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Field marshall maneckshaw

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  • 1. Field Marshall Sam Maneckshaw
  • 2.   Nickname: Born:  Died: 2008 (aged 94)  Allegiance:  Service/branch Army   Years of service Awards Sam Bahadur 3 April 1914, in Amritsar, Punjab 27 June British India (till 1947) India (after 1947) British Indian Indian Army 1934–2008 Padma Vibhushan Padma Bhushan Military Cross
  • 3. Rank Promotions             Second Lieutenant, British Indian Army-1934 Lieutenant-1935 Captain-1940 Major-1943 Lieutenant-Colonel-1945 Colonel-1946 Brigadier-1947 Brigadier, Indian Army-1950 Major-General-December 1957 Lieutenant-General-November 1962 General (COAS)-8 June 1969 Field Marshal-3 January 1973 to death
  • 4. Early life and education Manekshaw was born in Amritsar to Parsi parents, who moved to the Punjab from the small town of Valsad on the Gujarat coast.  After completing his schooling in Punjab and Sherwood College (Nainital), with distinction in the School Certificate examination of the Cambridge Board, he asked his father to send him to London to study medicine.  When his father refused to send him till he was older, in an act of rebellion Manekshaw appeared for and qualified in the entrance examination for enrolment into the Indian Military Academy (IMA),Dehradun and as a result became part of the first intake of 40 cadets on 1 October 1932. 
  • 5.  Soon he was sent to UK to complete his military training  In 1934, he joined the British Army at rank of 2nd Lieutenant  Initial years, he did not see any active war fare  In 1939, when WW II started, India was not involved initially
  • 6.  In 1942, Japan attacked US at the Pearl harbour  This attack brought the US into the war  Around same time, Japan started attacking British colonies in the East  First Singapore, then Burma
  • 7.  After British army got involved in the war in 1942, Maneckshaw was sent to Burma as the captain of the frontier force regiment.
  • 8. Maneckshaw’s Objectives:  1st Objective:Lead counter attack against Japanese forces and regain Pagoda Hill [Burma]  As they faced the Japanese soldiers they realized that they were very few  More ever, the enemy had better arms and ammunitions
  • 9.  He realized the kind of opposition he was faced with  Lost many soldiers  Still he kept fighting – attacking the Japanese with full venom  Within next few minutes, they fought like lions and regained Pagoda hill
  • 10.  As soon as Pagoda Hill was taken back, the Japanese fired incessantly from their hiding positions  The only soldier in front of them was Sam Maneckshaw  Sam Maneckshaw took 9 bullets into him  He was badly injured
  • 11.  Major General D. T. Cown checked to see if Maneckshaw was alive  Took off his own military cross and placed it on Maneckshaw’s shoulder  This cross is awarded to a living officer  Had he died, he would not have been honoured with it
  • 12.  It was thought that he would soon die, as nine bullets had pierced his lungs, liver and kidneys  Doctor rushed to him and asked him what happened – he replied that he was kicked by a donkey  Everyone laughed
  • 13. Major Wars fought by Maneckshaw World War II Indo-Pakistan War of 1947  Sino-Indian War Indo-Pakistan War of 1965  Bangladesh Liberation War 1971  Operation Searchlight  ◦ Bangladesh, Eurasia, Asia
  • 14.  The Indian Army bid farewell to its greatest son Field Marshall Sam Maneckshaw on January 15th, 1973  A glorious period in the Indian defense forces finally came to an end