understanding and respectfor rules, health and well being, good relationships with others,appreciation of ethics and fair play, ability to cope with winning andloosing experiences.Each Card is formatted to provide the essential information needed forengaging all students of a class in the selected game/activity, the abilityto be focused, the process of organizing activities, equipment needed,safety measures to be taken and the skills to be developed.
  13. 13. The Cards are so organized that they provide vertical continuity andhorizontal comprehensiveness to the coverage of entire curriculum ofphysical education meant for a particular stage.For the first time, in the form of these Cards the teachers as well asstudents will have a material that can be very conveniently handled andused for a longer time.The layout and the format of the Cards make these a more attractivematerial which the teachers and students enjoy using.The pictorial depiction of each set of activities and the process to beobserved on each Card will facilitate the organization of the activities byfollowing the required method in a much better way.The Cards will not only facilitate the organization of activities but alsomake it more convenient for the teacher as well as students tocomprehend the concerned vocabulary as well as pedagogical tools.
  14. 14. Physical Education and Sports in SchoolsEfforts to integrate gender in various sports programmes, perhaps the mostvalued approach has been the promotion of physical education in schools. If physical education is transacted effectively in schools the entire genderconcerns would be taken care of. Physical education in schools itself should befree from gender bias.In many countries physical education and sports has been an integral part of theschool curriculum and still no treated at par with other subjects and in substantialmajority of schools it is not even transacted as other core subjects.The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005, the Curricular Policy Documentfor the entire country states categorically, “The importance of this subject tooverall development needs to be reinforced at the policy level, with participationby administrators, other subject teachers in schools, the health department,parents and children.Recognising this subject as a core subject Health and Physical Education mustcontinue to be a compulsory subject from the primary to the secondary stages andas an optional subject at higher secondary stage.”
  15. 15. PEC-India Strategy: Inclusive Approach for Gender ConcernsIs an inclusive method which takes care of gender concerns spontaneously.If adopted and operationalised through out the school system, the question of integrating gender in sports will not be a matter of concern.
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