Impacts of climate change on nutrition security in Developing countries
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Impacts of climate change on nutrition security in Developing countries

on

  • 207 views

Hunger and malnutrition are already burdens for children and women in most of developing countries. Climate change will likely increase these issues because it is affecting all the dimensions of ...

Hunger and malnutrition are already burdens for children and women in most of developing countries. Climate change will likely increase these issues because it is affecting all the dimensions of nutrition security. It can lead to crisis, conflicts and destabilize our countries.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
207
Views on SlideShare
207
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Custom animation effects: open book (Difficult)Tip: You will need to use drawing guides and the ruler to position the objects on this slide. To display the drawing guides and the ruler, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides.In the Grid and Guides dialog box, underGuidesettings, select Display drawing guides on screen. (Note: One horizontal and one vertical guide will display on the slide at 0.00, the default position. The spine of the book will be aligned to the vertical drawing guide.) On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler. To reproduce thefirst shape in the Book cover group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Select the rounded rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.On the rounded rectangle, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the amount of rounding on the corners.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right (first row, fourth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 0°. Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Red, Accent 2, Darker 50% (sixth row, sixth option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Red, Accent 2, Darker 25%(fifth row, sixth option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click 3-DFormat in the left pane, and then in the 3-DFormat pane, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 4 pt, and in the Height box, enter 4 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard click WarmMatte (second option from the left).Also under Surface, click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral, click ThreePoint (first row, first option from the left).On the slide, drag the rounded rectangle until the left edge is against thevertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce thesecond shape in the Book cover group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then clickDuplicate.On the slide, drag the duplicate rectangle untilthe left edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:ClickAlign to Slide. Click Align Middle.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 0.73”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Text 1(first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click 3-DFormat in the left pane. In the 3-D Format pane, under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under NoBevel click None.To reproduce thethird shape (first small rectangle on the book spine) in the Book cover group on this slide, do the following:Select the first, larger rectangle on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the third, duplicate rectangle.Under Drawing tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.08”. In the Shape Width box, enter 0.73”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Diagonal (first row, third option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 135°.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click 3-DFormat in the left pane, and then in the 3-D Format pane, do the following:Under Bevel, next to Top, in the Width box, enter 3 pt, and in the Height box, enter 3 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).To reproduce therest of the shapes (other small rectangles on the book spine) in the Book cover group on this slide, do the following:Select the third, smaller rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four thin, rounded rectangles. To position the four thin, rounded rectangles on the book spine, do the following:Drag the first rectangle 1.75” above the horizontal drawing guide, with the left edge touching the vertical drawing guide.Drag the second rectangle 0.75” above the horizontal drawing guide, with the left edge touching the vertical drawing guide.Drag the third rectangle 0.75” below the horizontal drawing guide, with the left edge touching the vertical drawing guide.Drag the fourth rectangle 1.75” below the horizontal drawing guide, with the left edge touching the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click SelectAll.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.On the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the group to edit the name, and then enter Book cover. To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left pagesgroup on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.On the rounded rectangle, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the amount of rounding on the corners. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°. Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Red, Accent 2, Darker 50% (sixth row, sixth option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Red Accent 2, Darker 25% (fifth row, sixth option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select No line.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical guideline.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the second shape in the Inside-left pages group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab,in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.15”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°. Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until five stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 5%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 18%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 38%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 5 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 93%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click OffsetRight (second row, first option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 4 pt.In the Angle box, enter 0°.In the Distance box, enter 3 pt.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge touches the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Press and hold CTRL, and then in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rectangle and the rounded rectangle to the left of the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left pages.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right pages with text group, do the following:In the SelectionandVisibility pane, select the Inside-left pages group. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click MoreRotationOptions. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Size and rotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right pages.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:ClickAlign to Slide.ClickAlign Middle. To reproduce the text effects in the Inside-right pages with text group, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw a text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. (Note: To reproduce the example above, enter Introduction.) On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Vivaldi.In the Font Size list, select 18.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box until the left edge of the text is 1” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge of the text is 0.5” above the horizontal drawing guide. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-right pages with text group, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left). On the slide, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag to draw a straight, vertical line.Select the line.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 4.32”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of six lines.On the slide, drag the six lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibilitypane, press and hold CTRL, and then select all six straight connectors (lines).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then clickAlign Selected Objects. Point to Align, and then clickDistribute Horizontally. Point to Align, and then click Align Middle.Click Group.On the slide, drag the group of lines until the right edge of the group of lines is touching the right edge of the white rectangle to the right of the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the group of lines, the text box, and the Inside-right pages group.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibilitypane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right pages with text.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Book cover group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left pages group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click BringForward.On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Book cover group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Collapse.Select the animation effect, and then under Modify: Collapse,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Direction list, select ToLeft.In the Speed list, select Fast.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left pages group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch.Select the second animation effect, and then under Modify: Stretch,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight.In the Speed list, select Fast. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 63%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color list, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: page turns in open book(Difficult)Tip: You will need to use drawing guides and the ruler to position the objects on this slide. For instructions on animating an opening book cover, refer to the previous slide (Custom animation effects: open book) for instructions.To display the drawing guides and the ruler, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides.In the Grid and Guides dialog box, underGuidesettings, select Display drawing guides on screen. (Note: One horizontal and one vertical guide will display on the slide at 0.00, the default position. The spine of the book will be aligned to the vertical drawing guide.) On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler. To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left page 1 group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles, click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Select the rounded rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.On the rounded rectangle, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to reduce the amount of rounding on the corners.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Red, Accent 2, Darker 50% (sixth row, sixth option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickRed Accent 2, Darker 25% (fifth row, sixth option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline. On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the second shape in the Inside-left page 1 group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab,in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left).On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.15”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until five stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, the first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 5%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 18%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 38%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 5 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 93%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next toPresets, under Outer click OffsetRight (second row, first option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 4 pt.In the Angle box, enter 0°.In the Distance box, enter 3 pt.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select and then click SelectAll.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left page 1. To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right page 3group on this slide, do the following:On the SelectionandVisibility pane, select the Inside-left page 1group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click MoreRotationOptions. In the SizeandPosition dialog box, on the Size tab, under Sizeandrotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.On the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the duplicate group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.On the slide, drag theInside-right group until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the text box in the Inside-right page 3group on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Bodoni MT Condensed.In the Font Size list, select 16.Drag the text box onto the right-side page to the right of the vertical drawing guide. If the text is wider than the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to decrease the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-right page 3group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left). On the slide, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag to draw a straight, vertical line.Select the vertical line.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 4.32”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow to the right of Shape Outline, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process until there is a total of six lines.On the slide, drag the lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the six straight connectors (lines).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, andthen do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects. Point to Align, and then click Distribute Horizontally.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle.Click Group. On the slide, drag the group of lines until the right edge is touching the right edge of the white rectangle to the right of the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the group of lines, the text box, and the Inside-right group.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right page 3.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left page 2group on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab,in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left).On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.15”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until five stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 5%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 18%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 38%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 5 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 93%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click OffsetRight (second row, first option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 4 pt.In the Angle box, enter 0°.In the Distance box, enter 3 pt.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the page edge in the Inside-left page 2group on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left). On the slide, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag to draw a straight, vertical line.Select the vertical line.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 4.32”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).On the slide, drag the line near the edge of the left-side page (white rectangle to the left of the vertical drawing guide). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the straight connector (line).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left page 2.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right page 2group on this slide, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then clickDuplicate.With the duplicate group still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click More Rotation Options. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Size and rotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the duplicate group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the new Inside-right group. On the slide, drag the selected group until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.ClickAlign Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the InsertPicture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 1.4” and the Width box is set to 2.1”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. On the slide, drag the picture until the left edge is 0.5” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge is 0.5” above the horizontal drawing guide.To reproduce the text boxin the Inside-right page 2group on this slide, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Bodoni MT Condensed.In the Font Size list, select 16.On the slide, drag the text box untilthe left edge of the textis 0.5” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the top edge of the text is against the horizontal drawing guide.If the text is too wide for the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to adjust the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edgesin the Inside-right page 2group on this slide, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right group you just created.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the straight connector (line) that you just ungrouped from the page.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of six lines. On the slide, drag the six lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the six straight connectors (lines). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Distribute Horizontally.Click Align Middle. With the group of lines still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickGroup.On the slide, drag the group until the right edge of the group of lines is touching the right edge of the page.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the new group of lines and the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then selectthe Inside-right group, the text box, and the picture.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right page 2.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the duplicate group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:ClickAlign to Slide.Click Align Middle. To reproduce the picture in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the InsertPicture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 1.4” and the Width box is set to 2.1”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. On the slide, drag the picture until the left edge is 0.5” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the top edge is 0.25” below the horizontal drawing guide.To reproduce the text box in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Bodoni MT Condensed.In the Font Size list, select 16.On the slide, drag the text box until the right edgeof the text is 0.5” to the left of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge of the text is 0.25” above the horizontal drawing guide.If the text is too wide for the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to decrease the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left group you just created. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the straight connector (line) that you just ungrouped from the page.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, drag the duplicate line until it is very close to the original line. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the two straight connectors (lines). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle. With the group of lines still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickGroup.On the slide, drag the group until the leftedge of the group of lines is touching the left edge of the rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the new group of lines, the rectangle, the text box, and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left page 3.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right page1group on this slide, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click More Rotation Options. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Size and rotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.On the slide, drag the group until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. To reproduce the text box in the Inside-right page1group on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. Drag to draw a text box on the slide.Enter text in the text box (to match the example above, enter Introduction), and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Vivaldi.In the Font Size list, select 18.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box until the left edge of the text is 0.75” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge of the text is 0.5” above the horizontal drawing guide.If the text is too wide for the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to decrease the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-right page1group on this slide, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right group you just created.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the straight connector (line) that you just ungrouped from the page.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of six lines. On the slide, drag the six lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the six straight connectors (lines). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Distribute Horizontally.Click Align Middle. With the group of lines still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickGroup.On the slide, drag the group until the right edge of the group of lines is touching the right edge of the page.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the new group of lines, the rectangle, and the text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right page 1.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides. In the Grid and Guides dialog box, under Guide settings, clear Display drawing guides on screen.On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, clear Ruler.In the Selection and Visibility pane, the final arrangement of the six groups of objects should be the following (from top to bottom):Inside-right page 1Inside-left page 3Inside-right page 2 Inside-left page 2Inside-right page 3Inside-left page 1To move a group of objects up in the Selectionand Visibility pane, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the group of objects.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click BringForward.To move a group of objects down in the Selectionand Visibility pane, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the group of objects.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickSend Backward.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right page 1 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Collapse.Select the first animation effect (collapse effect for the Inside-right page 1 group). Under Modify: Collapse,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious. In the Direction list, select To Left.In the Speed list, select Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch.Select the second animation effect (stretch effect for the Inside-left page 2 group). Under Modify: Stretch,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight. In the Speed list, select Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right page 2 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Collapse.Select the third animation effect (collapse effect for the Inside-right page 2 group). Under Modify: Collapse,do the following:In the Start list, select On Click.In the Direction list, select To Left.In the Speed list, select Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 3 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch.Select the fourth animation effect (stretch effect for the Inside-left page 3 group). Under Modify: Stretch,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight. In the Speed list, select Fast. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 63%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, fifth option from the left).
  • Animated horizontal organization chart(Advanced)Tip: The instructions below describe how to reproduce the exact organization chart and animation effects in the example above. In the animation procedures, the number of animation effects that require modification in the Animation Pane will vary if the chart contains a different number of managers and employees.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Design tab, in the Background group, click BackgroundStyles, and then click Style 8 (second row, fourth option from the left). (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the background style will be applied to all of the slides.)To insert and arrange the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click Hierarchy. In the Hierarchy pane, click Horizontal Labeled Hierarchy, and then click OK to insert the graphic into the slide.Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, next to the first first-level bullet, enter DIRECTOR (or the name of the director). Next to the bullets for the second-level rectangles, enter MANAGER 1 and MANAGER 2 (or the names of the managers). Also in the Typeyourtext here dialog box, do the following:In the second first-level bullet, enter LEVEL 1.In the third first-level bullet, enter LEVEL 2.In the fourth first-level bullet, enter LEVEL 3.On the slide, do the following to add employee rectangles:Right-click the MANAGER 1 rectangle, point to Add Shape, and then click Add Shape Below. Right-click the MANAGER 2 rectangle, point to Add Shape, and then click Add Shape Below.Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, next to each of the five third-level bullets, enter EMPLOYEE (or the names of the employees).Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter6.82”.In the Width box, enter 9.3”. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Arrange, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Bottom. Click Align Center. Press and hold SHIFT, and then select all of the rectangles in the graphic. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles click SnipDiagonalCornerRectangle (fifth option from the left).Press and hold SHIFT, and then select all three large level rectangles in the graphic. On the LEVEL 1 rectangle, on the middle of the left edge, drag the blue square adjustment handle slightly to the left to increase the width of all three rectangles. Press and hold SHIFT, and then select all of the director, manager, and employee rectangles. On the director rectangle, on the middle of the left edge, drag the blue square adjustment handle slightly to the left to increase the width of all the selected rectangles. If you would like to modify the number of directors, managers, and employees in the chart to match the structure of your organization, do one or more of the following: To add a rectangle within a particular level, right-click one of the rectangles in that level, point to Add Shape, and then click Add Shape After or Add Shape Before. To add a rectangle above another rectangle, right-click the lower-level rectangle, point to Add Shape, and then click Add Shape Above. To add a rectangle below another rectangle, right-click the higher-level rectangle, point to Add Shape, and then click Add Shape Below. To delete a rectangle, select the rectangle and then press DELETE.To add text to new rectangles, select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text. To reproduce the LEVEL 1 rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the LEVEL 1 rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Font group, enter 24 in the Font Size box, click Character Spacing and then click Loose, and then click the arrow next to Font Color and click Blue, Accent 1, Lighter 40% (fourth row, fifth option from the left).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Background 1(first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradient line in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Blue, Accent 1, Lighter 40% (fourth row, fifth option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5pt.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click TextBox in the left pane, and then do the following in the TextBox pane:Under Textlayout, in the Verticalalignment list, select Top. Under Internalmargin, in the Left box, enter 0.19”.Under Internalmargin, in the Top box, enter 0.4”.Under Internalmargin, in the Right box, enter 0.19”.Under Internalmargin, in the Bottom box, enter 0.19”.To reproduce the LEVEL 2 rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the LEVEL 2 rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Font group, enter 24 in the Font Size box, click Character Spacing and then click Loose, and then click the arrow next to Font Color and click Purple, Accent 4, Lighter 40% (fourth row, eighth option from the left).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Background 1(first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradient line in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Purple, Accent 4, Lighter 40% (fourth row, eighth option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5pt.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click TextBox in the left pane, and then do the following in the TextBox pane:Under Textlayout, in the Verticalalignment list, select Top. Under Internalmargin, in the Left box, enter 0.19”.Under Internalmargin, in the Top box, enter 0.4”.Under Internalmargin, in the Right box, enter 0.19”.Under Internalmargin, in the Bottom box, enter 0.19”.To reproduce the LEVEL 3 rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the LEVEL 3 rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Font group, enter 24 in the Font Size box, click Character Spacing and then click Loose, and then click the arrow next to Font Color and click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 40% (fourth row, seventh option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box Launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Positionbox, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Background 1(first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradient line in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 40% (fourth row, seventh option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5pt.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click TextBox in the left pane, and then do the following in the TextBox pane:Under Textlayout, in the Verticalalignment list, select Top. Under Internalmargin, in the Left box, enter 0.19”.Under Internalmargin, in the Top box, enter 0.4”.Under Internalmargin, in the Right box, enter 0.19”.Under Internalmargin, in the Bottom box, enter 0.19”.To reproduce the director rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the director rectangle. Press the RIGHT ARROW key as needed to move the rectangle slightly off the right edge of the LEVEL 1 rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Font group, enter 22 in the FontSize box, and then click TextShadow. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click Fill, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Blue, Accent 1, Lighter 40% (fourth row, fifth option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlue , Accent 1, Darker 25% (fifth row, fifth option from the left). Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Solidline, click the button next to Color, and then click Blue, Accent 1, Darker 25% (fifth row, fifth option from the left). Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Width box, enter 1 pt.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter (second row, second option from the left).To reproduce the manager rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold SHIFT, and then select the manager rectangles. Press the RIGHT ARROW key as needed to move the manager rectangles slightly off the right edge of the LEVEL 2 rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Font group, enter 22 pt in the FontSize box, and then click TextShadow. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click Fill, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Purple, Accent 4, Lighter 40% (fourth row, eighth option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Positionbox, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickPurple , Accent 4, Darker 25% (fifth row, eighth option from the left). Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Solidline, click the button next to Color, and then clickPurple, Accent 4, Darker 25% (fifth row, eighth option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Width box, enter 1 pt. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets , and then under Outer click OffsetCenter (second row, second option from the left). To reproduce the employee rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold SHIFT, and then select the employee rectangles. Press the RIGHT ARROW key as needed to move the employee rectangles slightly off the right edge of the LEVEL 3 rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Font group, enter 22 pt in the FontSize box, and then click TextShadow. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click Fill, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the slider. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Positionbox, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 40% (fourth row, seventh option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickOlive Green, Accent 3, Darker 25% (fifth row, seventh option from the left). Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Solidline, click the button next to Color, and then clickPurple, Accent 4, Darker 25% (fifth row, eighth option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, in the Width box, enter 1 pt. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets , and then under Outer click OffsetCenter (second row, second option from the left). To reproduce the line effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold SHIFT, and then select all of the connecting lines. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click LineColor, select Solid line in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then clickWhite, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 80%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineStyle in the left pane. In the LineStyle pane, do the following:In the Width box, enter 2.5 pt.In the Dashtype list select RoundDot (second option from the top).To reproduce the animation effects for the rectangles on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Float In.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 1.00 seconds.Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click Effect Options, and then do the following:Click Float Down.Click Level One by One.Also on the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Animation Pane.In the Animation Pane, click the double arrow under the animation effect to expand the contents of the list of effects.Also in the Animation Pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the first four animationeffects (float down effects). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.In the Animation Pane, select the first animation effect. On the Animations tab, on the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 2.In the Animation Pane, select the second animation effect. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click More, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the ChangeEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click RiseUp, and then click OK.In the Animation Pane, select the third animation effect. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click More, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the ChangeEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate,click RiseUp, and then click OK.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 0.5.In the Animation Pane, select the fourth animation effect. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click More, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the ChangeEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click RiseUp, and then click OK.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 1. To reproduce the animation effects for the connecting lines on this slide, do the following:In the Animation Pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the fifth and ninth animation effects (float down entrance effects). On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click More, and then under Entrance click Wipe.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In the Start list, select On Click.In the Duration box, enter 1.00 second.Also on the Animation tab, in the Animation group, click Effect Options, and then click From Left.In the Animations Pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the seventh and 11th animation effects (float down entrance effects). On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click More, and then under Entrance click Wipe. Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In the Start list, select With Previous.In the Duration box, enter 1.00 second.In the Delay box, enter 0.5.Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click Effect Options, and then click From Left.In the AnimationPane, select the eighth animation effect (float down entrance effect). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 0.5.In the AnimationsPane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the 13th, 15th, and 17th animation effects (float down entrance effects). On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click More, and then under Entrance click Wipe.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In the Start list, select With Previous.In the Duration box, enter 1.00 second.In the Animation Pane, select the 13th animation effect (wipe entrance effect). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 1.00 second.In the Animation Pane,select the 15th animation effect (wipe entrance effect). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 1.5.In the Animation Pane, select the 17th animation effect (wipe entrance effect). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 2.In the Animation Pane,press and hold CTRL, and then select the 12th, 14th, 16th, and 18th animation effects (float down entrance effects). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.

Impacts of climate change on nutrition security in Developing countries Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1
  • 2. Climate Change and Nutrition security Mahouli Elvire GOUBALAN
  • 3. Introduction 3
  • 4. Conclusion References PART2: The Climate Change effects on Nutrition security in Africa PART1: Background on Malnutrition and Nutrition Security 4
  • 5. Introduction
  • 6. Strong evidence of the changes of the Earth’s climate: • Increasing of average global air and ocean temperatures, • rising average global sea levels Climate change = Major threat for the coming decades particularly in Africa (weak adaptive capacity due to endemic poverty, lack of infrastructure and technology and complex disasters and conflicts (Boko et al., 2007)) • Many researchers effects of this phenomenon on natural disasters, ecosystems, coastal communities, etc. • Food and nutrition climate 6 Importance to investigate the link between nutrition security and climate change
  • 7. To understand the concepts related to nutrition security and climate change  To identify effects of climate change on nutrition security and solutions to mitigate these effects Objectives 7
  • 8. LEVEL 2 PART1: Background Definition of key terms Hunger and undernutrition in Africa Part 1: Background 8
  • 9. Definition of key terms Climate change Nutrition Malnutrition Food security Nutrition security 9
  • 10. Terms Definition Source Illustration Climate change Any change in climate over time due to natural processes or as a result of human activity IPCC &UNFCCC definitions Nutrition The sum total of the processes involved in the taking in and the utilization of food substances by which growth, repair and maintenance of the body are accomplished http://heat hguidance.or g Malnutrition Poor nutrition due to an insufficient balanced diet, faulty digestion or poor utilization of foods. It can occur when an individual is getting excessive nutrients as well. http://pt.sli deshare.net Food security A household is food secure if it can reliably gain access to food in sufficient quantity and quality for all household members to enjoy a healthy and active life ACF, 2004 Nutrition security Nutrition security exists when food security is coupled with a sanitary environment, adequate health services, and proper care and feeding practices to ensure a healthy life for all household members ACF, 2004 10
  • 11. The girls above are the same age Stunting: Shortness-for- age; an indicator of growth retardation Child who has lost substantial weight Wasting: thin for height Underweight: underweight for age Combination of wasting and stunting 11 Marasmu s Kwashiorko r
  • 12. 12 Statistics about Hunger and undernutrition in Africa
  • 13. Between 1990 and 2007: an increase of 22 % of food insecure people in Africa (IFPRI, 2010) Africa region with the most severe problems of hunger and undernutrition 13
  • 14.  According to UNICEF (2009), Africa has • 50% of global burden of wasting • 21 % of the global burden of underweight • 40 % of the global burden of stunting  In Africa, • 40% of children are vitamin A deficient • 68% suffer from anemia Undernutrition = major risk factor of 28% of children mortality (some 2.9 million deaths annually) Equivalence of ten busses of children crashing every day 14
  • 15. Three levels Three important factors: • Food: Availability, access, utilization • Health: disease, environment, health facilities • Care and feeding practices: non respect of good practices of feeding What causes malnutrition? Conceptual framework of causes of malnutrition (UNICEF, 1991; Black et al. 2008) 15
  • 16. Effects on food and agriculture Effects on undernutrition Effects on child care and feeding practices Effects on health PART 2: EFFECTs of climate change (Predicated Effects)
  • 17. Climate Change disasters in Africa Climate change is contributing to more extreme weather events as: • Droughts • Flooding • Storms These climate events Food production Feeding practices Disease patterns.............. 17
  • 18. Analytical framework of effects of climate change on nutrition (Tirado et al.,2011) 18
  • 19. Effects of climate change on food and agriculture Crop failure, loss of livestock and reduced availability of fisheries and forest products Reduction of employment and income, diminution of poor people‘s purchasing power Abandon of some foods and change of people’s preferences Difficulty to maintain food supply and to access constantly to food Increase of food prices and decrease of food accessibility Decrease of food stability Decrease of agricultural production Climate change (changes in temperature, rainfall, etc.) Agriculture 50% of reduction in crop yield by 2020 (IPCC, 2007) (NOAA, 2011; Boko et al., 2007) 19
  • 20. • Augmentation of number of undernourished children (IFPRI, 2010) • In Kenya and Ethiopia: Children aged five or less born during a drought are respectively 36 and 50 % more likely to be malnourished that children not born during a drought (Watkins K., 2007) • In Niger: Children aged two or less born in a drought year were 72 % more likely to be stunted (Watkins K., 2007) Effects of climate change on undernutrition 20
  • 21. Effects of climate change on child care and feeding practices Climate change (drought, desertification) Strain on the workload of women (Increasing of the domestic care responsibilities) Lack of time for necessary caring practices Augmentation of the risk of the malnutrition Reduction abilities to engage in income- generating activities During periods of drought, men leave the women alone to look after their children, work in the fields, tend the herds and manage the home (Crahay et al, 2010) 21
  • 22. Effects of climate change on health Climate change Increasing of the frequency of floods and storms Increasing of the number of people suffering from death, injury, diseases Alteration of the ecology of some diseases : malaria, cholera, etc. Increasing of the frequency of drought Micronutrient deficiencies and undernutrition Diminishing dietary diversity According to the Lancet, climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century (Costello et al, 2009) 22
  • 23. Approaches to improve nutrition security in the context of climate change • A twin-track approach to address the impacts of climate change on food and nutrition security (Tirado et al.,2011) Direct and immediate nutrition interventions, food assistance Broader and longer-term approach that acts to counter the drivers of undernutrition 23
  • 24. Key Gaps •Little research on real impacts of climate change on nutrition •International literature-extrapolated data •As critical research gaps (Tirado et al.,2011) : • Comprehensive, multi-sectoral analyses of the impacts of climate change on nutrition and nutrition security • highlighting the existing coping mechanisms and the adaptation options • Identifying and mapping geographical zones particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change on nutrition • Identifying, validating and budgeting the set of interventions required to protect nutrition from climate-related risks. 24
  • 25. Hunger and malnutrition are widespread in Africa Climate change and its effects exacerbate hunger and undernutrition and undermine current efforts to address food and nutrition insecurity To reduce these effects, there is not yet specific strategies but it is suggested to enhance the short term and long term interventions Conclusion 25
  • 26. • Boko, M., I. Niang, A. Nyong, C.Vogel, A. Githeko, M. Medany, B. Osman-Elasha, R. Tabo and P.Yanda, 2007: Africa. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation andVulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 433-467. • Crahay P., Mitchell A., Gomez A, Israël A-D, Salpeteur C., Mattinen H., Deret H., Lapegue J., Grosjean L., Ait Aissa M., Brown R., Hauenstein Swan S., Pietzsch S. and Dufour C., 2010. TheThreats of Climate Change on Undernutrition — A Neglected Issue That Requires Further Analysis And Urgent Actions, in: UNSCN, 2010. SCN News 38 – Climate Change: Food and Nutrition Security Implications. Lavenham Press, United Kingdom. • Costello A, Abbas M, Allen A, et al. (2009) Managing the health effects of climate change. Lancet 373: 1693- 733. • http://pt.slideshare.net/Indian-CAG/mindshapers-25954836#btnNext (09/11/2013) • http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/9975/1/What-Is-the-Definition-of-Nutrition.html (09/11/2013) • IFPRI (2010). Food security, farming and climate change to 2050. Scenarios, results, policy options. Available at www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/climatemonograph_advance.pdf 26 References
  • 27. • IPCC Fourth Assessment Report,Working Group I, Glossary of Terms: http://ipcc- wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/Report/AR4WG1_Print_Annexes.pdf. • IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007 Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC. Cambridge. UK. Cambridge University Press. • NOAA, 2007: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States Department of Commerce. Report on Climate Change. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/climate/Climatechange.pdf • Tirado, M.C., Crahay, P., Hunnes, D., Cohen, M., Denton, F. , Lartey, A. F 2011. Climate change and nutrition in AfricaWith a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. 24p • Watkins K. Human Development Report 2007/2008. Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world. Human Development. 2007. • UNFCCC Article 1, Definitions: http://unfccc.int/essential_background/convention/background/items/1349.php. • UNICEF (2009). Tracking progress on child and maternal nutrition. A survival and development priority. Available at http://www.unicef.pt/docs/Progress_on_Child_and_Maternal_Nutrition_EN_110309.pdf 27 References
  • 28. 28 THANK YOU